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The united nations. revised 2007


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  • 1. THE UNITED NATIONS Everything you might want to know….. and more!
  • 2. What is the United Nations?
      • Organization of countries joined together to work for world peace
  • 3. What are the aims of the United Nations?
    • Keep peace throughout the world
    • Develop friendly relations among nations
    • Work together to help poor people live better lives, remove poverty, disease and illiteracy and to encourage respect for each other’s rights and freedoms
    • Be a center for helping nations achieve these goals
  • 4. How did the U.N. begin?
    • The League of Nations, the forerunner of the United Nations was created because people believed that a world organization of nations could keep the peace and prevent a repetition of the horrors of the 1914-18 war in Europe.
  • 5. How did the U.N. begin? 2
    • After W W II, it became obvious that the League couldn’t prevent war, so the League of Nations was abandoned…but most of its ideals and some of its structure were kept by the United Nations.
    • The ideals of peace and social/ economic progress remained the basic goals of the new world organization.
  • 6. How did the U.N. begin? 3
    • January 1, 1942
      • 26 countries signed the United
      • Nations Declaration
  • 7. How did the U.N. begin? 4
      • 1945- Representatives of 50 countries met at the San Francisco Conference and drafted and adopted the United Nations Charter and laws of the International Court of Justice
  • 8. When was the United Nations Officially Born?
    • October 24, 1945
    • We now celebrate United Nations
    • Day on October 24 throughout
    • the world.
  • 9. How many members are now in the United Nations?
      • 192 MEMBERS
      • Most Recently Admitted Montenegro
  • 10. Who can become a member of the UN?
      • All peace-loving nations accepting the aims and rules of the Charter which express hope for world peace and works toward that goal
  • 11. What languages are used at the United Nations?
    • Arabic
    • Chinese
    • English
    • French
    • Russian
    • Spanish
  • 12. Where is the U.N.’s Headquarters
      • New York, United States
      • Zoned “International” and has a separate flag, security officers, post office and special stamps
  • 13. How many buildings are at the U.N.?
    • 4 Buildings
      • General Assembly Building
      • Secretariat
      • Conference Building
      • Dag Hammarskjold Library
  • 14. How is the U.N. organized?
    • 6 Main Organizations
      • General Assembly
      • Security Council
      • Economic and Social Council
      • Trusteeship Council
      • International Court of Justice
      • Secretariat
  • 16. What is the General Assembly?
      • Main body of the United
      • Nations where everyone
      • meets together to discuss
      • topics and vote
  • 17. What does the General Assembly do?
      • Elects a president every year
      • Makes recommendations on any subject not being dealt with by the Security Council
      • Admits new members recommended by the Security Council
  • 18. What does the General Assembly do?
      • Appoints Secretary-General
      • Elects members of other organs
      • Decides how much money each country should pay to run the U. N. and how the money is spent
      • Adopts resolutions but cannot enforce them
  • 19. How does the General Assembly work?
      • Every nation has an equal vote regardless of size
      • Voting requires a 2/3 majority
      • Meets once a year - 3rd Tuesday of September
  • 21. What is the Security Council ?
    • Guardian of world peace
    • Deals with questions of peace and security
  • 22. Who are the members of the Security Council
    • 15 members
    • 5 permanent members
      • China
      • France
      • Russian Federation
      • United Kingdom
      • United States
  • 23. What does the Security Council do?
    • Investigates disputes
    • Recommends settlement options
    • Determines if there is a possible threat to peace and security
    • Calls on nations to impose sanctions or other non violent means to prevent or stop war
  • 24. How does the Security Council work?
      • Does not hold regular meetings but can have called meetings at any time
      • Any nation can bring a dispute
      • President takes turns a month at a time based on the English alphabetical order of country
  • 25. How does the Security Council work?
      • Voting requires 9 out of 15
      • If any of the 5 permanent members vote “no”, resolutions are vetoed
  • 26. What powers does the Security Council have?
    • Take military action against an aggressor
    • Recommend new members for admission to the UN
    • Recommend the appointment of the Secretary General
  • 27. ECOSOC Economic and Social Council
  • 28. What is ECOSOC?
    • Organ that deals with the
    • needs of all humans
  • 29. What are the Economic Concerns of ECOSOC?
        • Trade
        • Transport
        • Industrialization
        • Economic development
  • 30. What are the Social Concerns of ECOSOC?
    • Population
    • Children
    • Housing
    • Women’s rights
    • Racial discrimination
    • Narcotic drugs
    • Crime
    • Social welfare
    • Youth
    • Human environment
    • Food.
  • 31. What does the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) do?
      • Makes recommendations on how to improve
        • education
        • health conditions
        • respect for human rights and freedom of people everywhere
  • 32. How does ECOSOC work?
      • 54 member countries, elected by the GA for 3 year terms
      • Holds one meeting a year
      • Votes are by majority
    • Assists ECOSOC in helping people in specific parts of the world
  • 34. What are the Regional Commissions of the ECOSOC?
    • Regional Economic/Social Commissions
      • ECA - Africa
      • ECE - Europe
      • ECLAC - Latin America and the Caribbean
      • ESCAP -Asia and Pacific
      • ESCWA - Western Asia
  • 36. What doest the Secretariat do?
      • Carries out the day-to day operations of the United Nations
  • 37. What is the work of the Secretariat?
    • Administer peacekeeping operations
    • Mediate international disputes
    • Survey economic and social trends and problems
    • Prepare studies on human rights and sustainable development
    • Inform the media about the work of the United Nations
    • Organize international conferences on issues of worldwide concern
    • Interpret speeches
    • Translate documents into the Organization's official languages.
  • 38. How does the Secretariat work?
      • 8900 employees in NY with other workers spread all over the world
      • Workers include: economists, editors, librarians, translators and experts working “behind the scenes”
      • Headed by the Secretary-General
  • 39. Secretary-General
      • Heads the Secretariat
      • Appointed by GA for 5 years
      • Same power as a head of a member country
      • Brings to Security Council problems threatening world peace
  • 40. Who is the Secretary General?
    • Ban Ki-Moon
  • 41. What does the Secretary-General do?
      • Propose issues to be discussed by the U.N
      • “ Referee” in disputes
      • Helps resolve issues without going to Security Council or General Assembly
  • 42. What does the Secretary-General do?
      • Heads the staff of international civil servants
      • Staff prepares background information on problems to assist in decision making
  • 43. Past and Present Secretary-Generals
    • 1946-52- Trygve Lie
    • 1953-61- Dag Hammarskjol
    • 1961-71- U Thant
    • 1972-81 Kurt Waldheim
    • 1982-91-Javier Perez de Cuellar
    • 1992-1996-Boutrous Boutrous-Ghali
    • 1997-2006-Kofi Annan
    • 2007- present - Ban Ki-moon
  • 45. What is the Trusteeship Council?
    • Supervises the social advancement of people who live in Trust Territories ( places where the people can’t choose their own governments and are under the protection of the UN)
    • Members are the 5 permanent members of the Security Council
    • Decisions made by simple majority
  • 46. How did the Trusteeship Council work?
      • Met once a year
      • Studied reports
      • Checked to see that territory is being guided toward independence
      • Looked into complaints from the Territory
      • Sent representatives to determine help needed
  • 47. What did the Trusteeship Council do?
      • Watched over colonies (territory being ruled by country making decisions for them)
      • Set up the Special Committee on Decolonization, leading to 60 colonies becoming independent
  • 48. TRUSTEESHIP COUNCIL The Trusteeship council is now defunct. All territories are independent nations.
  • 50. What is the International Court of Justice?
      • Main organization handing down legal judgments
      • Has 15 judges, 9 must agree before a decision is made
      • Housed in The Hague, Netherlands
      • In permanent session
  • 51. What does the International Court of Justice do?
      • Countries (not individuals) take cases before the court
      • When a case is tried, the country must agree to abide by the ruling
  • 52. THE UNITED NATIONS Working for peace among all nations