The Color Wheel #1


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Introductory Lesson to the Color Wheel prepared for high school level.

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The Color Wheel #1

  1. 1. The Color Wheel Lesson #1 Susan Convery Foltz Broward College – Educator Preparation Institute The Teaching Profession – Professor Garwood Presentation for Northeast High School Architecture & Design 1 Teacher: Leslie Rowntree Black April 14, 2009
  2. 2. The Color Wheel <ul><li>The color wheel is a chart of colors of the visible spectrum that is used to show how colors relate to each other. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Color is Emotion <ul><li>“ Color is not given to us in order that we should imitate nature. It was given to us so that we can express our own emotions” </li></ul><ul><li>Henri Matisse </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Spectrum <ul><li>All color is contained within white light. When light passes through a crystal prism it is dispersed into the spectrum range of visible colors. </li></ul>
  5. 5. The History of the Color Wheel <ul><li>Sir Isaac Newton’s experiments with light helped him invent the first color wheel. In 1666, Newton passed a beam of sunlight through a prism, which produced red, blue, yellow, green, and cyan beams of the visible spectrum. He was able to show the natural sequence of color by joining the two ends of the color spectrum together. </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Modern Color Wheel <ul><li>The color wheel does not show the full gradation in the spectrum. It shows the whole thing broken up into 12 segments. </li></ul><ul><li>In reality the segments actually smear into one another so that we have an infinite number of colors. </li></ul><ul><li>Some color wheels show the progression across the middle to a complete neutral in the center. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Primary Colors <ul><li>The Color Wheel is made up of </li></ul><ul><li>three primary colors, </li></ul><ul><li>three secondary colors, and </li></ul><ul><li>six tertiary colors </li></ul><ul><li>Primary colors ( red , blue , and yellow ) are colors that can not be mixed by any other colors. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Primaries <ul><li>You cannot make primaries; you must buy them </li></ul><ul><li>RED </li></ul><ul><li>BLUE </li></ul><ul><li>YELLOW </li></ul>
  9. 9. Secondaries <ul><li>You can make secondaries. You do not have to buy them. </li></ul><ul><li>ORANGE = YELLOW + RED </li></ul><ul><li>GREEN  = BLUE + YELLOW </li></ul><ul><li>PURPLE = RED + BLUE </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>You might have played this mixing game back in elementary school! </li></ul>
  11. 11. Tertiaries <ul><li>Tertiaries are the secondaries combined. We use the names of the two secondary colors to describe them. </li></ul><ul><li>red-orange </li></ul><ul><li>orange-yellow </li></ul><ul><li>yellow-green </li></ul><ul><li>Blue-green </li></ul><ul><li>blue-violet </li></ul><ul><li>violet-red </li></ul>
  12. 12. Mixing your colors <ul><li>In theory you can make any color of the rainbow with the three primaries. </li></ul><ul><li>However, no manufacturer can make a paint in a true primary color. People cannot even agree to exactly what a true primary is. You can still make an excellent painting with three tubes of paint that are pretty close to the primaries. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Temperature: <ul><li>Color sets a mood and gives an artist unlimited means of expression. Composition and technique connects with our intellect while color touches our heart. </li></ul><ul><li>Red and Yellow are commonly considered warm </li></ul><ul><li>while blue and purple are unquestionably cool. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Temperature <ul><li>Warm and cool colors are relative to where a color falls on the color wheel </li></ul><ul><li>The warmest color is red-orange and the coolest color is blue–green </li></ul><ul><li>Everything between those two points has a slightly warmer color on one side of it and a slightly cooler color on the other . </li></ul>
  15. 15. Color Symbolism <ul><li>Each color has associated symbolism built in. Can you suggest some of the symbols for: </li></ul><ul><li>Red? </li></ul><ul><li>Purple? </li></ul><ul><li>Green? </li></ul><ul><li>Yellow? </li></ul><ul><li>Blue? </li></ul>
  16. 16. Tints and Shades: <ul><li>Saturation is the measure of pigment in a color. </li></ul><ul><li>The primaries are the most saturated colors on the color wheel. </li></ul><ul><li>Now that we know how to create all the colors in the spectrum we need to learn how to vary those colors into lights and darks. </li></ul><ul><li>Light colors are called tints and are made by either adding water (to watercolor) or white (for oils and acrylics). </li></ul><ul><li>Dark colors are called shades and made by adding black (acrylic or oil) or by mixing (watercolor). </li></ul>
  17. 17. Your Assignment <ul><li>Your assignment today will be to create a color wheel using cookies and frosting. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Objective: To understand color mixing and the color wheel <ul><li>Materials: </li></ul><ul><li>4 cups of colored frosting: white, red , yellow and blue </li></ul><ul><li>18 cookies </li></ul><ul><li>A popsicle stick, a paper plate for mixing </li></ul><ul><li>A paper towel for arranging the cookies </li></ul>
  19. 19. Assignment #1: <ul><li>Use the Popsicle stick to mix your primary colors into the 12 colors on the color wheel and the neutral color at the center of the wheel. Place the red cookie at the 12:00 O’clock position on your paper towel and arrange the other cookies in clockwise fashion. </li></ul><ul><li>Tip: Clean the Popsicle stick when changing colors to keep your colors bright. Licking the frosting will dull the colors. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Assignment #2: <ul><li>Tints: Choose one color and create at least 4 gradations from pure color to white. (5 cookies) </li></ul>
  21. 21. Assignment #3: <ul><li>After the teacher has approved your color wheel, eat the tertiary colors first, then the secondaries , then the tints . Leave the primaries for last. </li></ul><ul><li>(you are not required to eat all the cookies  ) </li></ul>
  22. 22. Self Evaluation <ul><li>When you are finished, please, fill out the self-evaluation. </li></ul><ul><li>I hope you had some fun and learned something new today! </li></ul>
  23. 23. Resources: <ul><li>Wilcox, Michael, Perfect Color Choices for the Artist, North Light Books </li></ul><ul><li>Brooks, Walter , The Art of Painting, Golden Press 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Brown, Margaret Wise, The Color Kittens , Golden Books Publishing </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul>