The story of the United Kingdom and the Union FlagJudith Nohemi Ramos García
A flag containing three other flags.The Union Flag, popularly known as the *Union Jack, is thenational flag of the United Kingdom. It is the British flag.
• It is called the Union Flag because it symbolises the administrative union of the countries of the United Kingdom. It is made up up of the individual Flags of three of the Kingdoms countries all united under one Sovereign - the countries of England, of Scotland and of Northern Ireland (since 1921 only Northern Ireland has been part of the United Kingdom). As Wales was not a Kingdom but a Principality it could not be included on the flag.
The Making of the Union Flag St George - England The National Flag of EnglandEngland is represented by the flag of St. GeorgeIn 1194 A.D., Richard I of England introduced the Cross of St. George, a red cross ona white ground, as the National Flag of England.At this point in the story on the United Kingdom, England, Scotland, Wales andIreland were separate countries. However, this was soon to change..In 1536, under Henry VIII, an Act of Union was passed making Wales, in effect aprovince of England.
The Making of the Union Flag St Andrew - ScotlandAfter Queen Elizabeth I of England died in 1603, King James VI of Scotlandinherited the English throne and became King James I of England. It was aUnion of the Crowns, but not yet of the nations. Each country still kept theirown parliaments.Early in his reign James attempted to combine England and Scotland in aunited kingdom of Great Britain. This was the policy he presented to his firstParliament, called on 22 March 1604. The union was resisted.
On 12 April 1606, the National Flags of Scotland and England were united for use at sea, thus making the first Union Jack. Ashore however, the old flags of England and Scotland continued to be used by their respective countries. When the red cross of England was put onto the flag of Scotland, a white border was added around the red cross for reasons of heraldry. (The rules of heraldry demanded that two colours must never touch each other.) On 28th July, 1707, during the reign of Queen Anne, this flag was by royal proclamation made the National flag of Great Britain, for use ashore and afloat. The Act of Union of 1707, joined England and Scotland together, creating a single kingdom with a single Parliament called United Kingdom of Great Britain. England Wales and Scotland were now united together under one monarch and one parliament.Interesting: The Royal Navy christened the British flag " TheWhen the Union Flag was first introduced, in1606, it was known simply as the British flag or Union".the flag of Britain.Nearly one hundred years later, another countrywas added to the Union flag ....
Ireland is represented by the cross of St. Patrick (a diagonal red cross on a white background.)
On 1 January 1801, Ireland was united with Great Britain and it became necessary tohave a new National Flag in which Ireland was represented. The cross St Patrick wascombined with the Union Flag of St George and St Andrew, to create the Union Flagthat has been flown ever since.
The Union Flag with the St. Georges Cross removed showing how the saltires(diagonal crosses) are counterchanged.The new British flag is not symmetrical because of the counterchange. As Scotland joined the Union nearly two hundred years before Ireland, St Andrews Cross was placed uppermost in the top quarter nearest the flagstaff, this being the most honourable position according to heraldry, while the Irish Cross was given the second most honourable position, the top quarter of the fly. In order to avoid having the red of the Irish Cross directly upon the blue field of the Scottish one an edging of the white field of the Irish Cross is used. The symbols of Scotland and Ireland are placed sided by side on the Union Flag. England, Wales, Scotland and Ireland were now all joined together and called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. The name was later changed to United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland when the greater part of Ireland left the United Kingdom in 1921. Important: The St. Patricks Cross remains in the flag even though today only Northern Ireland is part of the United Kingdom.
The formation of the Union Flag (Union Jack) came about as theresult of the progressive merging of the inhabitants of the British Islesunder one throne.1603 - King James VI of Scotland inherited the English throne and became King James I ofEngland.1606 - the National Flags of Scotland and England were united for use at sea, thus makingthe first Union FlagThe first Union Flag (1606)1707 - during the reign of Queen Anne, the first Union Flag was by royal proclamationmade the National flag of Great Britain, for use ashore and afloat.1801 - Ireland was united with Great Britain and the present Union Flag was formed.The Union Flag consists of the three heraldic crosses of St George, St Andrew and StPatrick.