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  • Presentation: 60 minutes Lab: 30 minutes After completing this module, students will be able to: Explain how to install the Hyper-V™ Server Role. Explain how to configure Hyper-V settings and virtual networks.. Required materials To teach this module, you need the Microsoft® Office PowerPoint® file 10215A_02.ppt. Important: It is recommended that you use PowerPoint 2002 or a later version to display the slides for this course. If you use PowerPoint Viewer or an earlier version of PowerPoint, all the features of the slides might not be displayed correctly. Preparation tasks To prepare for this module: Read all of the materials for this module. Practice performing the demonstrations and the lab exercises. Work through the Module Review and Takeaways section, and determine how you will use this section to reinforce student learning and promote knowledge transfer to on-the-job performance. Make sure that students are aware that Course Companion CD has additional information and resources for the module. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Hyper-V runs on a x64 server platform and requires support of either AMD64 or Intel x64 processors with hardware-assisted virtualization support. Hyper-V does not support Itanium (IA-64) processors. For the virtual machines, Hyper-V supports both x32 and x64 systems as guest operating systems. Your system may require an update to the latest available BIOS version for your server hardware. Note: You can install the Hyper-V Role, but the virtual machines will not run if you disable virtualization. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • You must install, and begin running, the hypervisor before you can start any virtual machine. The Hyper-V Virtual Machine Management Service must be running to manage virtual machines. You can verify the status of the Hyper-V Virtual Machine Management Service by using the Services snap-in located in Administrative Tools. Two additional services are also started including the Hyper-V Image Management Service and the Hyper-V Networking Management Service. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Remote Server Administration Tools (RSAT) is one of several methods that you can use to manage Hyper-V servers remotely. To install the Remote Server Administration Tools, the host must be running Windows Server® 2008, Windows Vista® SP1 or newer, or Windows® 7. You perform the installation of the Remote Server Administration Tools on Windows Server 2008 by using the same method as you would to add the feature by using Server Manager. However, the installation on a Windows Vista SP1 requires downloading a separate package for installation (KB952627). Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Demonstration steps: Use Deployment Image Servicing and Management (DISM.exe) to install the Hyper-V server role 1. On NYC-Host1, ensure that the NYC-DC1 virtual machine is running. 2. Ensure that the NYC-SVR2 virtual machine is running. 3. Connect to NYC-SVR2. Log on to NYC-SVR2 as Contoso\\Administrator with the password Pa$$W0rd . 4. At the command prompt, type Dism /online /get-features /Format:table and press ENTER. This command displays the roles installed on the server. 5. At the command prompt, type Dism /online /enable-feature /featurename:Microsoft-Hyper-V and press ENTER. 6. Type Y to restart the computer. Use netsh to review the Windows Firewall configuration after the installation 1. After the server restarts, log on to NYC-SVR2 as Contoso\\Administrator with the password Pa$$W0rd . 2. At the command prompt, type netsh advfirewall firewall show rule name=all dir=in > rules.txt and press ENTER 3. At the command prompt, type notepad rules.txt. Scroll to the top of the Notepad file and show the Hyper-V firewall rules that have been enabled. 4. Close Notepad. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Demonstration steps: 1. On NYC-Host1, ensure that the NYC-DC1 virtual machine is running. 2. Ensure that the NYC-SVR2 and NYC-CL1 virtual machines are running. Use Connection Manager to connect to a Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 1. On NYC-Host1, click Start , point to Administrative Tools and then click Hyper-V Manager . 2. In Hyper-V Manager , right-click Hyper-V Manager , and then click Connect to Server . 3. Click Another computer , type NYC-SVR2 , and click OK . Verify that you can connect to the Hyper-V server. Install and use RSAT Note: The installation of the RSAT takes about 5 minutes. Consider starting the installation earlier in the module presentation. 1. Connect to NYC-CL1. Log on to NYC-CL1 as Contoso\\Administrator with the password Pa$$W0rd . 2. On NYC-CL1, open Windows Explorer and browse to E:\\Labfiles . 3. Double-click x86fre_GR MRSATX_MSU . In the Windows Update Standalone Installer dialog box, click Yes , and then click I accept . 4 . Wait for the installation to complete, and then click Close . 5. Close the Windows 7 Remote Administration window. 6. Click Start , click Control Panel , and then click Programs . In Programs , click Turn Windows features on and off . 7. In the Windows Features window, expand Remote Server Administration Tools , and then expand Role Administration Tools . 8. Check the check box next to Hyper-V Tools , and then click OK . 9. Click Control Panel , and then click System and Security . In System and Security , click Administrative Tools . 10. In the Administrative Tools window, double-click the Hyper-V Manager shortcut. 11. In the Hyper-V Manager , right-click Hyper-V Manager , and click Connect to Server . 12. In the Select Computer window, click Another Computer , and then in the box, type NYC-Host1 , and then click OK . Verify that you can connect to the Hyper-V server. Use RDP to manage the Hyper-V Server 2008 R2 1. On NYC-CLI, click Start . In the Search box, type mstsc.exe . 2. In the Remote Desktop Connection box, type LON-SRV3 , and then click Connect . 3. In the Windows Security window, type Contoso\\administrator for the user and Pa$$w0rd for the password. Click OK . Verify that you can connect to the Hyper V server. 4. In the NYC-Host1 window, click Start , and click Log off . Question : What tools would you use from a Windows 7 client to manage a Hyper-V Server 2008 R2? Answer : The Remote Server Administration Tools or Remote Desktop. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Cover each of the panes, their purpose, and what is found in each location. Let students know that later sections will provide more detail on these subjects. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Remind students that virtual machines can take a lot of space, especially if they use snapshots. You need to set permissions for the virtual machines so that they are not compromised. Placing the virtual machines on separate physical drives will improve performance. Move the location of the virtual hard disks, and configuration files and folders, to a separate drive, and then control them by using permissions. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Cover each of the panes, and discuss the following: Server settings for default locations. User settings for keyboard, mouse, user credentials, and the reset check box. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Keyboard On NYC-Host1, ensure that the Hyper-V Manager is open. Keyboard 1. In Hyper-V Manager , click NYC-HOST1 2. In the Actions pane, under NYC-HOST1 , click Hyper-V Settings . 3. Under User , click Keyboard . Describe the configuration options. Configure Mouse Release Keys Under User , click Mouse Release Key . Describe the configuration options. Manage User Credentials Under User , click User Credentials . Describe the configuration option. Reset Check Boxes Under User , click Reset Check Boxes . Describe the configuration option. Question: When might you choose to reset the Hyper-V check boxes? Answer: Most of the wizards in Hyper-V provide an introductory page that provides an overview of the task that the wizard will perform and often provides a link to the Help files for the specific task. On the introductory page, you have the option of selecting a check box that will result in the page not being displayed again. If you want to see the page after you have selected the check box, you can reset the check boxes. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Discuss the use of virtual networks. Also, discuss the Global Network Settings and the media access control (MAC) address ranges. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Demonstration steps: Create a new internal virtual network 1. On NYC-Host1, ensure that the NYC-DC1 virtual machine is running. 2. Ensure that the NYC-SVR2 and NYC-CL1 virtual machines are running. Create a new internal virtual network 1. On NYC-Host1, in Hyper-V Manager , in the Actions pane, click Virtual Network Manager . 2. In the Virtual Network Manger window, click Internal . Internal networks are used to communicate between the host computer and virtual machines on the host computer. 3. In the Name field, type Internal Network and then click OK . 4. Click Start , right-click Network , and click Properties . 5. On the Network and Sharing Center window, click Change adapter settings . 6. Right-click the Local Area Connection that is connected to the Internal Network, and click Properties . 7. Click Internet Protocol Version 4 (TCP/IPv4) , and click Properties . Verify that no IP address is configured and click Cancel . In order for the host computer to communicate with the virtual machines using this network, the network adapter would need to be configured with an IP address configuration that is able to communicate with the virtual machines. 8. Close the Local Area Connection dialog box, and close the Network Connections window. Configure the MAC address range 1. In Hyper-V Manager , in the Actions pane, click Virtual Network Manager . 2. In the Virtual Network Manger window, click MAC Address Range . 3. Beside Maximum, change the value of the fifth pane by one, and click OK . Modify an existing external virtual network 1. In Hyper-V Manager , in the Actions pane, click Virtual Network Manager . 2. In the Virtual Network Manger window, click External Network . 3. In the Virtual Network Properties pane, change the Notes information to External network connection used by all virtual machines .4. Click OK . Question : When would use a private, internal, and external network? Answer : You would use a private network when the virtual machines on the host need to communicate with other virtual machines on the host only. An internal network is used to allow the virtual machines to communicate with each other and with the host computer. External networks enable the virtual machines to communicate with other hosts on the network. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • You can configure three types of networks by using the Virtual Network Manager Tool: External: This network binds to a physical network adapter on the Hyper-V server, so that the virtual machine can access a physical network or can be accessed from within the corporate network or outside the corporate network Internal: This network is for use by the virtual machines that are running on the Hyper-V Server. Virtual machines on this network can communicate with each other and with the Parent Partition, but not external to the physical machine. Can be used for a training environment or to simulate a network. Private: Only virtual machines can use this network. There is no association with any physical network adapter in the Parent Partition. Used when the virtual machines will never access or be accessed by either the base system or beyond. Great for secure segments and R&D. The Virtual Network Manager also provides for Virtual Local Access Network (VLAN) isolation on External and Internal networks, but not on Private networks. If you are using an External network configuration, which maps to a physical network adapter in the Parent Partition, you must configure the physical network adapter for VLAN support on the physical network. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • The Hyper-V role of Windows Server 2008 can specify a VLAN ID for the virtual machine network connection and for the parent partition network connection. To enable VLAN ID for a parent partition, click to select the Enable virtual LAN identification check box to enable VLAN ID and to specify an ID. You specify an ID under Virtual Network Properties on the Virtual Network Manager page in the Hyper-V Manager. To enable VLAN ID for a virtual machine, access the properties of the virtual machine, and then select the virtual network adapter. Click to select the Enable virtual LAN identification check box to enable VLAN tagging and to specify an ID that you want the virtual machine connection to use. A virtual machine may have multiple network adapters, and all these adapters may use either the same or different VLAN IDs. Therefore, you must perform this action on each network adapter. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Demonstration steps: 1. On NYC-Host1, ensure that the NYC-DC1 virtual machine is running. 2. Ensure that the NYC-SVR2 and NYC-CL1 virtual machines are running. Configure an additional internal virtual network 1. In Hyper-V Manager , in the Actions pane, click Virtual Network Manager . 2. In the Virtual Network Manger window, click Internal , and then click Add . 3. In the New Virtual Network pane, under Name , type Internal-One , and then click OK . Configure different VLAN IDs for each internal virtual network 1. In Hyper-V Manager , in the Actions pane, click Virtual Network Manager . 2. In the Virtual Networks window, click Internal-One . 3. In the New Virtual Network pane, check the Enable virtual LAN identification for management operating system box. 4. Change the VLAN ID to 3 , and then click OK . 5. In Hyper-V Manager , in the Actions pane, click Virtual Network Manager . 6. In the Virtual Networks window, click Internal Network . 7. In the New Virtual Network pane, check the Enable virtual LAN identification for management operating system box. 8. Change the VLAN ID to 4 , and then click OK . 9. In the New Virtual Network pane, under Name , type Internal-One , and then click OK . Show that two virtual machines cannot communicate with each other 1. Connect to NYC-CL1. Open a command prompt, type Ping NYC-DC1 and press ENTER. Verify that NYC-CL1 is able to communicate with NYC-DC1. 2. In Hyper-V Manager , right-click NYC-CL1, and click Settings . 3. In Settings for NYC-CL1 , click the Network Adapter . In the Network list, click InternalOne . Click OK . 4. In Hyper-V Manager , right-click NYC-DC1, and click Settings . 5. In Settings for NYC-CL1 , click the Network Adapter . In the Network list, click Internal Network . Click OK . 6. On NYC-CL1, at the command prompt, type Ping NYC-DC1 and press ENTER. Verify that NYC-CL1 is not able to communicate with NYC-DC1 7. Change the network settings for both NYC-DC1 and NYC-CL1 to use the External Network again. Question : When would you use VLAN ID on a network? Answer : You use a VLAN ID on a network when you have more than one VLANs. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Lab: Implementing Inheritance (45 minutes) Lab Goal: Students will create an inheritance structure that includes polymorphic methods. Students also will use the inheritance structure to implement the business scenario. Lab Objectives: Install the Hyper-V Role. Determine configuration settings for the virtual network based on organizational requirements. Configure virtual network settings using Virtual Network Manager. Installing (remote management tools). Exercise 1: Installing the Hyper-V Role The student will install the Hyper-V Role. Exercise 2: Determining Virtual Network Configuration Settings The student will determine configuration settings for the virtual network. Exercise 3: Configuring Virtual Network Settings Using Virtual Network Manager The student will configure virtual network settings by using Virtual Network Manager. Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization
  • Review Questions 1. What are the hardware and BIOS prerequisites to install the Hyper-V Role? Answer: 64-bit hardware, hardware DEP, and hardware-assisted virtualization. 2. What are the differences between External, Internal, and Private network connection types? Answer: You use an external connection type to communicate beyond the virtual machine and the host. An external connection type gives access to the physical network. An internal allows the virtual machines and the host operating system to communicate. A private network allows only the virtual machines to communicate with each other. 3. Where is the option to change the location of the .VHD and virtual machines? Answer: It is on the Server Settings tab. 4. What does it mean when the mouse pointer displays as a small dot in a virtual machine window? Answer: The mouse has not been released from the virtual machine. Implementing and Managing Microsoft Server Virtualization Module 2: Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role
  • Transcript

    • 1. Module 2 Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V R2 Server Role
    • 2. Module Overview
      • Installing the Hyper-V R2 Server Role
      • Configuring Hyper-V R2 Settings and Virtual Networks
    • 3. Lesson 1 : Installing the Hyper-V Server Role
      • Configuring Hyper-V R2 Hardware and BIOS Prerequisites
      • Installing Hyper-V R2 on a Windows Server 2008 Host
      • Tools Used to Manage the Hyper-V R2 Role
      • Demonstration: Remote Administration of the Hyper-V R2 Role
      • Demonstration: Installing the Hyper-V Server Role on a Server Core Installation
    • 4. Configuring Hyper-V R2 Hardware and BIOS Prerequisites Hyper-V does not support Itanium (IA-64) processors x64 server with hardware assisted virtualization is available on: Hardware enabled Data Execution Prevention required:
      • AMD AMD-V or Intel VT
      • AMD (NX no execute bit)
      • Intel (XD execute disable)
    • 5. Installing Hyper-V R2 on a Windows Server 2008 Host Verify the status of the Hyper-V Virtual Machine Management Service by using the Services snap-in Hypervisor must be installed and running to start virtual machines  
    • 6. Tools Used to Manage the Hyper-V R2 Role Management tools: Virtual Machine Connection Remote Desktop Protocol Windows Vista SP2: Download available Windows 7: Download available Windows Server 2008 R2: Add feature using Server Manager     
    • 7. Demonstration: Installing Hyper-V on a Server Core Installation
      • In this demonstration, you will install Hyper-V on a Server Core Installation
    • 8. Demonstration: Remote Administration
      • In this demonstration , you will learn how to :
      • Use Connection Manager
      • Install and use Remote Server Administration Tools
      • Use Remote Desktop Protocol
    • 9. Lesson 2 : Configuring Hyper-V Settings and Virtual Networks
      • Overview of Hyper-V R2 Settings
      • Considerations for Choosing Default Folders Locations
      • Overview of User Settings for Hyper-V R2
      • Demonstration: Configuring Hyper-V User Settings
      • Overview of Virtual Network Settings for Hyper-V
      • Demonstration: Configuring Virtual Networks with Virtual Network Manager
      • Design Considerations for External, Internal, and Private Networks
      • Virtual Local Area Networks in Hyper-V
      • Demonstration: Configuring Hyper-V User Settings
    • 10. Overview of Hyper-V R2 Settings Hyper-V Servers Listing of Virtual Machines Hyper-V Server Actions Virtual Machine Actions
    • 11. Considerations for Choosing Default Folders Locations File storage: Considerations:
      • Virtual hard disks stored at:
        • C:UsersPublicPublic DocumentsHyper-Vvirtual hard disks
      • Performance
      • Security
      • Hard drive space
      • Virtual Machine Configuration Files stored at:
        • C:Program FilesMicrosoftWindowsHyper-V
    • 12. Overview of User Settings for Hyper-V R2 Default Folder Locations User Settings Keyboard Actions
    • 13. Demonstration: Configuring Hyper-V User Settings
      • In this demonstration , you will learn how to :
      • Expand upon Keyboard combinations
      • Configure Mouse Release Keys
      • Manage User Credentials
      • Determine Library Options
    • 14. Overview of Virtual Network Settings for Hyper-V R2 Virtual Network Adapters Types of Network Connections
    • 15. Demonstration: Configuring Virtual Networks with Virtual Network Manager
      • In this demonstration , you will learn how to :
      • Create an internal virtual network
      • Configure the MAC address range
      • Modify an existing external virtual network
    • 16. Design Considerations for External, Internal, and Private Virtual Networks There are three types of virtual networks:
      • Private
      • Internal
      • External
    • 17. Virtual Local Area Networks in Hyper-V VLAN details:
      • Virtual switch can be associated to a VLAN
      • VLAN IDs must be configured on each network adapter
      • Multiple adapters may use either the same or different VLAN IDs
      • VLAN tag can be specified for VM network connection and parent Partition network connection
    • 18. Demonstration: Configuring Hyper-V to Support Virtual Local Area Networks
      • In this demonstration , you will learn how to configure Hyper-V to support VLANs
    • 19. L ab : Installing and Configuring the Hyper-V Server Role
      • Exercise 1 : Installing the Hyper-V R2 Role
      • Exercise 2 : Determining Virtual Network Configuration Settings
      • Exercise 3 : Configuring Virtual Network Settings Using Virtual Network Manager
      Logon information Estimated time: 45 minutes NYC-Host1, NYC-Host2 Host machines User name Administrator Password Pa$$w0rd
    • 20. Lab Scenario
      • Contoso, Ltd. wants to introduce virtualization into their IT environment and they want to reduce their expenditure of hardware and energy. Your IT manager has directed you to install and configure the Hyper-V R2 Role.
    • 21. Lab Review
      • What are the hardware and BIOS prerequisites to install Hyper-V ?
      • What are the differences between external, internal, and private networks ?
      • Where is the option to change the location of the .VHD and virtual machines?
      • What does it mean when the mouse pointer displays as a small dot in a virtual machine window?
    • 22. Module Summary
      • In this module, you have learned to:
      • Configure Hardware and BIOS settings to install Hyper-V
      • Configure User and Server Settings for Hyper-V
      • Install and Configure Virtual Networks
      • Use VLAN IDs
    • 23. Module Review and Takeaways
      • Review Questions
      • Common Issues and Troubleshooting Tips
      • Real-world Issues and Scenarios
      • Best Practices
      • Tools

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