Neumonia: Afecta más a los hombres que a las mujeres Tuberculosis: Las personas infectadas con TB resistente pueden tener menos posibilidades de vivir
Las principales diferencias entre neumonía y tuberculosis son: En la neumonía se presenta fiebre alta, tos, tiraje subcostal y soplos anfóricos, por otro lado en la tuberculosis la fiebre es moderada, la tos persistente y presenta estertores en los ápices pulmonares.
TUBERCULOSIS - PNEUMONÍA
It is an infectious It is an infectiousdisease caused by disease caused byMycobacterium Mycobacteriumtuberculosis. tuberculosis. Typically attacks the lungs , but can also affect other parts of the body.
The pneumonia is an infection of the lungs.As a consequence of the Pneumonia is thedisease, occurs leading cause of deathcongestion with liquid in children under five inand inflammatory cells the world.of damaged tissue.
The tuberculosis only can be transmitted by persons who have active disease. CoughsThe tuberculosis is transmitted Sneezesthrough particles expelled by the Talkspatient with active TB. Spits
It can be highly contagious, since the virus spreads rapidly in air. Sneezing BY Coughing Mucus. A patient who has had sequels of pneumonia, can keep this in your body for a long time, which makes it potentially contagious. Pneumonia can be caused Multiple bacteria such as Pneumococcus (Streptococcusby several etiologic agents: pneumoniae), Mycoplasma, Chlamydia. Different Virus.
Although physical examination, chest radiographyand sputum culture are diagnostic tests common toboth diseases, there are specific tests that are used for differential diagnosis.
Cough and Cough, which may beexpectoration for dry at first, butmore than 15 days eventually produces phlegm (sputum)
An episode of shaking chills followed by feverChest pain on the side of theinfected lung.Severe abdominal pain sometimesoccurs in people with pneumonia inthe lower lobes of the lungs
Coughing up blood Blood in sputumCough accompanied by thickmucus, sometimes with blood Cough, which may be dry at(sputum) for a first, but eventually producesperiod of approximately two phlegm (sputum)weeks
TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT OF PNEUMONIA Two treatment phases: one of 6 months and Most can be treated without hospitalization other of 4 months. 1.BACTERIAL PNEUMONIA The treatment uses a combination of anti-TB Use of antibiotics: drugs. The antibiotics that are used depend on the The drugs most commonly used include: microorganism and the immune system. These• Isoniazid (300 mg / day) are:• Rifampicin (600 mg / day) •Amoxicillin• Pyrazinamide (25 mg / kg / day) •Clarithromycin• Ethambutol (15 mg / kg / day) •Erythromycin
TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT OF PNEUMONIATREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT OF PNEUMONIAOther drugs that can be used to treat TB 2. VIRAL PNEUMONIAinclude: The pneumonia caused by influenza A is•Amikacin treated with amantadine or rimantadine•Ethionamide and the pneumonia caused by influenza B•Moxifloxacin•Para-aminosalicylic acid is treated with oseltamivir or zanamivir.•Streptomycin
TREATMENT OF TUBERCULOSIS TREATMENT OF PNEUMONIA Treatment is supervised by a medical 3. ASPIRATION PNEUMONIA to prevent antibiotic resistance. This pneumonia acquired in the The treatment in HIV-negative and HIV- community or in a hospital can not be positive individuals is the same. treated with antibiotics. The treatment is through CORTICOSTEROID.
PNEUMONIA PNEUMONIA TUBERCULOSIS TUBERCULOSIS Most people with Most people with The patients with TB require The patients with TB requirepneumonia get better pneumonia get better treatment with multiple treatment with multiplewith antibiotics for 2-3with antibiotics for 2-3 drugs for several months drugs for several months weeks weeks
PNEUMONIA PNEUMONIA TUBERCULOSIS TUBERCULOSIS Some people develop Some people developcomplications such as blood complications such as blood Some people may develop Some people may develop poisoning, meningitis, and poisoning, meningitis, and MDR-TB MDR-TB lung failure lung failure
PNEUMONIA PNEUMONIA TUBERCULOSIS TUBERCULOSIS Without a proper treatment, Without a proper treatment,Many people with weakMany people with weak the people could die in five the people could die in five immune systems, die immune systems, die years years
PNEUMONIA PNEUMONIA TUBERCULOSIS TUBERCULOSIS The people infected with The people infected withAffects men more thanAffects men more than resistant TB have less resistant TB have less women women possibilities to survive. possibilities to survive.
Signs and symptoms in pneumonia are HIGH FEVER, COUGH and FEVER on the other handCHEST INDRAWING The tuberculosis is characterized by a MODERATE FEVER, FEVER PERSISTENT COUGH and STERTOROUS IN THE LUNG APICES