Pedro Ruiz Gallo NATIONAL UNIVERSITYSUBJECT: MEDICAL ENGLISH
GROUP 8: Burga Cueva Jonatan Cabanillas Ventura JorgeChapoñán Bances Cristhian Torres Tafur KarinaZulueta Santacruz Jaroslav Zúñiga Callacna Gustavo
This disease is This disease is transmitted by the transmitted by the bite of mosquito Aedes bite of mosquito Aedes aegypti aegypti It’s an acute infectious It’s an acute infectious disease, of rapidly disease, of rapidly evolving, caused by evolving, caused by Flavivirus Flavivirus WHAT’S YELLOW FEVER?It’s called YELLOW beacause one of the symptoms is jaundice It’s called YELLOW beacause one of the symptoms is jaundice
DENGUE• Dengue is called "break-bone fever"
Dengue virus belongs to the family Flaviviridae Dengue virus belongs to the family FlaviviridaeVirus of DENGUE is transmitted by amosquito called Aedes aegypti
Cases of Dengue in Peru -- 2011 Cases of Dengue in Peru 2011• 29 057 cases*confirmed: 84.22%*15.78% similar.• Loreto, Madre de Dios and San Martin reported 91% of cases.
Dengue yellow fever nausea vomiting muscle pain joint pain liver Bleeding gums headache jaundice damage and nose
IN YELLOW FEVER: IN YELLOW FEVER:
DIFFERENT SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS BETWEEN YELLOW FEVER AND DENGUE
DIFFERENT SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS BETWEEN YELLOW FEVER AND DENGUEIN DENGUE: IN DENGUE: dengue
AA specific specificdiagnostic test for dengue diagnostic test for denguefever is needed for rapid fever is needed for rapiddetection, confirmation of detection, confirmation ofacute condition, detection acute condition, detectionof dengue antibodies and of dengue antibodies andseparation of dengue viral separation of dengue viralRNA or protein in tissue RNA or protein in tissuespecimen or serum. specimen or serum.
Serological Tests Serological Tests Complex Tests Complex Tests If there is four times are If there is four times are There are some complex tests There are some complex tests higher increase in the higher increase in the called complement fixation called complement fixation dengue antibodies between dengue antibodies between and neutralising antibody and neutralising antibody initial and later samples, initial and later samples, which are not possible in every which are not possible in every the infection is confirmed the infection is confirmed medical centre. medical centre. as acute. as acute. DIAGNOSTIC TEST MAC-ELISA MAC-ELISA Dengue Virus Isolation Dengue Virus IsolationThe samples collected initially The samples collected initially Separation of dengue virus or Separation of dengue virus orand later can be analyzed and later can be analyzed detecting dengue viral RNA in aa detecting dengue viral RNA inthrough through Hemaggulation Hemaggulation patient’s sample of serum or patient’s sample of serum orInhibition (HI) for definite Inhibition (HI) for definite tissue gives aaconfirmation of the tissue gives confirmation of theconfirmation or denial of acute confirmation or denial of acute infection. infection.dengue infection. dengue infection.
Tests Used for a Yellow Fever Diagnosis If the doctor thinks a person is at risk for If the doctor thinks a person is at risk for yellow fever, he or she can order certain tests. yellow fever, he or she can order certain tests. Blood tests Cerebrospinal fluid tests Electrocardiograms (EKGs).To make aadefinitive diagnosis of yellow fever, the doctor will draw aa To make definitive diagnosis of yellow fever, the doctor will drawblood sample and send it to aacommercial or public health laboratory blood sample and send it to commercial or public health laboratory for confirmation. for confirmation.