The term malnutrition refers to a pathologicalcondition caused by lack of intake or absorption of nutrients
Malnutrition is, according to the United Nations Childrens Fund(UNICEF), the leading killer of infants and young children indeveloping countries So, prevent this disease has become a priority for the World Health Organization (WHO).
What causes child malnutrition in the coast and jungle of Perú?jungle coast
Are immediate causes inadequate and Infectious lack of potable waterinsufficient food diseases and basic sanitation consumption limited health care
structural causes poor economic conditions of the low educational level the family political causeslittle social investment and misuse of state resources
The results of The Demographic and Family Health Survey (ENDES 2011 first semester) confirmed the progressive reduction of the level of the chronic malnutrition at the country. and It diminishes near of two diminishes in some over two percentage points percentage points18,3 % in the ENDES 2009 to 16,6 % 23.8 % to 21.6 % in the same in the ENDES 2011 First Semester period when the When the NCHS (National Center for Health Statistics) is used as WHO (World Health Organization) standard of reference is used as standard of reference.
According to the natural regions ENDES 2011 First Semester, ratifies that the prevalence of anemia is major: at the Highland(54.9 %), and at the Jungle (50.9 %) than at the Coast (38.9 %).
Data from the World Food Programme (WFP) recorded over 1,000 million undernourished people worldwide, "an amount equal to the sum of the population of North America and Europe."As detailed in the WFP, one in sixpeople worldwide do not haveenough food to be healthy and leadan active life.
Most Latin American countries are ranked in the first three categories of this map. The most worrying case is that of Haiti malnutrition recorded "very high", more than 35 percent.
Guatemala, Dominican Republic and Bolivia, with a rate "moderately high", between 20 and 34 percent.Honduras, Nicaragua,Panama, Colombia, Ecuador,Peru and Paraguay enteredin the "moderately low",with malnutrition rates ofbetween 10 and 19 percent.
GOVERNMENTS OBJECTIVE OF MALNUTRITION (COAST AND JUNGLE) Reduce the prevalence of chronic malnutrition andanemia in children under 5 years, especially in regions with greater poverty.
GOVERNMENTS OBJECTIVE OF MALNUTRITION (COAST AND JUNGLE) Intervention strategy articulated public andprivate entities, with the aim of overcoming poverty and chronic malnutrition.
GOVERNMENTS OBJECTIVE OF MALNUTRITION (COAST AND JUNGLE)The government target by 2012is to reduce poverty by 30percentage points and chronicmalnutrition among childrenages 5 Paying Child 9percentage points.
PROPOSALS TO COMBAT MALNUTRITION"Hunger is just a symptomof a very serious situation. Ifyou do not know thediagnosis, any action to doabout it is irrelevant"
• To effectively combat malnutrition requirescoordinated action by all sectors of the stateinvolved, such as the Ministry of Economyand Finance, the Ministry of Health or theMinistry of Women.
• Welfarism (viadonation of food,including milk forchildren, by institutionslike the PRONAA orGlass of Milk) • Training in nutrition and feeding: breastfeeding Promotion.
• Best way to deal with theproblem of malnutrition in thejungle is helping to restoreindigenous and coastal fisheriesresources and wildlife
• Promotion of agricultural projectsaccording to socio-environmental realityAmazon.• We must take into account theidiosyncrasies of Amazonianpeople with more resources to callhandler farmer.