Medical English Teacher: Dra. Rosa Gonzáles Llontop Members: Campos Milyan Laidy Jackelyn Chavesta Manrique Xinthia Paola Huamán Cueva Zoila del Carmen Racchumí Nima Anita Luz Ramírez Armas Karina PaolaGroup N° 6 Velásquezz Espinal José Luis
Drug abuse is a serious public health problemthat affects almost every communityand family in some way
People who experiment withdrugs continue to use them the substance either makes them feel good
In many cases, however, there is a fine line between regular use and drug abuse and addiction. Very few addicts are able to recognize whenthey have crossed that line.
Problems can sometimes Drug use sneak up on increases you gradually. Smoking a joint with Change tofriends at the weekend, using drugs a or taking ecstasy at a can couple of days a rave, or cocaine at an occasional party week, then every day
If the drug You may find fulfills a yourself valuable need increasingly relying on it. For example: Energize you if you feel depressed, or You may take make you moredrugs to calm you confident in socialif you feel anxious situations if you or stressed normally feel shy.
you’re more at riskSimilarly, if you of crossing the lineuse drugs to fill from casual use to a void in your drug abuse and life addiction.
As drug abuse takes hold, you maymiss or frequently be late for work or school, your job performancemay progressively deteriorate, andyou start to neglect social or family obligations.
Althoughdifferent drugshave different physical effects, the symptoms of addiction are similar.
Common signs and symptoms of drug abuse You’re neglecting your responsibilities at school, work, or home flunking classes skipping work neglecting your children because of your drug use.
You’re using drugs under dangerousconditions or taking risks while high such as driving while on drugs using dirty needles.
Your drug use is causing problems in your relationships fights with your partner or family members the loss of old friends.
You’ve built up a drugtolerance You need to use more of the drug to experience the same effects you used to attain with smaller amounts.
You’ve lost control over your druguse. You may want to stop using, but you feel powerless.
You’ve abandoned activities you used to enjoy hobbies, sports, and socializing, because of your drug use.
Warning signs that a friend orfamily member is abusing drugs O Drug abusers often try to conceal their symptoms and downplay their problem. If you’re worried that a friend or family member might be abusing drugs, look for the following warning signs:
Physical warning signs of drug abuse Tremors, slurred speech, or impaired coordinationBloodshot eyes, pupilslarger or smaller thanusual Changes in appetite or sleep patterns. Sudden weight loss or weight Deterioration of physical gain appearance, personal grooming habits
Drop in attendance and Behavioral signs of drug abuseperformance at work orschool Frequently getting into trouble (fights, accidents, illegal activities)Engaging in secretive or Sudden change insuspicious behaviors friends, favorite hangouts, and hobbies
Psychological warning signs of drug abuseSudden mood swings, Appears irritability, or angry fearful, anxious, or outbursts paranoid, with no reason Periods of unusual Lack of motivation; hyperactivity, agitation, appears lethargic or or giddiness “spaced out”
Warning Signs of Commonly Abused Drugs Glassy, red eyes; loud talking, inappropriate laughter followed by Marijuana sleepiness; loss of interest, motivation; weight gain or loss. Contracted pupils; drunk-like; difficulty Depressants concentrating; clumsiness; poor judgment; slurred speech; sleepiness.Stimulants (inclu Dilated pupils; hyperactivity; euphoria; ding irritability; anxiety; excessive talking followed by depression or excessive amphetamines, sleeping at odd times; may go long cocaine, crystal periods of time without eating or sleeping; meth) weight loss; dry mouth and nose.
Watery eyes; headaches and nausea; appearance ofInhalants (glues, intoxication; drowsiness; pooraerosols, vapors) muscle control; changes in appetite; anxiety; irritability; lots of cans/aerosols in the trash. Dilated pupils; paranoia, aggression, hallucinatio Hallucinogens ns; mood swings; absorption with (LSD, PCP) self or other objects, slurred speech; confusion. Contracted pupils; no response of pupils to light; needle marks; sleeping at unusual times; Heroin sweating; vomiting; coughing, sniffling; twitching; loss of appetite.
There are a variety of evidence-based approaches to treating addiction. Drug treatment can include .Behavioral therapy Medications or their combination.
Treatment medications such as Methadone, Nicotine preparations buprenorphine, and (patches, gum, lozenges, and naltrexone. nasal spray) and the medications varenicline and bupropion.for individuals for individualsaddicted to addicted to tobaccoopioids
Psychoactive medications such asAntidepressants, antianxietyagents, mood stabilizers, andantipsychotic medications. when patients have co-occurring mental disorders, such as depression, anxiety disorders, bipolar disorder, or schizophrenia.
Behavioral therapies such as Individual or group counseling, cognitive therapy, or contingency management. Can also help people improvecommunication, relationship, and parenting skills, as well as family dynamics.
Getting help for drug abuse and drug addiction
Support is essential to addiction recovery Recovering from drug addiction is much easier when you have people you can lean on for encouragement, comfort, and guidance.
therapists or counselorsfamily members close friends Support can come from:healthcare providers other recovering addicts people from your faith community