NACIONAL UNIVERSITY PEDRO RUIZ GALLOFACULTY OF MEDICINE HUMANIZES
Medical EnglishDr. Rosa Gonzales Calderon Baldera Karen Eliana Diaz Mino Marlon Werner Fernandez Ferreyra Ana Maria Sofia Niño Effio Brenda Stefanny Popuche Cabrera Pedro Luis Razuri Farro Juan Alessandro
What is Malnutrition?Abnormal state of the body caused by deficienciesof one or multiple nutritional elements, animbalance between requirements and nutrientinputs with onset of clinical symptoms presents onhigland’s Peru.
GENERAL OBJECTIVE To inform about the reality of the child malnutrition in the Peruvian Highland.
The causes or factors Determinants of child malnutrition BASIC CAUSES Poverty Inequality Low maternal education UNDERLYING CAUSES Lack of access to food Lack of health care Unsafe water and sanitation IMMEDIATE CAUSES Insufficient feeding Inadequate attention Diseases CHILD MALNUTRITION
The causes or factors Determinants of child malnutrition BASIC CAUSES Poverty Inequality Low maternal education
The causes or factors Determinants of child malnutrition UNDERLYING CAUSES Lack of access to food Lack of health care Unsafe water and sanitation
The causes or factors Determinants of child malnutrition IMMEDIATE CAUSES Insufficient feeding Inadequate attention Diseases
other causesHigh incidence of infectious diseases Lack of a single vitamin in the diet or because the person is not getting enough food.
other causesIncreased requirements, as for examplein preterm infants
CONsecuences Decrease of:Capacity of vital functions Ability to work
CONsecuences Decrease of:Mental development Growth and developmentand intellectual Individual and social productivity
In Peru, the chronic malnutritionis a problem that affects in the main the population of the region saws. Therefore the statistics that show us the evolution of chronic malnutrition in the Peru. They reflect indirectly this situation in the region it saws.
In the graph N ° 02 we observe the evolution of the infantile malnutrition in the high land of Peru, with diminishing trend from the year 2000, with 39 %, up to the first semester the year 2011 with 30 %.
Basic conditions to anticipate the chronic infantile malnutrition CONDITIONS Attended rich kid Result Child with Fed rich kidprepared parents Nourished rich kidChild in healthy housing Rich kid of healthChild in healthy community
At present the fundamental period is identified to anticipate the malnutrition of the childThe pregnancy The first two years of life. In this stage it is when the basic development of the child takes place.
Actions of prevention: • IronContribution of vitamins • Folic acid • Vitamin and essential minerals • Zinc • Iodine Promotion of the exclusive lactation up to 6 months of age.
Measurement of weight and height, and detection of cases of sharp malnutrition. Promotion of the consumption of iodized salt.
Changes in the sociocultural environment: Promotion of habits of hygiene, as the hand wash, to reduce the risk of diarrhea and other diseases.
Actions to achieve a sanitary suitable attention and training of sanitary and community personnel.Creation of suitable facilitie of water and reparation, andformation for his maintenance.
PROGRAMS OF THE CONDITION FOR THE FIGHT AGAINST THE INFANTILE MALNUTRITION IN THE SAW OF PERU: National Strategy of Articulated Intervention of Fight Against the Poverty and the Chronic Infantile Malnutrition (To grow). Priority reduce the poverty to 30 per cent and the chronic infantile malnutrition to 16% in 2011
PROJECTS FOR THE FIGHT AGAINST THEINFANTILE MALNUTRITION IN THE SAW OF PERU: Restaurants against the malnutrition, it feeds your solidarity. Ayacucho. Peru Of the humanitarian international organization: Action against the Hunger
CONCLUSIONSWe knew that the general determinant factors of the infantilemalnutrition in the Peruvian Highland.We have learnt the impact and risks that carry the malnutrition.We also knew about the major impact of the infantile malnutritionin the departments of the Peruvian Highland.We understood about the evolution with that the malnutrition hasdecreased.And finally we have known about the prevention and the differentAid programs in order to avoid the infantile malnutrition in thePeruvian highland.