COURSE : Medical EnglishTEACHER : Dra. Rosa Gonzáles LlontopGROUP : 4THSTUDENTS : * Gastelo Salazar, Kenyi * Jambo Mendoza, Juan * Mayo Cabanillas, Darcy * Perales Carrasco, Tito * Rojas Ramos, Percy * Vásquez Ochoa, PedroCYCLE : 2012 - I
DEFINITIONDESNUTRITIONis a DISEASE CAUSED BYImproper Diet … It can also be caused by POOR ABSORPTION OF NUTRIENTS
DIFERENCE BETWEEN… DESNUTRITION There is a deficiency in the intake of calories and protein. MALNUTRITION There is a deficiency, excess orimbalance in the intake of one or more nutrients.
Desnutrition in childrencan begin even in the womb. Malnourished mothers give birth to malnourished children.
CAUSES OF MALNUTRITIONPOVERTY AND EXTREME POVERTY: malnutrition and poverty are related. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) presented the following figures in terms of poverty coast is 17.7%, forest, 37.3% highlands is 49.1%
CAUSES OF MALNUTRITION: THE URBAN-RURAL DIFFERENCES Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) presented the following figures in terms of malnutrition3.2% in urban areas 11.8% in rural areas
CAUSES OF MALNUTRITION:THE IMPORTANCE OF MATERNAL EDUCATION The incidence of malnutrition according to Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC)is 30% to 40% lower and low 25% to 47%among children with between the whomothers who completed completed secondaryprimary education education compared to the "uneducated"
CAUSES OF MALNUTRITION:THE ROLE OF WATER AND SANITATION: the problems of food safety are important factors In the vulnerability to food insecurity nutritional pathogenic consequences particularly smaller ones
CAUSES OF MALNUTRITION: HUNGER AND RELATED DISEASES inadequate dietary intake and quality problems of the diet Results in greater vulnerability to the onset of various diseases, directly or indirectly associated diarrhea (EDA) cretinism respiratory infections (ARI)vitamin A deficiency
CONSEQUENCES OF MALNUTRITION MORTALITY.56% of deaths in children under 83% of these deaths werefive years were attributable to due to a mild or moderatethe effect of malnutrition malnutrition
CONSEQUENCES OF MALNUTRITION INFECTIONS malnutrition leads to reductionphysical barriers such as the humoral andprotective mucus in the cellular immunityairways and gastric acidity thus creating episodes infectious diseases
CONSEQUENCES OF MALNUTRITION DYSFUNCTION.reduction in physical influences on patterns ofcapacity and intellectual behavior in adulthood
CONSEQUENCES OF MALNUTRITION CHRONIC DISEASES. The malnutrition The low birth weight an increased risk of chronic diseases in adulthood heart disease díabetescardiovascular problems hypertension
Children under five in Peru´ s highland regions stillbear the brunt of chronic malnutrition.The statistics are broken down, it becomes clear thatmalnutrition was reduced to a much lesser extent amongchildren.
BUT IN THE ANDEAN REGION OF43 PERCENT OF THE HUANCAVELICA IN SOUTHERN NATIVE CHILDREN PERU, 56 PERCENT OF ALL SUFFER FROM CHILDREN UNDER FIVE ARE CHRONIC INDIGENOUS MALNUTRITION.
32 PERCENT OF THEM Region of ARE CHRONICALLY Cuzco MALNOURISHED,HUANCAVELICA AND WHICH COULD HELPAPURÍMAC OBTAINED EXPLAIN THE LIMITEDRELATIVELY LIMITED PROGRESS MADE.REVENUES FROM THE"CANON MINERO
WHERE 49 PERCENT OF CHILDREN ARE In Puno INDIGENOUS, 20 PERCENT ARE MALNOURISHED In Ancash23 PERCENT OF THEM SUFFER FROMCHRONIC MALNUTRITION (SHOWINGBELOW NORMAL WEIGHT ANDHEIGHT FOR AGE).
THE STATE, THE INTERNATIONAL COMBATCOMMUNITY AND CIVIL SOCIETY MALNUTRITION EFFORTS TO MULTIPLE CAUSES
• Implement integral policies to ensure food security interventions, health and education of vulnerable1 populations • Implement aggressive policies of income generation for the poorest families2 • Designing effective systems for monitoring nutritional outcomes of social programs.3
• Optimize economic resources, the FONCOMUN, Canon, among others, to improve the quality of health services, expand coverage of water and sanitation, prioritizing these resources to the most1 vulnerable. • Promote economic development projects and social development in the poorest regions of the country, strengthening public participation2 in decisions on the use of state resources. • Improve the targeting of food assistance programs, promoting intersectorial coordination.3