EDITORIAL What is the cost of hunger? Do we know what the social and economic impact of malnutrition in Peru?
EDITORIAL For many it is simply the lack of food, which is reflected in a lower weight or height. However, the costs to the country are many. Peru is one of the countries with highest prevalence of chronic malnutrition in South America
DEFINITION OF MALNUTRITIONThe term malnutrition refers to apathological condition caused by lack ofintake or absorption of nutrients. According to the severity of symptoms, the disease can be divided into first, second and even third degree
Sometimes, the disorder can be mildand occur without symptoms, aninadequate or unbalanced diet. However, there are other more serious cases, where the consequences can be irreversible
PREVALENCE OF CHRONIC MALNUTRITION IN CHILDREN UNDER 5 YEARS IN LATIN AMERICA Peru is ranked 21 out of 25 countries. Were just better than Bolivia, Ecuador, Honduras and Guatemala.
EMERGENCY IN PERU Malnutrition was a significant reduction between 1992 and 1996. Since then there have been marginal progress, although in the last three years achieved a reduction of almost 3 points. Prevalence of chronic malnutrition in children under five years 35 31.8 29.6 30 25.8 26.7 25.4 24.1 25 21.5 20 15 10 5 0 1992 1993-1994 1996 2000 2004 2005 2008*
EMERGENCY IN PERU New standar OMS The estimate with the new standard is even more daunting: in Peru, Nearly one in three children under five is malnourished chronic. the situation has not improved significantly since 2000: the rate has fallen by only 3.5 points. 32 31 31 30 29.5 29.21 29 28 27.5 27 26 25 2000 2005 2007 2008* Prevalencia de desnutrición crónica en niños menores de
Indicators of malnutrition for children under five years, according to geographicalarea, 2007. Standard (WHO) We see that on the coast, La Libertad has 31.2% of total chronic malnutrition and 10.5% of severe chronic malnutrition, followed by Piura has 29.8% and 8, 2% respectively. SOURCE: INEI - Demographic and Family Health, DHS 2007
IndicatorsIn the jungle, in the department of Amazonas, a littlemore than a third of children under five are chronicallymalnourished Total (37.2%) and 12.0% severe chronicmalnutrition
Chronic malnutrition in Peru, by geographic region 2010Source: Map of chronic malnutrition in children under five at the provincial and district2009 - INEIAccording to data recorded by the INEI 2010, in terms of natural regions,evidenced a higher percentage in the region of the Sierra (27.6%), followedby jungle (21.7%) and the coast (10.3%).
causes of malnutrition malnourished mother malnourished newborn infant mortality and school malnourished adult malnourished childfor lack of knowledge of the basic rules of safety continuous infectious diseases
causes of malnutritioninadequate and insufficient food intake In the study area there are no programs dedicated to providing guidance on the necessary power, as there is only glass of milk.
causes of malnutrition There is no health center responsible for providing the necessary support and guidance toLack of health services mothers in charge of family support
causes of malnutritionlack of safe water and basic sanitation lack of sewerage and unconcern of government
causes of malnutrition in Peru The mothers in charge of cookingLack of information. with very young and generally do not have the necessary guidance low educational level
causes of malnutrition in Perueconomic deficiency in families Parents do not have a stable job and economic status in households is quite low.
Peru is one of the countrieswith the highest prevalences ofchronic malnutrition in all ofSouth America
This situation increases the risk of illness and death and inhibits the cognitive and physical development of girls and boys affecting their health status of chronically and their productive potential future, with economic and social consequences for the person, family, community and country.
Malnutrition at an earlyage predisposes peopleto an increased risk ofdiseases such as acute diarrhea, acute respiratory infection and anemia, as well as death (in 1941 and in 2005, just over 1.7 million children five have died from causes associated with malnutrition).
The undernourished population shows a smaller proportion of students that reach complete secondary (27 %) with respect to non-malnourished patients (76 % ).These differences are indicators in relation tothe gaps of job opportunity and incomebetween some and others.
3. In productivity: has a negative impact on the productivecapacity of a country. The 1.24 million children under five whodied due to malnutrition would have formed part of thepopulation of working age (PET). This is equivalent to 1,916 million hours of work.