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Chesm handbook v17
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Chesm handbook v17

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  • 1. Contractor Handbook Gulf of Mexico Business Unit and Deepwater Exploration and Projects Business Unit
  • 2. Contractor Handbook Gulf of Mexico Business Unit and Deepwater Exploration and Projects Business Unit Revised 2011
  • 3. BIC is a federally registered trademark of the BIC Group. Crescent is a federally registered trademark of Cooper Brands, Inc. Crocs is a federally registered trademark of Crocs, Inc. EXCEL-FR is a trademark of Bulwark Protective Apparel. INDURA is a federally registered trademark of Westex Inc. ISNetworld is a federally registered trademark of ISN Software Corp. Multi-Plier is a federally registered trademark of Fiskars Inc. KEVLAR is a federally registered trademark of E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company. TWIC is a federally registered trademark of the U.S. Department of Homeland Security. Varsol is a federally registered trademark of Exxon Mobil Corporation. WellCAP is a federally registered certification mark of the International Association of Drilling Contractors. © 2011 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. Original edition effective July 1, 2003; current edition effective January 2011. This document contains confidential and proprietary information of Chevron Corp. Any use of this document without prior written authorization from Chevron and/or its affiliates is prohibited. Publication is available on our website: https://upstream.chevron.com/contractorgom
  • 4. Contents 1.0 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 1.1 Operational Excellence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. 1.2 How to Use This Handbook . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 2.0 Responsibility Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.1 Chevron Employee Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.2 Contractor Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 2.3 Stop-Work Authority . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 3.0 Chevron Workplace Principles and Policies . . . . . . . . . 8 3.1 Professional Conduct . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.2 Contraband: Drugs, Alcohol, Weapons, . Pornography . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 3.2.1 Alcohol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.2.2 Illegal Drugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.2.3 Prescription Drugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 3.2.4 Internet Prescription Drugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.2.5 Explosives and Firearms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. 3.3 SafeGulf . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 1 3.4 Transportation Worker Identification Card . . . . . . . 1 1 3.5 Housekeeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2. 1 3.6 Smoking . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 1 3.7 Fishing Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. 1 3.8 Language Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. 1 3.9 Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4. 1 3.10 Behavior-Based Safety Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 1 3.11 Orientation of Visitors at Offshore . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 1 3.12 Short-Service Employee Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 1 3.12.1 Contractor Short-Service Employee Form . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. 1 3.13 Root Cause Analysis/Incident Investigation . . . . . . 20 3.14 HES Ratings Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 2 Contractor Handbook | i
  • 5. 3.15 Cell Phone Usage While Operating a 8 Motor Vehicle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22. 3.16 Management Field Visits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22. 3.17 Subcontractors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22. 4.0 Emergency Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23. 4.1 Medical Coverage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23. 4.2 Medical Emergency Transportation 8 Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23. 4.3 Hurricane Evacuation Action Plan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23. 4.4 Damaged Facility Assessment and Boarding Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 4.4.1 Facility Status Definitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25. 4.4.1.1i Open . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25. 4.4.1.2i Closed . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25. 4.4.2 Status Changes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26. 4.4.3 Damage Assessments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26. 4.4.4 Initial Assessments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 4.4.5 Boarding Assessments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27. 4.4.6 Methods to Secure Closed Facilities . . . . . . 28. 4.4.7 Accessing Closed Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29. 4.4.8 Boarding Mitigation Plans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29. 4.4.9 Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29. 4.4.10 Boarding Assessment Personnel . . . . . . . . . 30. 4.4.11 Operations Representative or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Contract Representative . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30. 4.5 Incident Reporting Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31. 8 4.6 Oil Spill Response Plan and Notifications . . . . . . . 31. 8. 4.7 Emergency Response and Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32. 5.0 HES Meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 5.1 Onsite HES Meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33. 5.2 Pre-Job HES Meetings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 6.0 Personal Protection Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35. 6.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 6.2 Fee for Arriving Without Appropriate PPE . . . . . . 35. ii | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 6. 6.3 Head Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 6.4 Eye Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36. 6.4.1 Selecting Eye Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38. 6.5 Contact Lenses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42. 6.6 Foot Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43. 6.7 Hand Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 .. 4 6.7.1 Examples of Non-Chemical Types of Hand Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..45 6.7.2 Examples of Chemical. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Hand Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .49 6.8 Hearing Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 6.9 Protective Clothing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 6.9.1 Fire-Resistant Clothing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 6.10 Respiratory Protection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 6.11 Personal Flotation Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 5 6.12 PPE During After-Hours . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 7.0 Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56. 7.1 Marine Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 5 7.2 Personnel Transfers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59. 7.3 Personnel Baskets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61. 7.3.1 General Information . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61. 7.3.2 Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62. 7.3.3 Safe Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62. 7.4 Swing Rope Guidelines and Procedures . . . . . . . . . 64. 7.5 Helicopter Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65. 7.6 Aviation Emergency Medical Procedures . . . . . . . 67. 7.7 Hazardous Materials Transportation . . . . . . . . . . . 67. 7.8 Foreign-Flagged Vessels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68. 7.9 Marine Safety, Reliability, and Efficiency . . . . . . . . 70. 8.0 Offshore (Water) Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71. 8.1 Personnel Entry Into Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 8.2 Helicopter Underwater Egress Training and . . Water Survival Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71. Contractor Handbook | iii
  • 7. 9.0 Environmental Stewardship . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72. 9.1 Waste Management . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72. 9.2 Waste Categories . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74. 9.2.1 Hazardous Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. 7 9.2.2 E&P Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75. 9.2.3 Solid Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 7 9.2.4 Other Regulated Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 7 9.3 Pollution Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76. 9.4 National Pollutant Discharge . Elimination System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7 7 10.0 Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene . . . . . 9. 7 10.1 Fit for Duty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79. 10.2 Hazard Communication . (HAZCOM)/MSDS Program . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. 7 10.3 General Industrial Hygiene Principles . . . . . . . . . 0. 8 10.3.1 Naturally Occurring . Radioactive Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. 8 10.3.2 Asbestos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 8 10.3.3 Benzene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 8 10.3.4 Lead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3. 8 10.4 Heat Stress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 8 10.5 Fatigue . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .84 11.0 General Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 8 11.1 Lifting of Loads by Personnel . . (Manual Lifting Policy) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5. 8 11.2 Requirements for Third-Party . . Equipment Brought to Chevron Facility . . . . . . . 86. 11.2.1 General . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 8 11.2.2 Operating Equipment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6. 8 11.2.3 Pressurized Production Equipment . . . . . 7. 8 11.2.4 Repair and Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 8 11.2.5 Repressurizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7. 8 11.2.6 Valves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. 8 11.2.7 Piping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. 8 iv | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 8. 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.6 11.7 11.2.8 Pig Launchers and Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8. 8 Use of Cheater Bars and Pipes . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89. Use of Hand and Power Tools . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .89. 11.4.1 Knife Policy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90. Ladders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . Working Overhead . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 . . 9 Repetitive Stress . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 9 12.0 Specialized Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93. 12.1 Scaffolding Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93. 12.2 Paint and Blast Waste Media Discharges . . . . . 93 12.3 Sandblasting . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93. 12.4 Painting on Chevron Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94. 12.5 Compressed Air Used for Cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . 97. 12.6 Temporary and Permanently Closed . . Heliports . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98. 12.7 Perforating Operations – Heliport . . Operational Hazard Warnings and . . Procedures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 12.7.1 Personnel Conducting . . Perforating Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99. 12.7.2 Pilots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99. 12.8 Subpart O Requirements – Gulf of Mexico OCS Locations Only . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100. 12.8.1 Production Operations Plan . . . . . . . . . . 100. . 12.8.2 Drilling, Completion, Workover, and . . Well Service Operations Plan . . . . . . . . . 01. 1 12.9 DOT Operator Qualifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 02 1 12.9.1 Record Keeping . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102. 12.9.2 Qualification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103. . 13.0 Drilling and Well Servicing Operations . . . . . . . . . . 105. 13.1 Emergency Drills . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .105. 13.2 Well Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105. 13.3 Blowout Prevention Equipment Tests . . . . . . . . . 05. 1 13.4 Regulatory Compliance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106. . Contractor Handbook | v
  • 9. 14.0 Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 15.0 Fuels and Gases . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108 15.1 Gasoline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .108 15.1.1 Storing and Handling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 15.1.2 Fueling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 09. 1 15.2 Compressed Gas Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 09. 1 15.2.1 Moving Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 09. 1 15.2.2 Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. 1 15.2.3 Use . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110. 15.2.4 Oxygen Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11. 1 15.2.5 Acetylene Cylinders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11. 1 15.2.6 Natural Gas . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12. 1 16.0 Safe Work Practices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113. 16.1 Permit to Work Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14. 1 16.1.1 Hazard Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17. 1 16.1.2 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18. 1 16.2 Planning Phase Hazard Analysis . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20. 1 16.3 Think Incident Free (TIF) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20. 1 16.4 Hazard Analysis Content . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. 1 16.5 Form Selection Matrix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 1 16.6 Hazard Identification – Using the Tool . . . . . . . . 126 16.7 Hazard Identification – Chevron’s Expectations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 126 Hazard Identification Card . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 1 16.8 Isolation of Hazardous Energy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129. 16.8.1 Isolation of Hazardous Energy . . Procedures on Chevron Facilities . . . . . . .129 16.8.2 Use of Lockboxes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29. 1 16.9 Work at Height . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130. 16.9.1 When Fall Protection/Arrest . . Equipment Is Required . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131. 16.9.2 Specifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131. 16.9.3 Required Documentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 133. 16.9.4 Training Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .133. 16.9.5 Open Hole . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 1 vi | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 10. 16.9.6 Openings in Decks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 16.9.7 Requirements for Guardrails . . . . . . . . . .135. 16.10 Simultaneous Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 136. 16.10.1 Simultaneous Operations Plan . . . . . . . .136. 16.10.2 Simultaneous Operations Documentation/Communication . . . . . .137. 16.11 Hot Work . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 38 1 16.12 Fire Prevention . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 1 16.12.1 Fire Retardant Tarps (Chevron . . . GOM Facilities Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139 16.12.2 Fire Watch . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 140 16.12.3 Ignition Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141. 6.12.3.12Personal Electronic Devices . 141. 6.12.3.2 Flashlights . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142. 6.12.3.3 Portable Communication . . . Radios . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .142. 6.12.3.4 Other Electronic Equipment . 142. 16.12.4 Use of Solvents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142. 16.13 Electrical Safety . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143. 16.13.1 Electrical Safe-Work Practice . . . . . . . . 143. 16.13.2 Electrical Fuses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144. 16.13.3 Extension Cords . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144. 16.13.4 Static Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145. 16.14 Confined Space . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46. 1 16.14.1 Chevron Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . 147. 16.14.2 Contractor Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . 148. 16.15 Bypassing Critical Protections . . . Chevron Production Facilities Only. . . . . . . . . . .150. 16.15.1 Flag . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150. 16.15.2 Minimum Number of Devices . . . . . . . . 150. 16.15.3 Monitor and Control . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50. 1 16.15.4 Qualified Person . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151. 16.15.5 Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51. 1 16.16 Excavation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151. 6.16.1 Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151. 16.16.2 Roles and Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . 52. 1 Contractor Handbook | vii
  • 11. 16.16.3 Competent Person (Qualified Professional) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152. 16.16.4 Critical Components . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153. 16.16.5 Modes of Failure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153. 16.16.6 Excavation Permits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154. 16.16.7 Leadership Expectations . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 1 17.0 Lifting and Rigging . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156 17.1 Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56. 1 17.2 Heavy Lifts/Hazardous Lift . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56. 1 17.3 Weather . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57. 1 17.4 Crane Repairs and Alterations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158 17.5 Sling Certification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59. 1 17.6 Sling Inspections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59. 1 17.6.1 Pre-Use Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59. 1 17.6.2 Annual Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 1 17.6.3 Identification Codes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160 17.6.4 Sling Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162. 17.7 Rigging Hardware – Maintenance and Inspection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62. 1 17.7.1 Shackles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62. 1 17.7.2 Eyebolts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63. 1 17.7.3 Hooks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64. 1 17.7.4 Pad Eyes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64. 1 17.8 Delivering and/or Handling Cargo at . . Chevron Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65. 1 17.9 Tag Lines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68. 1 17.10 Overhead Hoists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69. 1 17.11 Requirements for Chevron– and . . Contractor-Owned Cranes on . . Chevron Facilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70. 1 17.11.1 Contract Crane Operator . . Classifications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70. 1 17.11.2 Contract Crane Operator . . Checklist . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72. 1 17.11.3 Weight Indicators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72. 1 viii | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 12. 17.11.4 Unattended Control Stations . . . . . . . .. 173. 17.11.5 Bypass of Safety Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . 174. 17.12 Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174. 17.12.1 Radio Communication . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174. 17.12.2 re-Lift Checklist and JSA . . . . . . . . . . . 175 P 17.12.3 Lift Team Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . .175 17.12.3.1 Pre-Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176. 17.12.3.2 During Operation . . . . . . . . . . 176. 17.12.4 Crane Operator Responsibilities . . . . . 177 17.12.4.1 Pre-Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 177. 17.12.4.2 During Operation . . . . . . . . . . 178. 17.12.4.3 Post-Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . 178 17.12.5 Rigger Responsibilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179 17.12.5.1 Pre-Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 179. 17.12.5.2 During Operation . . . . . . . . . . 180 17.12.5.3 Post-Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . 181 17.12.6 Vessel Captain Responsibilities . . . . . . 181 17.12.6.1 Pre-Use Inspection . . . . . . . . 182. 17.12.7 Alternate Lifting Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . 183 17.12.8 ISO/Shipping Containers . . . . . . . . . . . . 184. Appendix A – List of Acronyms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 186 Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192 Contractor Handbook | ix
  • 13. BLANK PAGE
  • 14. 1.0 Introduction Chevron Gulf of Mexico business units value the safety of all workers and the protection of our environment. Our company is committed to having incident-free operations (IFO). We can only achieve this by working as a team with our contractors. The following terms are used in this handbook to describe the contractor company and personnel mentioned in the guidelines: Handbook Terms Contractor A contractor is defined for the purposes of this document as any company or individual which by contract, subcontract, or purchase order performs work or provides services or equipment to or for Chevron. Contractor Supervisor/ Person Leading Work (PLW) This individual represents the contractor company that supervises the work of a contractor or contractors. This handbook provides guidance and a minimum set of expectations for Chevron employees and contractors regarding contractor work performed for Chevron. As the contractor, you are required to follow the policies and procedures established by the contractor’s company in addition to any of Chevron’s site-specific policies. This handbook is intended to supplement, not replace, the contractor’s company safety program, which the contractor is required to implement. In the event of a conflict between this handbook and the contractor’s company safety program, the more stringent rule shall apply. The contractor company’s contract with Chevron may be canceled, or an Contractor Handbook | 1
  • 15. individual may be requested to leave Chevron premises and not return if the guidelines of this handbook are not followed. Chevron is continuously looking for ways to improve our health, environment, and safety (HES) programs. To communicate feedback for improvement or changes to this document, please access the Chevron external Gulf of Mexico Contractor Safety website at https://upstream. chevron.com/contractorgom/. 1.1 Operational Excellence Operational Excellence (OE) is a Chevron system for managing the areas of health, safety, environment, reliability, and efficiency and is one of our critical drivers for business success. The contractor will be exposed to Operational Excellence and our efforts to achieve incidentfree operations while working for Chevron. Both of these goals are important to our business, and it is essential that our contractors and their employees understand and are familiar with them. Operational Excellence is based on the ten tenets that Chevron is committed to using to guide decision making, work planning, and execution in all situations. It is our expectation that contractors working under Chevron’s operational control will abide by these tenets as well. Chevron’s Operational Excellence Tenets of Operation We Believe: All incidents are preventable. Two Key Principles: • Do it safely or not at all. • There is always time to do it right. 2 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 16. Chevron’s Operational Excellence Tenets of Operation We ALWAYS: iiii 1. Operate within design and environmental limits. ii2. Operate in a safe and controlled condition. ii3. Ensure safety devices are in place and functioning. ii ii ii 4. Follow safe work practices and procedures. 5. Meet or exceed customers’ requirements. 6. Maintain integrity of dedicated systems. ii7. Comply with all applicable rules and regulations. ii 8. Address abnormal conditions. ii9. Follow written procedures for high-risk or unusual situations. 10. Involve the right people in decisions that affect procedures and equipment. 1.2 How to Use This Handbook The intent of this handbook is to provide guidance to our contractors and employees regarding Chevron’s expectations of its contractor workforce. All of Chevron’s contractors should have a copy of this handbook accessible to them. The contents of this handbook should be reviewed, discussed, and understood by contract personnel before any work is performed for Chevron. If an HES issue arises that is not addressed in the handbook or by the contractor’s own safety program, you must ask for guidance from the contractor representative or a Chevron representative. Contractor Handbook | 3
  • 17. Contractor health, environment, and safety orientation meetings are available to supplement this handbook. The contractor may schedule an orientation by contacting the Chevron person overseeing the work. Remember: Stop-Work Authority It Is Your Responsibility You Have the Authority Zero Is Attainable Your ideas and concerns are important. We always comply with the Tenets of Operational Excellence shown above. As an employee or contractor for Chevron, you are responsible and authorized to stop any work that does not comply with these tenets, and there will be no repercussions to you. That is our commitment to you. Gulf of Mexico Business Unit – GOMBU Deepwater Exploration and Projects Business Unit – DWEP BU 4 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 18. 2.0 Responsibility Overview 2.1 Chevron Employee Responsibilities The following are Chevron employees’ key responsibilities regarding this handbook: • Be aware of the contractor handbook and its requirements. • Ensure that contractors are aware of these expectations and have a copy of the handbook available. • Ensure that all contractors working for Chevron are meeting the expectations presented in the handbook. 2.2 ontractor Responsibilities C The contractor’s company is responsible for the contractor’s employees’ safety and for ensuring that the contractor’s employees perform their day-to-day work in a safe and proper manner. The contractor must read, become familiar with, and follow the contents of this handbook and consult with the contractor’s supervisor if the contractor has any questions about its contents. The contractor must become familiar with Chevron’s requirements and expectations, many of which are presented in this handbook. These guidelines are intended to supplement, not replace, the contractor’s own safety program. If Chevron’s procedures and the contractor’s procedures conflict, the more stringent rule should be followed. 2.3 top-Work Authority S Chevron is committed to following the Tenets of Operational Excellence listed in Section 1.1 at all times. All contractors are authorized to stop and are responsible for stopping any Contractor Handbook | 5
  • 19. work that does not comply with these tenets. It is Chevron’s commitment that there will be no repercussions upon any contractor for taking such action. The contractor is empowered and expected to stop the work of co-workers, Chevron employees, or other contractors if any person’s safety or the environment are at risk. No repercussions will result from this action. If the contractor, the contractor’s employees, or subcontractors are discouraged from exercising their Stop-Work Authority (SWA) or are penalized for doing so, they should report this action via the Chevron external Gulf of Mexico Contractor Safety website at: https://upstream. chevron.com/contractorgom/ or call the numbers listed below. If a contractor has a concern about a safety or compliance issue, or wishes to provide a suggestion for improvement in these areas, it is critical that the contractor’s comments are heard and any resulting actions are communicated to the contractor. Safety or compliance issues can be communicated in one of these methods: • Notification of supervisor/person in charge: Any safety or compliance issue that arises should be brought to the attention of the Chevron supervisor or representative. Depending on the significance of the item, raising a concern in this manner can be done verbally or in writing. Chevron supervisors should respond to the contractor with a description of how the concern will be resolved. • Notification of BU HES manager: Any safety or compliance issue that has not been resolved or agreed upon by a contractor and respective Chevron supervisor/representative can be raised to the Chevron HES managers. Contractors may leave a phone or 6 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 20. email message, or a letter prefaced by the statement, “I am reporting an HES concern for your review.” This notification can be made anonymously. The HES manager should then review the contractor’s concern and report the outcome of the review to the appropriate BU management. • HES managers can be reached at the following numbers: HES Managers Numbers Greater GOM HES Manager 985-773-6000 Gulf of Mexico BU HES Manager (Covington) 985-773-6000 Deepwater and Exploration Projects BU HES Manager (Houston) 832-854-6000 • Chevron Hotline: If the contractor was unable to resolve the HES issue using both steps and the contractor believes a violation of HES policy or regulation exists, the contractor can call the Chevron Hotline at 1-800-284-3015. Use of the Hotline will prompt an external investigation from personnel outside the respective business unit. Contractor Handbook | 7
  • 21. 3.0 Chevron Workplace Principles and Policies 3.1 Professional Conduct Chevron respects every individual who works for our company. We expect our employees and contractors to conduct themselves in a professional manner. Horseplay, practical jokes, and harassment are not allowed. No form of harassment or fighting will be tolerated while on locations under Chevron’s operational control. Depending on the severity, additional repercussions, such as involvement of regulatory agencies and law enforcement, may result. 3.2 Contraband: Drugs, Alcohol, Weapons, Pornography Any person under the influence of alcohol, controlled substances, or any intoxicating substance is prohibited from entering company premises, engaging in company business, or operating company equipment; no pornography of any kind may be displayed or stored on Chevron property. Entry into or exit from any Chevron office or work location is provided under the condition of the company’s right to search any person, vehicle, or the personal effects of any employee or contractor for illegal drugs, intoxicating beverages, firearms, weapons, or pyrotechnics (e.g., BIC® lighters). As a safety precaution, and to preclude the loss of Chevron’s tools, materials, or equipment, authorized representatives of Chevron may search those entering, working in, or exiting Chevron locations without prior announcement. Chevron’s drug and alcohol policies and procedures are fully explained in the contractor’s contract. 8 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 22. 3.2.1 Alcohol Chevron prohibits the unauthorized use, possession, distribution, purchase, or sale of alcohol while on company premises, conducting company business, or operating company equipment. 3.2.2 Illegal Drugs Chevron prohibits the use, possession, distribution, purchase, or sale of illegal drugs while on company premises, conducting company business, or operating company equipment. 3.2.3 Prescription Drugs If a contractor brings prescription drugs into a Chevron facility, the medication must be in the bottle or container in which it was originally dispensed and must be prescribed to the individual. The contractor’s employees shall report the use of medication to the supervisor employed by the contractor. That contractor supervisor should report to the Chevron supervisor, in general terms, that one of the contractor’s employees on location is using medication and has reviewed such use with the contractor’s medical sources, and that the contractor’s employee has been cleared for work. If the contractor’s supervisor cannot assure the Chevron supervisor that these steps were taken, or if the worker appears to be impaired or endangering himself or herself or others, said worker may be removed from Chevron premises. Use of a prescription or over-the-counter medication is permitted only if such use does not have side effects Contractor Handbook | 9
  • 23. that could adversely affect the contractor’s work performance. Contractors should consult with their physician before taking any medications that may interfere with their ability to work safely. Chevron prohibits the use, possession, distribution, purchase, or sale of any controlled substance while on company premises, conducting company business, or operating company equipment. 3.2.4 Internet Prescription Drugs It is unlawful to use a controlled substance or other prescription drug without a valid prescription. A contractor must have a legally valid prescription to take a controlled substance. Under applicable law, an employee must have a doctor- patient relationship with the doctor prescribing the controlled substance. Various state and federal authorities establish that a prescription issued outside a legitimate doctor-patient relationship, such as an “Internet prescription” that is based on an online questionnaire and review by a doctor who has not examined the patient, is invalid. Such prescriptions are also unacceptable under the Department of Transportation’s drug testing regulations. (Interpretive guidance to 49 CFR 40.141.) A contractor who uses or possesses a controlled substance with an invalid prescription is in violation of Chevron’s policy prohibiting controlled substances. 3.2.5 Explosives and Firearms Chevron prohibits the use, possession, transportation, or sale of unauthorized explosives, unauthorized flammable materials, firearms, or other weapons while on company premises, engaged in company business, or operating company equipment. 10 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 24. 3.3 SafeGulf All personnel who work a rotational position in the offshore Gulf of Mexico and all personnel that will or may travel there more than three trips per calendar year are required to be SafeGulf c00ertified. SafeGulf is a program to ensure that all workers in the Gulf of Mexico are trained to a set of minimum requirements for HES awareness. This training is not meant to take the place of regulatory and company training requirements, and additional training may still be required for specialized and regulatory controlled work. Upon arrival at a Chevron shorebase, all personnel must show a government-issued picture ID to enter the shorebase. SafeGulf certification is required for travel to any offshore facility for anyone who travels more than three times a year. Specific details about the content of the SafeGulf training and training providers are available on the SafeGulf website at http://www.safegulf.com. 3.4 Transportation Worker Identification Card Certain Chevron facilities are regulated under the Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA) of 2002. This act requires Chevron to implement Coast Guard-regulated offshore and shorebase security plans for facilities that meet certain oil, gas, or chemical production or transportation thresholds. A Transportation Worker Identification Card (TWIC®) is a biometric security credential (card) issued to employees, both Chevron and contractor, who need unescorted access to offshore and shorebase facilities that are required to implement a U.S. Coast Guard (USCG) Facility Security Plan (FSP). The following guidance applies to TWIC. a) All contractors who are permanently assigned to Chevron’s offshore facilities that have Coast Guard- approved facility security plans must obtain a TWIC. Contractor Handbook | 11
  • 25. b) All contractors who have the potential to work on or visit Coast Guard-regulated facilities for any purpose and need unescorted access to the facility must obtain a TWIC. c) Employees and contractors without a TWIC may still work and visit Chevron Coast Guard-regulated security facilities, but they must obtain permission from the facility person in charge before arriving because the facility will be required to escort the employee during the visit. (Employees without a TWIC must be escorted by a facility employee who has a TWIC.) As a general rule, GOM facilities are not staffed to provide security escorts and may not be able to accommodate visitors. d) Employees and contractors without a TWIC are required d) to contact the person in charge before arriving to make d) escort arrangements. This also applies to all pilots, including Chevron pilots. If a pilot wants unescorted access to these locations, then they must obtain a TWIC. TWICs for these facilities will be checked at the shorebase and heliport during crew changes and at the facilities as personnel arrive. 3.5 ousekeeping H It is the contractors’ responsibility to keep their work areas clean, orderly, and in a condition conducive to safe work while under Chevron’s operational control. The contractor will: • Keep all work areas, walking surfaces, handrails, equipment, tools, and life-saving and fire-fighting equipment clean and free of obstructions. • Store tools or tie them off, so they do not cause a hazard to people in the surrounding area. • Use only commercial fire-safe solvents for cleaning. A safe solvent is a class IIIA liquid; it has a flash point above 140°F and below 200°F. Prohibited cleaning agents 12 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 26. include, but are not limited to, gasoline, diesel, and methyl ethyl ketone (MEK). Questions on appropriate solvents should be directed to the Chevron person in charge. • Segregate wastes, including discarded oily rags, from regular trash. • Use plastic buckets appropriately; they should not contain any hydrocarbons or flammable items. • Appropriately label all loose materials, small tools, and other small objects with the name of the owner before use or transport over offshore waters. • Properly label all containers (e.g., spray bottles, jugs) with name of substance contained. 3.6 Smoking All Chevron buildings and living facilities are designated as “nonsmoking” areas, except for areas specifically designated for smoking. Chevron will provide, or request the contractor to designate, a facility for smoking in a separate building with ventilation to the outside or a separate room with outside ventilation or, if there is no alternative, an appropriate, designated outside smoking area. Smoking is permitted only in designated smoking areas. Smoking is not allowed in any common use area, such as galleys, offices, restrooms, and laundry rooms, unless duplicate “smoke-free” common use facilities are provided. During personnel transport, smoking is not allowed in common use areas, such as passenger seating areas. Smoking is allowed in the wheelhouse of a vessel as long as the area is well ventilated, the secondhand smoke is not circulated throughout the passenger seating area, and there is not a more stringent smoking policy imposed by the vessel owner/operator. Contractor Handbook | 13
  • 27. 3.7 Fishing Policy Chevron discourages, but does not prohibit, employees and contractors from fishing during nonworking hours while onboard any Chevron offshore facility. Certain facilities, at the supervisor’s discretion, may entirely forbid fishing. Before beginning to fish, employees and contractors must determine if it is permissible to fish at that facility. While fishing, personnel must follow all federal, state, and local jurisdictions’ fishing regulations, along with any Chevron site-specific rules. Fishing regulations may require licenses, possession limits by species or quantity (creel) and size, and cleaning stipulations. 3.8 anguage Requirements L All workers must be able to read or understand the posted warning signs while working at a location under Chevron’s operational control. Except on foreign-flagged vessels such as barges or rigs, one translator will be assigned to each non-English speaker while work is conducted. No more than one non-English speaker will be assigned to a translator. If a translator is needed, the contractor must notify the Chevron work owner, who must notify the field supervisor before work begins. Where crew members predominately speak a language other than English and warning signs are posted in that language, the number of translators required will be determined by the Chevron work owner and documented in a mitigation plan. 3.9 Security Contractor companies shall be responsible for their own equipment and accountable for controlling the actions of their employees while working at locations under Chevron’s operational control. Chevron is not responsible for lost or stolen articles. Contract employees are discouraged from bringing large amounts of cash or other valuables of a financial or personal nature to work sites. If they choose to do so, however, it is their own responsibility to keep these 14 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 28. items adequately secured. Company and contract employees are encouraged to practice good Security Awareness and Vigilance behaviors and alert company personnel to any suspicious persons or witnessed behaviors. Chevron is required by federal regulations to develop and implement plans to address security risks related to transporting and storing hazardous materials. The Chevron Gulf of Mexico Facility Security Plan has identified specific areas of our shorebase and all our offshore facilities as restricted areas that potentially store or transport hazardous materials. Contractors are included in the Facility Security Plan. Part of this plan seeks confirmation of employee information for those who have access to and/or handle hazardous materials. Specifically, contractors who enter restricted areas must show valid, government-issued picture identification, and their company will be required to perform pre-employment background screenings. These screenings must include recent employment history, references, citizenship/alien status, verification of identity, and Social Security participation, as well as a review of any state or federal criminal records. Personnel that are traveling offshore will be required to check in with security at the heliport with a picture ID, and the identification number on that ID is recorded. Please ensure that when traveling to one of the deepwater rigs, you have a current identification card or driver’s license. All contractors who are not U.S. citizens or permanent U.S.-resident aliens possessing an Alien Registration Card (Green Card) will be considered Foreign Nationals (FN) and will have to be cleared by Chevron and the U.S. Coast Guard before being allowed to visit a Chevron facility or travel Contractor Handbook | 15
  • 29. offshore. Additional details regarding foreign nationals are available in BU-specific processes and procedures. • Prior to an FN contractor’s arrival at any DWEP or GOM facility, the FN contractor’s employer shall notify the Chevron work owner that the contractor is an FN. • Before scheduling a trip to an offshore facility, the FN contractor’s employer shall request the USCG to issue a Letter of Determination (LOD) to the contractor. • Prior to the arrival of an FN contractor at any DWEP or GOM facility, the responsible Chevron work owner shall complete a Chevron North America Exploration and Production (CNAEP) Company Visiting Foreign National Form and send it to the CNAEP Export Control Officer (ECO). • When the FN contractor arrives at the shorebase or airport to go offshore, the contractor shall possess a passport with a valid U.S. visa and a copy of the LOD issued by the USCG. The CNAEP ECO must then clear the contractor. 3.10 Behavior-Based Safety Process Contractor companies are required to have their own behavior-based safety (BBS) process. This process must include: • A data sheet with critical behaviors – Critical behaviors listed on a data sheet (observation card) should be pulled from historical incident data listing behaviors that led to those incidents. • Training on the observation process – Appropriate personnel will be trained on the established observation process. • Feedback after observations – Upon completing an observation, the observer is expected to have a discussion with the observed to give feedback. 16 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 30. • Data collection and trend analysis – The contractor will have a process to collect the data from each observation and perform trend analysis on the data collected. • Action planning – Once trend analysis is complete, the contractor shall create appropriate action plans to address unsafe behaviors. • A step to follow up on action plan – Action plans are carried out over the course of a set time period. Follow-up is necessary to ensure the closure of all actions listed with the action plan. Contractors acting as Chevron representatives are expected to follow the applicable BU BBS process. 3.11 rientation of Visitors at Offshore O ocations L All personnel are required to sign a login sheet when arriving at a Chevron site. When arriving at a Chevron location for the first time, individuals are required to attend an orientation meeting that will cover emergency procedures, including the Emergency Evacuation Plan (EEP) and site-specific information. 3.12 Short-Service Employee Policy A short-service employee (SSE) is any contractor with fewer than six months of experience in the same job type or with the contractor’s present employer. Contractors who quit and return to the same company and the same job type within one year are deemed to satisfy the requirements. Specific policy requirements: Notification • The contractor must complete the SSE form for each –  SSE assigned to perform work at a Chevron location. –  The form must be submitted to the Chevron –  representative who hired the contractor’s –  personnel, and it must be approved 24 hours before –  the SSE arrives on Chevron property. –  Contractor Handbook | 17
  • 31. The contractor will fax this form to the Chevron –  location supervisor before arriving at the work location if job mobilization is within 24 hours of the request for work. If an SSE for whom an SSE form has not been submitted arrives on Chevron property, the –  onsite Chevron representatives may send the SSE –  back to shore at the contractor’s expense. All SSEs must carry this form on their person at all times while on Chevron property. Chevron SSE crew makeup requirements: • Single-person “crew” cannot be an SSE. –  Two-to-four-person crews can have only one SSE –  per crew. Five-or-more-person crews shall not exceed 20% SSEs. –    Crews with more than 20% SSE personnel are only – permitted upon the submission of a written variance approved by the Chevron representative. Identification • All SSEs must be identified with a high-visibility –  orange hard hat. (This high-visibility color is not the same as orange.) Mentoring • Mentoring Process: The contractor must assign an –  onsite mentor to each SSE. A mentor can be assigned to only one SSE per crew. Each mentor must closely supervise the SSE to ensure that the SSE does not perform tasks for which they are not properly trained. Land transportation contractors exempt from the onsite mentoring requirement. are entoring: Each SSE’s work will be closely –  M monitored for a six-month period. During that period, the SSE must demonstrate a good working knowledge of the contractor’s and Chevron’s HES policies. The contractor may require any employee having a recordable safety incident within this time to repeat the six-month introductory period. 18 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 32. Subcontractors •   – Chevron GOMBU contractors will manage their ubcontractors in alignment with this policy. s Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) Areas •   SSEs are allowed to work within designated – No NORM work areas. 3.12.1 Contractor Short-Service Employee Form The Chevron Contractor SSE Form consists of a section that captures information on the individual SSE and a variance section that will be filled out whenever any element of the SSE Policy (listed above) cannot be met. The information section must be filled out for all SSEs and submitted at least 24 hours before SSE arrival for approval or rejection by the Chevron location supervisor. In the event that a variance is required, it will be filled out and submitted to the Chevron location supervisor who has authority to approve or deny any variances on his location. Approved SSE forms are available on the Chevron external Gulf of Mexico Contractor Safety website at: ttps://upstream.chevron.com/contractorgom/. h Reference is also made to the Marine, Safety, Reliability, and Efficiency (MSRE) Competency Management and SSE Policy Letter for vessel operators and crews. This can be found on the Gulf of Mexico Contractor Safety website at https://upstream.chevron.com/ contractorgom/programs_policies/marine_safety.asp. Contractor Handbook | 19
  • 33. 3.13 oot Cause Analysis/Incident R nvestigation I Contractors are required to conduct, and in some cases may be asked to lead, a root cause analysis (RCA) team. Root cause analysis investigations are required for: • Any accident resulting in an Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)-recordable injury. • Any spill of one barrel or greater (GOMBU) and all oil and chemical spills (DWEP BU). • All incidents that exceed national pollutant discharge elimination system (NPDES) guidelines. In addition, DWEP BU requires an RCA for any NPDES sheen, even if the sample passes the lab test, or any NPDES lab test that is above the monthly average. • All fires. • All preventable motor vehicle crashes (MVCs) that take place in a Chevron company car. • Any “near miss” or minor incident that has the potential to result in a serious injury, oil spill, property loss, fire, or MVC. • Incidents that occur frequently, at the request of the GOM management team. • Any significant financial incident. • Marine vessel operators. An incident investigation and root cause analysis is required where a notice of marine casualty, 46 CFR 4.05, requires reporting an incident to the U.S. Coast Guard. RCA investigations shall include, but are not limited to: • A description of the event • A determination of the actual and potential loss or losses • A list of the root causes of the incident • An evaluation of the risk of recurrence 20 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 34. • A list of system controls and/or process changes to reduce the risk of recurrence • A plan to communicate fully any lessons learned All RCAs completed for incidents on Chevron property will be shared with the contractor’s Chevron representative as soon as possible. Chevron may request to participate on all incidents requiring investigations while under operational control. In situations where an incident involves multiple contract companies or contract and Chevron personnel, Chevron may commission a team composed of personnel from all affected companies. Any contractor who has incurred an OSHA-recordable injury or illness while working for the Chevron DWEP or GOMBU must schedule a meeting with the appropriate Chevron vice president or designee to review the details of the incident and any lessons learned. This meeting should be scheduled within a reasonable time frame after the RCA is complete. 3.14 ES Ratings Overview H During the qualification process, contractor work scope will be evaluated by the Supply Chain Management group to determine whether a contractor is required to have an HES rating. Contractors requiring an HES rating will be assigned a rating of A-F based on the following six elements: 1. Total Recordable Incident Rate (TRIR) 2. Safety questionnaire 3. HES audits 4. Field competency verifications 5. Field feedback forms 6. Working relationship Additional information on Chevron’s Contractor Safety Management process may be found at https://upstream. chevron.com/contractorgom/. Contractor Handbook | 21
  • 35. 3.15 ell Phone Usage While Operating a C otor Vehicle M In accordance with the Chevron Cell Phone Policy, contractors may not use a cell phone while driving or operating heavy equipment while on Chevron locations or while operating a Chevron-owned or -rented vehicle. Contractors are discouraged from other forms of “multitasking,” such as using two-way radios and pagers, eating, or taking notes, while operating a motor vehicle. 3.16 Management Field Visits Strong leadership is a critical success factor for any safety program. Contractor management is required to visit work sites periodically. 3.17 ubcontractors S Primary contractors will be held accountable to ensure that their subcontractors are held to the same standards as their employees. This includes ensuring that subcontractors are qualified to perform the work and are meeting Chevron’s expectations while working under Chevron’s operational control. For ongoing work, the contractor is required to notify the Chevron work owner when the contractor will be using subcontractors. For project proposals, contractors are required to submit a subcontracting plan, including: • Products and services to be subcontracted • Selection criteria to be used to select subcontractors • Plans to ensure HES performance from subcontractors 22 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 36. 4.0 Emergency Procedures 4.1 edical Coverage M Contractors are responsible for providing medical coverage as appropriate for their scope of work. This may range from first aid-trained personnel to licensed paramedics. In the event that medical coverage provided by the contractor is not available, Chevron will take necessary and reasonable steps to ensure that care is provided to contract employees working on Chevron property. Chevron strategically deploys emergency medical responders (EMRs) at various locations in the Gulf of Mexico. Proximity to additional medical support or hospital facilities should be considered when determining appropriate medical coverage. 4.2 Medical Emergency Transportation Process In the event of a medical emergency, the contractor’s Chevron representative will ensure transportation of the injured person to shore. Injured personnel sent in for medical assistance/evaluation should be accompanied to the medical facility. Depending on medical provider availability or severity of injury, a nonmedical provider may accompany the injured party. This person should have the authority from the contractor to authorize treatment for the injured employee (e.g., foreman or supervisor). The contractor’s company should have a representative meet the injured person upon arrival to ensure medical care is appropriately provided. 4.3 Hurricane Evacuation Action Plan Chevron coordinates the safe evacuation of all personnel working on Chevron offshore facilities and shorebases. This Contractor Handbook | 23
  • 37. includes contract employees working on a Chevron facility. Chevron’s evacuation process and plans are contained in the Chevron GOM Operational Excellence Manual. Contractors are responsible for developing and maintaining plans to: 1. Safely evacuate contract employees who are not working on a Chevron offshore facility or shorebase. 2. Safely secure contractor equipment or assets located or staged at Chevron shorebases. This includes vessels tied at Chevron piers. 3. Safely secure (or move) contractor offshore equipment or assets not located or staged on Chevron offshore facilities. 4.4 Damaged Facility Assessment and Boarding Process Guidelines exist for personnel boarding facilities for the purposes of performing damage assessments, regulatory compliance, or other work on platforms and caissons after storm events or other events that: • May have compromised the structural integrity of the facility or facilities. • May have restricted access/egress to the facility due to damage to boat landings and swing ropes and/or heliports. • May have created safety hazards (open holes, missing handrails, damaged vessels, etc.) on the facility or facilities. • May have created hazards by moving or compromising production equipment. No one shall be allowed on any structure identified as being in a noncompliant condition until a hazard mitigation plan has been prepared and approved by the Operations manager to maximize the safety and security of our employees and contractors as well as anyone who may seek refuge there. 24 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 38. Boarding Assessment personnel may board such facilities only after an Initial Assessment has been done as described in Section 4.4.4 and permission is granted by the Operations supervisor. 4.4.1 acility Status Definitions F 4.4.1.1 Open Facilities that are deemed “Open” are considered open for normal operations and do not require a mitigation plan for boarding. Open facilities must meet the following criteria: • All damaged or hazardous areas are sufficiently mitigated or isolated to Chevron GOM standards including: –  Significant structural damages repaired or deemed safe y engineering analysis b Two functional means of egress –  –  open holes barricaded per GOM Open Hole All standards –  missing and damaged handrails mitigated/ All barricaded to Chevron standards (see Guidelines Guarding Deck Openings) for • Other hazards (spills, loose or hanging items, etc.) cleaned or secured 4.4.1.2 Closed Closed facilities are defined as those for which access to the facility is restricted and/or hazards exist that require one or more persons to mark, barricade, protect, remove, and/or repair the hazard enough to protect personnel and the environment. Closed facilities require a mitigation plan for boarding. This plan must be signed off by the Area Operations manager. Contractor Handbook | 25
  • 39. 4.4.2 Status Changes Status Changes From Open to Closed Automatic – Facilities will automatically be given the “Closed” status for the following reason: • The facility is in an area that experiences sustained hurricane-force winds. This is the same criterion the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation, and Enforcement (BOEMRE) uses to shut in remote- operated facilities. Discretionary – Facilities may be given the “Closed” status at the discretion of the Operations supervisor, Offshore/Onshore Installation manager (OIM), or Operations manager: • After a significant event that may have compromised safety or structural integrity of the facility. • After a significant issue is identified in a Job Safety Analysis (JSA) review or through the use of Stop-Work Authority. Status Changes From Closed to Open Changes from Closed to Open may occur only after the following is completed: • The facility meets all Open criteria in Section 4.4.1.1. • Operations supervisor approval is obtained. 4.4.3 Damage Assessments In conducting these assessments, care must be taken not o expose ourselves or others to the risks we seek t to identify. 4.4.4 Initial Assessments Initial Assessments are made from either helicopter or boat and do not require a mitigation plan, because the facility ill not be boarded. w 26 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 40. Observations should be made of the following items: Platform (i.e., listing or missing) • Heliports • Boat landings and swing ropes • • Stairways Grating and handrails • • Major piping and production vessels • Spills or sheens In the event the assessment team observes a condition that requires immediate action (i.e., continuing pollution); personnel will relay the situation to the supervisor or manager to discuss actions to be taken. 4.4.5 Boarding Assessments Boarding Assessments will be made with an objective to obtain further damage assessments. Before boarding, personnel must do the following: • Obtain Operations supervisor approval to board facility. • Review the Initial Assessment as part of their JSA and pre-job safety meeting. P • erform a visual assessment to: Confirm Initial Assessment. –  Identify additional hazards/risks. –  Once on board, boarding personnel must do the following: • Actively use the BBS process and Stop-Work Authority. • Visually observe the levels overhead and below before changing levels. Contractor Handbook | 27
  • 41. • Implement hazard mitigations within their capability (marking, tying-off, barricading open holes, blocking stairwells, top and bottom). Boarding Assessments will recommend facility status Open” or “Closed” as defined in sections 4.4.1.1 as “ and 4.4.1.2. All assessments are to be submitted to the designated coordinator for each area. 4.4.6 Methods to Secure Closed Facilities All facilities that are deemed “Closed” through the assessment process will be secured to prevent access (by employees, contractors, and the general public) to those facilities until they are made safe. Ways to install barriers include, but are not limited to: • emoving or pulling up and tying off all swing ropes as R appropriate aution: Do not leave yourself without egress or C without a way to board under a Boarding Mitigation Plan later. • Installing ocking-out clamps l on all stairways: Leading up from the boat –  landing Leading down from the –  heliport • arking the heliport as closed M as per Chevron Aircraft Operations Guidelines • Posting appropriate signage on Stairway Lockout Clamps 28 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 42. 4.4.7 ccessing Closed Facilities A Access to Closed facilities will only be allowed with the development of a Boarding Mitigation Plan for each specific facility. The Operations manager must approve all Boarding Mitigation Plans for each boarding party. 4.4.8 oarding Mitigation Plans B Boarding Mitigation Plans will be documented on the Boarding Mitigation Plan Template. All mitigation plans will include the following minimal requirements: • boardings must be done by two or more personnel. All single-person boardings are permitted. No • Complete the Permit to Work form and any necessary Safe Work Practices (JSA, Hot Work Permits, Isolation of Hazardous Energy Form, Lifting Plan, Fall Protection and Rescue Plan, etc.) as needed the cope of work to be performed. Review listed for s hazards with personnel boarding the platform. • Communications (company radio, satellite phones, etc.) be maintained while on board. Establish location will and ontact information for nearest emergency c medical esponders. r • Advise the Field Operations supervisor or the designated person in charge (PIC) before boarding tructure. the s • the event additional hazards are found, they will be In mitigated and reviewed with the entire crew before initiating work. • Replace Platform Closed signs any time you depart platform. the 4.4.9 Documentation All Damage Assessments will be documented on the appropriate forms: Initial Assessment Form • Contractor Handbook | 29
  • 43. Boarding Assessment Form • Boarding Mitigation Plan Template • 4.4.10 Boarding Assessment Personnel • Review this process as part of JSA and pre-planning erforming assessments. for p • Review the hazards identified by the Initial Assessment. Develop a Boarding JSA. • • Obtain Operations supervisor approval to board facility. • Proceed with caution as not all hazards may be readily visible or evident. • Complete the Boarding Assessment Form, and submit to the Operations supervisor. it 4.4.11 perations Representative or O Contract Representative This will normally be the company or contract representative in charge of the person(s) doing the work. This person may be supervising several jobs or could in certain circumstances be the person performing the ask. t • Review this process as part of JSA and pre- planning for performing repairs. • Review the hazards identified by the Initial and Boarding Assessments. • Develop a Boarding Mitigation Plan as necessary and submit to the Operations supervisor for review. • Advise Operations supervisor before boarding facility. • Proceed with caution as not all hazards may be readily visible or evident. 30 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 44. 4.5 Incident Reporting Procedures Incidents are defined as identifiable and unintentional deviations from planned operations, caused by factors that may or may not be within Chevron’s span of control, that result in an injury to an employee or contractor or cause environmental consequences, property damage, or a near miss that could have resulted in any of the above. All incidents, near misses, property damage, spills, releases, fires, harassment, and permit violations must be reported as soon as possible to Chevron personnel. A Chevron incident report must be completed and any statements needed for the report must be taken at that time. Failure to report an incident may result in termination of the contract. Any contractor who has incurred an OSHA-recordable injury or illness while working for the Chevron DWEP or GOM business units must schedule a meeting with the appropriate Chevron vice president or designee to review the details of the incident and any lessons learned. This meeting should be scheduled within a reasonable time frame after the RCA is complete. If an injury classification changes over time, the contractor is required to notify Chevron and update their Management System Questionnaire (MSQ). Failure to do so may result in termination of the contract. 4.6 Oil Spill Response Plan and Notifications Chevron’s emergency management team will coordinate responses to oil or hazardous material (HAZMAT) spills that originate from Chevron offshore and shore-side facilities or assets. This includes complying with government agency planning requirements and notifying the National Response Center (NRC) and all other applicable government agencies of oil and HAZMAT spills that originate from Chevron property or assets. Contractor Handbook | 31
  • 45. Contractors who observe or discover a spill from a Chevron facility or asset will take the following actions: 1. Safety first – Ensure the safety of all personnel. Anyone who observes the spill should act carefully, cautiously, and reasonably. 2. Notify the contractor’s supervisor and the Chevron person in charge. 3. Control the source – Qualified personnel, when feasible, hould take actions that may include, but are not limited s to: Shutting in the well(s) and/or vessel(s) • • Closing the surface and/or subsurface (automatic or manual) safety device(s) Actuating emergency shutdown (ESD) device(s) • • ctuating blowout prevention (BOP) assembly and well A control system(s) Contractors are responsible for developing oil and HAZMAT response plans that meet agency regulations for spills that originate from their property, facilities, or assets, including vessels. Contractors are therefore responsible for managing and responding to all oil and hazardous material spills that originate from their property, facilities, vessels, or assets. This includes notifying the NRC and other appropriate agencies of oil and hazardous material spills that originate from contractor property or assets, including vessels. 4.7 mergency Response and Drills E Emergency drills are conducted at Chevron facilities in accordance with all applicable laws, regulations, and facility policies. To ensure familiarity with the emergency procedures, Chevron conducts drills as if an actual emergency exists. Contractors are required to participate in all drills. All drilling rigs will schedule, conduct, and record drills for their personnel according to all applicable laws, regulations, and policies. 32 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 46. 5.0 HES Meetings 5.1 Onsite HES Meetings Contractor shall conduct or actively participate in onsite HES meetings as made available, but at least daily. These meetings can include: • Interactively reviewing the Hazard Analysis Standard, which includes JSA/Job Safety Evaluation Assessment (JSEAs), Think Incident Free (TIF), etc., with team • Discussing work to be completed and how to do the work safely • Analyzing lessons learned • Sharing incidents and near misses • Recognition • Conducting a learning exercise • Observing trends and discussing the corrective actions tied to those trends Note: or more information, please review the Hazard F Analysis section. 5.2 Pre-Job HES Meetings Before a new job, at the beginning of each workday, or in the event of a significant operational change, the person in charge must hold a pre-job meeting to discuss job planning, job assignments, the completion of a written Job Safety Analysis, and any unique or unusual project hazards. Contractor Handbook | 33
  • 47. The person in charge must hold a pre-job meeting: • Before a new job • At the beginning of each work day • In the event of a significant operational change These meetings should contain, but not be limited to: J • ob planning • Job assignments • Completion of written JSA • Any unique or unusual project hazards 34 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 48. 6.0 Personal Protective Equipment 6.1 General All personnel working for Chevron will wear appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) as determined by the Hazard Analysis. It is the responsibility of each contract company to provide PPE required by the specific task being performed, the potential hazards to which the person will be exposed, and the specifics of the job site. Contractors must adhere to the minimum PPE requirements recommended on the Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for material they are handling. 6.2 Fee for Arriving Without Appropriate PPE If, upon arrival at a Chevron facility, a contractor does not have the appropriate PPE for the job requested, Chevron may either, at its discretion: • Send the contractor back to retrieve the appropriate equipment at the contractor’s expense. • Provide replacement PPE for a fee of $100 per item. Chevron will deduct this charge from the invoice for the completed work. 6.3 Head Protection • Contractors must wear a hard hat when working in field perations. o • Contractors must V-Guard Shock-Guard maintain and replace the hat’s uspension system, s as eeded. n • No one is to alter (drill, rivet, or paint to change the design) hard hats in any way. Contractor Handbook | 35
  • 49. • Hard hats must be made of nonmetallic material and must comply with ANSI standard Z89.1 (or any successor standard). • Contractors must wear their hard hats squarely on their head and not cocked to one side or turned in a reverse position. • Welding hard hats must be provided during welding operations where overhead hazards are present. The only exception to this guideline is when the welding hard hat poses a hazard to welders due to body positioning while performing their work. This exception to the policy, along ith explanation, must be documented on the Hot w Work ermit and noted on the JSA with all potential P hazards mitigated. 6.4 Eye Protection Safety eyewear, clear (for night operations) or tinted, is mandatory for all personnel in field operations (including visitors) and must be worn outside of quarters and office buildings: • All safety eyewear (prescription and nonprescription) must have side shields or wraparound protection that meets ANSI standard Z87.1. • Safety eyewear will meet ANSI standard Z87.1. (The notation Z87 should be on the frames or temples of the safety eyewear.) This includes prescription eyewear used as the only source of eye protection. • Personnel should always shield their eyes from the arc’s rays, including reflected rays from another surface, such as the water. In addition, personnel must wear goggles when helping or working near welders. 36 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 50. • Safety eyewear other than safety glasses may be required for certain tasks, according to the following chart; choose he most appropriate shade number from the t list for the particular activity. Welding Operation Minimum Shade Number Shielded metal-arc welding, up to 5/32-in. electrodes 10 Shielded metal-arc welding, 3/16- to 1/4-in. electrodes 12 Shielded metal-arc welding, over 1/4-in. electrodes 14 Gas metal-arc welding (nonferrous) 11 Gas metal-arc welding (ferrous) 12 Gas tungsten-arc welding 12 Atomic hydrogen welding 12 Carbon arc welding 14 Torch soldering 2 Torch brazing 3 or 4 Light cutting, up to 1 in. 3 or 4 Medium cutting, 1 to 6 in. 4 or 5 Heavy cutting, over 6 in. 5 or 6 Gas welding (light), up to 1/8 in. 4 or 5 Gas welding (medium), 1/8 to 1/2 in. 5 or 6 Gas welding (heavy), over 1/2 in. 6 or 8 Contractor Handbook | 37
  • 51. 6.4.1 Selecting Eye Protection Eye protection equipment must meet ANSI standard Z87.1 (or any successor regulation). The following table is a guide for selecting eye protection. Type of Work (Activity Group) Possible Danger to the Eyes Minimum Eye Protection Needed 1. Acetylene – burning, cutting, or welding • Sparks 1. Welding helmet with appropriate tinted lenses AND safety glasses or goggles OR 2. Electric (arc) welding • Ultraviolet rays • Molten metal • Flying particles OR 2. Face shield with tinted-plate lenses AND safety glasses or goggles OR 3. Welding goggles, eyecup type, with tinted* lenses, AND face shield OR 4. Goggles, coverspec type with tinted* lenses or tinted-plate lenses, AND face shield * Shade V or current OSHA standard 38 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 52. Type of Work (Activity Group) Possible Danger to the Eyes Minimum Eye Protection Needed 1. Bleeding down a pressure line or vessel • Flying particles 1. Chemical goggles AND face shield OR • Hydrocarbon splash/spray 2. Changing a choke 1. Chemical handling • Chemical splash OR • Acid burns 2. Laboratory • Fumes OR • Glass breakage 3. Paint handling, mixing, pouring • Splash OR 2. Goggles, flexible fitting, regular ventilation, AND face shield 1. Chemical goggles AND face shield OR 2. Goggles, flexible fitting, regular ventilation, AND face shield May require hooded ventilation. Follow current MSDS guidance. 1. Chipping Flying particles OR 2. Grinding OR 3. Wire brushing OR 1. Face shield AND either goggles (flexible fitting, regular ventilation) or safety glasses OR 2. Full sandblasting hood with inner and outer shield (option for paint operations) 4. Power tool cleaning the rust off steel for painting operations Goggles provide more protection Contractor Handbook | 39
  • 53. Type of Work (Activity Group) Possible Danger to the Eyes Minimum Eye Protection Needed from impact than safety glasses and are the preferred and HESrecommended choice over normal safety glasses under the face shield in these operations. 1. Fire watch (welding) OR 2. Confined entry watch • Flying particles 1. Safety Glasses • Splash/spray 2. Goggles, flexible fitting, with regular ventilation Note: Varies with work activity. OR OR 3. Face shield AND safety glasses or goggles Note: Determined by hazard analysis of work done and proximity of fire watch to the work performed. 1. Sandblasting Flying particles 1. Sandblasting hood with inner shield Note: Sandblasting hoods have an outer shield and an inner shield that protects the eyes even when changing the outer shield. 40 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 54. Type of Work (Activity Group) Possible Danger to the Eyes Minimum Eye Protection Needed 1. Painting (using a paint gun) Spray 1. Roll-film googles, such as Advanz A-030 or equivalent These offer unique eye protection for spray painting applications. When spray paint accumulates and obstructs vision, the painter simply turns the knob, advancing the film and clearing the vision. OR 2. Full sandblasting hood with inner and outer shield 1. Painting (using paint brush or roller) Splash 1. Face shield and goggles or safety glasses OR 2. Roll-film goggles, such as Advanz A-030 or equivalent OR 3. Full sandblasting hood with inner and outer shield Contractor Handbook | 41
  • 55. Type of Work (Activity Group) Possible Danger to the Eyes Minimum Eye Protection Needed 1. Water cleaning using water hose 0 to 100 psi) • Splash/spray 1. Goggles 1. Low pressure washing (100 to 10,000 psi) • Splash/spray • Flying particles • Flying particles OR 1. Face shield AND goggles OR 2. Full sandblasting hood with inner and outer shield 2. Ultra-high pressure washing (10,000 to 40,000 psi or higher) 1. Hot fueling/ rapid refueling of helicopters OR 2. Face shield and goggles or safety glasses Splash/spray 1. Goggles, flexible fitting, regular ventilation 6.5 Contact Lenses Contractors wearing contact lenses must follow these guidelines for eye protection in addition to those listed in the previous table: • Inform the contractor’s supervisor when you are wearing contact lenses. • Do not wear contact lenses in areas where there is potential exposure to a welding arc. 42 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 56. • Wear soft or gas-permeable lenses. • Have a spare pair of contact lenses or prescription glasses readily available to you. 6.6 oot Protection F Safety footwear is mandatory in field operations. Open-toed shoes, such as sandals, slippers, Crocs®, and flipflops are unsuitable footwear when on the work site or using Chevron helicopters and crew boats. • Visitors and employees not actually involved in daily field operations, such as helicopter pilots and Office Assistants (OAs), are not required to wear safety footwear. • Types of safety footwear allowed: –  ace-up, slip-on, or side-zipper leather shoes or boots L with steel toe –  Western-style boots (provided the heel is not excessively high) with steel toe –  Leather tennis shoes with steel toe –  Steel-toed rubber boots –  Synthetic leather boots (for drilling completions) • Types of safety footwear not allowed: –  eep lug sole and hiking styles D –  Shoes with crepe pattern soles or smooth leather soles –  Narrow-throated boots –  High-heeled footwear (heel in excess of one inch) –  Footwear constructed of materials other than leather, synthetic leather, or rubber Contractor Handbook | 43
  • 57. 6.7 and Protection H Appropriate gloves must be worn when the contractor’s hands are exposed to hazards, such as cuts, punctures, or abrasions (cloth, cutresistant, leather, or leather-palmed gloves), when handling chemicals or hazardous materials where absorption is a concern (rubber gloves), and when performing electrical work (certified gloves for electrical work). • Welding-Specific: Flameproof gauntlet gloves must be used during all arc welding, gas welding, or gas cutting operations, except when engaged in light work, such as test-fitting pieces. • Rigging-Specific: Gloves must be worn when performing rigging duties. • Galley/Cooking: All galley personnel who use knives during food preparation are required to wear cut-resistant gloves. The contractor will provide procedures for cleaning and disinfecting these gloves. –  Only countertop electric knife sharpeners will be permitted for use in galleys and kitchens under Chevron’s operational control. • Divers are required to wear KEVLAR® gloves. • Personnel using fixed or locking blade knives must wear KEVLAR or leather gloves. –  If a knife is the appropriate tool for the job, the employee’s company is expected to provide the fixed or locking blade knife and maintain it for that specific task. A JSA must be completed before its use. 44 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 58. • Company and contract personnel are not allowed to carry ocketknives with them at offshore locations. In p lieu f a ocketknife, an alternative cutting device must o p be sed and provided by the contractor (e.g., wire cutters u are an ppropriate alternative cutting device for cutting a ty-wraps). 6.7.1 Examples of Non-Chemical Types of Hand Protection Type of Hand Protection Possible Uses for This Type of Hand Protection (Photos are NOT for ordering purposes, only examples) Anti-vibration gloves • Protection for highly specialized tasks such as operating chainsaws, grinders, nail guns, sanders, and any machinery that produces high levels of vibrations or where the individual is exposed to excess vibration • These gloves provide extra padding to help prevent hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) that often occurs from repeated exposure to vibration. Cut-resistant gloves • Cut-resistant gloves are used when workers are at risk to be sliced or cut by equipment or the products they are handling. Contractor Handbook | 45
  • 59. Type of Hand Protection Possible Uses for This Type of Hand Protection (Photos are NOT for ordering purposes, only examples) Electrical hazard gloves • Electrician gloves are used to protect against electrical shock that could result from an accidental contact with energized electrical equipment. • Consult your Electrical Safe Work Practice advisor for more information. Reference Standard: Rubber insulating gloves (ANSI Standard J6.6-1967) should be used at all times when working on general electric equipment, elevators, branch circuits and switches, emergency power systems, and solar photovoltaic systems, etc. High-visibility gloves Are available in safety orange or lime colors and come in day or nighttime versions. Nighttime versions have retro-reflective patches or elements to reflect light beams (used by flaggers or for communicating hand signals). 46 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 60. Type of Hand Protection Possible Uses for This Type of Hand Protection (Photos are NOT for ordering purposes, only examples) Kong These are best used when handling pipe and larger items where less dexterity is needed (i.e., drilling operations). They are well designed and protect the hand from: • Hairline fractures • Bruising blows • Pinched fingers Leather gloves For protection from rough objects, sparks and heat, and for cushioning from blows in heavy-duty work. All kinds of leather provide comfort, durability, dexterity, mild heat resistance, and abrasion protection. These advantages make leather a traditional favorite for industrial workers. Leather-palmed gloves Provide maximum protection against abrasive and puncture hazards of the palm area only. In most cases, other areas of the glove are thin for more dexterity. Contractor Handbook | 47
  • 61. Type of Hand Protection Possible Uses for This Type of Hand Protection (Photos are NOT for ordering purposes, only examples) Mechanics’ style gloves These gloves are designed to be thin, which allows for high dexterity, and are very durable. This is a generic catch-all name for an all-purpose glove; there is a variety of versions and different looks. Note: Not liquid-proof. Welding gloves Made of leather with heat-resistant panels. A special feature of effective welding gloves is fully welted seams, some sewn with KEVLAR fibers, which are five times stronger than steel and are flame- and heat-resistant. These fibers protect the seams from degeneration due to exposure to abrasion, heat, sparks, or flames. Note: Make sure you ask the right questions when selecting a glove for a particular application. Using the right glove for the task is worth the investment compared to potential hand injuries. 48 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 62. 6.7.2 Examples of Chemical Hand Protection The material on the following list is only intended to provide an verview of the chemical protective o glove categories. Remember, coated gloves (i.e., chemical- or liquid-proof/ resistant gloves) are available in a few versions: • ull-coverage for complete liquid-proof or chemical- F proof protection • alm, finger, and fingertip coverage for a breathable P glove • Palm, fingertip, and knuckle coverage Type of Gloves (Photos are NOT for ordering purposes, only examples) Possible Uses for This Type of Hand Protection Latex rubber Is an inexpensive, waterproof glove that works well but has limitations. It will, however, blister and separate or peel off in thin layers when in contact with petroleum-based products. Best used during first aid and food preparation. Nitrile rubber (NBR) Resists grease, oil, and other petroleum-based products and is water-resistant or waterproof (if fully coated). Contractor Handbook | 49
  • 63. Type of Gloves (Photos are NOT for ordering purposes, only examples) Possible Uses for This Type of Hand Protection Both PVC and neoprene Offer excellent chemical-resistant properties. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) gloves frequently are used in the petrochemical industry. Neoprene gloves provide excellent chemical resistance to a broad range of hazardous chemicals, including acids, alcohols, oils, and inks. Although neoprene gloves can offer good grip, they generally are thicker and heavier. Polyurethane Provides extra abrasion resistance and extended wear. The coating does provide waterproof protection but only limited chemical resistance. Polyvinyl alcohol-coated (PVA) PVA gloves are nearly inert to strong solvents, including aromatics, aliphatics, and chlorinated solvents, chemicals which quickly deteriorate, natural rubber, neoprene, and PVC gloves. PVA also offers good resistance to snags, punctures, abrasion, and cuts. Caution: PVA coating is water-soluble. Do not use in water or water-based solutions. 50 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 64. Note: Make sure that on the glove the coating is resistant to the types of chemicals that are present. Select glove material based on the manufacturer’s product literature to determine the gloves’ effectiveness against specific work place chemicals and conditions. The U.S. Department of Energy Occupational Safety and Health Technical Reference Manual rates various gloves as protective against specific chemicals and will help you select the most appropriate gloves to protect your employees. You can find the glove ratings on Table 4 Chemical Resistance Selection Chart for Protective Gloves at http://www.osha.gov/ Publications/osha3151.html/. 6.8 Hearing Protection Contractors will provide hearing protection to their personnel and ensure they are worn whenever those employees work in areas requiring hearing protection, such as: I • n posted areas and on helicopters I • n high-noise areas 6.9 Protective Clothing This policy applies to ALL company and contract personnel (including mechanics, electricians, operators, facility representatives, construction representatives, drill representatives, drilling contractors, etc.) who work on, in, or around production areas/equipment or drilling equipment. Contractor Handbook | 51
  • 65. Tour groups/visitors (for other than crew change purposes) are required to wear long sleeves. Exceptions to this policy for visitors will be at the discretion of the onsite person in charge. This policy DOES NOT apply to: • Personnel who work in the field office or bunkhouse (including OAs and catering personnel) • Personnel passing through production areas in the process of crew change (including boat and vessel rews) c Contractors must observe the following clothing standards at offshore work locations while working around production equipment or outside quarters: • All-cotton, long-sleeved, button-up shirts and long pants. Overalls, coveralls with zippers, and jeans are acceptable, as long as they are all cotton. • Synthetic garments, such as polyester, nylon, or rayon, may not be worn. • Clothing shall be orderly – no holes, tears, frayed, or loose material – and fit appropriately, with sleeves rolled down and shirttails tucked into trousers. • Rings, necklaces, and other loose jewelry, including exposed body piercings are prohibited when working in areas where they could catch on moving objects or sharp protrusions or come in contact with electrical circuits. –  Watches may be acceptable if protected by the employee’s long sleeves. However, they must meet Chevron’s GOM Daily Non-Welding Hot Work Permit requirements (e.g., powered by no more than two button-type batteries). • Suitable protective clothing (specified on current MSDS/ JSA) will be worn when handling chemicals or hazardous substances. 52 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 66. • Clothing and shoes saturated with petroleum products or chemicals will be removed immediately to prevent skin irritation and possible ignition. • Rain gear is acceptable as an outer layer in appropriate weather conditions. 6.9.1 Fire-Resistant Clothing Contractors will provide Fire-Resistant Clothing (FRC), and PPE to their personnel and ensure they are worn based upon the incident energy exposure associated with the specific task. At a minimum, FRC is required for all contractor electricians and automation specialists working on Chevron facilities. FRC selected by a contractor must provide for electrical arc protection. INDURA® or EXCEL-FR™ brands are acceptable. FRC may be required for non-electrical contractors who perform certain duties with a high risk of flash fires. For high-voltage applications, additional requirements are listed in the Chevron Electrical Safe Work Practice Manual. Consult a Chevron representative for more details. 6.10 Respiratory Protection Contractor companies whose personnel perform work requiring respiratory protection are required to have a documented respiratory protection program in place. The contractor company must ensure that their personnel are properly trained, medically cleared, and fit-tested, and that the program is properly implemented. Contractor Handbook | 53
  • 67. 6.11 ersonal Flotation Devices P USCG-approved Type I life preservers or Type V or Type III/V work vests are required at all times over water locations. USCG Type I life preservers are provided by Chevron for emergency situations and during emergency drills. Type I life preservers are typically stored in orange boxes at facility muster sites and near primary means of egress. It is the responsibility of the contractor company to provide their employees with U.S. Coast Guardapproved Type V or Type III/V work vests as needed. Type V work vest Type III/V work vest All personal flotation devices (PFDs) must be securely fastened, fit snugly, and be in good condition. PFDs must be worn during the following activities: • When transferring to or from any watercraft (by swing rope, personnel basket, or gangway) • Outside the cabin or wheelhouse of a watercraft (including barges) • When riding in an open or semi-open watercraft • When entering the water to perform work (diving operations excluded) • Any other time deemed necessary by the vessel captain or IC P • Accessing areas below the sump deck 54 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 68. • When working on the boat landing or Plus 10 level when not surrounded by guardrails Only Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)-approved inflatable PFDs are provided in, and shall be worn on, all helicopters. 6.12 PPE During After-Hours All personnel working for Chevron will wear appropriate PPE during after-hours if outside the galley and living quarters. Contractor Handbook | 55
  • 69. 7.0 Transportation 7.1 Marine Transportation These guidelines apply to contractor personnel and equipment transported by a vessel under charter to Chevron. • Safe operation of a vessel chartered to Chevron is the exclusive duty of the captain and owner of the vessel. • Only properly licensed captains employed by the vessel owner will operate and navigate vessels under charter to Chevron. Only qualified personnel who hold the appropriate licenses, if required, will operate all other vessels used in Chevron’s field operations. • The captain of the vessel will refuse to allow persons not adhering to the PFD rules to board a vessel. • The captain of the vessel will ensure that the cargo is properly positioned and secured on the vessel before leaving our facilities. Fastening equipment for securing cargo on marine vessels will be furnished by the marine company. The only acceptable chain binders are the cam-lock safety binders or the ratchet-type binders. Single lever, boomer-type binders are prohibited. The captain of the vessel has final authority to refuse to transport any cargo not properly secured. • The captain of the vessel has the authority to refuse passage to anyone considered an unsafe passenger. • The captain of the vessel can refuse transportation of any hazardous materials that have not been properly identified, classified, named, packaged, marked, labeled, and manifested. 56 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 70. • The captain of the vessel shall request a JSA on all lifts performed with lift team. • The captain of the vessel may require that seat belts be worn where available. • Materials, equipment, tools, containers, and other items used in the Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) that are of such shape or configuration that they are likely to snag or damage fishing devices will be handled and marked as follows: –  ll loose materials, small tools, and other small objects A be kept in a suitable storage area or a marked will container when not in use. –  ll cable, chain, or wire segments will be recovered A after use and securely stored until suitable disposal is accomplished. –  kid-mounted equipment, portable containers, spools, S reels, and drums will be marked with the owner’s name before use or transport over offshore waters. –  ll markings must clearly identify the owner and must A be urable enough to resist the effects of the d environmental conditions to which they may be exposed. –  dditionally, BOEMRE PINC G-251 stipulates that the A above markings cannot be made with chalk, grease pencil or crayon, marking pens, non-waterproof decals, water- ased paints. or b • Selective unloading, also known as cherry picking, will be avoided as part of our cargo planning. Selective unloading or cherry picking is when riggers/deck crew climb on top of lifts (i.e., cargo containers, boxes, containers, etc.) or enter unsafe deck areas (where confinement does not allow easy access to cargo Contractor Handbook | 57
  • 71. and the opportunity for safe evacuation of this area, i.e., when cargo is secured closely to bulwarks not allowing sufficient access by riggers/deck crew). –  In the case of infield moves where the Decision Support Center/shorebase is currently not involved in cargo planning, the vessel captain and lift team leader will incorporate into the Pre-Lift JSA a plan to avoid selective unloading (cherry picking). –  When there is a departure from the agreed sequence of deck cargo offload (cherry picking) SWA must be exercised and the Cargo Plan should be discussed, revised, and agreed upon with the lift team (captain, crane operator, and riggers), the PIC of the facility (or delegate), and other persons involved in the operation. –  A JSA which specifically addresses the hazards associated with the revised Cargo Plan must be completed and documented and a copy retained by the vessel crew. The JSA cannot be a checklist and must include an assessment of current weather, sea conditions, cargo on board, and any other considerations particular to the situation. –  Organize cargo placement to maintain access/egress routes. Personnel should avoid climbing on cargo or walking on tubulars. Note: Personnel transfers from boat to boat in open waters are generally not recommended, unless there is no other practical means of transfer. When such transfers are necessary (e.g., at dive spread vessels, construction barges, or lay barges), they should be performed only after other means of transfer have been evaluated and excluded, the safety of the transfer is deemed acceptable, and a thorough JSA has been completed. 58 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 72. Boat-to-boat transfers in which neither boat is anchored, moored, or using a dynamic positioning system will not take place, unless there is an emergency that requires the transfer to save lives. In such a case, all efforts must be exhausted to ensure that the transfer does not expose emergency personnel to greater danger. Refer to the MSRE Personnel Transfer Procedures, which can be found on the Gulf of Mexico Contractor Safety website at http://upstream.chevron.com/contractorgom/ programs_policies/marine_safety.asp/. 7.2 Personnel Transfers • Only qualified crane operators can perform unsupervised personnel lifts. For Chevron- and contractor-owned cranes on Chevron facilities, personnel designated as Class A crane operators (Chevron or contractor) are considered qualified. • Any Chevron employee hiring a third-party crane operator to perform personnel transfers must verify that the person is a qualified crane operator and is experienced with personnel lifts. • Follow the recommendations outlined in API Spec 2C and API RP 2D when using cranes to transfer personnel. • Cranes will be classified as “personnel handling” and identified with a sticker depicting a personnel basket. • Hoists will be equipped with a personnel handling certification tag. The hoist certifications are maintained in the crane file. Personnel-certified hoists are maintained according to manufacturer’s recommendations. • Cranes classified as personnel handling will be equipped with a boom hoist pawl to prevent unintentional lowering of the boom. These cranes also have an emergency load lowering kit available on the platform. For hydraulic boom cylinders, the crane is equipped with a holding device, such as an integrally mounted check valve. Contractor Handbook | 59
  • 73. • Hooks on headache balls or on blocks used to transfer personnel will be a type that can be closed and locked (API 2C, 6.5.3.3). Note: When using a stinger to transfer personnel, hooks for both the headache ball and block and stinger must be a type that can be closed and locked. • Personnel baskets used to transfer people to and from rigs, platforms, and boats must be designed for and in a condition suitable for the intended purpose (API RP 2D). Each personnel basket must contain a stainless steel certification tag provided by the manufacturer. The certification tag should specify the description, pertinent working load limits, size and length of the sling, supplier’s name, and the proof test certification number and date. • A tag line must be used on all personnel baskets. The tag line should be attached to the bottom center of the basket, 15 to 20 feet in length, and should be free of any knots or splices. Riggers must not get beneath the basket to retrieve the tag line. If necessary, hooks or other devices should be used to retrieve tag lines. • All personnel transported on a personnel basket must wear a PFD and hard hat. • For the Billy Pugh collapsible basket, personnel will stand on the outer rim facing in toward the basket; luggage must be positioned in the center of the basket, not stacked, to avoid unexpected shifts. • For the X-904, grab the outer ropes, step onto the basket, and position your feet as indicated by painted footprints on the basket floor. Note: Do not attach the quick-release safety lanyard until you step into the basket. 60 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 74. • For the X-904, attach the quick release safety lanyard clip to the upper nylon strap of the PFD work vest between the stitching, not onto the PFD fastener. The safety lanyard serves as a fall restraint and should not be considered fall protection. Pass your arms around the inner rigging ropes and cross them for a secure grip. The deckhand or rigger will signal the crane operator when the riders are properly secured. Personnel baskets will carry no cargo other than personal luggage or small tool bags/boxes. • Personnel baskets should not be on a platform, unless the platform crane is classified for personnel handling. The crane load charts will include the capacity rating for personnel lifts. • Before using a personnel basket, the crane operator or qualified rigger must ensure that the basket is in serviceable condition and certified. At a minimum, personnel should look for frayed or broken nylon ropes, worn or kinked cables, and dry-rotted canvas mat in the center (Refer to the Personnel Basket Inspection Section 7.3.2). 7.3 ersonnel Baskets P 7.3.1 General Information • Personnel baskets must be equipped with a proper tag line. • The tag line should be attached to the bottom center of the basket and should be free of any knots or splices. • Personnel baskets must be equipped with a stabilizer. • Personnel baskets may serve as a temporary flotation device in emergencies. • The number of passengers in a personnel basket shall not exceed the manufacturer’s specifications. Contractor Handbook | 61
  • 75. • The vessel captain or crane operator may reduce this limit depending on weather and sea conditions. 7.3.2 Inspection In addition to cursory inspections that should be conducted before each use, all load-bearing parts of the ersonnel basket should be inspected by a p competent person in accordance with manufacturer’s recommendations. If there is any excessive wear or damage, the unit should be removed from service until it can be repaired r replaced. o • Every six months, contractors must send a qualified person who meets the relevant American Petroleum Institute (API) specifications to conduct a thorough inspection of the unit. • Personnel basket slings will be inspected yearly in accordance with Chevron’s sling policy (See Section 17.6). • Every two years, contractors are responsible for refurbishing personnel baskets and replacing parts as required. All load-bearing lines, hardware, covers, and flotation items should be carefully inspected. Note: For contractors using the X-904, the center post should be evaluated for structural integrity during this two-year inspection. 7.3.3 Safe Use Contractors are responsible for training their employees in roper personnel basket use to include general safety p issues and specific transfer procedures. Some general personnel baskets safety guidelines that should be addressed in training include: Never stand under a personnel basket. Riggers must • not get beneath the basket to retrieve the tag line. If 62 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 76. necessary, use hooks or other approved devices to retrieve the personnel basket tag line. • Place small, hand-carried items in the center of the basket. • Carry nothing in your hands, and do not wear gloves. • Wear a properly fastened life preserver or work vest (USCG-approved Type I device or Type V or Type III/V work vest). • Stand in the center of one of the openings in the netting. • Keep knees flexed, with one foot on the ring of the basket and one foot on the deck. • Pass arms through the netting and cross them for a more secure grip. • ready for the unexpected. Be • Balance the load by spacing passengers evenly on the asket. b • Should the basket contact the boat at the top of a swell, Do not step off, as you could fall as the boat drops away from you. • Should the basket contact the boat as it is rising on a swell, be prepared for a sudden jar. • The basket should contact the boat at the bottom of a swell. As it does, flex your knees with one foot on the ring f the basket and be ready to place the other on o deck. As slack appears on the basket, step off the quickly and get clear of it. • not lean inward on landing. You could lose your Do balance and fall into the basket or be struck by the headache ball. • Heavy material will be transferred in a cargo box or cargo basket. Contractor Handbook | 63
  • 77. • Hard hat/strap must be worn during transportation. Note: Anyone involved in the transfer should use Stop-Work Authority any time they feel conditions are unsafe. 7.4 wing Rope Guidelines and Procedures S On boats with deckhands, a deckhand wearing a PFD must be on deck to assist passengers any time a personnel transfer is made. Factors used to determine when transfers could be safely made include the direction of the sea, wind, and tide, and the physical abilities of the personnel. Anyone involved in the transfer should use Stop-Work Authority any time they feel conditions are unsafe for transfer. Contractors are responsible for training their employees in proper swing rope use to include general safety issues and specific transfer procedures. Some general swing rope safety guidelines that should be addressed in training include: When transferring luggage, materials, and equipment • from boat to dock, use a materials basket with the crane. this is not possible, pass items to the deckhand before If transferring to the boat, then have the deckhand pass material to you when you are on the dock. the • Do not wear gloves. • When transferring from the structure to a boat, time your swing so that your feet land on the boat deck as it completes its rise. Before you swing, watch the boat as it rises with the wave, timing your action. • When transferring from a boat to a structure, time your swing so that you leave the boat just as it dips down from the highest point in the wave. –  Grab the knotted rope high enough to clear the structure’s catwalk when the boat is on top of a swell, 64 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 78. in most cases, the appropriate place to grab the rope is just above the middle knot or at eye level. –  Release the rope for the next person after landing. –  Be alert and help the next person make a safe landing. 7.5 elicopter Safety H When working around helicopters, it is necessary to adhere to the specified safety guidelines. Personnel should always approach the aircraft with the rotors spinning at a 45-degree angle and only after making eye contact with the pilot. The rotor spins at such high speeds that it is not visible. The rotor is one of the most severe hazards to personnel working around helicopters, and its danger cannot be overemphasized. These guidelines apply to helicopter safety. DANGER DANGER Warnings: Use extreme caution when approaching an S-76 with its rotors spinning as this aircraft’s main rotor height is lower than other aircraft in the fleet. Never walk around the tail rotor, cross under the tail boom, or go beyond the baggage compartment door of the helicopter. General helicopter safety procedures include: • Advise the aviation dispatcher before transporting any hazardous materials, such as explosives, flammables, compressed gases, and radioactive substances. All hazardous materials shipments must conform to Contractor Handbook | 65
  • 79. Department of Transportation (DOT) regulations (49 CFR Parts 170-179) regarding identification, hazard classification, proper shipping name, packaging, marking, labeling, and manifesting. • Use the scales provided to weigh both your person and your luggage accurately for every flight. Remove and stow any unsecured headgear including • hard hats before approaching a helicopter. Notify the flight dispatcher and pilot if you are a first- • time passenger. You must view Chevron’s Flight Safety and Aircraft Orientation film before boarding the aircraft. You will also receive extra assistance and guidance during boarding and unloading the aircraft. Inform the pilot if you are unfamiliar with your • destination, so that you may be notified when you arrive at your destination. This action reduces confusion, because helipads are marked by their geographical location, which may not be their commonly called name. Smoking, chewing tobacco, and use of snuff are • prohibited onboard aircraft. • Passengers must comply with the following guidelines for dress: –  Long pants are required – no shorts. –  Shirts must have collars – no tank tops. –  No petroleum- or chemical-saturated clothing or shoes are permitted. –  Proper shoes are required – no thongs, sandals, slippers, Crocs, or flip-flops. • Wear hearing protection – either earplugs or earmuffs. Earplugs are provided on each aircraft, or you may provide your own. Please do not discard used earplugs inside aircraft, on the flight decks, or on airport ramps. This can cause a safety hazard, because helicopter rotor wash can pick up such debris and ingest it into the engines. 66 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 80. • Securely fasten and wear an inflatable personal flotation device (PFD) aboard the aircraft as provided by the pilot. Warning: Never inflate the aviation life jacket inside the aircraft. 7.6 Aviation Emergency Medical Procedures The transportation priority for first-aid incidents is the next available flight. Medical emergencies are those situations requiring immediate evacuation. For first-aid incidents, personnel may use ground transportation once the aircraft reaches the shorebase. Contractor company personnel should meet their injured employee at the base and arrange transportation from that point to a medical facility. Evacuation offshore should be coordinated through Chevron. When an emergency flight is requested, it is assumed that the incident exceeds the first-aid category. Medical emergencies will be flown to the nearest designated hospital, unless special situations, such as weather or the nature of the emergency, dictate otherwise. The medical provider in charge of any injured person will have the final say as to which medical facility the injured is transported. During inclement weather, personnel may have to be transported to the shorebase by boat. If severe weather conditions prevent helicopter evacuation, the contractor’s company must arrange for ambulance and medical personnel to be at the boat dock. 7.7 azardous Materials Transportation H Department of Transportation Hazardous Materials Regulations 49 CFR Parts 170-179) apply to Chevron ( operations whenever hazardous materials are transported by air, water, or highway. Any person who is responsible for classifying, packaging, marking, labeling, placarding, Contractor Handbook | 67
  • 81. handling, or preparing shipping papers for regulated hazardous materials must have the required training to perform those job duties. Chevron is obligated to report any violations of these regulations. • Advise the boat captain or aviation dispatcher before transporting any hazardous materials, such as xplosives, e flammables, compressed gases, or adioactive r substances. OXYGEN FUEL OIL 2 3 INHALATION HAZARD 2 EXPLOSIVES 1 NON-FLAMMABLE GAS 2 • Ensure that all hazardous materials shipments conform to DOT regulations regarding identification, hazard classification, proper shipping name, packaging, marking, labeling, and manifesting. • Document hazardous waste on a Hazardous Waste Manifest, not a Straight Bill of Lading. • Identify any container delivered to a shorebase or heliport that contains dry ice (frozen carbon dioxide) on the manifest or other shipping papers. The amount of dry ice in the container should also be included on the manifest or shipping paper. (Dry ice is not a DOT-regulated hazardous material when shipped by highway, but it is regulated when shipped by air or water.) 7.8 Foreign-Flagged Vessels Foreign-flagged vessels require special consideration for use in the U. S. Gulf of Mexico due to specific legal, both statutory and regulatory, requirements. Consult a Chevron regulatory specialist before using a foreign-flagged vessel. • If arriving directly from a location outside the United States, all vessels (mobile offshore drilling units [MODUs], anchor-handling vessels, survey vessels, installation vessels, construction barges, tank barges, etc.) hired by Chevron or a Chevron contractor that are registered in a country other than the U.S. (foreign-flagged) must comply 68 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 82. with the arrival and entry requirements of the U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) before working for Chevron on the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) within or beyond the territorial sea. Before departing from a U.S. port or place, foreign-flagged vessels must satisfy any clearance requirements imposed by CBP. • Under no circumstances is a foreign-flagged vessel permitted to load at a U.S. port or place (a coastwise point) any cargo or merchandise intended to be transported to and offloaded at a different coastwise point, including an OCS facility. • On a case-by-case basis as permitted by CBP, a foreign- flagged vessel may transfer materials from a U.S. port or place to an OCS location where the vessel itself will perform installation services using the materials. Contact a DWEP regulatory specialist for guidance in obtaining proper CBP permission. • A U.S.-flagged, coastwise-endorsed vessel may transport cargo, merchandise, or other equipment from a U.S. port or place to a different coastwise point, including an OCS location, or to a foreign-flagged vessel located at the lease lock where the materials will be used or installed, b provided the foreign-flagged vessel does not participate in the transportation. A U.S.-flagged, registry-endorsed vessel may deliver materials to unattached MODUs or assist in anchor-handling. Contact a DWEP regulatory specialist for guidance on specific interactions between U.S.-flagged and foreign-flagged vessels. • Chevron project teams should contact a Chevron BU regulatory specialist for guidance prior to contracting a foreign-flagged vessel to work on the OCS. • Foreign-flagged MODUs and construction vessels may load at U.S. ports the equipment necessary for executing their typical work functions at OCS locations. Such equipment is considered to be ship’s gear or vessel equipment and is not considered to be merchandise transported between ports or places in the United States. Contractor Handbook | 69
  • 83. However, it may be advisable to obtain advance CBP verification that the anticipated activities are permitted. Contact a DWEP regulatory specialist to coordinate that effort. • A foreign-flagged vessel is not permitted to conduct salvage operations in the territorial waters of the U.S. Gulf of Mexico. • Chevron project teams should contact a Chevron BU regulatory specialist for guidance before contracting a foreign-flagged vessel to work on the OCS. 7.9 arine Safety, Reliability, and Efficiency M The MSRE Process identifies the requirements and activities Chevron Global Upstream requires to conduct safe, reliable, and efficient services. These procedures are designed to lead to incident-free marine operations. There are nine processes and procedures: • Anchoring • Cargo Handling • Competency Management • Hose Management • Marine Vessel Inspections • Personnel Transfer • Safety Culture Management • Vessel Contracting • Vessel and Installation Communication The MSRE Personnel Transfer Procedures can be found on the Gulf of Mexico Contractor Safety website at: http:// upstream.chevron.com/contractorgom/programs_policies/ marine_safety.asp. 70 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 84. 8.0 Offshore (Water) Safety 8.1 Personnel Entry Into Water Entry into the water shall be permitted only when: • A diver is to perform specified work, pending approval of the Permit to Work (PTW) and JSA. • An “abandon platform” order is given. If rescuing a person in the water when there are no other reasonable rescue alternatives, personnel performing the rescue should don a PFD and attach a lifeline. Other persons should be available to secure the lifeline and retrieve the person in the water. 8.2 Helicopter Underwater Egress Training and Water Survival Training All personnel who work a rotational position in the offshore Gulf of Mexico and all personnel who will, or have the potential to, travel there more than 12 days per calendar year are required to be trained in Helicopter Underwater Egress Training and Water Survival Training (HUET/WST). All such personnel are required to have refresher training at least every three years. Specific details regarding training content and trainer competence are available on the Chevron Contractor External website at https://upstream. chevron.com/contractorgom/. Note: DWEP ONLY All personnel must have HUET regardless of how many trips offshore. Refresher training is required every three years. For additional specific HUET training requirements, contact DWEP HES Manager at 832-854-6000. Contractor Handbook | 71
  • 85. 9.0 Environmental Stewardship Chevron is committed to working to prevent pollution and waste, striving continually to improve environmental performance and limit environmental impact from our operations. 9.1 Waste Management For waste generated by the contractor (e.g., paint waste from painting the contractor’s equipment or used motor oil resulting from an oil change in the contractor’s equipment), it is the contractor’s responsibility to handle, document, and dispose of that waste in accordance with all applicable government regulations. Waste generated on Chevron’s behalf must be handled according to Chevron’s waste procedures. Prohibited Practices The following waste management practices are prohibited: • Burning of liquid or solid materials in pits, piles, drums, or other open containers. This also applies to the use of burn baskets on offshore platforms operated by Chevron. • Disposal of liquid waste in landfills. • Disposal of oily wastes (sand, scale, rags, filters, PPE, etc.) in containers not dedicated to such material. • Disposal of Chevron waste in disposal facilities not audited and approved by Chevron. Consult with your Chevron contact for information on approved disposal facilities. 72 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 86. Prohibited Materials The procurement of new materials or any equipment (new or used) containing materials listed below is prohibited1: • Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS), as defined by the Montreal Protocol. These are the specific chemicals that have been defined by the Montreal Protocol as having adverse effects on the stratospheric ozone layer. They include chlorofluorocarbons (CFC 11, 12, 13, 111, 112, 113, 114, 115, 211, 212, 214, 215, 216, and 217); Halon 1211, 1301, and 2402; hydrobromofluorocarbons (HBFCs); carbon tetrachloride, 1, 1, 1-trichloroethane and methyl bromide. Existing equipment containing ODS may be operated and maintained until the end of its normal life cycle. • All forms of asbestos-containing products, defined as any material containing more than 1% asbestos. While not an exhaustive list, the following products may fall into this category: pipe-covering, insulating cement, insulating block, asbestos cloth, gaskets, packing materials, thermal seals, refractory and boiler insulation materials, transite board, asbestos cement pipe, fireproofing spray, joint compound, vinyl floor tile, ceiling tile, mastics, adhesives, coatings, acoustical textures, duct insulation for heating, ventilation, and air conditioning (HVAC) systems, roofing products, insulated electrical wire and panels, and brake and clutch assemblies. • PCBs. Polychlorinated biphenyls are employed in industry as heat exchange fluids, in electric transformers and capacitors, and as additives in 1 Potentially less harmful alternative materials should be substituted for prohibited materials wherever possible. In particular, as of the applicable compliance date (Appendix B), existing air conditioning and refrigeration equipment containing ODS can be maintained (recharged) only with recycled or reclaimed ODS, or with acceptable alternative refrigerants. Existing inventories and equipment can be used or managed in place as long as the prohibited materials do not pose a health or environmental concern, and removal is not required by local regulations. Contractor Handbook | 73
  • 87. paint, carbonless copy paper, sealants, and plastics. PCBcontaminated materials are defined as materials exceeding 50 mg/kg of PCB oil. • Lead-based paint. • Leaded-thread compound (pipe dope). Waste Minimization Chevron operates under the following waste management hierarchy guidelines: • Reduce the amount of waste at the source by ordering only the amount of chemical or other materials needed to do a job. • Return unused portions of the chemicals or materials to the vendor. • Reuse a material, if possible. • Recycle or regenerate wastes for continued use. • Dispose of waste at a facility audited and approved by Chevron. When dealing with waste, it is important to identify the material and use it as intended or to find an alternate user. If the material cannot be used, keep it segregated and obtain guidance from a Chevron representative on how to identify and dispose of it. Waste transported from offshore or from shorebase locations must be accompanied with the proper paperwork and have the correct markings. Guidance for handling, storing, documenting, and disposing of waste can be found in the GOMBU Waste Management Plan. 9.2 Waste Categories Wastes generated from GOMBU’s exploration and production activities include those defined as hazardous waste, Exploration and Production (E&P) waste, solid waste, and other regulated waste, whether recycled or disposed. 74 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 88. 9.2.1 Hazardous Waste Waste will be classified as hazardous if any of the following conditions exist: • The waste is listed as a hazardous waste in 40 CFR 261 or in applicable state hazardous waste regulations. The lists are generally referred to with respect to Environmental Protection Agency’s (EPA’s) assigned waste code: F-List, K-List, P-List, or U-List. • The results of laboratory analysis indicate that the waste meets one of the following criteria specified in the regulations to be classified as characteristically hazardous: –  gnitability – D001: flashpoint less than 140° F I –  orrosiveness – D002: pH < 2 or pH > 12.5 C –  eactivity – D003: is explosive or releases harmful R quantities of cyanide or sulfide gas –  oxicity – D004 through D043: leaches certain T metals, organics, chlorinated organics, pesticides, or herbicides • The company requires that the waste be treated as a hazardous waste, even though it is not a regulatory requirement. 9.2.2 E&P Waste The Louisiana Department of Natural Resources (LDNR) has very specific criteria to determine when a waste is considered E&P waste, and thus regulated by Statewide Order 29-B. It is E&P waste if waste in question came from downhole, or is uniquely associated with waste that came from downhole, such as wash water from vessels that ontained E&P waste and sorbent materials used in c the cleanup of an E&P waste spill. Some waste meeting the definition of E&P waste, such as oiled absorbent booms and pads, is tested and managed as commercial waste, because the LDNR-licensed facilities (29-B facilities) cannot properly handle it. Contractor Handbook | 75
  • 89. 9.2.3 Solid Waste Examples of solid wastes are: • Commercial solid waste • Construction/demolition debris • Industrial solid waste • Residential solid waste • Garbage • Trash 9.2.4 Other Regulated Waste Some types of waste must be handled and disposed of in accordance with other regulations in addition to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA). Examples of waste included in this category are: • Asbestos – regulated in Louisiana by the Louisiana Department f Environmental Quality (LDEQ) Air o Quality Division • NORM – regulated in Louisiana by the Louisiana DEQ Radiation Protection Division and Louisiana DNR; in Mississippi by the Mississippi Department of Health and the Mississippi Oil and Gas Board; and on the OCS by the BOEMRE • PCB waste – regulated under the federal Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) 9.3 Pollution Prevention Chevron expects pollution prevention to be a responsibility of contractor companies and their subcontractors when working for Chevron. Furthermore, Chevron expects the contractor company and its subcontractors to comply with all local, state, and federal laws, rules, and regulations relative to and concerned with spill prevention and pollution control. 76 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 90. If • Chevron’s contractors and/or their subcontractors encounter or foresee a potential pollution hazard or spill event occurring during an operation, immediate steps must be taken to eliminate the hazard and/or minimize the ffect. The responsible Chevron representatives must e be notified of the event. Chevron expects contractor companies and their • subcontractors to maintain their immediate work areas free of all harmful spillage, discharge, or other pollutants. • Chevron will furnish the status and other necessary information on wells, systems, or pressure vessels for the contractor’s and its subcontractor’s activities, where appropriate, at the beginning of or during a particular operation. • If work involves pressure, the wells or system may be bled down before initiating service work. Flowlines may be displaced with water where practicable to prevent pollution. Performance of these items will be coordinated with the responsible Chevron representative. • Drip pans or equivalent containment devices will be positioned to catch oil, which may have to be drained or allowed to run out of lines or equipment to allow work to progress. Additionally, appropriate plugs must be in place. • In the performance of all work, contractor companies and their subcontractors must perform the same in accordance with the best technical procedures and professional manner, and they will obey and comply with all local, state, federal laws, rules, and regulations, as well as those promulgated by agencies thereof. 9.4 National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System The National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Process is designed to comply with the monitoring and documentation requirements of the NPDES permits Contractor Handbook | 77
  • 91. that apply to the operations in the GOM. The process also seeks to prevent noncompliance through process monitoring and continual improvement. Only those discharges specifically authorized by the appropriate permits may be discharged into the Gulf of Mexico. Any substance not specifically authorized by permit cannot be discharged. Before discharging anything from or into a drainage system on an offshore facility, the contractor must verify through a Chevron representative whether a discharge is allowed, and, if so, what permit terms and conditions govern that discharge. Some examples of discharges covered by this section include, but are not limited to: • Deck drainage • Domestic waste • Drill cuttings • Drilling fluids • Hydrostatic test water • Produced sand • Produced water • Sanitary waste • Uncontaminated ballast water • Uncontaminated bilge water • Uncontaminated seawater or freshwater • Workover or completion fluids Chevron representatives (including contractors) need to be trained in the specific NPDES requirements for the area of operations. This training must be specific for their job scope. Specific training requirements can be found in the Chevron GOM OE Manual. The monitoring and reporting requirements for specific permits can be found in the Discharge Permits Manual. 78 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 92. 10.0 Occupational Health and Industrial Hygiene 10.1 Fit for Duty Contractors are responsible for ensuring that employees who are sent to work under Chevron’s operational control are physically capable of performing their job function. This includes a pre-employment physical for all contractor personnel. To meet this responsibility, the contractor must train their employees to: • Implement and enforce their safety program, and ensure that all employees are properly trained for their assigned tasks. • Ensure that personnel assigned to work at Chevron locations are fit for duty and physically capable of performing all aspects of their jobs. • Follow safe work practices and procedures. • Provide their employees with proper personal protective equipment in good working condition. • Notify a supervisor when the employee is taking medication, both prescription and nonprescription, that could impair his/her ability to work safely. • Ensure that the contractor’s employees know and comply with Chevron’s drug and alcohol requirements. • Conduct appropriate industrial hygiene monitoring and, if requested, provide copies of the results to Chevron. 10.2 Hazard Communication (HAZCOM)/ MSDS Program If a contractor brings a chemical to a Chevron facility, the contractor is required to have the chemical labeled properly, to travel with a valid and current MSDS, and to report the chemical to the person in charge upon arrival. Contractor Handbook | 79
  • 93. The person in charge of the facility will ensure that contractors are informed of the hazardous chemicals their employees may be exposed to while working on Chevron property. The person in charge is responsible for: • Communicating the identity of any hazardous chemicals to contract employees or visitors who may be immediately exposed while working at the location. • Informing contractors of the labeling system in use, the protective measures to be taken, the safe handling procedures to be used, and the location and availability of MSDS while working on Chevron locations. Obtaining the chemical identities and MSDS on hazardous • chemicals the contractor may bring onto Chevron locations and informing the employees at the location of the associated hazards of each chemical. 10.3 General Industrial Hygiene Principles Contractors are responsible for identifying health hazards that may be present in their scope of work, ensuring that appropriate programs and monitoring are in place to protect their employees. Industrial hygiene is defined as “that science and art devoted to the anticipation, recognition, evaluation, and control of those environmental factors or stresses arising in or from the workplace, which may cause sickness, impaired health and well-being, or significant discomfort among workers or among the citizens of the community.” Chevron’s industrial hygiene objectives are to: • Protect the health of all personnel working under operational control. 80 | GOMBU Shelf and DWPBU Deepwater
  • 94. • Provide a framework for recognizing and managing health hazards. • Comply with regulatory requirements. Some key industrial hygiene issues are described in the following sections. 10.3.1 Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (NORM) is low-level radiation, which results from concentration of radioactive minerals during extraction of oil and gas from the earth. NORM can be found in piping, tubing, sludge pits, brine, sand filters, salt-water disposal injection wells, and other equipment. When scale or a thin film is present, or if NORM contamination is suspected, the contractor should contact a Chevron representative to confirm whether NORM exists in the area and to receive site-specific NORM procedures. • Contractors and employees may be exposed to possible external or internal NORM. Limiting exposure time can control external exposure. The internal hazards occur when airborne radioactive materials are inhaled, ingested, or enter the skin through open wounds. These hazards can be minimized by properly wearing an approved respirator, by practicing good personal hygiene, and by protecting wounds and cuts. Wetting the loose material on clothing with water can also prevent inhalation. • Coordinate storage of NORM-contaminated materials through the shorebases. • Contact the onsite Chevron representative to coordinate disposal with the HES coordinator on location or the shorebase before shipping NORM for disposal. • Only trained, non-SSE personnel may handle piping, equipment, junk iron, or solids containing NORM. Contractor Handbook | 81
  • 95. • When working at facilities identified to produce NORM contamination, rags, wipes, PPE, and other equipment may be contaminated with NORM. Scale, sand, and sludge from piping and process equipment may also contain NORM. Segregate and contain these materials separate from other wastes; never mix these materials with ordinary trash. Scan these materials with a NORM meter, and flag them if they contain NORM. 10.3.2 Asbestos Asbestos is generally used as pipe and vessel insulation, in brake pads, and on structural materials, such as transit panels, floor tiles, and roofing felts. It is often difficult to differentiate between asbestos and non-asbestos without laboratory equipment. Asbestos may remain in some older acilities. f Asbestos can be dangerous if not handled properly. Breathing asbestos dust is hazardous. Asbestos insulation that is not damaged or friable (hand pressure can crumble, pulverize, or reduce it to powder when dry) generally does not produce asbestos fibers at a dangerous evel, especially in non-enclosed structures. l To minimize health risks, it is important not to drill, cut, remove, tear, step on, brush against, hammer on, or in any way disturb suspected asbestos. Contact a Chevron representative if it is necessary to disturb any suspected asbestos, or if you notice any deterioration in the condition of the suspected asbestos. Only trained personnel with proper equipment will disturb or remove asbestos. 10.3.3 Benzene Benzene, a liquid found in most crude oil and condensate, can also be found in produced gas in a gaseous form. Benzene is known to cause cancer in humans, so it is important to limit your exposure to it. To know what benzene concentrations exist and the PPE requirements 82 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 96. that apply, you should refer to the MSDS for the products and product streams you handle. Chevron locations known to have dangerous levels will be posted. You can reduce exposure and risk by keeping your work area and your clothing as clean as possible. Leather gloves or clothing saturated with liquid containing benzene should be removed and cleaned or properly discarded to prevent prolonged skin exposure. 10.3.4 Lead Overexposure to lead can result in serious short-term (acute) or longer-term (chronic) health effects. Inorganic lead may be absorbed into the body by ingestion or inhalation. Lead is most commonly found in paints and coatings. Abrasive blasting or burning of painted surfaces probably pose the greatest potential for lead exposure. Interim protection must be used until an exposure assessment has been done to determine whether exposures exceed the Action Level (AL) of 30 mg/m3 , eight-hour, time-weighted average, which triggers specific monitoring, training, and medical surveillance requirements. The Permissible Exposure Limit (PEL) for lead is 50 mg/m3 for an eight-hour, time-weighted average. Chevron will inform contractors if lead-based paints or coatings may be present before soliciting or bidding on a project. Contractor companies whose workers will be exposed to lead must have a written program in place to monitor their workers’ blood-level exposure. The program will be reviewed by Chevron before starting the project. 10.4 Heat Stress Due to environmental conditions in the Gulf of Mexico, heat can be a major health hazard that should be recognized in job planning and JSA activities. Contractors are responsible Contractor Handbook | 83
  • 97. for ensuring that appropriate controls are identified and in place to ensure the safety of their employees before beginning work. Appropriate controls include, but are not limited to, personnel acclimatization, work mission duration, and regularly scheduled breaks. 10.5 Fatigue Worker fatigue can be a factor in incidents or risk to personnel working under Chevron’s operational control. When they feel fatigued, workers should notify their supervisor and handle their fatigue appropriately. Contractor companies are responsible for monitoring employee activities and behavior to determine if an employee should be removed from the work site to obtain rest or should be given a rest period upon arriving at the work site before beginning work. Chevron has adopted the following guidelines developed by the Joint Contractor Symposium and expects all contract companies to comply: • Workers should be limited to 12 to 14 planned work-hours per day and are not to exceed 16 hours per day, including travel. • After two consecutive, 16 work-hour days, contractor companies will allow workers eight hours of an uninterrupted rest/sleep period. • The Chevron work owner, using the Chevron management of change process, should approve any deviation from these general guidelines. 84 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 98. 11.0 General Operations 11.1 Lifting of Loads by Personnel (Manual Lifting Policy) Employees and contractors must not lift loads over 75 pounds. The contractor must determine whether assistance is needed to lift lighter weights. Before lifting, determine the following: • Can a mechanical device move the object? • Is the object bulky? Will it obscure vision? If so, get another person to help carry it. • Is the object within the contractor’s capability to lift? • Is the walking surface free of obstructions? Use proper lifting procedure: • Bend legs at the knees. Keep the back nearly vertical. Position the body as close to the object as possible. Place feet apart, but no more than shoulder width. • Firmly grasp the object and straighten the legs. Keep the back straight and upright. • Pull the object close to the body, leaning back slightly to keep the center of gravity over the feet. • Avoid twisting the body when lifting or carrying loads. • When handling material with others, teamwork is important. Agree on who will be the leader, and give signals to indicate instructions. Release the materials only when everyone is ready. Contractor Handbook | 85
  • 99. 11.2 Requirements for Third-Party Equipment Brought to Chevron Facility 11.2.1 General All equipment delivered to a Chevron shorebase location must be pre-slung with slings that meet or exceed Chevron’s sling and shackle policy. • Make sure that all equipment and materials have the contractor’s company name clearly and permanently marked on it. • Ensure that all equipment is inspected for dropped object hazards. • Determine if equipment is fit for purpose and if it has been adequately maintained with necessary documentation. • Ensure that all drain pans are in good condition and are kept clean and dry with drain plugs wrenched tight. • Engines must have (1) spark arrestors on exhaust, (2) air intake shutdown devices, and (3) low-tension ignition systems. Protect hot surfaces against accidental contact. • Assure all equipment is NORM-free. 11.2.2 Operating Equipment Operating equipment typically refers to rotating or reciprocating equipment, such as compressors, pumps, pumping units, etc. • Only trained operators will start and stop operating equipment. • Do not wear jewelry, such as rings, watches, wrist chains, key chains, or loose clothing when working around operating equipment. • Confine long hair. 86 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 100. • Do not make repairs to, service, or alter equipment that is in operation. All equipment must be shut down and an Isolation of Hazardous Energy (IHE) device used to prevent accidentally starting equipment while the work is conducted. Guards and other safety devices will be fit for purpose and in place before the equipment is operated. 11.2.3 Pressurized Production Equipment Only individuals who are qualified in accordance with 30 CFR 250 Subpart O may perform work on pressurized production equipment. 11.2.4 Repair and Maintenance • Install skillets or other absolute blocking to guard against leaking valves and inadvertent valve openings, as required by the Chevron Isolation of Hazardous Energy program. • Stand to one side and away from possible flow direction as flanges are parted or fittings removed. • Remove swings, ells, and short nipples downstream of the bleed valve. If turns are necessary, securely anchor all points where a change of direction occurs. • Do not hammer lines or fittings under pressure. 11.2.5 Repressurizing • Purge and repressurize lines and equipment slowly and carefully. Ensure that personnel in the area stand clear and remain clear of the area until normal operating pressures are reached. • Hydrostatically test the lines and vessels when pressure testing is required. Contractor Handbook | 87
  • 101. 11.2.6 Valves • Plug valves in hydrocarbon service that open to the atmosphere with a solid, forged steel plug. Needle valves with metal-to-metal seats can be used without a plug, but it is best to plug them when possible. • Do not hammer valves under pressure. • Do not use the lower master valve in the day-to-day operation of wellheads. • Report leaking or difficult-to-operate valves to your supervisor so that necessary repairs or replacements may be made. 11.2.7 Piping • Only use screwed pipe bushings with two or more pipe-size reductions (for example, 1 x 3/4 in.) on rotating or reciprocating machinery in hydrocarbon service. • Tap and equip with a bleed-type steel needle valve with metal-to-metal seats plugs installed in a line or valve (with the exception of Kerotest valves) with no means of depressurization other than loosening of the plug. 11.2.8 Pig Launchers and Traps • Be aware that NORM may be present and that you should take proper precautions before receiving scrapers. • Equip launchers and receivers on in-service pipelines with a pressure gauge. Alternatively, equip the barrel with a device that ensures the launcher/receiver cannot be opened without verifying that pressure has been released from the barrel. • Consider installing a pressure gauge only during actual launcher/receiver opening operations in potential impact areas, such as crane or wireline operating areas. 88 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 102. • Stand to the side opposite the launcher or receiver hinge to prevent injury from trapped pressure. • Identify the pipes or buildings that the launchers and receivers serve (e.g., 8-in. Bulk Oil to “B” Structure). • Depressurize the trap after launching or receiving a pig whenever a pig trap is left isolated from the production stream. 11.3 Use of Cheater Bars and Pipes • Use cheater pipes only when absolutely necessary. The pipes must be less than twice the length of the wrench handle and must closely fit the entire length of the wrench handle. • Do not jump or jerk on cheater pipes to break connections. • Do not use cheater pipes on Crescent®-type adjustable wrenches. 11.4 Use of Hand and Power Tools • Refer to the Chevron Non-Welding Hot Work Plan when using electric power tools. • Maintain tools in good condition, and replace or have defective tools repaired by qualified personnel. • Power tools should be included in a planned maintenance program. • Power tools should be de-energized when not in use. • Use hand tools for their intended purpose only. For example, do not use wrenches as hammers or screwdrivers as chisels or pry bars. Do not use pipe wrenches on Contractor Handbook | 89
  • 103. hex nuts, make sure that grinder wheels are properly rated for the speed of the grinder, and obey all other relevant specifications. • Verify that guards are in place, unaltered, and properly installed. • Ensure that power tools are equipped with a three-wire grounded conductor cord. Use the three-pronged plug only in a three-prong service outlet. • Verify that a ground fault circuit interrupter (GFCI) exists on outlets that are not part of permanent buildings or structures supplying power to portable electric tools. • Most portable electrical or air-operated tools contain a motor that can generate sparks hot enough to ignite a mixture of natural gas and air. Use the facility’s Hot Work Permit process to ensure that these tools are used safely. 11.4.1 Knife Policy • The contractor company must provide alternative cutting devices for their personnel to use. • Contract personnel are not allowed to carry or use pocketknives or multi-use tools (Leatherman and Gerber Multi-Plier®, etc.) at offshore locations. • If a knife is the appropriate tool for the job, contractor companies are required to provide their own fixed or locking blade knives and maintain them for this use. • If a fixed or locking blade knife is determined to be the appropriate tool for the task, a JSA must be completed before its use. Personnel must wear the appropriate PPE (KEVLAR or leather gloves) during its use. 90 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 104. 11.5 Ladders • All ladders must be equipped with anti-slip safety feet. • Do not use ladders as scaffolding components. • Do not use metal ladders when working with electrical equipment. • Allow only one person on a ladder at a time. • Use, at a minimum, ladders that have the industrial grade 1-A label. • Inspect ladders before they are used. • If the ladder is not in a safe operating condition, tag it for maintenance, and remove it from service. • Tie/fasten single and extension ladders at the top. 11.6 Working Overhead Before working overhead, notify anyone who will be below you. Then, follow these procedures: • Never throw hand tools or materials to anyone; hand them up or down. • When working at heights, handle tools to prevent them from falling or being dropped. • Contractors will take all precautions to guard against falling objects by properly identifying and mitigating hazards using the Hazard ID Tool. • Barricades or other suitable safeguards should be placed below overhead work to prevent personnel from entering the area below overhead activity. 11.7 Repetitive Stress Contractors should be trained in and aware of the effects of repetitive movements during work activities. Observe caution when performing any task that requires repetition, Contractor Handbook | 91
  • 105. so that your body does not experience discomfort. In many cases, proper handling or using correct posture for certain tasks will reduce risk. Employees are encouraged to report early signs of repetitive stress injuries to their supervisor as soon as possible. 92 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 106. 12.0 Specialized Operations 12.1 Scaffolding Safety Scaffolds are temporary elevated platform structures, which must be provided for all work that cannot be done safely from ladders or from permanent or solid construction. Erection and dismantling of scaffolds must be performed under the supervision and direction of a qualified person experienced with or trained in scaffold erection, dismantling, and use, as well as knowledgeable about the hazards involved. All scaffolds will be erected, used, and dismantled in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.28 or any successor regulation. 12.2 Paint and Blast Waste Media Discharges Maintenance waste, such as removed paint and materials associated with surface preparation and coating applications, must be contained to the maximum extent practicable to prevent discharge. This includes airborne material, such as spent or over-sprayed abrasives, paint chips, and paint overspray. Before conducting sandblasting or similar maintenance activities, develop and implement a best management practices (BMP) plan for the containment of waste materials. 12.3 Sandblasting The potential hazards during sandblasting operations include, but are not limited to: • Inhalation of dusts (including lead from the paint or silica from the blasting medium) • High noise levels • High operating pressure of equipment Contractor Handbook | 93
  • 107. Contractors are responsible for appropriate disposal of accumulations of waste. The following guidelines minimize the possibility of an HES incident during sandblasting operations: • Contractors performing sandblasting operations for Chevron must have a medical surveillance program in place to monitor employee’s blood-level exposure to lead. • Wear approved respiratory and hearing protection. • Wear appropriate eye protection. • Sandblasting sand must be double washed to minimize fires and to minimize exposure to silica dust. • Consider the paint coatings removed by sandblasting operations as lead until proven otherwise. • Check all hoses every day for leaks and signs of wear. • Maintain adequate ventilation, either mechanical or natural, to keep the work atmosphere less than a 10% lower explosive limit (LEL) and the oxygen (O2) content greater than 19.5% when working in a confined space. • Bleed or depressurize all lines before disconnecting. • Use a blasting nozzle with a cutoff device (dead-man’s switch) in all situations, except underwater grit blasting. • Secure and hobble all high-pressure air hose connections using metal whip checks and cotter pin. • Pin or wire all air hose connectors (crow’s feet) to keep them from coming apart. • Post warning signs identifying potential hazards. • Gather waste over solid decking. 12.4 Painting on Chevron Facilities Before beginning any blasting and painting work on an offshore platform, the Operations supervisor or designee must determine whether the planned activities will require a Construction Simultaneous Operations Plan and a Daily 94 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 108. Simultaneous Operations Log. (For copies of these documents, please contact your Chevron onsite representative.) In addition, they must prepare a written JSA with consideration given to the following items: • Hold daily safety meetings so that personnel can review activities of the day. • The paint crew and platform personnel must use PPE when paint-related products are mixed or applied, if they are within 50 feet of any work. • Review the potential health risks during abrasive blasting operations (e.g., all personnel not wearing forced-air breathing equipment must stay clear of the area of operation). • Store all paints and thinners in baskets or paint lockers and protect them from their surrounding environment. • Ensure that any accumulated waste is disposed of appropriately. • Take all appropriate measures to minimize waste in accordance with industry practices. • Inform the paint inspector and contractor’s supervisor before intentionally bleeding down any well, piping, or vessel. • Protect the detector head and shield assembly from paints and thinners. Use filter media so the gas detectors continue to function, but are not exposed to paint when painting in the immediate vicinity of a combustible gas detector. Record the time of installation and removal of this protection in the IHE log. • Use filter media to protect the internal working components when painting or blasting in the immediate vicinity of a panel board. Contractor Handbook | 95
  • 109. • Record the time of installation and removal of this protection in the IHE log when using plumber’s plugs or filter media to protect drains from blasting media. Remove the protection at the end of each day. • The person in charge, the company facilities representative, or the paint inspector must conduct an inspection of the location to identify potentially critical areas associated with blasting lines and vessels before starting blasting operations. They should give special attention to areas under or near U-bolts and clamps, under stainless steel bands, lines at deck penetrations, threaded nipples, and sections of risers near the waterline. In addition: –  They will determine which lines or vessels can be safely blasted. The determination should be based on the severity of corrosion, type of corrosion, working pressure, service, schedule of the piping, and the wall thickness of the vessel. –  If necessary, a nondestructive testing crew will be sent to the location to test ultrasonically or radiographically potential hazards associated with piping or vessels, to assist personnel in making a final determination concerning safety of blasting subject lines or vessels. –  Lines and vessels that fail to meet maximum allowable working pressure (MAWP) by nondestructive testing (NDT) or x-ray (identifying with unique color, if necessary) must be shut in and bled down before blasting, replaced or repaired before blasting, or not blasted and painted. –  Record the problem area, if not blasted and painted, in a work order database, such as Enterprise Asset Management (EAM) or another Computerized Maintenance Management System (CMMS) system. • Only platform personnel at the direction of the PIC are allowed to reroute or relocate emergency shutdown device (ESD) stations and/or fire-loop lines. 96 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 110. • Stop all sandblasting and painting in the event of an emergency or routine shut-in, until the PIC states that it is safe to restart these tasks. • Once work has started, the PIC will notify the paint inspector, the contractor’s supervisor, and the company facilities representative of any additional potentially critical lines and vessels observed. • Protect and/or identify all rupture discs as piped to a safe location. Record this protection in the IHE log. • Properly identify and take special precautions to prevent damage to the micarta ring between the faces of flanges on insulated flanges installed in conjunction with cathode protection systems. • Use suitable filter material to protect air intake of production/drilling equipment and diving equipment. The person in charge must advise helicopter pilots and heliport personnel of the abrasive blasting operations in process to protect helicopter engines from ingesting abrasive particles that could damage them. The paint crew and platform personnel must remove or secure all loose items in the vicinity of the heliport to prevent items from being picked up in the helicopter’s blade wash. 12.5 Compressed Air Used for Cleaning Compressed air used for drying or cleaning must be limited to 30 psig by a pressure regulator or pressure-reducing nozzle, as specified in OSHA 29 CFR 1910.242 or any successor regulation. Do not, for any reason, direct compressed air toward a person. Compressed air introduced into the body can cause injury or death. When using compressed air for cleaning in a dry and dusty situation, the contractor must wear, at a minimum, protective eye goggles, gloves, and a dust filter for respiratory protection. Contractor Handbook | 97
  • 111. 12.6 Temporary and Permanently Closed Heliports The following practice is required when a heliport is temporarily closed or permanently closed: • Orange X Marker – An orange X marked diagonally from corner to corner across a heliport will be installed to indicate visually that the heliport is closed and helicopter operations are not permitted. The marker must be orange with legs at least 20 feet long and three feet wide. • Permanent Closing – If a heliport is to be permanently closed, the orange X diagonals must be painted on the landing area. • Temporary Closing – An orange X marker will be used for temporarily closed heliports. The orange X marker can be made from vinyl or other durable material in the shape of a diagonal X. The orange X marker will be removed once the aviation dispatcher and office assistant (OA) have been notified that the heliport is back in service. • Notifications – If a heliport is closed, temporarily or permanently, the following notification must be made by the PIC of the facility: • Aviation dispatcher: –  Notified of location and estimate of time heliport will be closed –  Notified when heliport is put back in service • Office Assistant: –  Notified of location and estimate of time heliport will be closed –  Notified when heliport is put back in service 98 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 112. 12.7 Perforating Operations – Heliport Operational Hazard Warnings and Procedures Explosive charges used in conjunction with perforating operations offshore can potentially be detonated by radio transmissions, including those from helicopters. To prevent this, the procedures outlined below and the requirements of the Temporary and Permanent Closed Heliports Operational Hazard Warning/Procedures HSAC-RP-92-5 must be followed. 12.7.1 Personnel Conducting Perforating Operations Whenever perforating operations are scheduled and operators are concerned that radio transmissions from helicopters in the vicinity may jeopardize the operation, operators will take the following precautions: • Notify company aviation departments, helicopter operators and bases, and nearby manned platforms of the pending perforating operation, so the Notice to Airmen (NOTAM) system can be activated for the perforating operation and temporary helideck closure. • To close the deck and make the radio warning clearly visible to passing pilots, install a temporary marker in the shape of an X with No Radio stenciled in red on the legs of the diagonals. The letters should be 24 inches high and 12 inches wide. See HSAC RP 92-5 for more information. • Keep the marker in place while charges may be affected by radio transmissions. 12.7.2 Pilots When operating within 1,000 feet of a known perforating operation, or upon observing the No Radio warning, avoid radio transmissions from or within 1,000 feet of the helideck. Do not land on the deck. Contractor Handbook | 99
  • 113. Radio transmissions include signals emitted from aircraft radar and transponders. Use alternate communication means available on the rig or platform. Turn off Flite Trak radio. When possible, make radio calls to the platform being approached or to the communications center from at least one mile out. Ensure that all communications are complete outside the 1,000-foot hazard distance. If no response is received, or if the platform is not radio- equipped, do not make further radio transmissions until visual contact with the deck indicates it is open for operation (no X marker). 12.8 Subpart O Requirements – Gulf of Mexico OCS Locations Only In accordance with NTL No. 2000-N03, dated August 14, 2000, Chevron developed the following to comply with the requirements of the new Subpart O training rule. Effective October 1, 2002, the requirements of this subpart have been fully implemented by Chevron in Gulf of Mexico production and well control operations. Both of the following plans were designed to ensure safe and clean operations, making sure that Chevron employees and contractors engaged in production-safe systems operations, drilling, completion, workover, and well service operations understand and can properly perform their duties. Contract employees must be able to provide documentation of completed Subpart O training; this can be a wallet card or training certification, as long as it is in the possession of the employee while on a Chevron location. 12.8.1 Production Operations Plan The Chevron Employee Resource and Training Center (ERTC) and designated field locations host training classes for Chevron employees. The production safety system 100 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 114. training (PSST) plan uses formal classroom, hands-on, and computer-based training. Qualified trainers and training administrators conduct the courses. Employee records and documentation are readily available upon BOEMRE request. Chevron uses one or more of the following assessment tools to verify that all employees and contractor personnel can perform their assigned production safety systems duties: • Informal employee interviews • Written assessments • Hands-on skill demonstrations • Behavior-based safety observations Chevron also uses, but is not limited to, one or more of the following methods to evaluate the training programs of our contractors: • Internal audits • Third-party audits or like reviews • Master work agreements 12.8.2 Drilling, Completion, Workover, and Well Service Operations Plan All Chevron employees or contractors acting as company representatives will have International Association of Drilling Contractors (IADC) Well Control Accreditation Program (WellCAP®) supervisor training as a part of this competency assurance program. Certain supplier supervisors and support employees who may be involved in well control duties will hold certification from an IADC-accredited WellCAP program. The level of certification person(s) are required to hold is outlined in the plan. Suppliers accredited by IADC in the WellCAP program will deliver all prescribed training. Qualified trainers and Contractor Handbook | 101
  • 115. training administrators will conduct the courses as specified in the IADC WellCAP accreditation process. Chevron employee and contractor employee records and documentation will be readily available upon BOEMRE request. Chevron will use one or more of the following assessment tools to verify that all employees and contractor personnel can perform their assigned well control duties: • Informal employee interviews • Written assessments • Hands-on skill demonstrations • Observations during well control drills • Attendance at well control training 12.9 DOT Operator Qualifications Chevron wants to ensure that all contractors who perform any work on DOT-regulated facilities are in compliance with regulations. Contractor companies unsure if their employees fall under this rule should contact a contractor safety specialist immediately. Noncompliance with this rule can affect a contractor company’s ability to perform work for Chevron and, potentially, other pipeline owners and operators. DOT holds Chevron, as a pipeline operator in the Gulf of Mexico, responsible for ensuring that all affected personnel (company and contractor) comply with this regulation. To ensure compliance, we have identified methods acceptable to Chevron for employee and contractor record keeping and qualification. 12.9.1 Record Keeping Chevron Gulf of Mexico Business Unit and Deepwater Exploration and Projects Business Unit (GOM and DWEP) have selected ISNetworld® software from ISN Software Corp. as our DOT Operator Qualification (OQ) record 102 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 116. keeping system for contractors and company personnel. ISNetworld enables you to: • Work with Chevron to achieve DOT OQ compliance • Manage your employees’ OQ tasks • Select and assign the precise OQ tasks and qualification methods Chevron will accept Contractor companies should submit their employees’ DOT Operator Qualification records to ISNetworld so that Chevron can view them as needed. Any questions regarding how to submit DOT OQ records can be directed to ISN at 214-303-1303. 12.9.2 Qualification Operator Qualification Solution Group (OQSG) and Midwest Energy Association(MEA)/EnergyU.org provide pre-approved methods of qualification for contractors in Chevron’s Gulf of Mexico Business Unit and Deepwater Exploration and Projects Business Unit. Qualification assessments are available on the Internet, computer CD-ROM, or written testing. You can learn more about OQSG, MEA, and EnergyU.org, by visiting their websites at: http//www.oqsg.com http://www.midwestenergy.org http://www.EnergyU.org If your company has already selected a method of qualifying your personnel other than those listed above, Chevron’s DOT OQ Curriculum Review team approves qualification methods based on their applicability to our work environment and on the substance of the curriculum. Any alternate forms of qualification you wish us to consider must be submitted in writing, and you must detail your covered tasks and qualification method. Please note that your qualification method must include a written test for each covered task. When you submit your information to Chevron, a response will be provided after Contractor Handbook | 103
  • 117. a 90-day review period. For information regarding approval of other forms of qualification, please contact a Chevron contractor safety specialist or the Chevron DOT pipeline specialist (CUSApipeline@chevron.com). If you have questions about the DOT Operator Qualification Rule, please contact a Chevron contractor safety specialist. All contractors must provide proof of qualification before performing any DOT-covered task at a Chevron facility. For information on the pre-approved qualification methods, refer to the websites above or call ISNetworld at 214-303-1303. 104 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 118. 13.0 Drilling and Well Servicing Operations 13.1 Emergency Drills Contractor company personnel will regularly conduct all emergency drills, including fire, man-overboard, abandonment, and well control, to comply with the contractor company’s requirements, Chevron’s requirements, and regulatory requirements. Documentation for subject drills will be maintained on location. 13.2 Well Control Chevron’s vision of sustained incident-free operations is predicated on maintaining well control. It is Chevron’s expectation that the contractor will ensure that all personnel will be appropriately trained as per Chevron’s Subpart O Training Plan for Well Control. Well control drills while drilling, tripping, etc., will be carried out at a minimum of three per week for each tour, until crews illustrate proficiency, then conducted at two per week for each tour. Drill documentation will be maintained on location. 13.3 Blowout Prevention Equipment Tests Blowout prevention equipment (BOPE) is emergency equipment and must be maintained in proper working condition at all times per Chevron’s Drilling Well Control Guide and/or Chevron’s Workover Well Control & Blowout Prevention Guide. The object of BOP testing is to eliminate all leaks and to determine that the equipment will perform under threatened blowout conditions. BOP equipment must be tested when initially installed and every fourteen days thereafter for drilling operations, or per current BOEMRE requirements. A seven-day test is required for workover and cased-hole operations, or per current BOEMRE requirements. BOP test charts and documentation will be maintained on location. Contractor Handbook | 105
  • 119. 13.4 Regulatory Compliance It is Chevron’s expectation that all personnel will comply with both company policy and appropriate regulations. The Incidents of Non-Compliance (INCs) consistently appearing at the top of the list issued by the BOEMRE include: • Operations not carried out in a safe, workmanlike manner, whether due to unsafe actions or unsafe conditions • BOP equipment, actuations, and documentation • Area electrical classification infractions • Pollution, drip pans unplugged, containment, etc. • Equipment not marked with owner’s name 106 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 120. 14.0 Hydrogen Sulfide (H2S) Hydrogen sulfide, commonly called H2S, is a highly poisonous gas. It is a colorless, flammable gas with an odor like rotten eggs at low concentrations. It is heavier than air and tends to accumulate in low areas. H2S rapidly deadens the sense of smell; therefore, smell cannot be used to detect its presence. Each platform designated as an H2S facility maintains an H2S Contingency Plan that includes emergency drills, which may be reviewed for operational and safety guidelines. Ask the contractor’s Chevron representative if a work location is an H2S facility. If contractors detect the presence of H2S, they must report it to Chevron immediately. In areas of H2S, contractors will be required to provide proof of appropriate medical clearance, fit tests, and training. Contractor Handbook | 107
  • 121. 15.0 Fuels and Gases 15.1 Gasoline Gasoline is the most widely used flammable liquid. It generates flammable vapors at ambient temperatures. Storing, handling, and using gasoline requires special attention. 15.1.1 Storing and Handling • Gasoline must not be used as a cleaning solvent. • Because of its low flash point (-45° F), gasoline presents a greater potential fire hazard than most other fuels. For this reason, do not store gasoline in office buildings. Store containers in their designated place. • Clearly label gasoline containers. • Use gasoline only as fuel. • Gasoline vapors are heavier than air and have a tendency to collect in low-lying areas. Take special precautions to ensure proper ventilation when using gasoline. • Use gasoline engines only when other power sources are not available. Acceptable uses are equipment such as outboard motors, lawn mowers, and chain saws. Automatic Closing Flame Arrestor Small Storage Vent Cap Medium Storage Spout Large Dispensing Gasoline storage and handling containers 108 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 122. 15.1.2 Fueling Be cautious when fueling gasoline engines. Observe these guidelines: • Eliminate sources of ignition, such as open flames. Turn engines and motors off. • Do not smoke near fueling operations. • Make sure the delivery nozzle is in contact with the fill pipe before starting fuel delivery. Maintain this contact continuously until the flow stops. If the contractor ignores this rule, the contractor can create a serious fire hazard from static discharge generated by this action. • Do not fill tanks completely. Allow a minimum of 2% of the tank space for expansion. • After the fuel flow has stopped: –  Tighten the fill cap. –  Clean spillage. –  Ventilate areas and check for gasoline vapors before starting engines or operating equipment. 15.2 Compressed Gas Cylinders 15.2.1 Moving Cylinders • Transport compressed gas cylinders in DOT-approved, corrosion-resistant racks. • Make sure the valve protector cap is secure before moving cylinders. Keep the protector caps in place when cylinders are not in use. • Do not use slings, ropes, or chains to lift a cylinder. • Do not lift cylinders by protector caps. Contractor Handbook | 109
  • 123. • Use a hand truck to move cylinders to prevent sliding or dragging. Securely fasten the cylinders to the hand truck. 15.2.2 Storage • Store cylinders in shaded areas. • Keep caps in place when cylinders are not in use. • Keep compressed gas cylinders at least 20 feet from highly combustible or flammable materials, such as oil or chemicals. Alternatively, separate the cylinders with a metal wall 5 feet high and 1/4 inch thick. • Do not place compressed gas cylinders where they might become a part of an electrical circuit. • Do not expose cylinders to an open flame, a temperature above 125° F, or an area where heavy equipment is being moved. • Do not use compressed gas cylinders as rollers or supports, or for any purpose other than to contain the content as received. • Secure cylinders upright with a nonflammable device to prevent them from being knocked over or damaged. Do not use rope to secure cylinders. 15.2.3 Use • Cylinders must be secured and protected from impact, including falling objects, while in use. • Keep the cylinder valve closed, except when the cylinder is in active use. Open the valve slowly with the valve pointing away from the contractor and other personnel. • Do not use compressed gas for cleaning, because it may injure the eyes or body or create a fire hazard. • Do not use cylinders that have been defaced, are missing identifying markings (labels, decals, tags), or have expired hydrostatic test dates. 110 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 124. • Use regulators, gauges, and hoses only for the particular gas or group of gases for which they are provided. Do not use them on cylinders containing gases with different properties. • Use properly fitted and recommended wrenches with cylinder-valve accessories. Do not use these wrenches for any other task. • Install flashback arrestors at the discharge of the regulators and at the torch. This is a requirement. 15.2.4 Oxygen Cylinders Oxygen cylinders are pressurized to 2,400 pounds-per- square-inch-gauge (psig) at 70° F when full. Oxygen alone will not burn; however, it supports combustion. • Do not lubricate or allow oil or grease to contaminate oxygen connections to prevent spontaneous explosions and fires that may occur when oxygen contacts oil or grease under pressure. • Separate oxygen and hydrocarbons. • Do not use oxygen in place of compressed air or as a source of pressure. • Separate oxygen cylinders and fuel-gas cylinders (such as acetylene, propane, and propylene) by at least 20 feet or by a metal wall 5 feet high, 1/4 inch thick, and as wide as the storage rack. 15.2.5 Acetylene Cylinders • Use and store acetylene cylinders upright to prevent the acetone (a stabilizing agent) from draining into the valves or fittings. • Do not use acetylene at a hose pressure exceeding 15 psig to reduce the possibility of an explosion. Acetylene is extremely unstable at pressures above 15 psig. Contractor Handbook | 111
  • 125. 15.2.6 Natural Gas • Do not use natural gas to power pneumatic tools. • Do not use natural gas in areas that have an ignition source. • Vent pump and starter exhaust to a safe area. Do not vent or exhaust to confined areas, enclosures, or areas where the gas can be trapped. • Do not use rubber hoses as supply or exhaust lines for natural-gas-powered equipment. • Isolate natural gas and air supply systems from each other. Never commingle natural gas and air supply systems. • Install an odorization unit in the gas line before it enters the building, so that a leak can be detected when natural gas is used for domestic purposes inside buildings (e.g., in stoves and heaters). 112 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 126. 16.0 Safe Work Practices The Safe Work Practices process applies to all GOM facilities. As stated in the Contractor Safety Management process, contractors are required to follow their own Safe Work Practices. Where permits are required from either a Chevron or contractor’s process, they will be reviewed by the Chevron person in charge. https://upstream.chevron.com/contractorgom/ Managing the Safe Work Process The success of the Managing Safe Work (MSW) process requires that supervisors at every level understand their roles and responsibilities in MSW and translate them into actions and behaviors that are visible to the Chevron workforce (including contractors). Recognizing that behaviors to support MSW are part of leadership accountability in the Operational Excellence Management System (OEMS), this procedure provides guidance to the strategic business unit (SBU) by identifying behaviors at every level of supervision specific to supporting MSW. The following describes the relationships between this procedure and other behavior-shaping processes currently used by Chevron: 1. Behavioral-Based Safety (BBS) – BBS is focused on shaping behaviors to ensure the safety of the individual performing work. The Behaviors to Support MSW procedure is focused on shaping behaviors of supervision at each level to ensure that MSW procedures are followed without fail. 2. Incident- and Injury-Free (IIF) – The IIF program focuses on personal commitment, developing relationships, and acting in a safe and caring fashion. It assumes that processes and procedures for managing safe work are in place. The MSW process identifies and Contractor Handbook | 113
  • 127. requires that procedures for managing safe work are in place. Behaviors to Support MSW procedure ensures those procedures are followed. The MSW process requires each SBU to establish a measurement and track behaviors with appropriate accountability. The Behaviors to Support MSW procedure recognizes SBU responsibility for establishing accountability and provides a framework to collect data to assist in that effort. The SBUs are encouraged to leverage existing activities for data collection and may incorporate that data into existing scorecards where appropriate to enhance leadership accountability. GOM Safe Work Practices • Permit to Work • Isolation of Hazardous Energy • Work at Height • Simultaneous Operations • Hot Work • Excavation • Electrical Safety • Confined Space • Lifting and Rigging • Bypassing Critical Protections 16.1 Permit to Work Process The Permit to Work (PTW) Process, a formal written process, is also a means of communication between responsible persons, such as supervisors, team leaders, operators, contractors, and others involved in the planning and execution of work tasks. It is vitally important that each individual knows his/her own responsibilities and duties and carries them out properly. 114 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 128. Contract companies are expected to have a PTW process in place. There may be situations where the contractor will be required to comply with the Chevron PTW process on Chevron facilities. Consult the Chevron work owner to determine the requirements before starting work. The main functions of the PTW Process are to: • Ensure the proper authorization of designated work. –  Make clear to people carrying out the work the exact identity, nature and extent of the job, the hazards involved, and any limitations on the extent of the work and the time during which the job may be carried out. –  Specify the precautions to be taken, including safe isolation from potential risks such as hazardous substances and electricity. –  Provide a procedure for times when work has to be suspended, i.e., stopped for a period before it is complete. –  Provide for the cross-referencing of safe work practices and associated permits for work activities that may interact with or affect one another. A Permit to Work will be required for the following: –  Specialized work permits are initiated (e.g., Hot Work, Confined Space, Isolation of Hazardous Energy, Excavation, Work at Heights, Electrical, SIMOPs, etc.). –  Work or maintenance is performed in a process area that involves breaking into a line, equipment, or vessel that contains actual or potential hazards. –  There is a transfer of work and responsibilities from one group to another. –  Communication across more than one area, group, or technical type is required to accomplish the task. –  If the area controller determines a permit is required. –  The work has significant potential for injury or incident. Contractor Handbook | 115
  • 129. –  When synthetic slings are used in marine operations involving crane activities. –  Boats are arriving within 500 meters of the facility (Floating Offshore Installations). –  Boats are transferring diesel fuel, synthetic base mud, or other hazardous materials to the facility. –  During liftboat moves, liftboat guidelines and procedures are the standard operating procedure for liftboat operations in all fields. Review Lift Boat Guidelines and Procedures before all liftboat moves. –  Before blasting and painting and production wireline and construction activities, complete and attach the Hazard Identification Checklist (available on the external contractor website) to the Permit to Work form. Note: Do not use routine vs. non-routine work as a criterion for determining when the Permit to Work is needed. –  Refer to the PTW/SimOps Decision Matrix (available on the external contractor website) to help determine if only a Permit to Work is needed or a Permit to Work and SimOps. • The Decision Matrix captures the majority of circumstances that require a Permit to Work. However, not every scenario can be predicted. Many situations will have to be evaluated individually. The person leading work (PLW) is normally the company or contract representative in charge of the crews doing the work. For each permitted work activity there will be a designated person to lead the work. That person leading work could be a company or contractor operations representative, facility representative, paint inspector, crew superintendent, Instrumentation and Engineering (I&E) 116 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 130. representative, wireline operator, crafts person, X-ray technician, etc. • The PLW is on location and acknowledges that all permit conditions in Section B of the PTW form are met, and the work site has been inspected before beginning work. • The PLW is a competent individual assigned the responsibility of verifying the work site activities are in compliance with the permit conditions. • The PLW is a competent individual responsible for the safe execution of the work. Behaviors of the Person Leading Work: –  Sets expectations –  Plans the work with the team –  Collaborates and coaches throughout the job –  Provides performer feedback 16.1.1 Hazard Analysis Introduction This procedure follows the three phases of hazard analysis as it applies to our work. From the initial planning phase, to the work group pre-job onsite Job Safety Analysis (JSA) discussion, to the individual’s ongoing effort to Think Incident Free (TIF), hazard analysis tools are critical to identifying potential hazards and developing actions and strategies to prevent incidents from occurring. Hazard analyses may also be used as a training tool for new employees, as the basis for HES checklists, BBS observations, and safety meeting topics and to write HES procedures and standard operating procedures (SOPs) for new or modified jobs. Contractor Handbook | 117
  • 131. 16.1.2 Requirements A hazard analysis will be conducted for work performed where Chevron has operational control. For contractor activities where Chevron does not have operational control, we will encourage them to use their hazard analysis tools. The Use of Analysis Methods table lists the methods discussed in this procedure. Use of Analysis Methods Analysis Method When to Use Intent Hazard Analysis (e.g., Risk Assessment, Job Hazard Analysis [JHA], Job Safety Analysis, Safety Plan) During the planning phase of work – pre-work • To identify anticipated hazards and plan mitigations • To ensure that the right number of people, skill sets, equipment, and PPE are included in the plan • To identify the types of permits required to do the work • To identify the safe work practice (SWP) standards and SOPs applicable to the work • For use as starting point for onsite JSA 118 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 132. Use of Analysis Methods (continued) Analysis Method When to Use Intent Job Safety Analysis (JSA) During the permitting phase of work – before work – starts • To involve the work team to make sure that the people doing the work understand the tasks, hazards, and mitigations • To address onsite conditions on the day of the work • To ensure that mitigation measures are in place • To verify that work team has proper skill level and tools Think Incident Free (TIF) Anytime • To prompt workers to think before they act • To ensure that the worker is looking for hazards while doing work • To support StopWork Authority and the Tenets of Operation Contractor Handbook | 119
  • 133. 16.2 Planning Phase Hazard Analysis The hazard analysis performed as part of job planning provides a structured approach for identifying potential hazards and developing control measures. This should ensure that the proper people, equipment, preparation, and HES processes are identified and acted upon before commencing work. This also provides the opportunity to adjust the work plan to reduce risk. A qualified standard operating procedure (SOP) may be used as the hazard analysis for job planning. SBUs should consider incorporating a completed hazard analysis into new and existing SOPs. Job Safety Analysis The JSA is a tool for analyzing a task, specifically in the area of health, environment, and safety. This analysis occurs at the work site before work begins and involves those individuals that may be affected by the task. The JSA should identify the hazards present at the time the work starts as well as identify specific mitigation actions necessary to prevent incidents. After the analysis is done, it may be kept as a reference for future similar operations. Since the JSA is a tool intended for individuals and teams performing the work, it should be developed in the language appropriate for the entire work crew (sometimes multiple languages and/or verbal translation may be needed). 16.3 Think Incident Free Think Incident Free should be used by everyone before beginning any activity. These self-assessments focus on the fact that each worker must take responsibility for his or her own health and safety in all activities, as well as protect the environment. Many tasks have risks associated with them that could potentially result in injuries, environmental impact, and losses. Before these risks can be eliminated or controlled, they must be identified. TIF enables employees 120 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 134. to observe day-to-day operational and procedural systems to identify potential hazards that could threaten the health or safety of our personnel or contract workforce, company facilities, or the environment. The steps in an effective TIF assessment are: • Determine the potential hazards. • Determine what can be done to eliminate the hazard. • Take action to prevent any negative consequences. SBUs may use other nomenclature and/or tools for their TIF assessments. 16.4 Hazard Analysis Content A hazard analysis is not: • A detailed work procedure (either maintenance or operating). • A Permit to Work, and a PTW is not a JSA. • A recyclable document (it must be refreshed for each job). Items that should be included in the different levels of hazard analysis are listed in the Hazard Analysis Content table. Hazard Analysis Content Hazard Analysis JSA TIF Content P P P Includes a review of the use of Stop-Work Authority by all employees and contractors. Discuss specific conditions associated with the task that are potential triggers for stopping work. Contractor Handbook | 121
  • 135. Hazard Analysis Content (continued) Hazard Analysis JSA TIF Content P P P Includes a review of the Tenets of Operation P P Is used as an onsite tool to engage workers involved in the work P Is dated (using the actual date work is performed) P Is written for all designated job tasks and all new job tasks P P Documents work location P P P Identifies, by documentation, workers associated with work described in the specific JSA P Identifies potential spill sources or items lost overboard, along with preventive and/or backup containment plans 122 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 136. Hazard Analysis Content (continued) Hazard Analysis JSA P P Uses a hazard analysis worksheet as a checklist tool to ensure potential hazards, controls and emergency/ contingency plans, and safety equipment required have been addressed P Is adaptable to changing conditions by following what is written. If not written, the task will be stopped and discussed, and changes documented accordingly. P Is reviewed and signed (including permits) by personnel new to the task location upon arriving at the ongoing work location TIF Content Contractor Handbook | 123
  • 137. Hazard Analysis Content (continued) Hazard Analysis JSA TIF Content P If the supervisor or person in charge of work is replaced, the permit approver will be notified to ensure additional communications occur as needed. P Work must also be stopped if errors are identified in SOPs or JSAs while performing the work. In these cases, the JSA or SOP must be updated to address the changes. 124 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 138. Many Pocket-Size Checklist (JSA Green Card) None One Less When Minor Hazard Assessment, SOP, or JSA Worksheet (Long Form) Use No Yes SOP in place Any permit required No Yes Major Severity of Consequences SimOps Many Number of Safe Work Practices When More Use Complexity of work or task Criteria (Cumulatively) TIF SelfAssessment Use No Yes Very Low None None None When 16.5 Form Selection Matrix Guidance on selecting hazard analysis tools is provided below. Contractor Handbook | 125
  • 139. 16.6 Hazard Identification – Using the Tool The Hazard Identification Tool is a visual aid that will help you focus on hazards associated with your work. This tool is used to identify energy sources in the workplace that could result in a hazard to people, the environment, or equipment. This is not new; this is just a systematic approach to correctly and consistently identifying workplace hazards. Using this method will help you complete daily activities and tasks safely and reliably. The concept is very simple: you identify what energy sources are present in the work place and analyze if they have any potential for causing harm. Once the hazards are identified, you can take actions to prevent their occurrence. The Hazard Identification Tool easily integrates with existing hazard assessment methodologies such as JSA, Safe Performance Self-Assessment (SPSA), Job Safety Evaluation Assessment (JSEA), JHA, Task Hazard Analysis (THA), TIF, Job Loss Analysis (JLA), etc. 16.7 Hazard Identification – Chevron’s Expectations It is Chevron’s expectation that all our employees and contractors will use the Hazard Identification Tool when identifying hazards associated with work to be completed. Use this tool from the initial planning phase, to the permitting phase during the work group’s pre-job onsite Job Safety Analysis, to the implementing phase with the individual’s ongoing effort to Think Incident Free. The Hazard Identification Tool is critical to identifying potential hazards and enables the development of actions and strategies to prevent incidents from occurring. 126 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 140. di io n So und Ra Biolo gic al See It! Che l ca mi ica l © 2009 Chevron Energy Technology Company. All rights reserved. io n ot at M M e c h a n ic al El e c tr t u re re e ra it y Hazard Identification Tool ssu Te mp G r av P re Contractor Handbook | 127 1. Remove the energy source 2. Prevent the release of energy 3. Protect from the release 4. Use Stop Work Authority Hierarchy of Controls A condition or action that has the potential for an unplanned release of, or unwanted contact with, an energy source that may result in harm or injury to people, property, or the environment. Hazard
  • 141. 128 | GOMBU and DWEP BU Pressure - pressure piping, compressed cylinders, control lines, vessels, tanks, hoses, and pneumatic and hydraulic equipment Electrical - power lines, transformers, static charges, lightning, energized equipment, wiring, and batteries Mechanical - rotating equipment, compressed springs, drive belts, conveyors, and motors Motion - vehicle, vessel, or equipment movement; flowing water; wind; and body positioning when lifting, straining, or bending Gravity - falling object, collapsing roof, and a body tripping or falling Sound - equipment noise, impact noise, vibration, high-pressure release, and the impact of noise to communication Radiation - lighting issues, welding arcs, solar rays, microwaves, lasers, X-rays, and NORM scale Biological - animals, bacteria, viruses, insects, blood-borne pathogens, improperly handled food, and contaminated water Chemical - flammable vapors, reactive hazards, carcinogens or other toxic compounds, corrosives, pyrophorics, combustibles, oxygen-deficient atmospheres, welding fumes, and dusts Temperature - open flame; ignition sources; hot or cold surfaces, liquids, or gases; steam; friction; and general environmental and weather conditions
  • 142. 16.8 Isolation of Hazardous Energy Each contractor company must have an Isolation of Hazardous Energy process in place, and the company must train its employees in using the process per applicable regulations, laws, or policies. 16.8.1 Isolation of Hazardous Energy Procedures on Chevron Facilities The contractor will, at a minimum, follow the Chevron Isolation of Hazardous Energy Plan. Whenever a contractor’s Isolation of Hazardous Energy Plan is more stringent, this will be addressed during the pre-job meeting, JSA development, and/or completion of the Permit to Work. If the contractor’s Isolation of Hazardous Energy Plan is used, a Chevron Operations lock will be the first lock on before turning the equipment over to the contractor and the last to be removed upon completion of the work. All contractors performing Isolation of Hazardous Energy must be fully trained and authorized before conducting Isolation of Hazardous Energy activities, and proof of authorization must be provided to Chevron. Contractors will apply their own locks in addition to any Chevron locks and tags already in place. If they do not have their own locks/tags, they will be issued facility Isolation of Hazardous Energy equipment. 16.8.2 Use of Lockboxes For a large job, a lockbox may be used in lieu of a lockout bar clip. • Lockbox procedure may be used when energy sources or a group of employees are involved in maintenance or repair operations. Contractor Handbook | 129
  • 143. • Under a lockbox procedure, the primary authorized employee will place an Isolation of Hazardous Energy device upon each hazardous energy/substance isolation device. The keys from these locks will then be placed inside a lockbox. Each authorized employee assigned to the job will then affix his/her personal lock on the lockbox. • As a member of a group, each assigned authorized employee verifies that all hazardous energy has been isolated and/or de-energized. • The Isolation of Hazardous Energy devices will not be removed or the hazardous energy/substance device(s) activated until after each authorized employee has removed his/her lock from the lockbox and the Isolation of Hazardous Energy device(s) are removed. • When the maintenance work extends beyond one shift, attach a job-lock to the lockbox. 16.9 Work at Height The primary objective of the Work at Height Plan is to prevent incidents and injuries caused by falling through floor and deck openings or by falling while working at elevations. This plan applies to both Chevron and contract personnel conducting work on Chevron facilities, including all OCS, state, and land-based locations. This plan does not apply on drilling rig floors and derricks. Drilling contractors will employ adequate procedures that are designed to protect their personnel against falls. For operations on vessels (MODUs, liftboats, and other self-propelled boats), contractors will employ adequate safety procedures designed to guard against falls. 130 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 144. 16.9.1 When Fall Protection/Arrest Equipment Is Required Personnel must use fall protection equipment when performing any of the following: • When working at elevations of six feet or more, or over the unprotected edge of a work platform, deck, walkway, or floor • When working in an area where it is possible to fall more than four feet through deck and floor openings • When working on a fixed or portable ladder and the worker is above six feet • When working on the boat landing or Plus 10 level when not surrounded by handrails • When working on scaffolding that is not green-tagged Note: Individual contractors may require personnel to tie off even if scaffolding is green-tagged. 16.9.2 Specifications Chevron’s GOM business unit is changing its Work at Heights policy effective January 1, 2011. The changes are being implemented to minimize the possibility of accidental disengagement commonly referred to as “roll out.” The three (3) components of the policy that will be affected are as follows: • A minimum size requirement for all D-rings on equipment including harnesses • Snap hooks that do not allow pressure to be applied to the gate in the opening direction • The elimination of a specific piece of equipment Contractor Handbook | 131
  • 145. 1. After January 1, all D-rings must be a minimum of 21/4-in. inside diameter (ID). Smaller sized D-rings can allow pressure to be applied to the snap hook gate in the opening direction. Small D-rings often used as a front are connector on harnesses for rescue nd or ladder-climbing a devices. 2. The change to a 21/4-in. D-ring, ombined with a hook c that does not llow pressure to a applied to he gate in the be t Non-compatible opening direction, will eliminate connection – D-ring can accidental isengagement. In apply pressure to snap d lieu of a snap ook, carabiners hook gate h may also be sed as connection u points or all equipment. f 3. The final change is the elimination of the pelican hook anyards. These hooks are on l acceptable as a positioning device but may not be used primary means of as a connection. lieu of the pelican hook, workers In may either equip lanyards with carabiners as shown on the next page or use a tie-back lanyard. The tie-back lanyard must be equipped D-ring cannot apply pressure to snap hook gate 132 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 146. with a combination of the 21/4-in. D-ring and a hook or other connecting means that cannot apply pressure to the gate in the opening direction. 16.9.3 Required Documentation Pelican hooks are no longer permitted Before beginning work that involves the use of fall protection, captive eye personnel must complete or verify the following: • Permit to Work • Fall Protection Checklist • Rescue plan • Inspection forms Carabiner with A rescue plan must be developed captive eye and included in the JSAs for jobs requiring the use of fall protection equipment. Each contractor must be able to provide verification of an annual inspection for all equipment onsite. The inspection forms may be hard copy or electronic and must be available upon request from the contractor’s HES group. 16.9.4 Training Requirements GOM Fall Protection required training for contractors is as follows: • One-Day Fall Protection class (typically eight hours) for employees that use fall protection equipment, which includes hands-on use and demonstration of competency by the student • Two-Day Competent Person training for at least one person per crew onsite Contractor Handbook | 133
  • 147. • Rescue training for at least one person per crew onsite. • Verification of Contractor Fall Protection training: –  Onsite documentation may be requested from contractors to provide verification of compliance with Chevron requirements. –  If discrepancies are identified, a review of the contractor’s fall protection training/training provider will be conducted to ensure that it meets Chevron’s expectations/training criteria. If observations performed during climbing activities indicate less than satisfactory performance, Stop-Work Authority may be exercised and a review of Chevron expectations will take place. If agreement to proceed is not reached, a review of the contractor’s training and policy will be initiated. 16.9.5 Open Hole The primary objective of Guidelines for Guarding Deck Openings is to prevent incidents and injuries caused by falling four feet through deck and floor openings, or falling from open-sided floors, platforms, or runways at elevations of six feet or more. Openings smaller than 1 ft x 1 ft are not required to meet these guidelines; but it is recommended, however, that any opening that presents a potential hazard be guarded to prevent a person’s foot or body from inadvertently passing through the opening. For cases where fall protection equipment is required, see section 16.9 Work at Height standard. 134 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 148. 16.9.6 Openings in Decks Personnel will wear fall arrest equipment when making an opening in the deck or floor. Openings in decks accessible to personnel will be covered, guarded, or otherwise made inaccessible. The manner of blockage will prevent a person’s foot or body from inadvertently passing through the opening. Unintentional openings in decks accessible to personnel will be covered, guarded, or otherwise made inaccessible immediately and reported to the PLW. Every deck opening into which personnel can accidentally walk will be guarded with a guardrail or covered with a floor-hole cover of standard strength and construction. Although an attendant is acceptable under 29 CFR 1910.23, Chevron does not allow for a “hole watch” in lieu of guardrails. When possible, open holes will have guardrails installed five feet from the closest edge. Personnel are required to wear proper fall arrest equipment when working inside the guardrail used to protect the hole. 16.9.7 Requirements for Guardrails Guardrails will meet the requirements of 29 CFR 1910.23. The minimum requirements of OSHA regulations are as follows: • Minimum vertical height of 42 inches to the top of the guardrail. • Guardrail is capable of supporting a load of at least 200 pounds applied in any direction (except upward) at any point on the top rail or corresponding member. Contractor Handbook | 135
  • 149. • Guardrail has a standard toeboard and intermediate rail or fencing from top to bottom. Examples of fencing materials are chain link and orange safety netting. 16.10 Simultaneous Operations 16.10.1 Simultaneous Operations Plan A Simultaneous Operations Plan will be required when: Two or more of the following operations are performed concurrently: • Production operations • Rig operations • Construction operations • Anchoring of vessels • Derrick barge operations • Heavy lifts • Diving operations Production activities concurrent with construction activities only require a Permit to Work, but depending on specific hazards and complexity of the project as identified by the Field Management team, SimOps procedures may be required. Refer to the PTW/SimOps Decision Matrix to help determine the need for using Permit to Work only or Permit to Work and SimOps. All SimOps plans will be used in conjunction with the Permit to Work process. 136 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 150. 16.10.2 Simultaneous Operations Documentation/Communication Simultaneous Operations Plan Form Complete the form before starting SimOps activities. • Responsibility of the project initiator: Operations engineer, drilling engineer, facilities engineer, operations supervisor • Is a bridging document to help create a tangible plan including completion of a Risk Assessment • Designates the responsible parties for the various operations being performed • Establishes emergency response awareness and contacts • Identifies hazards and appropriate mitigations (precautions and actions) • Clarifies communication between the various operations Simultaneous Operations Plan Checklist Complete the checklist before startup and weekly thereafter. • Responsibility of PIC: Facility representative, drillsite manager, wellsite manager, operations supervisor • Must be used to ensure compliance with the Simultaneous Operations Plan • Completed by the PIC and members of the Field Management team (FMT) SimOps Meetings – Daily • Responsibility of the PIC Contractor Handbook | 137
  • 151. Simultaneous Operations Log – Daily • Responsibility of the PIC. • Used to document the discussion of projected activities of the day. • Used during all simultaneous operations and is completed daily by the PIC. • A copy of the log is provided to the Operations supervisor. • The Operations supervisor is responsible for conducting a weekly review of the Daily Simultaneous Operations Log. This process does not preclude establishing more restrictive limitations that may be warranted by particular circumstances or conditions. The key element during simultaneous operations is communication. It is imperative that clear and continuous communication is maintained between company and contract personnel onboard. This communication will be established at the outset of simultaneous operations and maintained daily through both normal and abnormal conditions and documented on the Daily Simultaneous Operations Log. SimOps should be discussed daily at all shift/pre-tour meetings. One way to provide the best communication during simultaneous operations is to maintain the same drilling, production, and construction personnel throughout the entire project. 16.11 Hot Work All contractor employees working on a Chevron location or under Chevron’s operational control must be aware of potential operations and ignition sources that may require a permit, as well as the process required to obtain this permit. 138 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 152. Contractors performing hot work on Chevron property are required to follow Chevron’s approved BOEMRE Hot Work plan while performing any welding or burning, and any associated grinding or non-welding hot work (all other ignition sources). A copy of this plan and BOEMRE approval letter is available at all manned facilities. The Chevron representative is responsible for coordinating the issuance of the Daily Welding Permit or the Daily NonWelding Hot Work Permit, and for getting all appropriate signatures as required. Welding in, or on, any tank, vessel, or piping connected to the tank or vessel requires special planning, procedures, and project execution requirements. When contracted to perform this task, contractors should work closely with Chevron personnel and project planners to assure that all safeguards and procedures are in place and are followed. Contractors working under Chevron’s operational control at locations other than on Chevron property are required to have a hot work program that ensures that this kind of work can be conducted safety and in compliance with local rules, regulations, and requirements. All contractor employees performing hot work must be trained in this program and able to conduct these operations safely. 16.12 Fire Prevention Fire prevention is vital to safe operations. 16.12.1 Fire Retardant Tarps (Chevron GOM Facilities Only) The GOMBU has determined that all tarps used in hot work and purchased for offshore, no matter whether or not for hot work purposes, will be fire-retardant (FR) tarps and will meet the following specifications: • Be red in color Contractor Handbook | 139
  • 153. • • Have fire-retardant label or tag • Have grommets Be silicone-coated or silicone-impregnated (to keep the material from becoming airborne or friable) 16.12.2 Fire Watch A fire watch is a person adequately trained, capable of, and solely designated to operate gas detection and incipient firefighting equipment during all welding and burning operations performed outside approved designated safe welding areas. The fire watch assists the inspection of the work area. During all welding, one or more persons must be designated as a fire watch. Separate fire watches must be stationed at each area where welding is in progress and must have no other duties while standing watch. Specific requirements for fire watch include: • Before any welding, have usable fire-extinguishing equipment readily available and be trained in its use. Fire watch will not rely on production facility-mounted fire extinguishers as the primary fire extinguisher. A separate fire extinguisher needs to be provided as part of the job planning for the fire watch to use as the primary, with the facility fire extinguishers used only if there is a problem with the primary. The extinguisher must be metal and meet the requirements of the job. It must be inspected before each use and have the proper inspection tag. • Be familiar with the facility’s Emergency Response Plan and procedures for sounding an alarm in the event of a fire. 140 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 154. • Wear proper PPE including but not limited to UV arc protection. • Perform continuous monitoring with a portable gas detector before and during welding. Hot work is prohibited when the presence of a flammable atmosphere greater than 10% of the lower explosion limit (LEL) is detected. • Remain on duty for 30 minutes after welding ends. 16.12.3 Ignition Sources Contract personnel should be aware of typical ignition sources, such as welding arc cutting torches, electric power tools (such as drills, sanders, and grinders), dew point testers, and lighters. Pneumatic tools that chip, gouge, grind, or drill are also ignition sources that require the use of hot work permits. If there is any doubt whether a piece of equipment can ignite an air-natural gas mixture, contact the contractor’s supervisor for guidance. Some specific ignition sources that are not hot work- related are described below. 16.12.3.1 Personal Electronic Devices • Personal electronic devices (phones, pagers, cameras, and computers) may require a non-welding hot work permit approved by facility management. • Unless cameras have been properly evaluated, they are assumed to be an ignition source (particularly those cameras with flash attachments or otor drives). Do m not use them in or around production or drilling operations without prior approval of the person in charge. Contractor Handbook | 141
  • 155. 16.12.3.2 Flashlights • Use flashlights approved by a recognized testing laboratory, such as Underwriters Laboratories (UL), as suitable for Class I, Division 1 or Division 2 Group D hazardous (classified) locations. 16.12.3.3 Portable Communication Radios • Use portable communication radios approved and identified by a recognized testing laboratory, such as Underwriters Laboratories as suitable for Class I, Division 1 locations. 16.12.3.4 Other Electronic Equipment • Many types of electronic equipment are not intrinsically safe. When using non-intrinsically safe equipment, take the same precautions as used during welding operations and complete and obtain approval for a non-welding hot work permit. If contractors are in doubt about the equipment, they should ask the contractor’s supervisor for guidance. 16.12.4 Use of Solvents • Do not use gasoline, Varsol® mineral spirits, or any other flammable liquids as a cleaning fluid. Aircraft maintenance is excluded from this guideline. Painters are excluded from this requirement only when cleaning their paint-spraying equipment. • Use commercial fire-safe solvents for cleaning mechanical equipment. A safe solvent is a class IIIA liquid; it has a flash point above 140° F and below 200° F. If in doubt about fire-safe solvents, consult the profit center’s safety representative. • Refer to the MSDS for safety precaution information and for guidelines about the proper PPE to use when handling solvents. 142 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 156. 16.13 Electrical Safety 16.13.1 Electrical Safe-Work Practice Each contractor company must have an electrical safety awareness program in place, and the contractor company must train its employees per applicable regulations, laws, or policies. At a minimum, this training must include the following topics. However, contractor employees required to perform work on electrical installations may need additional training and/or certifications as determined by the contractor company. • Do not work on or alter electrical circuits, extension cords, tools, or any other types of electrical equipment, unless you are qualified to do so. Individuals performing electrical work must be able to meet the competency requirements and have personal PPE and tools needed to perform a specific task. • Be cautious when working around electrical equipment. • Do not touch electrical equipment while standing in water, on metal floors or ladders, on damp concrete, or on other well-grounded surfaces. • Do not operate electrical equipment when your skin surfaces are damp or when you are wearing wet shoes or damp clothing. • Post caution signs on electrical equipment for voltages of 600 volts and below. • Post danger signs on electrical equipment for voltages above 600 volts. • Follow the appropriate Isolation of Hazardous Energy procedure when working n any electrical equipment. o • All work is to be done in a de-energized state. Contractor Handbook | 143
  • 157. • Use explosionproof and non-sparking tools and extension cords where potentially explosive atmospheres exist. 16.13.2 Electrical Fuses • Testing for the absence of voltage is an essential part of establishing an electrically safe work condition, and requires employees demonstrate the ability to use voltage detectors. • De-energize circuits by using Isolation of Hazardous Energy procedures before replacing fuses. • Do not bridge fuses or circumvent the normal operation of circuit breakers. • Do not replace blown fuses with fuses having a higher amperage or lower voltage rating. To maintain proper circuit protection, only qualified workers will replace blown fuses. • Use a fuse puller to remove cartridge fuses. 16.13.3 Extension Cords Use extension cords only in temporary situations. Use proper construction methods to create permanent electrical connections where more than temporary needs exist. • GFCIs on all cord-connected electric power tools and other cord-connected devices are required. These whip cords (not more than 2 feet in length) should be plugged directly into the premise receptacle if non- explosionproof. • Where premise wiring connections originate at an explosionproof receptacle, an explosionproof adapter cord (not more than 2 feet) should be used, power extended to the work site using suitable extension cord, with a GFCI whip cord connected for equipment connections at the hazardous area. 144 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 158. • Always test GFCIs immediately before use to ensure proper working order. • Protect cords against contact with oil, welding hoses, chemicals, and hot surfaces. • Do not hang cords over nails or sharp edges. Do not place them where vehicles may run over them. • Always connect the non-explosionproof connection first and disconnect it last when using adapter cords, such as pigtails. For more information, refer to the Chevron Non-Welding Hot Work Plan notes section on page 3. Inspect all extension cords before use. Address the following items during the inspection and take appropriate action to use the extension cord: • Use extension cords in classified areas that are designed for explosionproof service. • Do not connect multiple cords to extend the length. • Discard cords found with abrasions, cuts, or repairs covered with electrical tape. • Make and break all connections under zero energy state. • Tape connections with electrical tape when connecting electrical tools and whips for shock protection. • Do not place cords in walkways or areas that impose a tripping hazard. 16.13.4 Static Electricity • Electrically bond barges and trucks to loading or unloading lines before connecting hoses and opening hatch covers. • Bond nozzles to the vessel first if using steam or water to clean oil storage tanks and separators. Contractor Handbook | 145
  • 159. • Use antistatic sandblasting hoses, or electrically bond the nozzle to the vessel being blasted. NO SMOKING FLAMMABLE • Do not use plastic buckets to collect hydrocarbons. A metal bucket with a metal handle is acceptable, as long as the handle does not have a plastic or wood grip. Plastic or wood grips prevent buckets from bonding to the valve or other metal parts, and the static charges generated cannot dissipate. Onshore – bury rod 8-feet deep to ground it Offshore – bond electricity to the facility 16.14 Confined Space Each contractor company must have a Confined Space Entry program in place, and the contractor company must train its employees to use the process per applicable regulations, laws, or policies. At a minimum, this training must include the ability to recognize a confined space and an awareness of the requirements for entering. Work in a confined space is allowed only after the appropriate permits are obtained and training is completed. Confined space is defined as a space that: • Is large enough and so configured so that an employee can enter the space and perform the assigned work. • Has limited or restricted means for entry or exit (e.g., tanks, vessels, silos, storage bins, hoppers, vaults, and pits). • Is not designed for continuous employee occupancy. When a contractor enters a permit-required space, both Chevron personnel and the contractor have responsibilities as outlined in the following section. 146 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 160. Permit-required confined space is a space that has one or more of the following characteristics: • Contains or has the potential to contain a hazardous atmosphere • Contains a material that has the potential to engulf an entrant • Has an internal configuration where an entrant could be trapped or asphyxiated by inwardly converging walls or by a floor that slopes downward and tapers to a smaller cross section • Contains any other recognized serious safety or health hazard 16.14.1 Chevron Responsibilities Chevron has these responsibilities when someone enters a permit-required space: • Assign a Chevron onsite representative to provide oversight during the entry. This person must be qualified to oversee work in confined spaces either through training or experience. • The platform operator must review and sign the Confined Space Permit before work begins. • Take effective measures to prevent entry by unauthorized personnel. If inspection or work verification requires entry by Chevron personnel, each person entering must be trained as an authorized entrant. • Make visitors aware of permit-required confined space activities. • When personnel perform work that involves permit- space entry: –  Select a qualified contractor to perform entry work. –  Using the Permit to Work process, obtain approval for a plan for isolating, cleaning, and entering the confined space. Contractor Handbook | 147
  • 161. –  Using the proper Isolation of Hazardous Energy procedures, isolate, lock, and block all potential sources of energy and contamination. –  Empty or drain the confined space of liquids and gases that are flammable or toxic. –  Turn the confined space over to a qualified contractor to perform assigned work. –  Inform the contractor of the elements associated with the hazards that make the space a permit space. Provide copies of all MSDS associated with the prior contents. –  Inform the contractor of any precautions or procedures (such as Isolation of Hazardous Energy) that Chevron has implemented for the protection of employees in or near confined spaces where contractor personnel will be working. –  Coordinate entry operations between Chevron and contractor personnel when Chevron personnel will be working near confined spaces. –  Appoint the prime contractor to govern and coordinate entry operations when more than one contractor is participating in entry operations. –  Debrief the contractor at the conclusion of the entry operations. In brief narrative form, identify all hazards confronted during entry operations. Send a copy of the permit and narrative to the confined space process advisor. 16.14.2 Contractor Responsibilities All qualified contractors who perform confined space entry operations must: • Obtain information regarding confined space hazards and entry operations from Chevron. • Coordinate entry operations with Chevron. 148 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 162. • Provide the Chevron location with a copy of the confined space program that the contractor will follow and maintain a copy at the work location for the duration of the job. Program must meet or exceed the program outlined here and must identify the entry permit that will be used by the contractor. • Initially monitor and then continue to monitor the confined space in accordance with the procedures established in Evaluating Permit-Space Conditions. • Participate in the debriefing at the conclusion of the entry operations to communicate any hazards confronted during entry operations. • Provide Chevron with a copy of the completed entry permit and include any debriefing notes. A copy should be kept at the field’s records location for one year and a copy sent to the GOM HES group. • Share the required annual evaluation results with the GOMBU Confined Space Advisor when completed. Note: Although the regulations allow an attendant (entry watch) to monitor more than one confined space operation at a time when certain conditions are met, the GOMBU allows an attendant (entry watch) to monitor one confined space activity at a time. It is the Chevron onsite representative’s responsibility to communicate with the person leading work and ensure compliance. Contractor Handbook | 149
  • 163. 16.15 Bypassing Critical Protections Chevron Production Facilities Only Anyone engaged in facility operation, including the bypassing of safety devices, will be fully cognizant of the potential for undesirable events ranging from minor upsets to catastrophic equipment failure. There will be no deviation from this policy. 16.15.1 Flag Any surface or subsurface safety device that is temporarily out of service will be flagged: • To be in compliance with the regulations • To be a visual reminder/alert to all personnel that a safety device is in bypass 16.15.2 Minimum Number of Devices You may bypass only safety devices required to allow the startup, testing, or maintenance task to be performed. Although it may be convenient to use a group bypass or to bypass extra safety devices to prevent nuisance shut-ins, use of such group devices is a clear violation of bypassing more than the minimum. As soon as the task is completed, place the safety device(s) back in service and remove the flag/tag. 16.15.3 Monitor and Control Personnel will monitor the bypassed or blocked-out functions until the safety devices are placed back in service. An operator will be in a position to monitor the function of the bypassed device. If you detect an abnormal condition, you must take corrective action (close inlet valve, ESD platform, etc.) to prevent an undesirable event. 150 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 164. 16.15.4 Qualified Person A qualified person is one who has successfully completed a production, safety-system training program and is familiar with the site-specific monitoring procedures of that facility. Any person that has not received the required training must be directly supervised by a qualified person when engaged in installing, testing, inspecting, flagging, bypassing, monitoring, or maintaining safety devices. 16.15.5 Training All contract Production Safety System (PSS)-trained operations personnel are required to complete the Flag, Bypass, and Monitor (FBM) training modules on an annual basis. Newly hired PSS-trained contract operators will be given a hard copy of the FBM process as soon as practical and they will formally introduced to the FBM process by field management during their first hitch on Chevron property. 16.16 Excavation An excavation is any man-made cut, cavity, trench, or depression in an earth surface, formed by earth removal. When Chevron personnel and a contractor enter a permitrequired space, each has responsibilities as outlined below. 16.16.1 Requirements • Identify and mitigate hazards associated with excavations before work begins. • Complete the steps necessary to properly and safely prepare the job site and equipment for the start of work. Contractor Handbook | 151
  • 165. • Protect personnel who enter excavations by using support systems (e.g., shoring, bracing, sloping, benching, and shields). Design and construct the excavation support system using competent, trained persons. • Train personnel performing work for competence in the roles for which they are responsible. • Inspect excavation shoring or bracing systems daily and after a rainstorm, earthquake, or other hazard- increasing occurrence. • Cease all work in the excavation until necessary precautions have been taken to safeguard personnel. 16.16.2 Roles and Responsibilities • Competent person (qualified professional) • Registered professional engineer • Person entering excavation • Operator of powered excavating equipment • Qualified gas tester A single individual may fulfill more than one role as long as he or she meets the training and knowledge requirements, and is able to fully meet multiple responsibilities. 16.16.3 Competent Person (Qualified Professional) • Has received additional third-party training and has been qualified as a excavation competent person • Is capable of identifying existing and predictable hazards in the surroundings, or working conditions which are unsanitary, hazardous, or dangerous to employees and has authorization to take prompt corrective measures to eliminate them 152 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 166. 16.16.4 Critical Components • Pre-Job Planning and Hazard Analysis –  The scope of the job and the hazards that can be encountered will dictate the amount of planning that is required. • Collect Site Data –  Soil analysis is important to determine appropriate sloping, benching, and shoring. • Utilities and Pre-Work Site Inspection –  Before excavation, the work team leader will thoroughly inspect the site to determine if special safety measures must be taken. –  Underground utilities such as sewers, telephone, fuel, electric, water lines, or any other underground installations that may be encountered during excavation work shall be located and marked, and proper notifications made, before excavation with powered equipment begins. • Permit to Work – A Permit to Work and Excavation Permit are required for any excavation work and before breaking the surface. Additional permits may also be required depending on the nature of the work (i.e., hot work, confined space entry, electrical). • Inspections – A competent person will conduct inspections before the start of each shift or when conditions change. 16.16.5 Modes of Failure • All excavations, no matter what depth, may be hazardous. Personnel involved must recognize modes of failure and understand Soil Type A (most stable) -B-C. Contractor Handbook | 153
  • 167. • Excavations greater than or equal to 5 feet deep are particularly hazardous and must be shored unless: –  The face is cut back to a safe slope and the material in the face will remain stable under anticipated conditions of work and weather; or –  Shoring is impracticable or unreasonable, and a civil engineer or other qualified professional has certified that adequate safety precautions have been taken; or –  No one will be entering the excavation. • Excavations shallower than 5 feet have been known to collapse. Provide protection of personnel in excavations lower than 5 feet where hazardous ground movement may be expected. • Control exposure to vehicular traffic. • Erect barriers to prevent unauthorized people from entering the excavation area or accidental falls into the excavation. • Locate the exact position of the utility precisely by hand digging or probing with a blunt object. • A civil engineer or other qualified professional must review excavation in close proximity to buildings, roads, retaining walls, and other structures before the excavation is started to determine the appropriate controls to address the risk of cave-in. • Control surface water and cutoff drains. 16.16.6 Evacuation Permits • The Chevron GOM Excavation (Specialized) Permit will be completed for all excavations and trenches where equipment is used and soil is removed to a depth greater than 12 inches. • All excavations where employees are to enter are to be evaluated as a confined space. 154 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 168. Note: The Competent Person (CP) listed at the bottom of the form can be either a Chevron CP or a contractor CP. 16.16.7 Leadership Expectations • Implement this standard at all onshore facilities. • Ensure contractors involved in excavation understand and follow this standard when they are under Chevron’s operational control. Contractor Handbook | 155
  • 169. 17.0 Crane and Rigging Safety 17.0 Lifting and Rigging Safety The following requirements apply to all contract companies operating cranes under Chevron’s operational control. Some sections contain information specific to cranes on Chevron facilities. These requirements do not apply to contractor cranes not on Chevron facilities. Note: The use of field-modified or non-certified lifting and hoisting equipment is prohibited. Field- modified or non-certified lifting equipment must be removed from service immediately and reported to your supervisor. Speak with your supervisor if you have any questions. 17.1 Training All contract employees who perform rigging or operate cranes on Chevron property must have current documentation verifying successful completion of Qualified Crane Operator/Rigger training in accordance with API RP 2D, latest edition. 17.2 Heavy Lifts/Hazardous Lift Evaluate all lift paths to minimize exposure where possible. Review the load chart before the lift to determine if heavy lift inspection is required. All sling tags will reference the rated capacity of a Horizontal sling angle minimum of 45 degrees. Note: Never use a horizontal sling angle less than 45 egrees. The optimum angle for rigging d practices is 45 to 75 degrees. 156 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 170. • Hazardous lift – At a minimum, hazardous lifts are defined as any lifts made over unprotected pressurized equipment where the consequence of a dropped load could result in significant damage or injury to personnel. Additional consideration should be given to nonroutine lifts of hazardous materials (acids, flammable liquids, pressurized equipment, etc.). • Heavy lift – A nonroutine lift (i.e., drilling, workover, construction, wireline, etc.) is equal to or greater than 75% of the rated capacity per the load chart, at the anticipated minimum boom angle/maximum radius of the lift, at either a dynamic or static condition. 17.3 Weather All contractors operating cranes under Chevron’s operational control are required to define environmental operating parameters for crane operation. These parameters will reflect the limitations of the crane(s) used and the requirements of the contract company’s crane program. For Chevron and contract company cranes on Chevron facilities, the following environmental parameters have been established: • Dynamic load charts are designed using six-foot to eight- foot seas or 24-mph wind speeds. If the wind and sea conditions exceed these values, the Chevron person in charge should consider consulting with the manufacturer for possible temporary de-rating of the crane’s dynamic load capacity. Vessel operators may have more restrictive weather guidelines for their vessels, which may take into account current strength, as well as wind and sea conditions. Contractor Handbook | 157
  • 171. Crane operations must be stopped under these conditions: Weather and Sea Conditions That Stop Crane Operations Conditions Operations Stopped Seas meet or exceed 12 feet All dynamic crane operations Winds meet or exceed 35 mph All crane operations, static and dynamic Lightning is in the vicinity All crane operations, static and dynamic 17.4 Crane Repairs and Alterations • Take the crane out of service or restrict its operations to eliminate the unsafe condition if adjustments or repairs to the crane are necessary or any deficiencies that impair safe operation are known. • Perform repairs to critical components in accordance with API RP 2D. • A qualified crane inspector must approve/authorize a crane taken out of service for repair of critical components before it can go back into service. • If a crane is taken out of service, place an Out of Service sign over the primary controls (should be isolated using local Isolation of Hazardous Energy procedures). If a crane has been out of service for more than 12 months, perform an annual inspection before the crane is placed back into service. 158 | GOMBU Shelf and DWEP BU Deepwater
  • 172. 17.5 Sling Certification Do not use the sling if the identification tag is missing. Render the sling unusable and dispose of it if a replacement tag cannot be obtained. All wire rope slings and nylon slings must contain identification tags consistent with the following required information: • Diameter and length • Pertinent working load limits • Name of manufacturer • Proof of test certification number and date • A valid color code identification to indicate that an annual sling inspection has been conducted. (see page 161 Color Code table) Note: Do not use chain slings for lifting, except when used with overhead hoists during maintenance operations. The Chevron GOM Crane team must approve exceptions for special lift operations. 17.6 Sling Inspections 17.6.1 Pre-Use Inspection A qualified rigger must visually inspect all slings before each lift operation. This inspection should include visual examination for kinking, crushing, bird-caging, or any other damage to the wire rope or end attachments. For synthetic web slings, inspection should include holes, tears, cuts, embedded particles, and broken or worn stitching. Additionally, the qualified rigger must verify that all slings have proper certification tags. Contractor Handbook | 159
  • 173. No foreign Acid Damage Worn Wires substance, including spray Heat Damage Corroded paints, marker ink, lubricants, or Cuts Bird Caging protective coatings must be Sling Abuse Cuts & Tensile Damage applied to synthetic straps Kinked & Crushed and slings, unless Abrasion Damage specifically Worn & Deformed approved by the Face Cuts Attachment manufacturer. If a foreign Punctures & Snags substance is found on nylon Tensile Breaks slings and straps, a qualified person Illegible or Missing Tag should evaluate the sling or strap to determine Photos courtesy of Lift-All Inc.® suitability for its intended use. Render unusable any sling or strap found unfit for intended use, and properly dispose of it. 17.6.2 Annual Inspection The annual inspection of third-party slings is the responsibility of the vendors providing the slings. Render inoperable all slings taken out of service, and properly dispose of them. 17.6.3 Identification Codes A color and/or shape code easily identifies a component or item of rigging gear with the current inspection status. Each SBU will use a minimum of three colors and/or shapes, which are conspicuously displayed at the workplaces. Do not apply the color and/or shape code identification directly to the load-bearing part of a 160 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 174. synthetic sling; place it on the identification tag so that it does not obscure any critical data. Annual Sling Inspection and Color Identification • For wire rope slings, during the annual inspection, paint all sling sleeves in acceptable condition (crimps only) with the appropriate color code for that year. Refer to the Color Code table. Note: When new Chevron-owned slings are received on a location, notify Smart Support with the new slings’ data (platform, sling type, certification number and installation date, vertical capacity, wire rope diameter and length). • Nylon (web) slings will be changed out on an annual basis (12 months from “born on” date). Slings will be marked with “born on” date, the sling’s certification number, and the color code for the ear that the sling y is purchased. Color Code Table Year Color Krylon Paint # 2010 Yellow 1813 2011 Brown 1317 2012 Green 2012 2013 Purple 1929 2014 Yellow 1813 2015 Brown 1317 2016 Green 2012 2017 Purple 1929 Contractor Handbook | 161
  • 175. • All qualified riggers are trained (as per API 2D) to perform the annual sling and cargo-carrying unit (CCU) inspections. • Slings that fail the annual inspection are removed from service and are destroyed and discarded (rendered unusable). • All qualified crane operators and riggers are trained to conduct pre-use inspections to identify damaged or defective rigging as per API standards. • All crane operators, riggers, and associated individuals that are using slings can remove any questionable slings from service. • All crane operators, riggers, and shorebase personnel monitor slings during their pre-use inspection to ensure that each sling has the current color code. 17.6.4 Sling Storage Do not store slings on the deck or ground. Store and maintain slings in a well-ventilated building or shed to minimize corrosion. If space limitations require storing slings along the side of the platform, secure them to prevent abrasion from rubbing. Store nylon slings in a way that provides UV protection. Never use the guardrail or handrail as an anchor point for lifting or supporting a load (i.e., sling storage), or as an anchor point for fall protection gear. Light lifesaving devices, such as buoys and floats, as well as ESD stations, may be mounted to guardrails. 17.7 Rigging Hardware – Maintenance and Inspection 17.7.1 Shackles Before making a lift, visually inspect shackles used in lifting: • Check the pin for straightness and complete seating. 162 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 176. • Look for cracks, deformities, and evidence of heat damage or alterations. • Check the distance between eyes for signs of opening up. • Check eyes for roundness and twisting. Discard unsuitable shackles. Also, discard those shackles that do not clearly show the rated capacity or that are worn by more than 10% of the original diameter in the crown or pin. As a standard practice, each shackle in a bridle hitch should be one size larger than the size of the wire rope (sling) used. As shown in the following table, the pin size is one size larger than the shackle size (e.g., a 5/8-in. shackle will have a ¾-in. pin diameter). Shackle Pin Size Requirements Sling Diameter Shackle Size Pin Size ½ inch 5/8 inch 3/4 inch 5/8 inch 3/4 inch 7/8 inch 3/4 inch 7/8 inch 1 inch 17.7.2 Eyebolts • Carefully inspect eyebolts before each lift. Check them for wear or damage, cracks, bending, elongation or other deformities, and damaged or dirty threads; also check the receiving holes. Look for evidence of grinding, cutting, machining, or other alterations. • Remove from service and discard any unsuitable eye bolts exhibiting any of the above conditions. Contractor Handbook | 163
  • 177. 17.7.3 Hooks • Visually inspect hooks for cracks, corrosion, bending, twisting, wear, general damage, and missing or corroded pins and bolts. • Replace hooks that were opened more than 15% of their nominal throat opening or twisted more than 10 degrees from the plane of the unbent hook. • Make sure that all hooks, except sorting and choker hooks, have functioning latches. • Verify that there is no paint on the hook. 17.7.4 Pad Eyes • Flame-cut pad eyes are prohibited in operations under Chevron’s operational control, unless followed by machining away at least 1/8 inch from the material after burning. All pad eyes must be of an engineered design suitable for the intended load and service. • Visually inspect pad eyes before making a lift by checking them for evidence of bending, crushing, bulges, burrs, or other deformities. They should also be inspected for cracks, excessive rust, wrinkled paint, and indications that the pad eye has been modified. • Make sure that all pad eyes are smooth in the direction of the lift to prevent point-load stress failures during lift operations. Replace the pad eyes if they exhibit any of these conditions. • Drill, ream, punch, or cut holes in pad eyes fabricated in the shop or fabrication yard with a mechanically guided torch at right angles to the surface of the metal to ensure a smooth surface in the direction of the lift. • Punching must not be used on a plate more than 1/2 inch thick; other methods may be used, if they are approved by Facilities Engineering personnel. 164 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 178. • If the pad eye design includes addition of cheek plates, all holes must be fabricated after the cheek plates are completely welded in place. Holes must be cleanly cut and must not have torn or ragged edges. All holes must be made before surface preparation and painting. Field construction of pad eyes is discouraged. However, if this becomes necessary, the pad eyes must: • Be properly designed and approved by a qualified engineer. • Be properly installed by a qualified/certified welder. • Have smooth bearing surfaces in the direction of the lift ground. • Pass inspection by the appropriate nondestructive testing technique (ultrasonic, x-ray, or magnetic particle examination). 17.8 Delivering and/or Handling Cargo at Chevron Facilities To assure safe operations at our facilities, the following guidelines for contractors operating cranes or delivering material and cargo to Chevron facilities will be enforced. • Chevron personnel will examine cargo and refuse to attach or lift any load they judge to be unsafe. • The contractor will be asked to correct situations when their company is involved in improper crane operations or rigging practices. Improperly prepared cargo may be returned to the contracting company at the contracting company’s expense. • All lifting equipment and containers must be in good condition and capable of handling intended loads. • Do not use chains as slings. • Do not cut or weld lifting equipment. Contractor Handbook | 165
  • 179. • Use bolt-type safety shackles (with cotter pin or keeper ring) for permanent rigging. Only shackles with the manufacturer’s name or logo and the load-bearing capacity embossed in raised letters on the shackle body are permitted. • Do not alter lifting equipment, such as shackles, hooks, or pad eyes, by welding or cutting. • Use only stainless and forged alloy shackles. • Verify that all hooks, including choker hooks and sorting hooks, have functional safety latches and that the latch is completely closed when in use. • Use steel thimbles on all wire rope sling eyes. • Permanently mark all skid-mounted equipment (e.g., welding machines, air compressors, pumps) that exceeds 1,000 pounds capacity with the maximum weight of the equipment. • Permanently mark the maximum design “gross” weight capacity and “net” (empty) weight on all cargo containers, such as trash baskets, tool baskets, grocery boxes, drum racks, gas cylinder racks, cutting boxes, sensitive material bins, hazardous material bins, and portable racks. • Upon request, the operator must be able to provide documentation certifying that the cargo containers and skids are of an engineered design capable of withstanding the stated maximum loads. • Configure or pre-rig for a one-point hookup all cargo (excluding tubular containers) delivered to shorebase locations for shipment offshore. • Attach slings to loads with shackles, rather than hooks, except in these circumstances: –  A stinger is attached directly to a load for a one point lift. –  Adjustable choker slings are used. –  Loading or unloading casing at drilling or workover rigs. 166 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 180. Note: This shackle requirement does not apply to shorebase or land locations. • Only use synthetic web slings and adjustable sliding choker slings for choker configurations. • Use bolt-type safety shackles (with cotter pin or keeper ring) for permanent rigging. • Do not shorten or alter a sling by knotting, clipping, or other means. • Annually inspect and verify that the slings have certification tags (in accordance with API RP 2D). • Do not externally cover slings with any material that would prevent visual inspection. For example, do not cover wire rope slings with a rubber hose. • Use a drum rack to move drums to or from a vessel offshore. On platform lifts (static lifts), move drums with synthetic web slings using choker hitches and move single metal drums with a locking drum clamp. Do not use cargo nets to move drums. • Place loose items, such as drums, sacks, valves, and buckets in appropriate containers (cargo baskets) to make loading and offloading more safe and efficient at offshore facilities. Cargo placed in cargo baskets should not exceed the top of the basket and should not protrude over or through the sides of the basket. If the cargo does not safely fit in the basket, lift it as a separate or single load. • Do not attach or detach loads on their vehicles for the purpose of crane lifts while on Chevron property. • Truck drivers are required to use personal protective equipment in accordance with Chevron PPE requirements. • The freight company must furnish fastening equipment for securing cargo on motor vehicles on Chevron property. Contractor Handbook | 167
  • 181. • Vessel captains and crane operators are responsible for determining the safety of cargo transfers between marine vessels and Chevron facilities. Either party may refuse to make a transfer for safety reasons. Marine companies will not be penalized for refusal to make such a transfer. • The captain of the vessel must ensure that cargo is properly positioned and secured on the vessel before leaving our facilities. The marine company must furnish fastening equipment for securing cargo on marine vessels. The captain of the vessel has final authority to refuse to transport any cargo not properly secured. Contractors should direct any questions about these guidelines to the appropriate Transportation or Operations supervisor. 17.9 Tag Lines All lifts being moved to or from a boat will have a tag line. • The tag line should be made from ¼-in. hemp rope, and should extend between 15 to 20 feet from the load. The line will be attached to the load. • For large loads, two tag lines are recommended with one placed at each end of the load. • When using a tag line to direct a load into place, be aware that the load can swing into other objects when you apply too much force in the wrong direction at the wrong time. Pull easily until the load turns, and then direct it into place by using only enough force to get it there. • Special lifting configurations may require longer tag lines. • Tag lines will be free of any knots, splices, or loops. • There are additional risks to be aware of when using tag lines, which include, but are not limited to: –  The possibility of injuries from falling objects as a result of personnel handling cargo working in closer proximity to loads. 168 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 182. –  There are potential injuries resulting from personnel handling cargo: •  Being dragged if a heavy load rotates in an uncontrolled manner. •  The tag line could be fouled in limbs or clothing. –  There are potential injuries resulting from tag lines secured to adjacent fixed structures, parting due to a heavy load, and snapping in an uncontrolled manner. When using tag lines, observe the following: • Tag lines are an aid in positioning the load. • Keep all sections of the line, including slack, in front of the body, between the person handling the tag line and the load. • Hold tag lines where they can be quickly released. Do not wrap tag lines around the hands, wrists, or any other part of the body. • When wearing gloves, take care that the tag line does not foul the glove. • Do not secure or attach tag lines to any structure, equipment, handrails, stanchions, cleats, or any other items. • Where tag lines have already been installed on the load, consider using a boathook to retrieve the tag line to avoid being close to or under the load. 17.10 Overhead Hoists • Any Chevron or contractor-employed person, company, or contractor who operates an overhead hoist under Chevron’s operational control must be a qualified rigger. • Maintain a file at each field location for all overhead hoists installed in that field. This file contains copies of the pre-use inspection forms, annual inspection forms, and all maintenance and repair documentation. These records must be retained for a period of four years for Chevron facilities. Contractor Handbook | 169
  • 183. • A qualified rigger must perform and document a pre-use inspection on the Overhead Hoist Pre-Use Inspection Form before operating Chevron-owned overhead hoists. Pre-use inspections are required once per day when a hoist is operated. 17.11 Requirements for Chevron– and Contractor-Owned Cranes on Chevron Facilities 17.11.1 Contract Crane Operator Classifications The following table details Chevron’s contract crane operator classifications. Contract Crane Operator Classifications Contract Crane Operator Classifications A Experience Requirement Restrictions Minimum of one year’s experience operating cranes in an offshore environment and successful completion (100% score) of the Chevron Contractor Crane Operator Checklist Class A crane operators are not required to repeat the checklist process when operating similar types of cranes in other field locations 170 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 184. Contract Crane Operator Classifications (continued) Contract Crane Operator Classifications B C Experience Requirement Restrictions Minimum of six months’ experience operating cranes in an offshore environment • Cannot perform any heavy lifts, personnel lifts, or hazardous lifts Less than six months’ experience operating cranes in an offshore environment • Cannot perform any heavy lifts, personnel lifts, or hazardous lifts • Subject to Chevron Class B crane operator restrictions • Subject to Chevron Class C crane operator restrictions Contractor Handbook | 171
  • 185. 17.11.2 Contract Crane Operator Checklist The Chevron Contractor Crane Operator Checklist is administered by a Chevron-qualified observer and witnessed by the onsite contractor supervisor, if available. Upon successful completion of this checklist, the contract crane operator is considered a Class A crane operator in accordance with Chevron’s crane program. Contract crane operators who do not successfully complete the checklist are given one opportunity to review the checklist’s content and take the test again. If a contract crane operator is unable to complete the checklist successfully after the second attempt, that individual must wait for 30 days before retaking the test. A copy of the operator’s completed checklist must be maintained in the field crane files and sent to the GOM crane coordinators. A list of Class A contract crane operators is available for review on the Employee Resource and Training Center (ERTC) website. The qualified observer may conduct re-evaluations of each contract operator and upgrade or downgrade the classification of each operator. Additionally, the qualified observer should give special consideration to re-evaluating crane operators based on their experience with different types of cranes (joystick controls, standard controls, etc.). 17.11.3 Weight Indicators If weight indicators are installed, they must be maintained in operational condition, or they must be removed. All components of the weight indicator (e.g., hoses, cells) must be removed from the crane when the indicator gauge is removed. If needed, weight indicators can be temporarily installed for periods of high crane usage. Cargo weight over 1,000 pounds must be recorded on the shipping manifest and marked legibly on the cargo before shipping. If the cargo weight is unknown and a weight 172 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 186. indicator is not installed, the cargo weight must be determined by using a dynamometer or some other means. Dynamometers must not be used under dynamic conditions. When a dynamometer is used to determine weight, the dynamometer serial number and load weight must be recorded on the shipping manifest. For loads sent from field locations to the shorebase locations, the load weights must be verified with the shorebase cranes. Any significant deviations from the shipping manifest must be communicated to the Operations supervisor. The calibration frequency for dynamometers should follow the manufacturer’s recommendations (typically annually). 17.11.4 Unattended Control Stations Before leaving the control station unattended for a prolonged period, the crane operator must follow these steps: 1. Land any attached load. 2. Disengage the master clutch, where applicable. 3. Set all locking devices. 4. Put controls in the off or neutral position. 5. Stop the prime mover. 6. Assure that no component of the crane will interfere with normal helicopter flight operations. Some wireline operations require that the crane be left attached to the suspended lubricator (lubricator stabbed and resting on the tree connection). This is an acceptable practice as long as the procedures listed above are followed. Contractor Handbook | 173
  • 187. 17.11.5 Bypass of Safety Devices The bypass of safety devices during pre-use inspections is acceptable. However, bypassing the boom kick-out, anti- two-blocking, or other limiting device on a crane for reasons other than inspections will not be allowed, unless authorized by the Operations supervisor and properly tagged and documented. A tag listing the date and name of the authorizing person must be attached to the crane whenever a bypass is authorized. This information must also be documented in the platform logbook. The tag must be in plain view of the crane operator. In addition, a written JSA is required before performing the lift. 17.12 Communication • Discuss with the lift team (the qualified crane operator, qualified rigger(s), and vessel captain) the circumstances of the lift before making the lift. • The qualified crane operator must obtain all pertinent information contained on the shipping manifest before cargo transfer begins. • The qualified crane operator is responsible for the safe operation of the crane and has the authority to refuse to make any lift. After consultation with the crane operator, the vessel captain determines if the cargo can be transferred to or from the vessel safely. Either party may refuse to make a transfer for safety reasons. 17.12.1 Radio Communication Lift team members must use radios and hand signals to communicate during the lift operation. If radio communication is not available for key members of the team, a written JSA is required. The team must have the written or verbal approval of the Operations supervisor (or designee) before conducting the lift operation. 174 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 188. Note: The team must verify that the type of radio used is uitable for the work environment. The use s of radios, as well as other portable electronic devices, must be done in accordance with the Chevron Hot Work Guidelines. Refer to the Non-Welding Hot Work Risk Matrix for clarification on specific requirements. 17.12.2 Pre-Lift Checklist and JSA When feasible, the lift team should prepare a written JSA before beginning a lift operation. In certain cases, a written JSA is required (e.g., heavy lifts and lifts without radios). Use a Crane Pre-Lift Checklist or the Crane Operations JSA (aka Yellow Card) in lift operations where a written JSA may not be feasible. For example, use the checklist yellow card in cases such as dynamic lifts, where part of the lift team is on a platform and the other part of the team is on a boat. The checklist/crane operations JSA are tools containing a bulleted list of key safety checkpoints for crane operation. Before beginning the lift operation, all members of the lift team must have access to a copy of this checklist and verbally (by radio) review each bullet to ensure all safety requirements have been met. 17.12.3 Lift Team Responsibilities The lift team consists of all key personnel involved in the planning and execution of a lift operation. The team typically includes a qualified crane operator, one or more qualified riggers, and the vessel captain. Depending on the scope of the lift operation, the lift team may also include the facilities engineer, facilities representative, drilling representative, workover representative, and production operator. Contractor Handbook | 175
  • 189. Key responsibilities of the lift team are outlined in the following list. The specific responsibilities of key lift team members are provided in later sections of this handbook. 17.12.3.1 Pre-Operation The lift team has these responsibilities before beginning the operation: • Conduct a pre-lift meeting to review the scope of work and the execution plan. • Review the Crane Pre-Lift Checklist with all members of the lift team. • Prepare a written JSA for all heavy lifts and nonroutine lifts. • Evaluate lift operations to determine if additional qualified riggers are needed to assist in loading or offloading operations. • Ensure that a clear method of communication is established. • Assess site conditions to ensure that the lift operation can be conducted safely, taking care to include sea state, currents, wind speed and direction, weather, size of the vessel, position of cargo, and adequate lighting. • Review the lift path and the weight of the loads to determine if specific simultaneous operations procedures are required to protect production equipment from falling loads. 17.12.3.2 During Operation The lift team has these responsibilities during the operation: • Maintain constant communication between all lift team members. • Stop work and conduct another pre-lift meeting if site conditions change or if the lift operations change from the original plan. Complete a Crane Pre-Lift Checklist and JSA, as required, before continuing with the lift. 176 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 190. 17.12.4 Crane Operator Responsibilities All Chevron crane operators will be designated as Class A, B, or C operators. A qualified crane operator must be requalified every four years, at a minimum. A qualified crane operator must also meet the requirements of a qualified rigger. 17.12.4.1 Pre-Operation Before the operation, the crane operator has these responsibilities: • Participate in the pre-lift meeting as discussed in the 17.12.3 Lift Team Responsibilities. • Conduct a pre-use inspection before beginning crane operations. • Ensure that heavy lift inspections were completed within 21 days of making a heavy lift. • Verify that all personnel involved in executing the lift operation, such as the crane operator and rigger, have the proper qualifications. • Designate a qualified rigger as a signal person to relay signals any time the qualified crane operator is unable to see a load. • Ensure that only qualified riggers and essential personnel are allowed in the work area during lift operations. • Verify load weights by load markings and shipping manifest documentation. • Verify that the appropriate load-rating chart is in place and that the rigging is properly configured to accommodate the planned loads. • Ensure that the proper rigging equipment is selected and inspected by a qualified rigger before the lift takes place. Contractor Handbook | 177
  • 191. 17.12.4.2 During Operation During the operation, the crane operator has these responsibilities: • Assume ultimate responsibility for safe operation of the crane. • Do not start machine movement unless the load or signal person is within range of vision. Appropriate signals (audible or visual) must be given. • Respond to signals only from the appointed signal person and respond to emergency stop signals from anyone at any time. • Make sure that you do not exceed the crane capacity, shown in the load chart, during crane operations. • Be aware of helicopter traffic, and follow procedures outlined in section 17.11.4 Unattended Control Stations. • Ensure there is sufficient lighting for safe operation when cranes are operated at night. The load and landing area must be illuminated. • Wear proper work clothes and personal protective equipment in accordance with Chevron PPE requirements. • Stop any lift operation that is deemed unsafe (exercise Stop-Work Authority). • Re-evaluate crane operations during bad weather or when the ability to communicate with the signal person is impaired. 17.12.4.3 Post-Operation After the operation, the crane operator has these responsibilities: • Ensure that the crane is properly secured and controls are turned off or in the neutral (for hydraulic cranes) position before leaving the crane. 178 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 192. • Do not leave an unattended crane with a load in the air. Always lower the load to the deck before leaving the crane. (See section 17.11.4 Unattended Control Stations for the exceptions to this guideline that occur during wireline operations.) 17.12.5 Rigger Responsibilities All personnel, Chevron or contract, participating in rigging operations on Chevron facilities must be qualified riggers, in accordance with API RP 2D. The riggers must provide documentation indicating that they have successfully completed a rigger training course that meets the requirements of API RP 2D. Rigging operations include, at a minimum, attaching and detaching lifting equipment to loads and providing signals to crane operators. Requalification must be conducted at least every four years. Communication among lift team members is one of the team’s most important responsibilities. 17.12.5.1 Pre-Operation Before the operation, the rigger has these responsibilities: • Participate in the pre-lift meeting as discussed in section 17.12.3. Lift Team Responsibilities. • Ensure that only qualified riggers and essential personnel are allowed in the work area during lift operations. • Verify load weights by load markings and shipping manifest documentation. • Select the proper rigging equipment and cargo container for the lift. • Make sure that the safe working loads of the equipment and tackle are never exceeded. • Inspect all hardware, equipment, tackle, and slings before use. Destroy or render unusable any defective components. Contractor Handbook | 179
  • 193. • Verify that all slings have proper certification tags. If the identification tag is missing, do not use the sling. If a replacement tag cannot be obtained, notify the Chevron representative. • Inspect all loads or cargo containers, including permanent slings or tackle. Evaluate load stability and potential for spill or release of fluids. • Ensure that a designated signal person is identified and that the team agrees upon a communication method. 17.12.5.2 During Operation During the operation, the rigger has these responsibilities: • Assume responsibility for the safety of all personnel around the crane and crane operating area, including the rigger’s personal safety. • Act as a signal person, when designated, during the lift operation. • Look for potentially unsafe situations and warn the crane operator and others in the crane operations and crane operating area. • Do not stand between the load and another stationary object or boat railing (pinch zone). The rigger should be facing the crane at a safe distance and never stand directly beneath the load. • Wear proper work clothes and personal protective equipment in accordance with Chevron PPE requirements. • Stop any lift operation deemed as unsafe (exercise Stop-Work Authority). 180 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 194. 17.12.5.3 Post-Operation After the operation, the rigger has these responsibilities: • Properly secure loads on vessels, using the equipment furnished by the vessel company. • Properly store and maintain rigging equipment and tackle. 17.12.6 Vessel Captain Responsibilities Vessel stability is the primary concern when loading a vessel. The cargo must be positioned on the deck of the vessel to facilitate rigging during offloading operations. The vessel captain is always a key member of the lift team for any lift operations that involve a boat or marine vessel. In addition to the lift team’s responsibilities previously mentioned, the vessel captain has the following responsibilities: • Participate in the pre-lift meeting, by radio. • Participate, by radio, in preparation of written JSAs, as required. • Ensure the vessel’s stability for all cargo placed upon its deck. • Verify that the proper fastening equipment for securing the cargo is onboard, in good working condition, and furnished by the vessel company. • Make sure that the cargo is properly positioned and secured before leaving the dock or offshore facility. • Ensure that all deckhands, contractors, and Chevron personnel participating in rigging operations on the vessel wear proper work clothes and personal protective equipment in accordance with Chevron PPE requirements. Contractor Handbook | 181
  • 195. • Verify that all tag lines attached to cargo are properly positioned, or remove the lines to prevent trip hazards and to prevent them from being trapped beneath other cargo. • Stop any lift operation to or from the vessel that is deemed unsafe (exercise Stop-Work Authority). • Make sure that the vessel is maneuvered away from the load during the lift operation. • Maintain communication with the lift team during lift operations via hand signals and radio. • Ensure that all cargo loaded onto the vessel is properly documented on the shipping manifest, with the weights recorded. 17.12.6.1 Pre-Use Inspection The pre-use inspection must be performed and documented before the crane is used. The inspection is typically performed on a daily basis. An inspection is also performed during extended operations whenever the qualified crane operator deems it necessary. This documentation should be maintained in the vicinity of the crane. A qualified crane operator performs this inspection. The inspection applies to all cranes, regardless of usage category. If the qualified crane operator changes, a new pre-use inspection should be performed and documented by the new operator. The pre-use inspection also includes rigging gear, such as: • Slings • Cargo baskets • Cargo containers • Cargo nets • Personnel baskets • Drum racks • Trash baskets 182 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 196. • Tool boxes • Grocery boxes • Gas cylinder racks • Sensitive material bins • Cutting boxes/bins • Hazard material bins • Portable tanks As a minimum requirement, each crane (excluding out-of-service cranes) must be operated once a month. This includes the operation of all crane functions and the testing of each safety device (one completed pre-use inspection). The crane operation requirement helps extend component life and, because of regular lubrication, helps prevent sticking of other components. 17.12.7 Alternate Lifting Devices Several lift assist devices (e.g., stiff legs, hydraulic masts, air-tuggers) currently fall outside the scope of API RP 2D. All personnel involved in installation, operation, and maintenance of these devices on Chevron properties must be qualified riggers, and they must know the manufacturer’s recommendations, guidelines, and procedures. All personnel involved in installation, operation, and maintenance of knuckle boom cranes on Chevron properties must be qualified crane operators, and they must know the manufacturer’s recommendations, guidelines, and procedures. Visually inspect the following equipment before use. In addition, prepare a written JSA with consideration given to the following items: • Weight capacity limitations • Cargo weights • Stability and anchor points Contractor Handbook | 183
  • 197. • Device placement • Weather and site conditions • Operator qualifications • Wire rope and loose gear inspection • Containment and spill potential • Safety devices • Lift team communication • Lift path 17.12.8 ISO/Shipping Containers ISO containers are manufactured according to specifications from the International Standards Organization (ISO) and are suitable for multiple transportation methods such as truck, rail, or ship (intermodal). The ISO shipping container design has limitations that include: • Dynamic load factor of 2.0 • No side impact factor • Applicable for sheltered water loading and unloading • Requires specific handling equipment such as: –  Vertical lift appliance when lifted from the top –  Lifting lugs and spreader bar when lifted from the bottom –  Fork lift To compensate for design limitations, the original rated cargo capacity of the ISO shipping container is reduced by 33% when lifted or moved in offshore application on Chevron facilities or in Chevron service. Original rated cargo capacity = Gross container weight – Container tare weight. 184 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 198. ISO shipping containers can be loaded to the original rated cargo capacity in offshore operations when in a static condition (i.e., not being lifted or moved). Future use of these containers is being reviewed, and additional guidance will be issued when that review is complete. Inspection Inspect ISO shipping containers for mechanical damage and corrosion before lifting, moving, or handling. Give particular attention to corner fittings that may have damage from use of nonstandard lifting lugs or lifting devices. No container may be lifted or moved if damage is found until the effect of the damage on the integrity of the container is assessed by a qualified engineer. Contractor Handbook | 185
  • 199. Appendix A – List of Acronyms AL Action Level ANSI American National Standards Institute API American Petroleum Institute API RP American Petroleum Institute Recommended Practice BBS Behavior-Based Safety BMP Best Management Practices BOEMRE Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement BOP Blowout Prevention BOPE Blowout Prevention Equipment BU Business Unit CBP U.S. Customs and Border Protection CCU Cargo-Carrying Unit CFC Chlorofluorocarbon CFR Code of Federal Regulations CMMS Computerized Maintenance Management System CNAEP Chevron North America Exploration and Production CO2 Carbon Dioxide CP Competent Person DOT U.S. Department of Transportation DWEP Deepwater Exploration & Projects E&P Exploration and Production ECO Export Control Officer 186 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 200. Appendix A – List of Acronyms EEP Emergency Evacuation Plan EMR Emergency Medical Responder EAM Enterprise Asset Management ERTC Employee Resource and Training Center – Chevron Training Facility ESD Emergency Shutdown FAA Federal Aviation Administration FBM Flag, Bypass, and Monitor FMT Field Management Team FN Foreign Nationals FR Fire Retardant FRC Fire-Resistant Clothing FSP Facility Security Plan GFCI Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter GOM Gulf of Mexico GOMBU Gulf of Mexico Business Unit H 2S Hydrogen Sulfide HAVS Hand-Arm Vibration Syndrome HAZCOM Hazard Communication HAZMAT Hazardous Material HBFC Hydrobromofluorocarbon HES Health, Environment and Safety HUET Helicopter Underwater Egress Training HVAC Heating, Ventilation, and Air Conditioning Contractor Handbook | 187
  • 201. Appendix A – List of Acronyms IADC International Association of Drilling Contractors ID Inside Diameter IFO Incident-Free Operations IHE Isolation of Hazardous Energy IIF Incident- and Injury-Free INC Incident of Non-Compliance ISO International Standards Organization JHA Job Hazard Analysis JLA Job Loss Analysis JSA Job Safety Analysis JSEA Job Safety Evaluation Assessment LDEQ Louisiana Department of Environmental Quality LDNR Louisiana Department of Natural Resources LEL Lower Explosion Limit LOD Letter of Determination (from USCG) MAWP Maximum Allowable Working Pressure MEA Midwest Energy Association MEK Methyl Ethyl Ketone MODU Mobile Offshore Drilling Unit MSDS Material Safety Data Sheets MSQ Management System Questionnaire MSRE Marine, Safety, Reliability, and Efficiency MSW Managing Safe Work 188 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 202. Appendix A – List of Acronyms MTSA Maritime Transportation Security Act MVC Motor Vehicle Crash NDT Nondestructive Testing NORM Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material NOTAM Notice to Airmen NPDES National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NRC National Response Center NTL Notice to Lessees and Operators (from BOEMRE) O2 Oxygen OA Office Assistant OCS Outer Continental Shelf ODS Ozone-Depleting Substances OE Operational Excellence OEMS Operational Excellence Management System OIM Offshore/Onshore Installation Manager OQ Operator Qualifications OQSG Operator Qualification Solution Group OSHA Occupational Safety and Health Administration PCB Polychlorinated Biphenyl PEL Permissible Exposure Limit Contractor Handbook | 189
  • 203. Appendix A – List of Acronyms PFD Personal Flotation Device PIC Person in Charge PINC Potential Incident of Non-Compliance (from BOEMRE) PLW Person Leading Work PPE Personal Protective Equipment psig Pounds-Per-Square-Inch-Gauge PSST Production Safety System Training PTW Permit to Work PVA Polyvinyl Alcohol PVC Polyvinyl Chloride RCA Root Cause Analysis RCRA Resource Conservation and Recovery Act SBU Strategic Business Unit SimOps Simultaneous Operations SOP Standard Operating Procedure SPSA Safe Performance Self-Assessment SSE Short-Service Employee SWA Stop-Work Authority SWP Safe Work Practice THA Task Hazard Analysis TIF Think Incident Free TRIR Total Recordable Incident Rate TSCA Toxic Substances Control Act TWIC Transportation Worker Identification Card 190 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 204. Appendix A – List of Acronyms UL Underwriters Laboratories USCG U.S. Coast Guard WellCAP Well Control Accreditation Program WST Water Survival Training Contractor Handbook | 191
  • 205. Index 2 29 CFR 1910.242, 97 29 CFR 1910.28, 93 3 30 CFR 250 Subpart O, 87 4 40 CFR 261, 75 49 CFR 40.141, 10 49 CFR Parts, 170–179, 66, 67 A blowout prevention, 32, 105, 106 BOEMRE, 26, 57, 76, 101–102, 106, 139 C captain, vessel, 54, 56, 57, 58, 62, 68, 168, 174, 175, 181 cargo, 56–58, 61, 63, 69, 70, 162, 165–169, 172–173, 174, 176, 179, 181–185 caution signs, 143 cheater pipes, 89 abrasive blasting, 83, 95, 97 Chevron Contractor Crane Operator Checklist, 170, 172 forced-air breathing equipment, 95 Chevron employees, 1, 5, 6, 100–101 accident, 20 Chevron responsibilities, 147–148 OSHA recordable, 20, 21, 31 acetylene cylinders, 111 air hose connectors, 94 crow’s feet, 94 alcohol, 8, 9, 79 ANSI standard Z87.1, 36, 38 API 2C, 6.5.3.3, 60 API RP 2D, 59, 60, 156, 158, 167, 179, 183 API Spec 2C, 59 asbestos, 73, 76, 82 B benzene, 82, 83 192 | GOMBU and DWEP BU compressed air, 97, 111 OSHA 29 CFR 1910.242, 97 compressed gas cylinders, 109–110 confined space, 94, 114, 115, 146–149, 153, 154 contact lenses, 42, 43 contractor responsibilities, 5, 148, 149 contractor safety specialist, 102, 104
  • 206. Index controlled substances, 8, 10 dynamometer, 173 crane and rigging safety, 156–157 E crane operator/rigger training, 156 emergency drills, 32, 54, 105, 107 Crane Pre-Lift Checklist, 175, 176 cutoff device, 94 cylinders, 109–111, 128 compressed gas, 65, 68, 109–111 emergency medical responders, 23, 29 entry permit, 149 excavation, 114, 115, 151–155 extension cords, 143, 144–145 inspection, 145 pigtails, 145 D eye protection, 36–42, 94 Daily Non-Welding Hot Work Permit, 52, 139 guidelines, 38–42 Daily Simultaneous Operations Log, 138 F Daily Welding Permit, 139 danger signs, 143 dead-man’s switch, 94 decision matrix, 116, 125, 136 designated hospital, 67 DOT OQ, 103 Midwest Energy Association/EnergyU.org, 103 Operator Qualification Solution Group (OQSG), 103 facilities, 11–15, 23–26, 28, 29, 31, 32, 53, 56, 59, 72, 75, 82, 94, 96, 97, 102, 113, 115, 117, 121, 129, 130, 139, 140, 150, 155, 156, 157, 165, 167, 168, 169, 170, 175, 179, 184 H2S facility, 107 fall protection/arrest equipment, 131–133, 134 fatigue, 84 fire hazard, 108, 109, 110 fires, 20, 31, 53, 94, 111 firearms, 8, 10 DOT regulations fire-safe solvents, 12, 142 (49 CFR Parts 170–179), 66, 67 first aid, 23, 49, 67 first-aid incidents, 67 Contractor Handbook | 193
  • 207. Index fueling gasoline engines, 109 height, work at, 114, 115, 130– 131, 134 G helicopter, 26, 42, 43, 51, 55, 65–67, 71, 97, 98, 99, 173, 178 fishing regulations, 14 gasoline, 13, 108–109, 142 gloves, 44–51, 63–64, 83, 90, 97, 169 galley/cooking, 44 rigging specific, 44 welding specific, 44 ground fault circuit interrupter, 90 H H2S, 107 H2S Contingency Plan, 107 hand protection, 44–51 hand tools, 89, 91 hard hat, 18, 35–36, 60, 64, 66 HES, 2–3, 6, 7, 11, 18, 21, 22, 33–34, 40, 71, 81, 94, 117, 118, 120, 133, 149 Health, Environment and Safety orientation meetings, 4 HES meetings, 33–34 hospital, 23, 67 hot work, 29, 36, 52, 89, 90, 114, 115, 138–145, 153, 175 hot work permit, 29, 36, 52, 90, 139, 141, 142 hot work plan, 89, 139, 145 hydrogen sulfide, 107 I hazard analysis, 33, 35, 40, 117–125, 126, 153 IADC WellCAP supervisor training, 101–102 hazard identification, 116, 126–128 ignition sources, 128, 138, 139, 141 hazardous chemicals, 50, 80 incident reporting, 31 hazardous waste, 68, 74, 75 fires, 31 Hazardous Waste Manifest, 68 near misses, 31, 33 HAZCOM, 79–80 property damage, 31 hearing protection, 51, 66, 94 releases, 31 heat, 47, 48, 83 194 | GOMBU and DWEP BU permit violations, 31 spills, 31
  • 208. Index incident-free operations, 1, 2, 105, 120 injured personnel, 23 Isolation of Hazardous Energy (IHE), 29, 87, 95, 96, 97, 114, 115, 129–130, 143, 144, 148, 158 M manual lifting policy, 85 Material Safety Data Sheets, 35 MSDS, 35, 39, 52, 79–80, 83, 142, 148 medical emergencies, 67 J mentoring process, 18 Job Safety Analysis, 26, 33, 117–119, 126 MVCs, 20 JSA, 26, 27, 29, 30, 33, 34, 36, 44, 52, 57, 58, 71, 83, 90, 95, 117–126, 129, 133, 174– 176, 181, 183 N National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System, 20, 77–78 natural gas, 90, 112, 141 K key responsibilities, 5, 176 Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material, 81–82 L nondestructive testing (NDT), 96, 165 LDEQ Air Quality Division, 76 Nonsmoking, 13 LDEQ Radiation Protection Division, 76 NORM, 19, 76, 81–82, 86, 88, 128 lead, 74, 83, 93, 94 NPDES, 20, 77, 78 permissible exposure limit (PEL), 83 NTL No. 2000-N03, 100 lockbox, 129–130 O Louisiana Department of Natural Resources (LDNR), 75, 76 open hole, 24, 25, 28, 134– 136 lower explosive limit (LEL), 94 operating equipment, 86–87, 109 Operational Excellence (OE), 2–4, 5, 24, 113 Contractor Handbook | 195
  • 209. Index personal electronic devices, site-specific information, 141 personal flotation device, 17 54–55, 67 overhead hazards, 36 orientation meeting, 4, 17 welding hard hats, 36 Overhead Hoist Pre-Use Inspection Form, 170 over-the-counter medication, 9 oxygen cylinders, 111 P personal protective equipment, 35–55, 79, 167, 178, 180, 181 personnel basket, 54, 59, 60, 61–64, 182 safe use, 62–64 personnel transfers, 59–61 pad eyes, 164–165, 166 PFD, 54–55, 56, 60, 61, 64, 67, 71 painting, 39, 41, 72, 94–97, 116, 165 pig launchers and scrapers, 88–89 combustible gas detector, 95 pig trap, 89 Construction Simultaneous Operations Plan, 94, 95 Daily Simultaneous Operations Log, 94–95 personal protection equipment (PPE), 95 PEL, 83 PPE, 35, 53, 55, 72, 82, 90, 95, 118, 141, 142, 143, 167, 178, 180, 181 prescription drugs, 9–10 production safety system training (PSST) plan, 100–101, 151 proper lifting procedure, 85 PTW, 71, 114–117, 121, 136 permit space, 148–149 R permit to work, 29, 71, 114– RCA, 20, 21, 31 117, 118, 119, 121, 129, 133, 136, 147, 153 releases, 31, 75 repressurize lines, 87 permit-required space, 146, 147 Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), 76 pre-job safety meeting, 27 196 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 210. Index respiratory protection, 53, 97 short-service employee, 17–19 right to search, 8 spill, 20, 25, 27, 31, 32, 75, 76, 77, 109, 122, 180, 184 root cause analysis, 20–21 smoking, 13, 66 SSE, 17–19, 81 S safe solvent, 12, 142 crew makeup requirements, 18 safety footwear, 43 Form, 19 unsuitable footwear, 43 Stop-Work Authority (SWA), 4–6, 26, 27, 58, 64, 119, 121, 127, 134, 178, 180, 182 sandblasting, 39–42, 93–94, 97, 146 blood-level exposure to lead, 83, 94 cutoff device, 94 dust inhalation, 93 T Think Incident Free (TIF), 33, 117, 119, 120–125, 126 Toxic Substances Control Act eye protection, 36, 38–43, (TSCA), 76 94 Type V work vests, 54, 63 hearing protection, 51, 66, 94 U lead dust inhalation, 93 lower explosive limit, 94 paint coatings - lead, 94 U.S. Coast Guard-approved Type I life preservers and Type V work vests, 54 respiratory protection, 94 V silica dust inhalation, 94 Varsol®, 142 ventilation, 94 vessels, foreign-flagged, 14, 68–70 vessels, U.S.-flagged, 69 warning signs, 94 work atmosphere, 94 scaffolds, 93 W scrapers, 88–89 pig launchers, 88–89 pig trap, 88–89 waste, 13, 68, 72–76, 78, 82, 93, 94, 95 Contractor Handbook | 197
  • 211. Index asbestos, 73, 76, 82 E&P waste, 74, 75 hazardous waste, 68, 74, 75 NORM, 19, 76, 81–82, 86, 88, 128 other regulated waste, 74, 76 PCB waste, 76 solid waste, 74, 76 weapons, 8, 10 welding, 36, 37, 38, 40, 42, 44, 48, 128, 139–141, 142, 145, 166 welding hard hats, 36 well control, 32, 100, 101, 102, 105 working overhead, 91 198 | GOMBU and DWEP BU
  • 212. Chevron Global Upstream and Gas Gulf of Mexico Business Unit and Deepwater Exploration and Projects Business Unit © 2011 Chevron U.S.A. Inc. All rights reserved. IDC 0111-080087

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