Making Municipal Policies Work For Children And Youth


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Municipalities are at the frontline of development. They can play a crucial role in ensuring children and youth fully exercise their rights.

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Making Municipal Policies Work For Children And Youth

  1. 1. Making Municipal Policies Work For Children and YouthJuan Felipe Sanchez, Plan International’s Country Director on Special Assignment / Senior Children and Youth Specialist – Children and Youth Unit, HDN, The World Bank November 2006
  2. 2. Global Trends in UrbanGrowth• Growth in both large and smaller cities• Diversity and inequality within cities• Infrastructure and services gap in smaller cities• Spatially concentrated poverty: conditions in urban slums can be worse than in rural villages Adapted from: Cities Transformed, National Academies Press, 2003November 2006 JF Sanchez - HDNCY 2
  3. 3. World Population Growth Almost All Growth Will Occur Will Be Mainly Urban in Cities of Poor Countries Especially in Their Yet the Number of Large Smaller Cities Cities Will Also Grow Adapted from: Cities Transformed, National Academies Press, 2003November 2006 JF Sanchez - HDNCY 3
  4. 4. Municipalities Are at theFront-line of Development• Municipalities can –and should- play a critical role in establishing a microcosm of sustainable, rights-based, development for children and youth, the local community – and eventually for the country itselfNovember 2006 JF Sanchez - HDNCY 4
  5. 5. New Policy and ProgramActors at the Local Level• Decentralized Sectors (Health, Education, Water & Sanitation, etc.)• Proliferation of new Government units• Private sector service providers• NGOs (re-monitoring and/or service provision)• Communities and community organizations -as mechanisms for service delivery, and inclusion of children, youth and their advocatesNovember 2006 JF Sanchez - HDNCY 5
  6. 6. Investing in Children andYouth at the Municipal Level• Towards a healthy and safe environment• Investing along the life cycle – Having a good start in life (0-5 years) – Growing up healthy and educated (6-14 years) – Productive and engaged citizens (15-24 years)• Inclusion of the more vulnerable children and youth –and womenNovember 2006 JF Sanchez - HDNCY 6
  7. 7. Ultimately, achieving two strategic prioritiesfor cross-sector strategies and investments Age 24 Youth Development (School-to-work, Second-chance programs, Risky behaviors, participation, crime and violence) 18 Protection Education Health and Nutrition Social 14 5 Early Child Development (Health/Nutrition, School Readiness, Parenting) 0 November 2006 JF Sanchez - HDNCY 7
  8. 8. The Challenge of MunicipalGovernance• Capacity • e.g. organization structure and roles, human resources, data• Financial resources • dealing with differences in revenue; lag in assignments; risk of local capture of resources• Diversity • urban-rural differences; segregation; fragmentation• Security • variations in crime and violence• Inclusion • multi-stakeholder collaborations; participation; vulnerable populations; social accountabilityNovember 2006 JF Sanchez - HDNCY 8
  9. 9. A three-pronged incidence strategy forPlan, to strengthen public policies – tomake them work for children and youth • Raising awareness – through the creation of adequate national/local Information System for Children and Adolescents (which includes a comprehensive data base on selected children and adolescent’s indicators and program input/output indicators) • Coordination – through the organization and training of National / Local Commissions for Children and Adolescents • Participation – through the involvement and training of Public / Community Development Councils, and through the organization and participation of children, adolescents and women November 2006 JF Sanchez - HDNCY 9
  10. 10. Specific Incidence Objectives National/Local government - the “rights duty-bearers” in rights-based approaches (together with other institutions) / the “supply side”: – Creation and implementation of child- adolescent-friendly public policies – Development / delivery of integrated basic services and protection systems for children and adolescents (with a focus on specific – agreed upon and implementable- rights) Children, families and communities – the “rights-holders” / the “demand side”: – Building capacity of children, adolescents, women and communities to participate, contribute to and benefit from these servicesNovember 2006 JF Sanchez - HDNCY 10
  11. 11. Facilitating Actions to Achieve Positive Outcomes for Children and Youth Duty Bearers of Rights Rights Holders Enabling Institutions, Policies and Information, Resources, Capacity Programs (Supply Side interventions) (Demand Side interventions) Creation of Delivery of Participation/ Integrated Basic Engagement by Children/Youth- Women, Youth, Friendly Public Services and Protection System School-Aged Children Policies (with a focus on specific rights) and CommunityNovember 2006 JF Sanchez - HDNCY 11
  12. 12. Critical factors of Success forChildren/youth-focused Public Policies • Community empowerment • Cross-sector investments – the community –including children and youth and their advocates - assuming responsibilities for their own and programs development, with a clear and recognized mandate, – addressing risks and opportunities along the stages of and the corresponding capacity to act --in terms of the life cycle, expanding opportunities, building organization and control over resources capabilities, offering second chances • Local government • Transparency in decision empowerment making and use of – decentralization of local government units and capacity to facilitate community-based development approaches resources (e.g. legal frameworks, systems, methodologies, field – For national/local government and community level facilitators, budgets, monitoring, etc.) processes • Availability of child/youth- • Accountability – focused data, planning and clear defined roles and responsibilities, and monitoring of progress and results of local development actions, participation tools with participation of all stakeholders – age-specific data, analysis and methods, to facilitate planning, program design and implementation, participation processes, and monitoring/evaluation • Learning – the capacity to learn by doing, to improve effectiveness of local development actions November 2006 JF Sanchez - HDNCY 12