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Old Testament The Abrahamic And Mosaic Covenants

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This is a little study about the two covenants of the Old Testament.

This is a little study about the two covenants of the Old Testament.

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  • 1. Old TestamentCertificate IV Assessment Task
    Application Task
    The Abrahamic and Mosaic Covenants of the Old Testament
    Juan Cabrales
    1
  • 2. Introduction
    Both the Abrahamic and Mosaic Covenants are the great importance; because both has played a very distinguish role in God’s redemptive plan of Salvation.
    The Abrahamic Covenant speaks of that Salvation is by faith alone and Justification has always been by faith in God based on the work of Christ and not ours (Gen. 15:6; Gal. 3:6).
    The Mosaic Covenant speaks of the Law given at Mount Sinai and The 613 laws reveal our inability to be righteous in our selves (Rom. 3:19; 5:20; 7:7) and should drive us to the cross (Gal. 3:19-25).
    2
  • 3. The importance of the Abrahamic covenant of the old Testament.
    • The initial promise.
    A land that God shall show him.
    A great nation, a great name. (The promise of descendants)
    A blessing to all the families of the earth.( Through the seed which is Christ Jesus)
    Gen 12:1 And Jehovah said to Abram, Go out of your country, and from your kindred, and from your father's house into a land that I will show you. 12:2 And I will make you a great nation. And I will bless you and make your name great. And you shall be a blessing.
    Galatians 3:8 And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the nations through faith, preached the gospel before to Abraham, saying, "In you shall all nations be blessed."
    3
  • 4. The theological view of the Abrahamic covenant
    • The Abrahamic Covenant is an unconditional. This covenant make known God's plan to save his people and take them into his land. The Old Covenant with the nation of Israel and the promised land is a provisional picture of what is achieved by the New Covenant where Jesus actually purchased his people and will take them to be with him forever in the new heavens and new earth.
    4
  • 5. Historical background and cultural context of the Abrahamic Covenant.
    Abraham lived in rural and polytheistic culture that he received from his ancestors.
    Joshua 24:2 And Joshua said to all the people, So says Jehovah, the God of Israel, Your fathers lived Beyond the River in times past, Terah the father of Abraham, and the father of Nahor, and they served other gods.
    God initiated His covenant with Abram when he was living in Ur of the Chaldeans, promising a land, descendants and blessing. (Genesis 12:1-3)
    Abram went with his family to Haran, lived there for a time, and left at the age of 75. (Genesis 12:4-5)
    5
  • 6. Historical background and cultural context of the Abrahamic Covenant.
    After Lot separated from Abram, God again promised the land to him and his descendants. (Genesis 13:14-17)
    This covenant was ratified when God passed between the sacrificial animals Abram laid before God. (Genesis 15:1-21)
    When Abram was 99 God renewed His covenant, changing Abram’s name to Abraham (“Father of a Multitude”). Sign of the covenant: circumcision. (Genesis 17:1-27).
    Confirmation of the covenant because of Abraham’s obedience. (Genesis 22:15-18)
    6
  • 7. The treatment of the Abrahamic covenant in the New Testament and its relevance for Christian today.
    The Abrahamic covenant is foundational to all of Scripture. It is the key to both the Old and New Testaments and is foundational to the whole program of redemption. All subsequent revelation is the outworking of this covenant. This covenant, and the subsequent covenant framework, is the key to understanding Scripture. [Steven L. McAvoy, “Abrahamic Covenant” in Mal Couch, ed., Dictionary of Premillennial Theology (Grand Rapids, MI: Kregel Publications, 1996), p. 27.] ©
    7
  • 8. The treatment of the Abrahamic covenant in the New Testament and its relevance for Christian today.
    The relevance of the Abrahamic covenant for Christians today is that an individual's trust, “by faith,” in the physical Seed of Abraham, Jesus Christ, brings the universal blessing available to all families of the earth (Gal. 3:16).
    And the Scripture, foreseeing that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, preached the gospel to Abraham beforehand, [saying], "In you all the nations shall be blessed." So then those who [are] of faith are blessed with believing Abraham. (Galatians 3:8-9 NKJV)
    For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus. (Galatians 3:26 NKJV)
    And if you [are] Christ's, then you are Abraham's seed, and heirs according to the promise. (Galatians 3:29 NKJV)
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  • 9. The mosaic covenant
    The importance of the Mosaic covenant of the old Testament
    • It is important on the basis of that men are incapable of fulfilling the law and consequently proves that the law never was designed to make men righteous before God.
    9
  • 10. The theological view of the Mosaic covenant
    • It indicates that the law was like a trainer, a tutor that looked after us for a while to take us to Christ.
    Galatians 3:24 So that the Law has become a trainer of us until Christ, that we might be justified by faith. 3:25 But faith coming, we are no longer under a trainer.
    10
  • 11. The mosaic covenant
    Historical background and cultural context of the Mosaic Covenant.
    History tells us that the Hebrew people lived in slavery, suffering and in a subjugating culture for 400 years until Moses brought them out of Egypt by the mighty hand of God into the wilderness to be separated for God.
    In the Mount Sinai God made a conditional covenant with them, in which God gave them the Law to live by.
    11
  • 12. The mosaic covenant
    The treatment of the Mosaic covenant in the New Testament and its relevance for Christian today.
    The Mosaic covenant has fulfilled its purpose in bringing us to Christ the New Covenant.
    Its application is that it still show us that we all are sinners and it cannot and will not put us right before God by just doing the works of the Law. Justification is only and ever will be throughout Jesus Christ by accepting the work that He did at the Cross.
    James 2:10 For whoever shall keep the whole Law and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all.
    12