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  1. 1. Surrealism Art History 2 UST CFAD Asst. Prof. G. Maliha
  2. 2. Surrealism <ul><li>artistic and literary movement that explored and celebrated the realm of dreams and the unconscious mind through the creation of visual art, poetry, and motion pictures. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Surrealism <ul><li>Officially launched in Paris, France, in 1924, when French writer André Breton wrote the first surrealist manifesto, outlining the ambitions of the new movement. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Surrealism <ul><li>The movement soon spread to other parts of Europe and to North and South America. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Among surrealism’s most important contributions was the invention of new artistic techniques that tapped into the artist’s unconscious mind. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Influenced by the theories of the pioneer of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud (German, 1856-1939), the images found in surrealist works are as confusing and startling as those of dreams . </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Surrealist works can have a realistic, though irrational style, precisely describing dreamlike fantasies. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Uncertainty of the Poet ( 1913) by the Greco-Italian artist Giorgio de Chirico is filled with dreamlike imagery. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>One of the images, that of a train in the distance, is probably a memory from the artist’s youth, when his father was a railroad engineer. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Although de Chirico began as a metaphysical artist, he is most often mentioned in the context of surrealism. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Salvador Dali (1904-1989) <ul><li>Spanish Surrealist painter and printmaker, influential for his explorations of subconscious imagery. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Salvador Dali (1904-1989) <ul><li>He depicted a dream world in which commonplace objects are juxtaposed, deformed, or otherwise metamorphosed in a bizarre and irrational fashion. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Ranks as one of the most famous paintings of the 20th century. </li></ul>The Fourth Dimension Salvador Dali
  14. 14. <ul><li>Dalí referred to his work as “hand-painted dream photographs” his imagery often came directly from his own dreams. </li></ul>The Persistence of Memory Salvador Dali
  15. 15. Salvador Dali
  16. 16. Self-Portrait Splitting into Three 1927 Salvador Dali
  17. 17. Head of a Woman 1927 Salvador Dali
  18. 18. Barcelonese Mannequin 1926-1927 Salvador Dali
  19. 19. Still Life by the Light of the Moon 1927 Salvador Dali
  20. 20. Apparatus and Hand 1927 Salvador Dali
  21. 21. Little Cinders (Cenicitas) 1927-1928 Salvador Dali
  22. 22. Nude Woman Seated in an Armchair c. 1927 Salvador Dali
  23. 23. Venus and a Sailor (2) 1925 Venus and a Sailor 1925 Salvador Dali
  24. 24. Still Life 1924 Still Life - Watermelon 1924 Salvador Dali
  25. 25. Salvador Dali
  26. 26. The Picnic 1921 Salvador Dali
  27. 27. The Sardana of the Witches 1920 Salvador Dali
  28. 28. Voyeur 1921 Salvador Dali
  29. 29. Cabaret Scene 1922 Salvador Dali
  30. 30. Untitled - Landscape Near Madrid 1922-23 Madrid, Architecture and Poplars 1922 Salvador Dali
  31. 31. Cadaques 1923 Salvador Dali
  32. 32. Purist Still Life 1923 Portrait of a Seated Person Holding a Letter 1923 Salvador Dali
  33. 33. <ul><li>Armenian-born American artist Arshile Gorky was strongly influenced by the surrealist movement, especially in his use of biomorphic, ambiguous forms. </li></ul>Flowery Mill
  34. 34. <ul><li>His works influenced the development of later American art such as abstract expressionism. </li></ul>
  35. 35. Joan Miró (1893-1983) <ul><li>His mature style evolved from the tension between his fanciful, poetic impulse and his vision of the harshness of modern life </li></ul>
  36. 36. <ul><li>Miró combined abstract shapes with partly Surrrealist fantasy. </li></ul>The Garden
  37. 37. <ul><li>In 1928 he traveled to the Netherlands and produced several works inspired by paintings of the Dutch masters, including Dutch Interior I (1928, Museum of Modern Art). </li></ul>Dutch Interior I
  38. 38. <ul><li>This brightly colored painting contains several elements typical of a 17th-century Dutch genre painting: a man playing a lute, a dog chewing on a bone, and a landscape painting on the wall. </li></ul>Dutch Interior I
  39. 39. Vuelo de pajaros Le soleil rouge Joan Miro
  40. 40. René Magritte 1898-1967 <ul><li>Surrealist painter whose bizarre flights of fancy blended horror, peril, comedy, and mystery. </li></ul>The Age of Enlightenment oil on canvas
  41. 41. René Magritte The Annunciation, 1930 oil on canvas, 113.7 x 145.9 cm
  42. 42. The Rape, 1934, oil on canvas, 28 1/2 x 21 inches, collection George Melly, London René Magritte
  43. 43. Sarane Alexandrian Pavel Tchelitchew
  44. 44. Nature's Parachutes The Climb Paul-Emile Borduas (1905-1960)
  45. 45. Sub-types of Surrealism <ul><li>Dream art is any form of art directly based on material from dreams, or which employs dream-like imagery. </li></ul>
  46. 46.
  47. 47. Sub-types of Surrealism <ul><li>Visionary art is art that purports to transcend the physical world and portray a wider vision of awareness including spiritual or mystical themes, or is based in such experiences. </li></ul>
  48. 48.
  49. 49.
  50. 50. Sub-types of Surrealism <ul><li>Neosurrealism or Neo-Surrealism is an artistic genre that illustrates the complex imagery of dream or subconscious visions and irrational space and form combinations. </li></ul>
  51. 51.
  52. 52. Sub-types of Surrealism <ul><li>Magic realism (or magical realism) is an artistic genre in which magical elements appear in an otherwise realistic setting. As used today the term is broadly descriptive rather than critically rigorous. </li></ul>
  53. 53.
  54. 54. Sub-types of Surrealism <ul><li>Psychedelic art is art inspired by the psychedelic experience induced by drugs such as LSD, Mescaline, and Psilocybin. The word &quot;psychedelic&quot; (coined by British psychologist Humphrey Osmond) means &quot;mind manifesting&quot; </li></ul>