The futurists, a group of Italian artists working between 1909 and 1916, shared Fernand Léger's enthusiasm for technology, but pushed it even further.
Filippo Marinetti's first manifesto of futurism appeared in 1909 , until the end of World War I.
Futurists embraced all that glorified new technology and mechanization and decried anything that had to do with tradition.
Celebration of the machine age, glorifying war and favoring the growth of fascism.
Futurists declared a speeding automobile to be more beautiful than an ancient Greek statue.
Painting and sculpture were especially concerned with expressing movement and the dynamics of natural and man-made forms.
Some of these ideas, including the use of modern materials and technique, were taken up later by Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887-1968), the cubists, and the constructivists.
Music Revolt 1911 Luigi Russolo (1885-1947)
Dinamismo di un treno 1912 Luigi Russolo (1885-1947)
Giacomo Balla, Abstract Speed — The Car has Passed , 1913 oil on canvas, 50.2 x 65.4 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Joseph Stella (American, 1877-1946), Battle of Lights, Coney Island c. 1913-14 oil on canvas, 39 x 29 1/2 inches
Carlo Carrà (Italian, 1881-1966) Funeral of the Anarchist Galli 1911, oil on canvas, 6 feet 6 1/4 inches x 8 feet 6 inches
Umberto Boccioni Unique Forms of Continuity in Space 1913, cast 1972, bronze, 117.5 x 87.6 x 36.8 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
Marc Chagall Homage to Apollinaire 1911-13
Russian artistic and architectural movement that was first influenced by Cubism and Futurism
Generally considered to have been initiated in 1913 with the “painting reliefs”—abstract geometric constructions—of Vladimir Tatlin.
Russian sculptors Antoine Pevsner and Naum Gabo joined Tatlin and his followers in Moscow.
Upon publication of their jointly written Realist Manifesto in 1920 they became the spokesmen of the movement.
It is from the manifesto that the name Constructivism was derived.
One of the directives that it contained was “to construct” art.
aim was to construct abstract sculpture suitable for an industrialized society,
work pioneered the use of modern technology and materials such as wood, glass, plastics and steel.
introduced to Western Europe by Antoine Pevsner in Paris, and his brother Naum Gabo in Germany.
principles of Constructivism were highly influential in twentieth century Western art, although for political reasons its influence in Russia ended by 1921.
Female Model 1910 Vladimir Tatlin
Fishmonger 1911 Model for the 3rd International Tower 1919-1920 Vladimir Tatlin
Painterly Architectonic Portrait of a Philosopher Cubist Construction Lyubov Povova
Monde Vision spectrale Antoine Pevsner
Construction dans l'espace Antoine Pevsner
Fresco, Fauna of the Ocean 1944
Antoine Pevsner (French, born Russia, 1886-1962) Maquette of a Monument Symbolising the Liberation of the Spirit 1952, bronze, 18 x 18 x 11 1/2 inches (4.6 x 4.6 x 29.5 cm) Tate Gallery, London.
Model for 'Constructed Torso', 1917, reassembled 1981, cardboard, 39.5 x 29.0 x 16.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London. Head No. 2, 1916, enlarged version 1964 Corten steel, 175.3 x 134.0 x 122.6 cm Tate Gallery, London. Naum Gabo
Based on the theory that color provides the basis for both form and content.
Conceived in Paris shortly before World War I by Morgan Russell and Stanton MacDonald-Wright .
Russell’s idea that paintings could be created based on sculptural forms interpreted two-dimensionally through a knowledge of color properties.
Stressed emphasis on color rhythms
Employed pure colors in harmonious abstract arrangement.
Composed of abstract shapes, often concealing the submerged forms of figures
Developed by painters Morgan Russell (American, 1886-1953) and Stanton MacDonald-Wright (American, 1890-1973), first exhibited in Paris in 191
Cosmic Synchromy Synchromy in Blue-Violet Morgan Russell (1886-1953)