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Futurism
 

Futurism

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    Futurism Futurism Presentation Transcript

    • Art History 2 UST CFAD Asst. Prof. G. Malihan
      • The futurists, a group of Italian artists working between 1909 and 1916, shared Fernand Léger's enthusiasm for technology, but pushed it even further.
      • Filippo Marinetti's first manifesto of futurism appeared in 1909 , until the end of World War I.
      • Futurists embraced all that glorified new technology and mechanization and decried anything that had to do with tradition.
      • Celebration of the machine age, glorifying war and favoring the growth of fascism.
      • Futurists declared a speeding automobile to be more beautiful than an ancient Greek statue.
      • Painting and sculpture were especially concerned with expressing movement and the dynamics of natural and man-made forms.
      • Some of these ideas, including the use of modern materials and technique, were taken up later by Marcel Duchamp (French, 1887-1968), the cubists, and the constructivists.
    • Music Revolt 1911 Luigi Russolo (1885-1947)
    • Dinamismo di un treno 1912 Luigi Russolo (1885-1947)
    • Giacomo Balla, Abstract Speed — The Car has Passed , 1913 oil on canvas, 50.2 x 65.4 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
    • Joseph Stella (American, 1877-1946), Battle of Lights, Coney Island c. 1913-14 oil on canvas, 39 x 29 1/2 inches
    • Carlo Carrà (Italian, 1881-1966) Funeral of the Anarchist Galli 1911, oil on canvas, 6 feet 6 1/4 inches x 8 feet 6 inches
    • Umberto Boccioni Unique Forms of Continuity in Space 1913, cast 1972, bronze, 117.5 x 87.6 x 36.8 cm, Tate Gallery, London.
    • Henry Moore
    • Marc Chagall Homage to Apollinaire 1911-13
      • Russian artistic and architectural movement that was first influenced by Cubism and Futurism
      • Generally considered to have been initiated in 1913 with the “painting reliefs”—abstract geometric constructions—of Vladimir Tatlin.
      • Russian sculptors Antoine Pevsner and Naum Gabo joined Tatlin and his followers in Moscow.
      • Upon publication of their jointly written Realist Manifesto in 1920 they became the spokesmen of the movement.
      • It is from the manifesto that the name Constructivism was derived.
      • One of the directives that it contained was “to construct” art.
      • aim was to construct abstract sculpture suitable for an industrialized society,
      • work pioneered the use of modern technology and materials such as wood, glass, plastics and steel.
      • introduced to Western Europe by Antoine Pevsner in Paris, and his brother Naum Gabo in Germany.
      • principles of Constructivism were highly influential in twentieth century Western art, although for political reasons its influence in Russia ended by 1921.
    • Female Model 1910 Vladimir Tatlin
    • Fishmonger 1911 Model for the 3rd International Tower 1919-1920 Vladimir Tatlin
    • Painterly Architectonic Portrait of a Philosopher Cubist Construction Lyubov Povova
    • Monde Vision spectrale   Antoine Pevsner
    • Construction dans l'espace   Antoine Pevsner
    • Fresco, Fauna of the Ocean 1944
    • Antoine Pevsner (French, born Russia, 1886-1962) Maquette of a Monument Symbolising the Liberation of the Spirit 1952, bronze, 18 x 18 x 11 1/2 inches (4.6 x 4.6 x 29.5 cm) Tate Gallery, London.
    • Model for 'Constructed Torso', 1917, reassembled 1981, cardboard, 39.5 x 29.0 x 16.0 cm, Tate Gallery, London. Head No. 2, 1916, enlarged version 1964 Corten steel, 175.3 x 134.0 x 122.6 cm Tate Gallery, London. Naum Gabo
      • Based on the theory that color provides the basis for both form and content.
      • Conceived in Paris shortly before World War I by Morgan Russell  and Stanton MacDonald-Wright .
      • Russell’s idea that paintings could be created based on sculptural forms interpreted two-dimensionally through a knowledge of color properties.
      • Stressed emphasis on color rhythms
      • Employed pure colors in harmonious abstract arrangement.
      • Composed of abstract shapes, often concealing the submerged forms of figures
      • Developed by painters Morgan Russell (American, 1886-1953) and Stanton MacDonald-Wright (American, 1890-1973), first exhibited in Paris in 191
    • Cosmic Synchromy Synchromy in Blue-Violet Morgan Russell (1886-1953)
    • Stanton MacDonald-Wright (1890-1973)
    • Oriental Synchromy Stanton MacDonald-Wright (1890-1973)
    • Still Life wit Cyclamen and Fruit The Jade Flute No. 2 Stanton MacDonald-Wright (1890-1973
      • Radical English art movement, led by Wyndham Lewis and named by the poet Ezra Pound in 1914.
      • Lewis, EdwarWadsworth, Gaudier-Brzeska and others exhibited together in Brighton in 1913, presenting their work as and in 'The Cubist Room'.
      • In 1914 they published their first polemical year-book, BLAST
      • In 1915 they showed in London the Vorticist Exhibition which included several large paintings that are now lost. Essentially urban in its taste for hard, clear forms,
      • Expressed great impatience with all Victorianism and all revivalism and sought to out-do the Post-Impressionist and Fauve modernism
      • Attempted to embrace industrial dynamism as the central concern
      • According to Ezra Pound, it represented "the point of maximum energy," which he saw as the essential characteristic of modern life.
      • Related to Cubism and Futurism, and like those movements, its momentum was greatly depleted by World War I (1914-1919).
      • Centered on hard edges and angles, as seen in Cubism, applied to powerful machinery and massive structures.
    • Dancing Figures 1914   Wyndham Lewis
    • Wyndham Lewis (English, 1882-1957) Planners: Happy Day, 1912-3 pen, gouache and pencil on paper
    • Lawrence Atkinson (English, 1873-1931) The Lake, c. 1915-20 pen and watercolor on paper, 25.4 x 36.8 cm Tate Gallery, London
    • Vorticist Landscape: Forest Scene, Lewes, Sussex 1913 Edward Wadsworth English Painter 1889-1949
    • Taube 1916   Christopher Nevinson (English Painter, 1889–1946)
    • The interval before Round Ten  William Roberts (British Painter, 1895-1980)
    • Vision of Ezekiel 1912  David Bomberg
    • Red Stone Dancer 1913 Femme Assise 1914   Henri Gaudier-Brzeska (1891–1915, French sculptor