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AirVenture 2009 Electric Propulsion Presentation
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AirVenture 2009 Electric Propulsion Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Hybrid/Electric Propulsion Systems
    George Bye, CEO – Bye Energy
    July 30, 2009
  • 2. About the Presenter
    George Bye
    • 20+ years experience as an aerospace entrepreneur, manager and executive
    • 3. Aviation Technology Group, Designed the Javelin
    • 4. ATP rating, >4,000 hours (USAF T-38, C-141B)
    2
  • 5. Integrator of alternative energy and renewable fuel technologies for business and general aviation
    3
  • 6. Why Hybrid/Electric Propulsion for GA?
    Alternative
    Energy Propulsion Systems
    NEED FOR OPS EFFICIENCY
    Threat: High Ops Cost Potentially Limits Utility
    VOLATILE FUEL COSTS
    Threat: Unpredictable Cost Limits Planning Effectiveness
    INTERNATIONAL PETRO SUPPLY
    Threat: Aviation Fuel Potentially Limited/Costly
    ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
    Threat: Noise, CO2 Pollution
    FUTURE FOR GA
    Threat: Loss of Flexibility; Efficiency; Security
    4
  • 7. Tremendous Technological Improvements
    Battery / Electric
    • Hybrid technologies
    • 8. Lithium-ion advancements
    • 9. Electric motor efficiencies
    • 10. Growing market acceptance
    5
  • 11. Technology Overview
    Continual advancements in lithium-ion battery,
    ultracapacitor & electric motor performance
    • Higher Power
    • 12. Lighter Weight
    • 13. Improved Safety
    • 14. Faster Charging
    • 15. Greater Efficiency
    • 16. Longer Cycle Life
    • 17. Less Heat
    • 18. Lower Cost
    Energy storage technology nearly within reach
    of meeting light aircraft (less than 250 hp) requirements
    6
  • 19. Electric Propulsion Program (EPP)
    Develop, certify and market an electric propulsion system alternative to the internal combustion engine for the general aviation aircraft market
    Clean
    Quiet
    Clean
    Quiet
    Many Benefits
    Efficient
    Efficient
    Safe
    Safe
    Less Complex
    Less Complex
    Economical
    Economical
    7
    Proprietary & Confidential
    7
  • 20. Primary System Components
    Electric Motor
    Modular, high efficiency, light-
    weight, air cooled, brushless,
    electric motor
    ESU (Energy Storage Unit)
    Li-Ion battery cells in 3 packs
    configured for certification,
    redundancy and safety
    Controller
    Regulates power to engine and
    monitors and controls ESUs
    Charging System
    Provides electricity to batteries
    safely and efficiently
    ESU 1 & 2
    Electric Engine
    ESU 3 &
    Computer Controller
    8
  • 21. Electric Storage Unit (ESU)
    FIRE
    NO FIRE
    9
  • 22. Electric Motor
    UQM Technologies
    10
    10
  • 23. Supplemental Power Options
    Regenerative Drag Devices
    Solar Cells
    Supplements energy collection ~20%
    Thin film solar cells
    11
  • 24. Defense Department UAV Market
    “Silent Sentinel” Hybrid UAV Concept
    “Silent Sentinel”
    • Acoustic Stealth
    • 25. Thermal Stealth
    • 26. Long Duration
    • 27. Improved Logistics
    12
  • 28. Anticipated Timelines
    Proposed Bye Aerospace Hybrid UAV
    Proposed all-electric FAA certified aircraft
    Phase 1 (12 months): Bench test electric motor and battery combinations
    Phase 2 (12 months): Test hybrid UAV, hybrid/electric aircraft for FAA certification
    Phase 3 (12 to 18 months): Test full size EV aircraft for FAA certification
    13
  • 29. Owner Ops Cost Opportunity
    Training School Operator Savings
    1. 800 hour per year training school operation x 5 gph average fuel burn x $5.00 per gallon = $140,000 total fuel savings over 7 year period
    2. Li-Ion Battery ‘7 year lease’ trade-in program = Mitigates ESU expense, (15% down, 5.5% interest = $1,129/mos.). Brings the up-front cost of the C-162 ‘E’ back to ~$111,500
    14
  • 30. Cost Opportunity
    Price Reductions
    Increase Aircraft Utility and Sales
    Electric motor and controller cost is $4,000 in production, expected to reduce another $1,000 in high volume production.
    Thin film PV efficiency is expected to increase 50% while its cost is expected to drop by 50% over the next 5 years.
    Current cost of $2,000 per kWh in Li-Ion batteries is expected to drop to $1,000 per kWh while efficiency is expected to improve from 205 wh/kg to 300 wh/kg in the next 5 years.
    15
  • 31. Marketing Value
    • 2,000 piston LSA in service
    • 32. 500 new sold per year
    16
  • 33. Marketing Value
    • 3,800 RV Experimental aircraft in service
    • 34. 650 new sold per year (in a ‘typical year’)
    17
  • 35. Tech Acceleration Curve
    Exponential
    Research and Development
    Knowledge  Funding  Commercial Viability
    Shift
    Transition from linear to exponential is underway. The time is NOW for alternative energy and aerospace investment
    Linear
    1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
    Exponential Shift requires intersection of:
    • Demand/Political Will
    • 36. AdequateBase of R & D
    • 37. Capital
    Tech Acceleration Curve is no aberration
    • Aviation (WW II)
    • 38. Media/Communications (TV, Cell Ph)
    • 39. Info Tech (PC, Internet)
    18
  • 40. Thank you!
    www.ByeEnergy.com