AirVenture 2009 Electric Propulsion Presentation

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AirVenture 2009 Electric Propulsion Presentation

  1. 1. Hybrid/Electric Propulsion Systems<br />George Bye, CEO – Bye Energy<br />July 30, 2009<br />
  2. 2. About the Presenter<br />George Bye<br /><ul><li>20+ years experience as an aerospace entrepreneur, manager and executive
  3. 3. Aviation Technology Group, Designed the Javelin
  4. 4. ATP rating, >4,000 hours (USAF T-38, C-141B)</li></ul>2<br />
  5. 5. Integrator of alternative energy and renewable fuel technologies for business and general aviation<br />3<br />
  6. 6. Why Hybrid/Electric Propulsion for GA?<br />Alternative <br />Energy Propulsion Systems<br />NEED FOR OPS EFFICIENCY<br />Threat: High Ops Cost Potentially Limits Utility<br />VOLATILE FUEL COSTS<br />Threat: Unpredictable Cost Limits Planning Effectiveness<br />INTERNATIONAL PETRO SUPPLY<br />Threat: Aviation Fuel Potentially Limited/Costly<br />ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS<br />Threat: Noise, CO2 Pollution<br />FUTURE FOR GA<br />Threat: Loss of Flexibility; Efficiency; Security<br />4<br />
  7. 7. Tremendous Technological Improvements<br />Battery / Electric <br /><ul><li>Hybrid technologies
  8. 8. Lithium-ion advancements
  9. 9. Electric motor efficiencies
  10. 10. Growing market acceptance</li></ul>5<br />
  11. 11. Technology Overview<br />Continual advancements in lithium-ion battery, <br />ultracapacitor & electric motor performance <br /><ul><li>Higher Power
  12. 12. Lighter Weight
  13. 13. Improved Safety
  14. 14. Faster Charging
  15. 15. Greater Efficiency
  16. 16. Longer Cycle Life
  17. 17. Less Heat
  18. 18. Lower Cost</li></ul>Energy storage technology nearly within reach <br />of meeting light aircraft (less than 250 hp) requirements <br />6<br />
  19. 19. Electric Propulsion Program (EPP)<br />Develop, certify and market an electric propulsion system alternative to the internal combustion engine for the general aviation aircraft market<br />Clean<br />Quiet<br />Clean<br />Quiet<br />Many Benefits<br />Efficient <br />Efficient <br />Safe<br />Safe<br />Less Complex<br />Less Complex<br />Economical<br />Economical<br />7<br />Proprietary & Confidential<br />7<br />
  20. 20. Primary System Components<br />Electric Motor<br />Modular, high efficiency, light-<br />weight, air cooled, brushless, <br />electric motor<br />ESU (Energy Storage Unit)<br /> Li-Ion battery cells in 3 packs<br />configured for certification,<br />redundancy and safety<br />Controller<br />Regulates power to engine and<br />monitors and controls ESUs<br />Charging System<br />Provides electricity to batteries<br />safely and efficiently<br />ESU 1 & 2<br />Electric Engine<br />ESU 3 &<br /> Computer Controller<br />8<br />
  21. 21. Electric Storage Unit (ESU)<br /> FIRE<br /> NO FIRE<br />9<br />
  22. 22. Electric Motor<br />UQM Technologies<br />10<br />10<br />
  23. 23. Supplemental Power Options<br />Regenerative Drag Devices<br />Solar Cells<br />Supplements energy collection ~20%<br />Thin film solar cells<br />11<br />
  24. 24. Defense Department UAV Market<br />“Silent Sentinel” Hybrid UAV Concept<br />“Silent Sentinel”<br /><ul><li> Acoustic Stealth
  25. 25. Thermal Stealth
  26. 26. Long Duration
  27. 27. Improved Logistics</li></ul>12<br />
  28. 28. Anticipated Timelines<br />Proposed Bye Aerospace Hybrid UAV<br />Proposed all-electric FAA certified aircraft<br />Phase 1 (12 months): Bench test electric motor and battery combinations <br />Phase 2 (12 months): Test hybrid UAV, hybrid/electric aircraft for FAA certification<br />Phase 3 (12 to 18 months): Test full size EV aircraft for FAA certification <br />13<br />
  29. 29. Owner Ops Cost Opportunity<br />Training School Operator Savings<br />1. 800 hour per year training school operation x 5 gph average fuel burn x $5.00 per gallon = $140,000 total fuel savings over 7 year period<br />2. Li-Ion Battery ‘7 year lease’ trade-in program = Mitigates ESU expense, (15% down, 5.5% interest = $1,129/mos.). Brings the up-front cost of the C-162 ‘E’ back to ~$111,500<br />14<br />
  30. 30. Cost Opportunity<br />Price Reductions<br />Increase Aircraft Utility and Sales<br />Electric motor and controller cost is $4,000 in production, expected to reduce another $1,000 in high volume production.<br />Thin film PV efficiency is expected to increase 50% while its cost is expected to drop by 50% over the next 5 years.<br />Current cost of $2,000 per kWh in Li-Ion batteries is expected to drop to $1,000 per kWh while efficiency is expected to improve from 205 wh/kg to 300 wh/kg in the next 5 years.<br />15<br />
  31. 31. Marketing Value<br /><ul><li>2,000 piston LSA in service
  32. 32. 500 new sold per year</li></ul>16<br />
  33. 33. Marketing Value<br /><ul><li>3,800 RV Experimental aircraft in service
  34. 34. 650 new sold per year (in a ‘typical year’)</li></ul>17<br />
  35. 35. Tech Acceleration Curve<br />Exponential<br />Research and Development<br />Knowledge  Funding  Commercial Viability<br />Shift<br />Transition from linear to exponential is underway. The time is NOW for alternative energy and aerospace investment<br />Linear<br />1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020<br />Exponential Shift requires intersection of:<br /><ul><li> Demand/Political Will
  36. 36. AdequateBase of R & D
  37. 37. Capital</li></ul>Tech Acceleration Curve is no aberration<br /><ul><li> Aviation (WW II)
  38. 38. Media/Communications (TV, Cell Ph)
  39. 39. Info Tech (PC, Internet)</li></ul>18<br />
  40. 40. Thank you!<br />www.ByeEnergy.com<br />

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