Biofuels for GA<br />George Bye, CEO – Bye Energy<br />July 31, 2009<br />
About the Presenter<br /><ul><li>>20 years experience as an aerospace entrepreneur, manager and executive
Led Aviation Technology Group, Javelin
ATP rating, >4,000 hours (T-38, C-141B)</li></ul>George Bye<br />2<br />
Integrator of alternative energy and renewable fuel technologies for business and general aviation<br />3<br />
Why Biofuels for GA?<br />Alternative <br />Fuel Sources<br />NEED FOR OPS EFFICIENCY<br />Threat: High Ops Cost Potential...
Market Conditions for Bio-based Aviation Fuels<br /><ul><li>Immediate demand
Significant biochemical and thermochemical research advances
70% blend (renewable version of petroleum fuel) available in the very near term
Multiple biofuels tests continue</li></ul>5<br />
Traditional Fuel Perspective<br />Crude oil, coal, and natural gas come from biomass (organic matter) that has been proces...
Situation Analysis <br /><ul><li>Majority of U.S. oil consumption imported
Only 3% of oil reserves in U.S. control
National security concerns
Finite crude oil supply
Increasing global energy demand
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation

345

Published on

Published in: Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
345
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation

  1. 1. Biofuels for GA<br />George Bye, CEO – Bye Energy<br />July 31, 2009<br />
  2. 2. About the Presenter<br /><ul><li>>20 years experience as an aerospace entrepreneur, manager and executive
  3. 3. Led Aviation Technology Group, Javelin
  4. 4. ATP rating, >4,000 hours (T-38, C-141B)</li></ul>George Bye<br />2<br />
  5. 5. Integrator of alternative energy and renewable fuel technologies for business and general aviation<br />3<br />
  6. 6. Why Biofuels for GA?<br />Alternative <br />Fuel Sources<br />NEED FOR OPS EFFICIENCY<br />Threat: High Ops Cost Potentially Limits Utility<br />VOLATILE FUEL COSTS<br />Threat: Unpredictable Cost Limits Planning Effectiveness<br />INTERNATIONAL PETRO SUPPLY<br />Threat: Aviation Fuel Potentially Limited/Costly<br />ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS<br />Threat: Noise, CO2 Pollution<br />FUTURE FOR DoD AVIATION<br />Threat: Loss of Flexibility; Efficiency; Security<br />4<br />
  7. 7. Market Conditions for Bio-based Aviation Fuels<br /><ul><li>Immediate demand
  8. 8. Significant biochemical and thermochemical research advances
  9. 9. 70% blend (renewable version of petroleum fuel) available in the very near term
  10. 10. Multiple biofuels tests continue</li></ul>5<br />
  11. 11. Traditional Fuel Perspective<br />Crude oil, coal, and natural gas come from biomass (organic matter) that has been processed by nature over billions of years<br />Biomass can come from corn, agricultural byproducts, palm nuts, algae, and other cellulosic resources<br />6<br />
  12. 12. Situation Analysis <br /><ul><li>Majority of U.S. oil consumption imported
  13. 13. Only 3% of oil reserves in U.S. control
  14. 14. National security concerns
  15. 15. Finite crude oil supply
  16. 16. Increasing global energy demand
  17. 17. Price volatility & supply uncertainty
  18. 18. Emissions / Climate change
  19. 19. Emergence of new energy culture</li></ul>7<br />
  20. 20. Advanced Biofuel Production Targets<br />As mandated by the U.S. Dept. of Energy per 2007 EISA<br />8<br />
  21. 21. General Biofuel Overview <br /><ul><li>Corn Ethanol
  22. 22. Food based
  23. 23. Controversial, although solutions exist that address the controversy
  24. 24. Traditional Biodiesel
  25. 25. Natural oils & fats—generally food-based vegetable oils
  26. 26. Utilizes a Transesterification process
  27. 27. Cellulosic Biofuels
  28. 28. Biochemical or thermochemical conversion
  29. 29. Non-food based / sustainable / carbon neutral
  30. 30. First productions sites becoming operational
  31. 31. Algae Biofuels
  32. 32. High energy content / non-food based / consumes CO2
  33. 33. R&D phase: Cultivation and harvesting challenges</li></ul>9<br />
  34. 34. Biomass <br />(Feedstock)<br />Oily Plants<br />Cellulosic<br />Pre-treatment<br />(Pyrolysis)<br />Ethanol<br />Bio-Oil Extraction<br />Gasification<br />Bio - Oils<br />Hydrolysis/<br />Fermentation<br />Syngas<br />Shift reaction<br />Fischer Tropsch<br />Methanol Synthesis<br />Esterification<br />Hydrotreatment<br />FT Synjet<br />Methanol<br />Hydrogen<br />Ethanol/C2+ Alcohols<br />Biodiesel<br />SynJet<br />BioJet<br />BioJet<br />BioJet<br />Biofuel Production Processes<br />10<br />
  35. 35. Biofuel Production Issues<br /><ul><li>Utilization of valuable agricultural land
  36. 36. Some displace valuable rain forests
  37. 37. Questionable energy balance
  38. 38. Marginal energy density
  39. 39. Relatively expensive
  40. 40. Impacts human food cost</li></ul>Palm Oil Nuts<br />11<br />
  41. 41. Next Generation Biofeedstock<br />Jatropha Shrub Nuts<br />Switch Grass<br />12<br />
  42. 42. Next Generation Biofeedstock<br />Algae may be Ideal Feedstock <br /><ul><li>High oil content
  43. 43. Avoids commodity pricing
  44. 44. Aggressive growth cycle
  45. 45. Not a human food source
  46. 46. No ag land, fertilizer or potable water
  47. 47. Absorbs CO2 and emits O2
  48. 48. Valuable residual</li></ul>13<br />
  49. 49. Exponential<br />TECH ACCELERATION CURVE<br />Research and Development<br />Knowledge  Funding  Commercial Viability<br />Shift<br />Transition from linear to exponential is underway. The time is NOW for alternative energy and aerospace investment<br />Linear<br />1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020<br />Exponential Shift requires intersection of:<br /><ul><li> Demand/Political Will
  50. 50. Adequate Base of R & D
  51. 51. Capital</li></ul>Tech Acceleration Curve is no aberration<br /><ul><li> Aviation (WW II)
  52. 52. Media/Communications (TV, Cell Ph)
  53. 53. Info Tech (PC, Internet)</li></ul>14<br />
  54. 54. Bio-Derived AvGas and Jet Fuel for GA are Coming<br /><ul><li>Large Test Quantities Before Year-End
  55. 55. ASTM/FAA Tests and Certification in 2010
  56. 56. Meaningful Production Quantities 2011</li></ul>15<br />
  57. 57. Thank you!<br />www.ByeEnergy.com<br />16<br />

×