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AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation
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AirVenture 2009 Biofuels Presentation

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Transcript

  • 1. Biofuels for GA
    George Bye, CEO – Bye Energy
    July 31, 2009
  • 2. About the Presenter
    • >20 years experience as an aerospace entrepreneur, manager and executive
    • 3. Led Aviation Technology Group, Javelin
    • 4. ATP rating, >4,000 hours (T-38, C-141B)
    George Bye
    2
  • 5. Integrator of alternative energy and renewable fuel technologies for business and general aviation
    3
  • 6. Why Biofuels for GA?
    Alternative
    Fuel Sources
    NEED FOR OPS EFFICIENCY
    Threat: High Ops Cost Potentially Limits Utility
    VOLATILE FUEL COSTS
    Threat: Unpredictable Cost Limits Planning Effectiveness
    INTERNATIONAL PETRO SUPPLY
    Threat: Aviation Fuel Potentially Limited/Costly
    ENVIRONMENTAL CONCERNS
    Threat: Noise, CO2 Pollution
    FUTURE FOR DoD AVIATION
    Threat: Loss of Flexibility; Efficiency; Security
    4
  • 7. Market Conditions for Bio-based Aviation Fuels
    • Immediate demand
    • 8. Significant biochemical and thermochemical research advances
    • 9. 70% blend (renewable version of petroleum fuel) available in the very near term
    • 10. Multiple biofuels tests continue
    5
  • 11. Traditional Fuel Perspective
    Crude oil, coal, and natural gas come from biomass (organic matter) that has been processed by nature over billions of years
    Biomass can come from corn, agricultural byproducts, palm nuts, algae, and other cellulosic resources
    6
  • 12. Situation Analysis
    • Majority of U.S. oil consumption imported
    • 13. Only 3% of oil reserves in U.S. control
    • 14. National security concerns
    • 15. Finite crude oil supply
    • 16. Increasing global energy demand
    • 17. Price volatility & supply uncertainty
    • 18. Emissions / Climate change
    • 19. Emergence of new energy culture
    7
  • 20. Advanced Biofuel Production Targets
    As mandated by the U.S. Dept. of Energy per 2007 EISA
    8
  • 21. General Biofuel Overview
    • Corn Ethanol
    • 22. Food based
    • 23. Controversial, although solutions exist that address the controversy
    • 24. Traditional Biodiesel
    • 25. Natural oils & fats—generally food-based vegetable oils
    • 26. Utilizes a Transesterification process
    • 27. Cellulosic Biofuels
    • 28. Biochemical or thermochemical conversion
    • 29. Non-food based / sustainable / carbon neutral
    • 30. First productions sites becoming operational
    • 31. Algae Biofuels
    • 32. High energy content / non-food based / consumes CO2
    • 33. R&D phase: Cultivation and harvesting challenges
    9
  • 34. Biomass
    (Feedstock)
    Oily Plants
    Cellulosic
    Pre-treatment
    (Pyrolysis)
    Ethanol
    Bio-Oil Extraction
    Gasification
    Bio - Oils
    Hydrolysis/
    Fermentation
    Syngas
    Shift reaction
    Fischer Tropsch
    Methanol Synthesis
    Esterification
    Hydrotreatment
    FT Synjet
    Methanol
    Hydrogen
    Ethanol/C2+ Alcohols
    Biodiesel
    SynJet
    BioJet
    BioJet
    BioJet
    Biofuel Production Processes
    10
  • 35. Biofuel Production Issues
    • Utilization of valuable agricultural land
    • 36. Some displace valuable rain forests
    • 37. Questionable energy balance
    • 38. Marginal energy density
    • 39. Relatively expensive
    • 40. Impacts human food cost
    Palm Oil Nuts
    11
  • 41. Next Generation Biofeedstock
    Jatropha Shrub Nuts
    Switch Grass
    12
  • 42. Next Generation Biofeedstock
    Algae may be Ideal Feedstock
    • High oil content
    • 43. Avoids commodity pricing
    • 44. Aggressive growth cycle
    • 45. Not a human food source
    • 46. No ag land, fertilizer or potable water
    • 47. Absorbs CO2 and emits O2
    • 48. Valuable residual
    13
  • 49. Exponential
    TECH ACCELERATION CURVE
    Research and Development
    Knowledge  Funding  Commercial Viability
    Shift
    Transition from linear to exponential is underway. The time is NOW for alternative energy and aerospace investment
    Linear
    1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2020
    Exponential Shift requires intersection of:
    • Demand/Political Will
    • 50. Adequate Base of R & D
    • 51. Capital
    Tech Acceleration Curve is no aberration
    • Aviation (WW II)
    • 52. Media/Communications (TV, Cell Ph)
    • 53. Info Tech (PC, Internet)
    14
  • 54. Bio-Derived AvGas and Jet Fuel for GA are Coming
    • Large Test Quantities Before Year-End
    • 55. ASTM/FAA Tests and Certification in 2010
    • 56. Meaningful Production Quantities 2011
    15
  • 57. Thank you!
    www.ByeEnergy.com
    16

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