Badminton rackets are light, between about 70 and 100 grams (without strings). They are manufactured using different materials such as carbon fiber composite to solid steel. More: Carbon fiber has an excellent strength to weight ratio, is stiff, and gives excellent grips. However before that rackets were made of aluminum. The even earlier generation of rackets were made of wood but is no longer in the market due to their weight and cost. Now, cheap rackets are still often made of metal
There is a wide variety of racket designs. The traditional oval head shape and an isometric head shape is still widely available and implemented.
Badminton strings are thin, high performing strings in the range of about 0.65 to 0.73 millimeters thickness. String tension is normally in the range of 18 to 36 lbf (80 to 130 newtons). Recreational players uses lower tensions strings between 18 and 25 lbf. Professionals string between about 25 and 36 lbf.
High string tensions improve control, whereas low string tensions increase power. The optimum tension for power depends on the player: the faster and more accurately a player can swing their racket, the higher the tension for maximum power. The most effective way for a player to find a good string tension is to experiment.
The choice of grip allows a player to increase the thickness of his racket handle and choose a comfortable surface to hold. A player may build up the handle with one or several grips before applying the final layer.
Players may choose between a variety of grip materials. The most common choices are PU synthetic grips or toweling grips. Grip choice is of personal preference. Players often find sweating a problem; in this case, a drying agent may be applied to the grip or hands, or sweatbands may be used.
There are two types of grip: replacement grips and overgrips. Replacement grips are thicker, and are often used to increase the size of the handle. Over grips are thinner (less than 1 mm), and are often used as the final layer. Toweling grips are always replacement grips. Over grips are more convenient for players who change grips frequently, because they may be removed more rapidly without damaging the underlying material .
A shuttlecock (known as a bird or birdie), with an open conical shape: the cone is formed from sixteen overlapping goose feathers embedded into a rounded cork base. The cork is covered with thin leather.
Shuttles with a plastic skirt are often used by recreational players to reduce their costs: feathered shuttles break easily.
Badminton shoes are lightweight with soles of rubber or similar high-grip, non-marking materials.
Badminton shoes have little lateral support. High levels of lateral support are useful for activities where lateral motion is undesirable and unexpected. Badminton, however, requires powerful lateral movements. A highly built-up lateral support will not be able to protect the foot in badminton; instead, it will encourage catastrophic collapse at the point where the shoe's support fails.
The table is 2.74 m (9 ft) long, 1.525 m (5 ft) wide, and 76 cm (30 inch) high with a Masonite (a type of hardboard) or similarly manufactured timber, layered with a smooth, low- friction coating The table or playing surface is divided into two halves by a 15.25 cm (6 inch) high net. An ITTF approved table surface must be in a green or blue color.
A badminton court dimension for every court played on must be a certain length and width, and of course will differ from singles play to doubles play. In a Singles play court, the badminton court measurement is 17 by 44 feet. In a doubles play court, the badminton court size must be 20 by 44 feet. Of course, these are only for professional games; you can use any badminton court measurements outside of scheduled games.
The badminton court size is divided into two equal half’s, called The Net Line. The Net Lines dimension fills up the entire width of the court, creating an equal space of 22 feet long and 20 feet wide on each side of the line. A typical Badminton net goes over this line, the badminton net is five feet tall, and will stretch out through the entire width of the court. badminton court length net height line is necessary for every badminton court; you simply can’t play without it.
The Short Service Line is on both sides of the Net Line. The Short Service Line is usually about 6 to 7 feet away from the Center Line, on both sides. On a serve, the shuttlecock must pass this line, or it is a fault and resulting in a loss of serve. Inside this area can also be referred to the “Non-Volley Zone”
Singles play is long and narrow; Doubles play is short and wide. The Singles Side Line is approximately 1.5 feet inside of the Doubles Side Line (also the overall court sideline). The Doubles Back Line is about 2.5 feet inside of the Singles Back Line (also known as the overall court backline).
Of course, following these badminton court size and dimension makes the game more natural, but its not necessary to have these exact badminton measurements to have a good game of badminton.