Welcome to this PhD course !
From Local to Global: Political
Ecology, Natural Resource
Conflicts and Environmental
Who Are You ?
• Where are you from ?
• Discipline ?
• University ?
• Why are you interested in this course ?
• What are your expectations ?
• Module 1: Scales in Environmental Governance
– Session 1: Key concepts
– Session 2: Scales in Environmental governance
– Session 3: Bottom-up and Top-down
– Session 4: International politics
• Module 2: Political Dimensions of Environmental
– Session 5: Political Ecology and Human Ecosystems
– Session 6: Interlinkages: Global security, Trade and
– Session 7: Transnationality and Global Governance of
natural resource extraction
• Module 3: Theory and case studies
– Session 8: Political theory and practice
– Session 9: Abiotic natural resources – case
– Session 10: Animal resources - case
– Session 11: Biotic natural resources - case
Scales in Environmental Governance
Session 1: Understanding key concepts
• What is the environment ?
• What is environmental governance ?
• What is global and local governance ?
• What is environmental politics ?
• What is political ecology ?
What is the environment?
• Care about the “environment”
• There is no “single environment”
• Are humans separate from the “environment” ?
• Which era are we living ?
• The Anthropocene
• Framing and politics
What is global/local environmental
How do we construct space and place ?
What is political ecology vs
environmental politics ?
Write down your definition of both concepts (10 mins)
What are differences and similarities ?
• Immense field of study, cross-cutting theme
• Environmental Politics
– The study of political theories and paradigms related
to the environment
– Investigating the positioning of parties
– Environmental policy at multiple geopolitical levels
(Neil Carter, 2009)
– Not one definition of environmentalism: a wide variety
of discursive fields and frames
– Competing notions on what drives environmental
Robert Brulle: four standard approaches of understanding
1.Changes in political opportunity structure
3.Development and promulgation of new cultural beliefs
4.Condition of the natural environment
Handbook of Politics: State and Society in
Global Perspective (2010) AvKevin T.
Leicht,J. Craig Jenkins: pp. 385-405
Term coined by Frank Thone (1935) "Nature Rambling: We
Fight for Grass," The Science Newsletter 27, 717, Jan. 5:
“Research has sought primarily to understand the political
dynamics surrounding material and discursive struggles
over the environment in the third world”
Bryant 1998, p. 89.
• Humans are political animals and the use of natural
resources is a political act in which people interact at
different levels between which various power relations
exist (Dietz, 1996).
• Political ecology calls for a greater emphasis of study on
local power dynamics on common-pool resources and the
environment (McCay, 2002; Dietz, 1996).
Political ecology is an area of social research
investigating the environmental dimensions to armed and
unarmed conflicts. A basic research question in political
ecology looks at who plays a role in resource extraction and
maintenance in an environment where people interact at
different levels between which various power relations exist
Political ecology: “the study of the relationships between
political, economic and social factors with environmental
issues and changes. Political ecology differs from apolitical
ecological studies by politicizing environmental issues and