Localised production vs importation


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Localised production vs importation

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Localised production vs importation

  1. 1. Pre-History Localised Productio Vs Importation
  2. 2. History Of wine  The development of viticulture is inextricably linked with the birth of European civilisation  It is likely that Nomadic people were fermenting grapes as far back as 6000 – 7000BC  Wine was one of the first cultivated wild fruit  Wine production first flourished in Pharaonic Egypt
  3. 3. Localised Production  As man began settled civilisation, production was for his/her family  People became known in their village for a decent wine  They then would sell to other villagers for trade goods
  4. 4. Exporting Regions  As person (or village) became well known for the produce of wine  Travellers would spread the word  Settlements would begin mass production of a certain produce (wine) and would then export  Wine became a feasible trading commodity immediately after the ability to store liquids (about 5000BC)
  5. 5. Egypt  The Nile Delta (Egypt) witnessed the first explosion of the wine trade  Would use long caravans or fast ships to bring wine to the most important trading centers of the Mediterranean
  6. 6. Ancient Greece  From Egypt the process of wine making travelled to Ancient Greece where it flourished  As the wine culture developed, regions became well known for their wine  E.g. the region of Lesbos was well known for the mature flavours arising from the wine maturing under a thin layer of Flor yeast  The region of Cos was known for its sour wine
  7. 7. Importing Regions  During the late 2nd century BC and early 1st century BC there was a massive increase in wine sxports from places like Ancient Greece and Rome to places as far as modern day Russia  Cities that could not produce their own wine, or wine of high quality were large importers E.G Daha (modern day Syria)  The roman city of Pompeii imported thousands of liters of wine for the growth of the roman empire
  8. 8. England  In the middle ages, almost the entirety of England was unsuited to produce grapes of good quality and therefore basically all wine that was consumed was imported  The English craved wines from Roman facilities in Gaul (possibly where Bordeaux is now) and imported thousands of liters a year  The ability to send wine such long distances is one reason why Roman culture was able to travel so far
  9. 9.  There is a (not uncommon) view that the foundations of modern economy find their root in the mediterraenean wine trade:  Money contracts  Payment systems  Courts  Accounting procedures  Commercial professions
  10. 10. Differences between Importing and Exporting regions  Early wine exporting regions were found wherever the vine naturally grew and could be cultivated  This was usually country estates instead of near cities  The expansion of wine follows the rise of Egypt who brought the vine to Ancient Greece who in turn showed the Romans  Wine exporting regions developed where viable land for viticulture appeared  As viticulture knowledge grew vineyards were selected by “terroir” and climate
  11. 11.  Wine exporting regions were often chosen by distance to the sea, due to the difficulty of exporting over land  Wine importing regions were developed where local wine was insufficient  As the roman empire grew, they brought viticulture and wine-making to the new settlements  When a wine was found to be of excellent quality in a certain region it would be imported into all main trading centers of the Mediterranean
  12. 12.  Wine importing regions were often where many differing cultures resided and many different wines could be found  Regions throughout northern Europe were large importers of wine due to the climate  Cities were usually large importers of wine due to their size and inability to produce wine
  13. 13.  Exporting regions were often poor and generally slaves were used  Importing regions were often large and rich, the trade of wine generated large amounts of money for importing regions  Importing regions were often centres for wine knowledge as the rich and powerful traded in many differing cultures of wine
  14. 14. References  Domine, A. (2000). Wine: Konneman  Seward, D. (1973). Monks and Wine. London, England: Mitchell Beasley Publishers Limited  Stilo, A. (n.d.). Wine and Rome. Retrieved 2nd August, 2013, from http://penelope.uchicago.edu/~grout/encyclopaedia_romana/wine/wine.html  Agis, L. (2004). History of Ancient Wine: The Beginnings of the Wine Trade. Retrieved 2nd August, 2013, from http://www.ancientworlds.net/aw/Article/433249  Unwin, T. (1996). The 8,000 Year Old Story of the Wine Trade. New York, USA: Thunders Mouth Press Wine and the Vine. London: Rou  ThinkQuest. (2000). Trade in the Mediterranean. Retreived August 8th, 2013, from http://library.thinkquest.org/C004203/economic/economic02.html