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Josephine D8 17(Social Project Hieroglyphs)
 

Josephine D8 17(Social Project Hieroglyphs)

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    Josephine D8 17(Social Project Hieroglyphs) Josephine D8 17(Social Project Hieroglyphs) Presentation Transcript

    • By: Josephine 817 Hieroglyphs
    • Table of Contents
      • Hieroglyphs
      • Eye of Horus
      • Fraction System
      • Writing Tools
      • Egyptian Numbering System
      • Writing
      • Cartouche
      • Rosetta Stone
      • How they solved how to read Hieroglyphs
      • Scribes
    • Hieroglyphs
      • - Egyptians believed the god Thoth invented hieroglyphics.
      • - hieroglyphics came from the Greek "hieros" meaning sacred and "glypho" meaning inscriptions.
      • - 3,400 BC has been dated the earliest known example of writing.
      • - and 396 AD has been dated the latest known inscription of writing.
      • - it was first used by Clement from Alexandria.
      • Picture of: Hieroglyphs
      • - Horus was an important falcon headed god.
      • - the eye of Horus symbol was used to protect from evil.
      • - and it was also used as a fraction system.
      • - the eye of Horus represents a human eye and markings on the cheek of a falcon.
      • Picture of: Eye of Horus
      Eye of Horus:
    • Fraction System:
      • - the fraction system was based on the "eye of Horus".
      • - it was used to record prescriptions, land and grain.
      • - each part of the eye of Horus added together equalled to a value of 1.
      • - fractions were created by putting together different sections of the eye.
      • - each section of the eye was based on halves so one part of the eye would be 1/2 then the next 1/4 and 1/8 etc.
      • Picture of: Eye of Horus fraction system
    • Writing Tools:
      • - the Egyptians used paper (papyrus) to right on, which was made of a marsh plant called papyrus reed.
      • - but school boys used broken pottery bits or wipe-off boards because they were cheaper than papyrus.
      • - the Egyptians used pigment powder which was made from a plant and it makes paint or ink when it is mixed with a liquid.
      • - they also used three pen cases to hold reeds they used to write with and two carved circles held red ink and black ink.
      • Picture of: Three Pen Cases
    • Egyptian Numbering System:
      • - the Egyptian number system was based by units of 10.
      • - instead of writing numbers down they used pictures to represent them.
      • - the higher numbered values were always written in front of smaller values.
      • Picture of: Number System
    • Writing:
      • - Egyptians used more than 2,000 hieroglyphic symbols.
      • - each symbol represented common objects in ancient Egypt.
      • - the symbol usually represented a sound or idea that related to the object.
      • - these days we use a type of hieroglyphic writing called "rebus".
      • - rebus is a type of writing we use that sounds out what we are trying to say instead of writing it.
      • Picture of: Rebus
    • Cartouche:
      • - a cartouche was a place to hold the name of a pharaoh.
      • - in the 5th dynasty they put the two most important names of the pharaoh in the cartouches.
      • - they put his birth-name (nomen) and throne name (prenomen) in the cartouches.
      • - the cartouche represents everything encircled by the sun.
      • - but it also was a protective symbol to the king.
    • Rosetta Stone:
      • - the Rosetta Stone was a stone that had three different scripts on it and two different languages.
      • - the first script was hieroglyphic, which was used for important and religious documents.
      • - the second script was demotic, which was the common script of Egypt.
      • - the third script was Greek, which was the language the ruler of Egypt spoke at the time.
      • - the Rosetta Stone was found in 1799 by French soldiers in a small village called Rosetta.
      • - on the stone it says it lists how good the pharaoh has been to his people of Egypt
    • How they solved how to read Hieroglyphs
      • - in the 4th century the emperor Theodosius closed the temples and that's when everyone forgot how to read hieroglyphs. - then in the 19th century a man named Jean-Francois Champollion uncovered the mystery of the hieroglyphic script.
      • Picture of: Jean-Francois Champollion
    • Scribes
      • Scribes were men who learned to read and write heiroglyphs and heiratic
      • They were the only people in Egypt whoknew how to read and write hieroglyphs
      • Hieroglyphs would usually appear on temples and in the tombs of pharoahs
      • Scribes were the ones that kept records of the government and wrote letters for the pharaoh.
    • Bibliography
      • Websites used:
      • http://www.greatscott.com/hiero/
      • http://google.ca
      • http://www.eyelid.co.uk/hiero1.htm