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Josephine D8 17(Social Project Hieroglyphs)
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Josephine D8 17(Social Project Hieroglyphs)

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  • 1. By: Josephine 817 Hieroglyphs
  • 2. Table of Contents
    • Hieroglyphs
    • Eye of Horus
    • Fraction System
    • Writing Tools
    • Egyptian Numbering System
    • Writing
    • Cartouche
    • Rosetta Stone
    • How they solved how to read Hieroglyphs
    • Scribes
  • 3. Hieroglyphs
    • - Egyptians believed the god Thoth invented hieroglyphics.
    • - hieroglyphics came from the Greek "hieros" meaning sacred and "glypho" meaning inscriptions.
    • - 3,400 BC has been dated the earliest known example of writing.
    • - and 396 AD has been dated the latest known inscription of writing.
    • - it was first used by Clement from Alexandria.
    • Picture of: Hieroglyphs
  • 4.
    • - Horus was an important falcon headed god.
    • - the eye of Horus symbol was used to protect from evil.
    • - and it was also used as a fraction system.
    • - the eye of Horus represents a human eye and markings on the cheek of a falcon.
    • Picture of: Eye of Horus
    Eye of Horus:
  • 5. Fraction System:
    • - the fraction system was based on the "eye of Horus".
    • - it was used to record prescriptions, land and grain.
    • - each part of the eye of Horus added together equalled to a value of 1.
    • - fractions were created by putting together different sections of the eye.
    • - each section of the eye was based on halves so one part of the eye would be 1/2 then the next 1/4 and 1/8 etc.
    • Picture of: Eye of Horus fraction system
  • 6. Writing Tools:
    • - the Egyptians used paper (papyrus) to right on, which was made of a marsh plant called papyrus reed.
    • - but school boys used broken pottery bits or wipe-off boards because they were cheaper than papyrus.
    • - the Egyptians used pigment powder which was made from a plant and it makes paint or ink when it is mixed with a liquid.
    • - they also used three pen cases to hold reeds they used to write with and two carved circles held red ink and black ink.
    • Picture of: Three Pen Cases
  • 7. Egyptian Numbering System:
    • - the Egyptian number system was based by units of 10.
    • - instead of writing numbers down they used pictures to represent them.
    • - the higher numbered values were always written in front of smaller values.
    • Picture of: Number System
  • 8. Writing:
    • - Egyptians used more than 2,000 hieroglyphic symbols.
    • - each symbol represented common objects in ancient Egypt.
    • - the symbol usually represented a sound or idea that related to the object.
    • - these days we use a type of hieroglyphic writing called "rebus".
    • - rebus is a type of writing we use that sounds out what we are trying to say instead of writing it.
    • Picture of: Rebus
  • 9. Cartouche:
    • - a cartouche was a place to hold the name of a pharaoh.
    • - in the 5th dynasty they put the two most important names of the pharaoh in the cartouches.
    • - they put his birth-name (nomen) and throne name (prenomen) in the cartouches.
    • - the cartouche represents everything encircled by the sun.
    • - but it also was a protective symbol to the king.
  • 10. Rosetta Stone:
    • - the Rosetta Stone was a stone that had three different scripts on it and two different languages.
    • - the first script was hieroglyphic, which was used for important and religious documents.
    • - the second script was demotic, which was the common script of Egypt.
    • - the third script was Greek, which was the language the ruler of Egypt spoke at the time.
    • - the Rosetta Stone was found in 1799 by French soldiers in a small village called Rosetta.
    • - on the stone it says it lists how good the pharaoh has been to his people of Egypt
  • 11. How they solved how to read Hieroglyphs
    • - in the 4th century the emperor Theodosius closed the temples and that's when everyone forgot how to read hieroglyphs. - then in the 19th century a man named Jean-Francois Champollion uncovered the mystery of the hieroglyphic script.
    • Picture of: Jean-Francois Champollion
  • 12. Scribes
    • Scribes were men who learned to read and write heiroglyphs and heiratic
    • They were the only people in Egypt whoknew how to read and write hieroglyphs
    • Hieroglyphs would usually appear on temples and in the tombs of pharoahs
    • Scribes were the ones that kept records of the government and wrote letters for the pharaoh.
  • 13. Bibliography
    • Websites used:
    • http://www.greatscott.com/hiero/
    • http://google.ca
    • http://www.eyelid.co.uk/hiero1.htm