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By: Josephine 817 Hieroglyphs
Table of Contents <ul><li>Hieroglyphs  </li></ul><ul><li>Eye of Horus </li></ul><ul><li>Fraction System </li></ul><ul><li>...
Hieroglyphs <ul><li>- Egyptians believed the god Thoth invented hieroglyphics. </li></ul><ul><li>- hieroglyphics came from...
<ul><li>- Horus was an important falcon headed god. </li></ul><ul><li>- the eye of Horus symbol was used to protect from e...
Fraction System: <ul><li>- the fraction system was based on the &quot;eye of Horus&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>- it was used ...
Writing Tools:  <ul><li>- the Egyptians used paper (papyrus) to right on, which was made of a marsh plant called papyrus r...
Egyptian Numbering System: <ul><li>- the Egyptian number system was based by units of 10. </li></ul><ul><li>- instead of w...
Writing: <ul><li>- Egyptians used more than 2,000 hieroglyphic symbols. </li></ul><ul><li>- each symbol represented common...
Cartouche: <ul><li>- a cartouche was a place to hold the name of a pharaoh. </li></ul><ul><li>- in the 5th dynasty they pu...
Rosetta Stone: <ul><li>- the Rosetta Stone was a stone that had three different scripts on it and two different languages....
How they solved how to read Hieroglyphs <ul><li>- in the 4th century the emperor Theodosius closed the temples and that's ...
Scribes <ul><li>Scribes were men who learned to read and write heiroglyphs and heiratic </li></ul><ul><li>They were the on...
Bibliography <ul><li>Websites used: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.greatscott.com/hiero/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://google.ca ...
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Josephine D8 17(Social Project Hieroglyphs)

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Transcript of "Josephine D8 17(Social Project Hieroglyphs)"

  1. 1. By: Josephine 817 Hieroglyphs
  2. 2. Table of Contents <ul><li>Hieroglyphs </li></ul><ul><li>Eye of Horus </li></ul><ul><li>Fraction System </li></ul><ul><li>Writing Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Egyptian Numbering System </li></ul><ul><li>Writing </li></ul><ul><li>Cartouche </li></ul><ul><li>Rosetta Stone </li></ul><ul><li>How they solved how to read Hieroglyphs </li></ul><ul><li>Scribes </li></ul>
  3. 3. Hieroglyphs <ul><li>- Egyptians believed the god Thoth invented hieroglyphics. </li></ul><ul><li>- hieroglyphics came from the Greek &quot;hieros&quot; meaning sacred and &quot;glypho&quot; meaning inscriptions. </li></ul><ul><li>- 3,400 BC has been dated the earliest known example of writing. </li></ul><ul><li>- and 396 AD has been dated the latest known inscription of writing. </li></ul><ul><li>- it was first used by Clement from Alexandria. </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of: Hieroglyphs </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>- Horus was an important falcon headed god. </li></ul><ul><li>- the eye of Horus symbol was used to protect from evil. </li></ul><ul><li>- and it was also used as a fraction system. </li></ul><ul><li>- the eye of Horus represents a human eye and markings on the cheek of a falcon. </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of: Eye of Horus </li></ul>Eye of Horus:
  5. 5. Fraction System: <ul><li>- the fraction system was based on the &quot;eye of Horus&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>- it was used to record prescriptions, land and grain. </li></ul><ul><li>- each part of the eye of Horus added together equalled to a value of 1. </li></ul><ul><li>- fractions were created by putting together different sections of the eye. </li></ul><ul><li>- each section of the eye was based on halves so one part of the eye would be 1/2 then the next 1/4 and 1/8 etc. </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of: Eye of Horus fraction system </li></ul>
  6. 6. Writing Tools: <ul><li>- the Egyptians used paper (papyrus) to right on, which was made of a marsh plant called papyrus reed. </li></ul><ul><li>- but school boys used broken pottery bits or wipe-off boards because they were cheaper than papyrus. </li></ul><ul><li>- the Egyptians used pigment powder which was made from a plant and it makes paint or ink when it is mixed with a liquid. </li></ul><ul><li>- they also used three pen cases to hold reeds they used to write with and two carved circles held red ink and black ink. </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of: Three Pen Cases </li></ul>
  7. 7. Egyptian Numbering System: <ul><li>- the Egyptian number system was based by units of 10. </li></ul><ul><li>- instead of writing numbers down they used pictures to represent them. </li></ul><ul><li>- the higher numbered values were always written in front of smaller values. </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of: Number System </li></ul>
  8. 8. Writing: <ul><li>- Egyptians used more than 2,000 hieroglyphic symbols. </li></ul><ul><li>- each symbol represented common objects in ancient Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>- the symbol usually represented a sound or idea that related to the object. </li></ul><ul><li>- these days we use a type of hieroglyphic writing called &quot;rebus&quot;. </li></ul><ul><li>- rebus is a type of writing we use that sounds out what we are trying to say instead of writing it. </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of: Rebus </li></ul>
  9. 9. Cartouche: <ul><li>- a cartouche was a place to hold the name of a pharaoh. </li></ul><ul><li>- in the 5th dynasty they put the two most important names of the pharaoh in the cartouches. </li></ul><ul><li>- they put his birth-name (nomen) and throne name (prenomen) in the cartouches. </li></ul><ul><li>- the cartouche represents everything encircled by the sun. </li></ul><ul><li>- but it also was a protective symbol to the king. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Rosetta Stone: <ul><li>- the Rosetta Stone was a stone that had three different scripts on it and two different languages. </li></ul><ul><li>- the first script was hieroglyphic, which was used for important and religious documents. </li></ul><ul><li>- the second script was demotic, which was the common script of Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>- the third script was Greek, which was the language the ruler of Egypt spoke at the time. </li></ul><ul><li>- the Rosetta Stone was found in 1799 by French soldiers in a small village called Rosetta. </li></ul><ul><li>- on the stone it says it lists how good the pharaoh has been to his people of Egypt </li></ul>
  11. 11. How they solved how to read Hieroglyphs <ul><li>- in the 4th century the emperor Theodosius closed the temples and that's when everyone forgot how to read hieroglyphs. - then in the 19th century a man named Jean-Francois Champollion uncovered the mystery of the hieroglyphic script. </li></ul><ul><li>Picture of: Jean-Francois Champollion </li></ul>
  12. 12. Scribes <ul><li>Scribes were men who learned to read and write heiroglyphs and heiratic </li></ul><ul><li>They were the only people in Egypt whoknew how to read and write hieroglyphs </li></ul><ul><li>Hieroglyphs would usually appear on temples and in the tombs of pharoahs </li></ul><ul><li>Scribes were the ones that kept records of the government and wrote letters for the pharaoh. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Bibliography <ul><li>Websites used: </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.greatscott.com/hiero/ </li></ul><ul><li>http://google.ca </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.eyelid.co.uk/hiero1.htm </li></ul>
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