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Unit 4 - PowerPoint

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  • ASK STUDENTS Has anyone used a credit card recently? Was it in your name? If so, how did you get your card? How long have you had it? How, and why, do they use it? IF NOBODY HAS A CREDIT CARD, ASK Would you like to have a credit card? How would you use it?

Unit 4 - PowerPoint Unit 4 - PowerPoint Presentation Transcript

  • Unit 4 - Good Debt, Bad Debt: Using Credit Wisely
  • Credit Facts
    • Nearly 33% of teens owe money to either a person or company, with an average debt of $230 .
    • About 26% of teens ages 16-18 already have more than $1,000 in debt.
    • 30% of teens say they understand how credit card interest and fees work.
    • 36% of teens say they know how to establish good credit.
    4-A
  • Top 10 Questions to Ask Before Signing on the Dotted Line
    • Do I really need this item right now, or can I wait?
    • Can I qualify for credit?
    • What is the interest rate (APR) on this card?
    • Are there additional fees?
    • How much is the monthly payment, and when is it due?
    4-B-1 2 1 4-B-2 4-B-3
    • Can I afford to pay the monthly payments?
    • What will happen if I don’t make the payments on time?
    • What will be the extra cost of using credit?
    • What will I have to give up to pay for it?
    • All things considered, is using credit worth it for this purchase?
    • Credit is the amount of money or something of value that is loaned on trust with the expectation it will be repaid later to lenders.
    • Types of Credit
      • Borrow up to a predetermined limit (i.e., credit card)
      • Borrow cash to be repaid by a specific date
      • Borrow money for a major purchase to be repaid in regular payments over time, typically monthly (i.e., car loan, home mortgage)
    The Language of Credit 4-C-1 4 1 of
    • Debt is the entire amount of money you owe to lenders.
    • APR (Annual Percentage Rate) is the total cost to use credit in a year.
    • Term is how long you have to repay a loan, often expressed in months.
    • Fees are charged to use credit. Examples: Annual Credit Card Fee, Loan Origination Fee, Over-the-Limit Fee
    The Language of Credit 4-C-2 4 2 of
    • Credit History is a record of your behavior related to borrowing and repaying loans.
    • Credit Report is a detailed record of your personal credit and financial transactions.
    • Credit Score is a rating used by credit reporting companies to help lenders decide whether and/or how much credit can be extended to a borrower.
    The Language of Credit 4-C-3 4 3 of
    • Universal Default allows a credit card company to increase your interest rate if you make just one late payment.
    • Bankruptcy is a legal process to get out of debt when you can no longer make all your required payments.
    The Language of Credit 4-C-4 4 4 of
  • Types of Credit
    • Installment Credit
    • Fixed payments
    • Set period of time to repay
    • Set or varying interest rates
    • Car loans and home loans are typical examples.
    • Revolving Credit
    • No stated payoff time
    • Limit to credit
    • Minimum monthly payments
    • Interest rates vary or not
    • Finance charges
    • Credit cards most typical example
    4-D
  • Sources of Credit
    • Banks
    • Credit Unions
    • Department Stores
    • Automobile Dealers
    • Oil Companies (for gas stations)
    • Federal Government (for student loans)
    • Others?
    4-E
  • WHEN YOU BUY “STUFF” 4-F In fact, you bought $500 worth of “STUFF” with your credit card. You bought “STUFF” with your credit card. Your APR is 18%. You plan to pay $10 a month to pay it off. You will pay $431 in interest Final cost of your purchases = $931.40 And it will take SEVEN YEARS and NINE MONTHS 1
  • How Long Will It Take??? 4-G APR = 18% Minimum Payment of 4% or $120 You owe $3,000. Finance Charge $1,715.67 Total cost of original $3,000 loan = $4,715.67 After you’ve made the last payment, will what you purchased still be around??? And it will take nearly 11 YEARS to pay off! 1
  • The Cost of Using Credit 4-H APR = 24% Minimum Payment of 4% or $12 $300 for a CD Player Finance Charge $149.99 Your CD player REALLY cost $449.99 After you’ve made the last payment, will your CD player still be around??? And it will take 3 years and 8 months to pay off! 1
  • 4-I The Cost of Using Credit Interest Rate = 24% Minimum Payment = 4% BALANCE TIME TO PAY OFF INTEREST CHARGED TOTAL COST $2,000 11 YEARS 5 MONTHS $1,850 $3,850 $4,000 14 YEARS 4 MONTHS $3,850 $7,850 $6,000 16 YEARS $5,850 $11,850 3 2 1
  • The Cost of Using Credit 4-J APR = 21% Minimum Payment of 4% or $120 $3,000 Charged to Credit Account Finance Charges $2,220.56 You Owed $3000 but You Paid $5936 Annual Credit Card Fee: $65 Paying the minimum, it will take you 11 YEARS and 10 MONTHS to pay off your debt. 1
    • Could put you in a state of overspending and perpetual debt, where you get used to carrying a balance and paying extremely high interest rates.
    • Could adversely affect your credit rating, making it harder to get loans when you really need them.
    Financial Consequences of Debt 4-K-1 1 of 2 2 1 of
  • Financial Consequences of Debt 4-K-2 What if you took the $120 monthly payment in the last example and INVESTED $120 a month for the 12 years it took to pay off the $3,000 debt, and your investment got an 8% rate of return? Instead of $6,000 paid out for $3,000 worth of “stuff”, your $120 monthly investments would amount to $22,658 in your pocket! 2 of 2 2 2 of
  • The Four “ C s” of Credit
    • Collateral
    • Capital
    • Capacity
    • Character
    4-L
  • How Credit Scores Are Determined
    • Your payment history
      • Information about how you make your payments on credit cards, store accounts, car loans, finance companies, mortgages
      • Accounts in collection or past due, and how long past due
      • Information in public records, such as bankruptcy, judgments, liens, wage attachments or child support
    4-M-1 3 2 1
  • How Credit Scores Are Determined
    • Your overall debt
      • How much you owe on all your accounts
      • How much credit you have available to use
    • Your credit account history
      • When you opened and used each of your accounts
      • How recently you applied for new credit
      • Recent good credit history following past payment problems
    4-M-2 3 2 1
  • How Credit Scores Are Determined
    • Types of Credit
      • The different types of credit accounts you have
      • The total number of accounts you have
    4-M-3 3 2 1
  • Get and Keep a Good Score
    • Make sure your credit report is accurate.
    • Pay all your bills on time.
    • Apply for credit only when you need it.
    • Lower the balances on all your credit accounts.
    • Pay off debt rather than moving it around.
    4-N
  • Protect Yourself Against Inaccurate Credit Reports
    • Get a copy of your free credit reports from all credit rating agencies.
    • Examine it thoroughly.
    • If you find something that is incorrect, ask the agency to investigate the information.
    • If that doesn’t resolve the issue, you can attach a short statement to your credit report.
    4-O
  • Parts of a Business Letter
    • The Heading. This contains the return address (usually two or three lines) with the date on the last line. Often a line is skipped between the address and date. That should always be done if the heading is next to the left margin.
    • Skip a line after the heading before the inside address.
    • The Inside Address. This is the address you are sending your letter to. Make it as complete as possible. Include titles and names if you know them.
    • Skip another line after the inside address before the greeting.
    • The Greeting. Also called the salutation. The greeting in a business letter is always formal. It normally begins with the word "Dear" and always includes the person's last name. The greeting in a business letter always ends in a colon.
    • Skip a line between the greeting and the body.
    • The Body. The body is written as text. Skip a line between paragraphs.
    • Skip a line between the body and the close.
    • The Complimentary Close. This short, polite closing ends with a comma.
    • The Signature Line. Skip two lines (unless you have unusually wide or narrow lines) and type out the name to be signed.
    • The signature should start directly above the first letter of the signature line in the space between the close and the signature line. Use blue or black ink.
  • Rule of Thumb 4-P 70% Living Expenses 10% Pay Off Debt 20% Save or Invest