Make Laws/Enforce the Rule of Law


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Make Laws/Enforce the Rule of Law

  1. 1. WBI Application Form – Definitions of Categories Page 1 of 4 World Bank Institute (WBI) Participant Application Form: Definitions of Categories under “Type of Organization” For guidance about which “Type of Organization” applies to a particular organization, read the definitions below. Note that the lists of examples are not exhaustive. Make laws / enforce the rule of law a. Government (country aided by the World Bank) / Regulatory Agency A body authorized to make and the power to enforce laws within a country (e.g., central government) or part of a country (e.g., provinces, municipalities, etc). Includes executive, legislative, and judiciary branches, as well as regulatory agencies "Countries aided by the World Bank” refers to developing countries and countries with transition economies. Examples: Ministry, Office of the President, Prefecture, Parliament, City Council, High Court, Regional Trial Court, Competition Commission (of a developing or transition country) Clarifications:  For traditional institutions or authorities that govern based on laws different from the official laws, use d. Traditional Authority / Institution.  For governments of developed countries or of multilateral organizations, use s. Other Multilateral Government Organization or t. Bilateral Government Donor. b. Central Bank A central bank, reserve bank or monetary authority responsible for the monetary policy (e.g., the currency’s stability) of its country or group of member states c. Law Enforcement Agency An agency that enforces the law. Includes national, regional, provincial, or local police, investigative agencies and international organizations such as Europol or Interpol Examples: National Police, City Police, Coast Guard, Interpol d. Traditional Authority / Institution An entity with the power to make, interpret, or enforce laws based on customs. Access to power relies on tradition or heredity. Refers to traditional authorities or institutions that operate in parallel to the official state with different laws Examples: Local Kingdom, Village Elders’ Council Clarifications:  For traditional authorities or institutions that make or enforce a country’s official laws, such as internationally recognized kingdoms or traditional authorities that are part of the official government, use a. Government (country aided by the World Bank) / Regulatory Agency. Educate / inform / organize society e. Academic / Training Institution An institution dedicated to education, composed of people engaged in learning and teaching Examples: University, Post-University Professional Training Institute, Vocational/Technical School, Secondary School, Primary School f. Research Institute (non-university) An institution dedicated to research, composed of people engaged in a systematic process of inquiry aimed at discovering, interpreting and revising facts Examples: Non-University Research Institute, Think Tank
  2. 2. WBI Application Form – Definitions of Categories Page 2 of 4 g. Media A communication agency that disseminates facts, opinions, entertainments, or other information, via print, audio, audiovisual or electronic means. May have international, national, or local audiences Examples: Local Newspaper, National Television Organization, International Radio Broadcaster, Blog Business As applicant’s main work Reminder that options h to l refer to the type of organization for which the applicant works, not to organizations of which the applicant might be a member only h. Labor Union An organization of wage-earners formed to serve the members’ interests in wages and working conditions. “Trade Union” is a synonym. i. Political Party An established political group organized to promote its principles and to help candidates for public office to obtain political power in a government Examples: Government Party, Opposition Party j. Religious Institution An organization that supports the exercise of a religion, and may also maintain worship places and pay religious workers Examples: Church, Mosque, Temple, Synagogue k. Association A group of people who voluntarily enter an agreement to form a body (or organization) to achieve a purpose Examples: Professional Association, Women’s Association Clarifications:  For a labor union, political party or religious institution, use the categories of the same name, above.  For a micro-finance association, use n. Micro-credit / Micro-insurance.  For a credit union, use o. Other Financial Service Company.  For a farmers’ cooperative or workers’ cooperative, use p. Farmers’ / Workers’ Cooperative l. Other Not-For-Profit Non-Government Organization (NGO) (Including service delivery) Private, nonprofit organizations not affiliated with a government. May be local, national or international. This category includes NGOs that provide mostly non-financial aid, e.g. advocacy, direct on-the-ground help, service delivery, etc. Examples: Community-Based Organization (CBO), International NGO Clarifications:  For fundraising foundations that channel funds to other aid groups, or for NGOs that provide more financial aid than other services, use u. Other Development Financing Entity. Deliver infrastructure services / generate income m. Service / Utility Provider (health care, water, waste management, energy, telecommunications, transport, etc.) A company, public organization, or other group that builds, operates and maintains the infrastructure for a public service Examples: Hospital, Water Distribution Company, Sewage Disposal Company, Electricity Provider, Train Operator, Phone Service Provider
  3. 3. WBI Application Form – Definitions of Categories Page 3 of 4 Finance / aid development n. Micro-credit / Micro-insurance A micro-finance organization, i.e., an organization that uses joint liability to provide financial services to clients excluded from the traditional financial system because of low income Example: Grameen Bank o. Other Financial Service Company An organization that manages money. Includes for-profit companies (e.g., commercial banks) and not- for-profit cooperative financial institutions (e.g., credit unions, cooperative savings banks, mutual insurance groups) Examples: Bank, Savings Bank, Investment Bank, Cooperative Bank, Credit Union, Insurance Company, Mutual Insurance, Credit Card Company, Stock Brokerage Clarifications:  For central banks, use b. Central Bank.  For micro-finance institutions, use n. Micro-credit / Micro-insurance.  For international development banks, use s. Other Multilateral Aid Organization or r. World Bank Group. p. Farmers' / Workers' Cooperative A group of people who to carry out together an economic activity of mutual benefit. Farmers pool resources to purchase supplies, transform, package, distribute and market their products. Workers wholly own and control their business. Examples: Agricultural Cooperative, Artisan Cooperative, Social Cooperative Clarifications:  For financial cooperatives that use joint liability, use n. Micro-credit / Micro-insurance.  For other financial cooperatives (such as credit unions, cooperative savings banks, and mutual insurance groups), use o. Other Financial Service Company. q. Other Private Sector Company A business that operates for profit and that is not included in one of the categories above Examples: Business, Firm, Corporation, For-profit Enterprise Clarifications:  For a private school, use e. Academic / Training institution.  For a private newspaper or media company, use g. Media.  For a private hospital, use m. Service / Utility Provider.  For a private utility provider, use m. Service / Utility Provider.  For a private micro-finance institution, use n. Micro-credit / Micro-insurance.  For a private bank (not micro-finance), use o. Other Financial Service Company.  For a private company managed as a cooperative, use p. Farmers’ / Workers’ Cooperative.  For the charitable giving branch of a corporation, use u. Other Development Financing Entity. r. World Bank Group The group of five international organizations (listed in the examples) that finance and advise countries and encourage and safeguard international investments to promote development and reduce poverty Examples: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Finance Corporation (IFC), International Development Association (IDA), Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)
  4. 4. WBI Application Form – Definitions of Categories Page 4 of 4 s. Other Multilateral Government Organization An organization owned by a group of countries whose aim includes international development by financing projects, producing research and statistics, setting common standards, facilitating conflict resolutions, providing emergency relief, etc. Examples: Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), African Union (AU), African Development Bank, European Union (EU), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Agency of the United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO) t. Bilateral Government Donor A government agency that provides aid to developing countries Examples: Department for International Development (DFID) (UK), Netherlands Ministry of Finance, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Agence Française de Développement (AFD), United States Agency for International Development (USAID) u. Other Development Financing Entity A non-government entity that provides significant financial aid to developing and/or transition countries, notably through trust finds Examples: Foundation, Corporation’s Charitable Branch, Civil Society Donor (Individual or Group) Clarification:  For bilateral or multilateral government donors, use r. World Bank Group, s. Other Multilateral Government Organization, or t. Bilateral Government Donor. Other v. Not listed above This category is for organizations that do not fit into any category above or individuals not affiliated with any organization. In such cases, please use the “specify” option above to describe the organization or individual. Disclaimer: The categories and definitions in this list are meant only to help analyze information about the work of WBI’s and its partners in a consistent manner. Categories and definitions are designed to fit many types of organizations, with the understanding that organizations and countries differ. This list should not be interpreted to imply any preference for a particular organization’s or country’s structure.