WBI Application Form – Definitions of Categories Page 1 of 4
World Bank Institute (WBI) Participant Application Form:
Definitions of Categories under “Type of Organization”
For guidance about which “Type of Organization” applies to a particular organization, read the definitions
below. Note that the lists of examples are not exhaustive.
Make laws / enforce the rule of law
a. Government (country aided by the World Bank) / Regulatory Agency
A body authorized to make and the power to enforce laws within a country (e.g., central government) or
part of a country (e.g., provinces, municipalities, etc). Includes executive, legislative, and judiciary
branches, as well as regulatory agencies
"Countries aided by the World Bank” refers to developing countries and countries with transition
Examples: Ministry, Office of the President, Prefecture, Parliament, City Council, High Court,
Regional Trial Court, Competition Commission (of a developing or transition country)
For traditional institutions or authorities that govern based on laws different from the official laws,
use d. Traditional Authority / Institution.
For governments of developed countries or of multilateral organizations, use s. Other
Multilateral Government Organization or t. Bilateral Government Donor.
b. Central Bank
A central bank, reserve bank or monetary authority responsible for the monetary policy (e.g., the
currency’s stability) of its country or group of member states
c. Law Enforcement Agency
An agency that enforces the law. Includes national, regional, provincial, or local police, investigative
agencies and international organizations such as Europol or Interpol
Examples: National Police, City Police, Coast Guard, Interpol
d. Traditional Authority / Institution
An entity with the power to make, interpret, or enforce laws based on customs. Access to power relies on
tradition or heredity. Refers to traditional authorities or institutions that operate in parallel to the official
state with different laws
Examples: Local Kingdom, Village Elders’ Council
For traditional authorities or institutions that make or enforce a country’s official laws, such as
internationally recognized kingdoms or traditional authorities that are part of the official government,
use a. Government (country aided by the World Bank) / Regulatory Agency.
Educate / inform / organize society
e. Academic / Training Institution
An institution dedicated to education, composed of people engaged in learning and teaching
Examples: University, Post-University Professional Training Institute, Vocational/Technical School,
Secondary School, Primary School
f. Research Institute (non-university)
An institution dedicated to research, composed of people engaged in a systematic process of inquiry
aimed at discovering, interpreting and revising facts
Examples: Non-University Research Institute, Think Tank
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A communication agency that disseminates facts, opinions, entertainments, or other information, via print,
audio, audiovisual or electronic means. May have international, national, or local audiences
Examples: Local Newspaper, National Television Organization, International Radio Broadcaster,
As applicant’s main work
Reminder that options h to l refer to the type of organization for which the applicant works, not to
organizations of which the applicant might be a member only
h. Labor Union
An organization of wage-earners formed to serve the members’ interests in wages and working
conditions. “Trade Union” is a synonym.
i. Political Party
An established political group organized to promote its principles and to help candidates for public office
to obtain political power in a government
Examples: Government Party, Opposition Party
j. Religious Institution
An organization that supports the exercise of a religion, and may also maintain worship places and pay
Examples: Church, Mosque, Temple, Synagogue
A group of people who voluntarily enter an agreement to form a body (or organization) to achieve a
Examples: Professional Association, Women’s Association
For a labor union, political party or religious institution, use the categories of the same name,
For a micro-finance association, use n. Micro-credit / Micro-insurance.
For a credit union, use o. Other Financial Service Company.
For a farmers’ cooperative or workers’ cooperative, use p. Farmers’ / Workers’ Cooperative
l. Other Not-For-Profit Non-Government Organization (NGO) (Including service delivery)
Private, nonprofit organizations not affiliated with a government. May be local, national or international.
This category includes NGOs that provide mostly non-financial aid, e.g. advocacy, direct on-the-ground
help, service delivery, etc.
Examples: Community-Based Organization (CBO), International NGO
For fundraising foundations that channel funds to other aid groups, or for NGOs that provide
more financial aid than other services, use u. Other Development Financing Entity.
Deliver infrastructure services / generate income
m. Service / Utility Provider (health care, water, waste management, energy, telecommunications,
A company, public organization, or other group that builds, operates and maintains the infrastructure for a
Examples: Hospital, Water Distribution Company, Sewage Disposal Company, Electricity Provider,
Train Operator, Phone Service Provider
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Finance / aid development
n. Micro-credit / Micro-insurance
A micro-finance organization, i.e., an organization that uses joint liability to provide financial services to
clients excluded from the traditional financial system because of low income
Example: Grameen Bank
o. Other Financial Service Company
An organization that manages money. Includes for-profit companies (e.g., commercial banks) and not-
for-profit cooperative financial institutions (e.g., credit unions, cooperative savings banks, mutual
Examples: Bank, Savings Bank, Investment Bank, Cooperative Bank, Credit Union, Insurance
Company, Mutual Insurance, Credit Card Company, Stock Brokerage
For central banks, use b. Central Bank.
For micro-finance institutions, use n. Micro-credit / Micro-insurance.
For international development banks, use s. Other Multilateral Aid Organization or r. World
p. Farmers' / Workers' Cooperative
A group of people who to carry out together an economic activity of mutual benefit. Farmers pool
resources to purchase supplies, transform, package, distribute and market their products. Workers
wholly own and control their business.
Examples: Agricultural Cooperative, Artisan Cooperative, Social Cooperative
For financial cooperatives that use joint liability, use n. Micro-credit / Micro-insurance.
For other financial cooperatives (such as credit unions, cooperative savings banks, and mutual
insurance groups), use o. Other Financial Service Company.
q. Other Private Sector Company
A business that operates for profit and that is not included in one of the categories above
Examples: Business, Firm, Corporation, For-profit Enterprise
For a private school, use e. Academic / Training institution.
For a private newspaper or media company, use g. Media.
For a private hospital, use m. Service / Utility Provider.
For a private utility provider, use m. Service / Utility Provider.
For a private micro-finance institution, use n. Micro-credit / Micro-insurance.
For a private bank (not micro-finance), use o. Other Financial Service Company.
For a private company managed as a cooperative, use p. Farmers’ / Workers’ Cooperative.
For the charitable giving branch of a corporation, use u. Other Development Financing Entity.
r. World Bank Group
The group of five international organizations (listed in the examples) that finance and advise countries
and encourage and safeguard international investments to promote development and reduce poverty
Examples: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD), International Finance
Corporation (IFC), International Development Association (IDA), Multilateral Investment Guarantee
Agency (MIGA), International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID)
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s. Other Multilateral Government Organization
An organization owned by a group of countries whose aim includes international development by
financing projects, producing research and statistics, setting common standards, facilitating conflict
resolutions, providing emergency relief, etc.
Examples: Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), African Union (AU), African
Development Bank, European Union (EU), International Monetary Fund (IMF), Agency of the
United Nations (UN), World Trade Organization (WTO)
t. Bilateral Government Donor
A government agency that provides aid to developing countries
Examples: Department for International Development (DFID) (UK), Netherlands Ministry of
Finance, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), Agence Française de Développement
(AFD), United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
u. Other Development Financing Entity
A non-government entity that provides significant financial aid to developing and/or transition countries,
notably through trust finds
Examples: Foundation, Corporation’s Charitable Branch, Civil Society Donor (Individual or Group)
For bilateral or multilateral government donors, use r. World Bank Group, s. Other Multilateral
Government Organization, or t. Bilateral Government Donor.
v. Not listed above
This category is for organizations that do not fit into any category above or individuals not affiliated with
any organization. In such cases, please use the “specify” option above to describe the organization or
Disclaimer: The categories and definitions in this list are meant only to help analyze information about the
work of WBI’s and its partners in a consistent manner. Categories and definitions are designed to fit many
types of organizations, with the understanding that organizations and countries differ. This list should not
be interpreted to imply any preference for a particular organization’s or country’s structure.