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I-95 Corridor Coalition Mid-Atlantic Rail Operations Study
 

I-95 Corridor Coalition Mid-Atlantic Rail Operations Study

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I-95 Corridor Coalition Mid-Atlantic Rail Operations Study I-95 Corridor Coalition Mid-Atlantic Rail Operations Study Presentation Transcript

  • Mid-Atlantic Rail Operations Study A Multi-Modal and Multi-State Study Presentation to American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials Standing Committee on Rail Transportation 35 th National Meeting Burlington, VT August 27, 2002
  • Summary of Key Points
    • Five Mid-Atlantic states and three railroads, working under the umbrella of the I-95 Corridor Coalition, studied the Mid-Atlantic rail and highway network. The Mid-Atlantic Rail Operations Study (MAROps) committee –
    • Found an urgent need for state transportation agencies to increase rail system capacity to keep pace with freight and passenger growth on already heavily trafficked and congested highways in the Mid-Atlantic region
    • Recommended an improvement program –
      • 3 phases over 20 years to double rail freight and passenger service
      • 71 infrastructure and information system projects
      • $6.2 billion total
      • $620 million quick-start program
  • Summary of Key Points (continued)
    • Recommended a regional approach with initial funding from the federal government because –
      • Neither the states nor the freight railroads and Amtrak can afford the larger improvements (e.g., tunnels and bridges) necessary to clear critical choke-points, and
      • Costs and benefits are unevenly distributed among the states and railroads
    • Recommended a financing approach that would be “self-policing” because –
      • States and the private sector will participate in all aspects of planning, financing, implementing, and allocating risks and returns on capital improvement projects
  • MAROps Challenge
    • “I certainly hope increasing rail capacity and operations is a viable strategy for the Northeast and Mid-Atlantic because, as a region, we are running out of options for building new runways and adding new highway lanes, bridges, and tunnels.” Joe Boardman, Commissioner, NYSDOT – Summer 2000
  • MAROps Participants
    • Five states – Delaware, Maryland, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Virginia
    • Three railroads – Amtrak, CSX, and Norfolk Southern
    • I-95 Corridor Coalition
  • MAROps Scope
    • Examined the performance of region’s transportation system
    • Formulated a vision and consensus program of rail investments
    • Recommended a public private/partnership to implement the program
  • Mid-Atlantic Rail Network Major Links and Ownership
  • Highway Segments with Over 10,000 Daily Trucks Interstate 95 through the Mid-Atlantic region is one of the most heavily traveled truck routes in the Nation
  • Do Rail and Highway Have the Capacity to Handle Growth?
    • In 2000
      • “GDP” of Mid-Atlantic study region alone was $1.3 trillion or 13 percent of U.S. Gross Domestic Product
      • Equivalent to the 8th largest economy in the world and the same as California
    • By 2020
      • Population expected to grow by 4 million or 12 percent
      • Domestic freight tonnage expected to increase 60 percent
      • Highway travel is expected to increase from 300 to 470 trillion vehicle miles of travel, about 53 percent
    • Where will this growth go?
  • Truck and Rail Domestic Freight Tonnage in 2000 and 2020 at Current Mode Shares 2020 Additional Truck Tons 2020 Additional Rail Tons 2000 Truck Tons 2000 Rail Tons
  • Solution
    • Make better use of what we have
      • Rail corridors have the most room for growth
        • At a lower cost and “life-style” impact
        • 1 rail car has the capacity of 2 to 4 trucks
      • On average, railroads are three or more times more fuel efficient than trucks
      • Environmental advantages – rail is less polluting
      • Adding highway lanes will be costly, time consuming and environmentally difficult
  • Railroads Are Part of the Solution
    • Most of the national rail-freight infrastructure is robust
    • Freight railroads are running well
    • Billions have been spent on new rail-freight capacity
    • There are some choke points –
      • Mid-Atlantic region – CSX and NS have capacity and clearance constraints at the very points where the road network becomes most congested
      • Chicago hub
      • Los Angeles and I-5 Corridor
  • Rail Freight Share of Combined Truck-Rail Market by Region, 1993 and 1997 Calculated from U.S. Census Bureau Commodities Flow Survey data -35.9% -14.7% -7.0% -13.4% -12.0% 11
  • Rail Choke Points – Examples Physical points that reduce capacity compared to rest of system, and information deficiencies that constrain effective utilization of system as a whole Howard St. Tunnel, Baltimore Shellpot Bridge, Delaware 12
  • MAROps Vision
    • Infrastructure and information technology improvements, covering the passenger and rail systems in the five states and the District of Columbia to double service
      • Bridges and tunnels
      • Capacity, connections, and clearances
      • Stations, terminals, and grade crossings
      • Information systems
  • MAROps Program
    • $6.2 billion in improvements
      • $2.4 billion near-term program (within 5 years)
        • buildable projects where current demand exceeds supply
        • planning projects with long lead times
        • $620 million of quick-start projects ready now
      • $1.9 billion medium-term program (5 to 10 years)
        • important choke points needing design and environmental approvals
      • $1.9 billion long-term program (10 to 20 years)
        • Growth
    The fullest benefit would be realized by implementing the entire $6.2 billion program
  • MAROps Goals
    • Provide capacity and redundancy to reliably handle increased traffic
    • Systematically remove choke points
    • Handle double-stacked container trains on all main freight routes
    • Minimize or eliminate conflicts between passenger and freight operations
  • MAROps Project – Example 16
  • MAROps Program Is Multi-State
    • New Jersey $311 million
    • Pennsylvania $946
    • Delaware $253
    • Maryland $2,722
    • Washington, D.C. $785
    • Virginia $1,057
    • System wide $100
    • Total $6,174 million
    17
  • MAROps Program Requires Multi-State Solutions
    • A public/private multi-state partnership is needed to –
      • Change rail capital financing if the goal is to help relieve truck and auto pressure on the region’s highways
      • Bridge the gap between near-term capital needs and long-term revenues
      • Facilitate direct public investments in rail projects with public benefits
      • Combine and leverage public and private resources
  • Reactions
    • All five state DOT Secretaries have been briefed
    • Strong endorsement of the process and product, but
      • No state money on the horizon
      • State “A” money cannot be used to fund State “B” improvements even though State “A” may be helped
    • States alone are not equipped to tackle the challenge
    • Challenge to the MAROps team to develop a regional financing proposal
  • Financing Challenge Existing Sources for Financing are Stretched to the Limit
    • CSX and Norfolk Southern invest about $2 billion annually to maintain entire networks covering eastern U.S. and to support near-term business opportunities
    • Northeast and Mid-Atlantic states have invested $4 billion in rail since 1992, primarily to support passenger infrastructure and operations
    • Federal grant programs such as STP and CMAQ are heavily committed to roadway system maintenance
    • Federal aid is allocated by formula to the states, which must be matched by state/local funds, making it difficult to invest beyond state boundaries
  • Financing Challenge (continued) Existing Sources for Financing are Stretched to the Limit
    • Federal loan and credit enhancement programs have not attracted widespread-use
    • Joint investment/toll charge programs show some promise
      • Alameda Corridor
      • Delaware and Norfolk Southern – Shellpot Bridge
        • Public funding of improvements
        • Rail toll charges paid as used
        • Risk and reward sharing
  • Principles for Organizing and Financing Regional Rail Improvements
    • Address the rail network serving a multi-state trade area
    • Involve the states and the freight, inter-city passenger, and commuter railroads
    • Provide a forum to identify needs, define improvements, describe benefits, set priorities for investment, organize multi-year programs, and evaluate results
    • Provide a mechanism for financing the improvements, and
    • Provide a mechanism for recouping investments and sharing risks and benefits
  • Models Proposed for Further Examination
    • National Transportation Finance Corporation
      • Non-federal, non-profit finance corporation enabled by Congress to grant or loan money to states or regional entities to make rail capacity improvements
      • Authorize formation of regional rail advisory committees through which coalitions of states can develop a plan, set priorities, commit to funding and coordinated sharing of project risks and benefits
      • Allow states and railroads working through advisory committee to negotiate project-by-project deals, and
      • Toll revenues to be repaid to revolving fund
  • Models Proposed for Further Examination (continued)
    • Regional Rail Finance or Investment Bank
      • Congress establish regional rail finance corporations or investment banks
      • Capitalize with federal funds, tax-credit bonds, etc.
      • Other provisions similar to national corporation proposal
    • National Rail Network Program
      • Congress establish federal aid rail program program under U.S. DOT
      • Authorize Secretary DOT to underwrite one or more regional transportation coalitions
      • Other provisions similar to national corporation proposal
  • Benefits
    • Public benefits of improving the rail system
      • Increased use of rail passenger
      • Increased use of rail freight
      • Reduced congestion on highways
      • Maintain competitive business and port sectors
      • Improve environment and quality of life
    • Public benefits accrue to the region and the nation
  • Conclusion
    • Two futures
      • Ease rail choke points and improve the efficiency, capacity, and safety of the rail system
      • or
      • Maintain status quo for rail freight volumes and passenger trains and accept increased congestion burden on other transportation modes
  • Thank You
    • Questions?