AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT    (AGE OF REASON)
AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENTOR SIMPLYTHE ENLIGHTENMENT OR AGE OF REASONWAS ACULTURALMOVEMENT OFINTELLECTUALS IN 18TH-CENTURY EUR...
THE WORLD OF THE OLD REGIME   BUILT ON TRADITION   WORLD OF HIERARCHY, PRIVILEGE AND    INEQUALITY   ALLIED WITH THE CH...
THE PHILOSOPHES            18TH CENTURY FRENCH             INTELLECTUALS            INTEREST IN             ADDRESSING A...
THE PROBLEM OF CENSORSHIP                   THE ATTEMPT OF                    THE OLD REGIME                    TO CONTRO...
THE ROLE OF THE SALON        (GATHERING)A READING IN THE SALON OF  MADAME GEOFFRIN, 1755
FAMOUS ENLIGHTENMENT      THINKERS
JOHN LOCKE(1632 –1704)     KNOWN AS THE “FATHER      OF LIBERALISM”     AN ENGLISH PHILOSOPHER AND      PHYSICIAN     “...
DENIS DIDEROT (1713 –1784)          A FRENCH PHILOSOPHER           , ART CRITIC, AND           WRITER          BEST KNOW...
ENCYCLOPEDIA        ULTIMATE STRENGTH OF         THE PHILOSOPHES LAY         IN THEIR NUMBERS,         DEDICATION AND    ...
ENCYCLOPEDIA                                 DESIRE TO CHANGE                                  THE “GENERAL WAY OF       ...
BARON DE MONTESQUIEU     (1689-1755)           A FRENCH SOCIAL            COMMENTATOR            AND POLITICAL THINKER   ...
FRANÇOIS-MARIE AROUET      [VOLTAIRE]     (1694 –1778)          A FRENCH ENLIGHTENMENT           WRITER, HISTORIAN       ...
JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU      (1712-1778)           A GENEVAN PHILOSOPHE            R, WRITER, AND            COMPOSER OF 18...
“THE NOBLEST WORK IN EDUCATION IS TO MAKE AREASONING MAN, AND WE EXPECT TO TRAIN A YOUNGCHILD BY MAKING HIM REASON! THIS I...
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Age of reason

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  • IT PROMOTED SCIENCE AND INTELLECTUAL INTERCHANGE AND OPPOSED SUPERSTITION, INTOLERANCE AND ABUSES IN CHURCH AND STATE.
  • Age of reason

    1. 1. AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENT (AGE OF REASON)
    2. 2. AGE OF ENLIGHTENMENTOR SIMPLYTHE ENLIGHTENMENT OR AGE OF REASONWAS ACULTURALMOVEMENT OFINTELLECTUALS IN 18TH-CENTURY EUROPE, THATSOUGHT TO MOBILIZETHE POWER OF REASON,IN ORDER TO REFORMSOCIETY AND ADVANCEKNOWLEDGE
    3. 3. THE WORLD OF THE OLD REGIME BUILT ON TRADITION WORLD OF HIERARCHY, PRIVILEGE AND INEQUALITY ALLIED WITH THE CHURCH
    4. 4. THE PHILOSOPHES  18TH CENTURY FRENCH INTELLECTUALS  INTEREST IN ADDRESSING A BROAD AUDIENCE  COMMITTED TO REFORM  CELEBRATED THE SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION  SCIENCE APPLIED TO SOCIETY
    5. 5. THE PROBLEM OF CENSORSHIP  THE ATTEMPT OF THE OLD REGIME TO CONTROL NEW THINKING  PUBLISHERS AND WRITERS HOUNDED BY CENSORS  OVER 1000 BOOKSELLERS AND AUTHORS IMPRISONED IN THE BASTILLE IN THE EARLY 1700’S
    6. 6. THE ROLE OF THE SALON (GATHERING)A READING IN THE SALON OF MADAME GEOFFRIN, 1755
    7. 7. FAMOUS ENLIGHTENMENT THINKERS
    8. 8. JOHN LOCKE(1632 –1704)  KNOWN AS THE “FATHER OF LIBERALISM”  AN ENGLISH PHILOSOPHER AND PHYSICIAN  “TABULA RASA”  OPPOSED THE DIVINE RIGHT OF KINGS  NATURAL RIGHTS (LIFE AND FREEDOM)  “THE GOVERNMENT WAS BOUND TO ITS CONSTITUENTS TO PROTECT THEIR RIGHTS, AND ON THE OCCASION THAT IT FAILED, THE CITIZENS COULD REPLACE IT WITH A NEW ONE”
    9. 9. DENIS DIDEROT (1713 –1784)  A FRENCH PHILOSOPHER , ART CRITIC, AND WRITER  BEST KNOWN FOR SERVING AS CO- FOUNDER AND CHIEF EDITOR OF AND CONTRIBUTOR TO THE ENCYCLOPÉDIE.
    10. 10. ENCYCLOPEDIA  ULTIMATE STRENGTH OF THE PHILOSOPHES LAY IN THEIR NUMBERS, DEDICATION AND ORGANIZATION  WRITTEN BETWEEN 1751-1772  ATTEMPTED TO ILLUSTRATE ALL HUMAN KNOWLEDGE  EMPHASIS ON PRACTICAL SCIENCE
    11. 11. ENCYCLOPEDIA  DESIRE TO CHANGE THE “GENERAL WAY OF THINKING”  GREATER KNOWLEDGE LEADS TO HUMAN PROGRESS  INALIENABLE RIGHTS AND THE SOCIAL CONTRACT  KNOWLEDGE IMPROVES GOODNESS"FIGURATIVE SYSTEM OF HUMAN KNOWLEDGE",
    12. 12. BARON DE MONTESQUIEU (1689-1755)  A FRENCH SOCIAL COMMENTATOR AND POLITICAL THINKER  HE IS FAMOUS FOR HIS ARTICULATION OF THE THEORY OF SEPARATION OF POWERS  POWER MUST CHECK POWER  THE SPIRIT OF THE LAWS (1748)
    13. 13. FRANÇOIS-MARIE AROUET [VOLTAIRE] (1694 –1778)  A FRENCH ENLIGHTENMENT WRITER, HISTORIAN AND PHILOSOPHER  FAMOUS FOR HIS ADVOCACY OF CIVIL LIBERTIES, INCLUDING FREEDOM OF RELIGION, FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION, FREE TRADE AND SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE.
    14. 14. JEAN-JACQUES ROUSSEAU (1712-1778)  A GENEVAN PHILOSOPHE R, WRITER, AND COMPOSER OF 18TH- CENTURY ROMANTICISM OF FRENCH EXPRESSION.  “THE SOCIAL CONTRACT” (1762) AND THE “GENERAL WILL”
    15. 15. “THE NOBLEST WORK IN EDUCATION IS TO MAKE AREASONING MAN, AND WE EXPECT TO TRAIN A YOUNGCHILD BY MAKING HIM REASON! THIS IS BEGINNING ATTHE END; THIS IS MAKING AN INSTRUMENT OF A RESULT.IF CHILDREN UNDERSTOOD HOW TO REASON THEYWOULD NOT NEED TO BE EDUCATED.” –ROUSSEAU, EMILE.
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