TURKEY IN BRIEF :
Official Name : The Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti)
Founder : Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK ( 1881-1938 )
Capital : ANKARA
Population : 70 million
Language : Turkish (uses Latin Alphabet)
Currency : Turkish Lira (TL)
Religion : Muslim (%96.6)
Flag : Red background with a white crescent and star in
Mustafa Kemal ATATÜRK is the
founder of Republic of Turkey.
He abolished the Sultanate of
Ottoman Empire and built new,
modern Turkey in 1923.
home, peace in
• Turkey is a country which has got lands on 2 continentals. Therefore,
Turkey is like a bridge between Europe and Asia. Bosphorus separates
Asia from Europe. It is in Istanbul.
• Turkey is a peninsula. Black Sea is in the north, Aegian Sea is in the
west and Mediterranean Sea is in the south of Turkey. And it has got
the Marmara Sea in the northwestern of Turkey.
1 – Oceanic Climate : With warm, wet summers and cool to cold, wet winters.
2 – Mediterranean Climate : With hot, dry summers and mild to cool, wet winters.
3 – Continental Climate : With warm, dry summers and very cold and snowy winters.
FLORA : In Turkey, approximately 10,000 plant species are grown.
This plant species, approximately 3,000, are endemic to the Turkey(only
grown in Turkey). Turkey, has got more endemic plant species than all of
FAUNA : There are almost 1279 animal species in Turkey.
Some of these animals are endemic species.
Cat of Van Rabbit of Ankara Dog of Kangal Angora goat
(Van is a city that is (This dog belongs to
İn the east of Turkey. Sivas / Kangal. Sivas
This cat is white and is a city that is in the middle
one of its eye is blue, of Turkey. These dogs are
the other one is green.) very very big.)
GEOLOGY OF TURKEY : There are so many mountains, lakes, rivers, plain in
The highest mountain: Ağrı Dağı (Mount Ararat) - 5137 meters
The longest river : Kızılırmak ( Kızıl River) - 1355 km
The biggest lake : Van Gölü ( Lake Van) – 3713 km²
The biggest island : Gökçeada (Gökçe Island) - 817 km²
Ağrı Dağı Van Gölü
TOURISTIC AND HISTORICAL PLACES : Türkiye has got rich cultural
heritage. Therefore there are so many historical places in Türkiye.
Ephesus – Izmir Troya – Çanakkale Aspendos - Antalya
Hagia Sophia – Istanbul Sumela Monastery - Trabzon
Capphadocia – Nevşehir Sunken Cistern - Istanbul
Maiden’s Tower – Istanbul Süleymaniye Mosque – Istanbul
TOURISM : Turkey has a lot of attractions for tourists. Because Turkey is a
paradise of the sun,sea,mountains and lakes. Beaches are the main attractions for
Let’s see some views of tourist attractions in our country :
Pamukkale – Denizli Kartepe - Kocaeli
Gölcük - Bolu Hasankeyf - Mardin
There are a lot of things to do in our country.
What should you do when you visit Turkey?
Also you should drink :
tea Turkish coffee ayran
Our Town: KOCAELİ
Kocaeli is a province ofTurkey. It was built in 1320.
The province is located at the easternmost end of the Marmara Sea,
especially on the Gulf of İzmit. Because of the size and natural conditions of
the Bay of İzmit, the city is a giant natural harbour.There are lots of harbour
facilities within Kocaeli, including the primary base of theTurkish Navy.
It has got 1.600.000 population. Kocaeli is one of the most important
industrial cities ofTurkey.There are many factories in Kocaeli.
Kocaeli is located between 2 seas which names are Black Sea and Marmara
It is next to Istanbul. It is 1 hour far from Istanbul by car.
There are many things to do in Kocaeli.
Kartepe Ski Center Maşukiye
Clock Tower Seka Park
The Darıca Bird Paradise and Theme Park Kocaeli Fair
The Wonders Coast of
Kocaeli is also famous for its
“Olympic Skating Hall”
Kocaeli has worldwide
fame with its special local
delicacy named as :
Kandıra is a town which is located north of Kocaeli, near the Black
Kandıra has many villages. Our school is in a village, named
Kırkarmut. People who live in Kandıra
deal with agriculture.
Kandıra has got many
beaches. Many people
come there from other
cities (especially from
Istanbul) in summer.
Kandıra is famous with its
yoghurt, turkey and