Situation and outlook of Peru´s economy and politics

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  • Publicada el 9 jul 2012
    Conferencia de S.E. Francis Gurry, Director General de la OMPI, en Ciudad del Saber

    El pasado viernes 6 de julio el Ministerio de Comercio e Industrias y la Fundación Ciudad del Saber ofrecieron la Conferencia: “Oportunidades para la República de Panamá en materia de Propiedad Intelectual, con la aprobación de los Tratados de la Organización Mundial de la Propiedad Intelectual (OMPI)', con la participación de Su Excelencia Francis Gurry, Director General de la OMPI.

    La conferencia inició con palabras del Ministro de Comercio e Industrias, S.E. Ricardo Quijano Jiménez, quien manifestó el gran orgullo de haber podido contar con la presencia de Francis Gurry en la Ciudad de Panamá. El Ministro adelantó los avances en los diferentes convenios que se han hecho para proteger la propiedad intelectual en Panamá y su gestión consistente en lo que respeta a dicha materia. Destacó que la República de Panamá se ha caracterizado por ser un miembro activo de la Organización Mundial de la Propiedad Intelectual (OMPI) y agradeció personalmente al Profesor Jorge Arosemena y la Ciudad del Saber.

    El profesor Jorge Arosemena, Director Ejecutivo de la Fundación Ciudad del Saber, ofreció palabras de bienvenida a los invitados y destacó la gentileza del Dr. Gurry en firmar el libro de personajes distinguidos en visitar el campus. Destacó además el hecho de que en Ciudad del Saber se creó la primera incubadora de empresas, y que siendo una plataforma internacional de servicios, la presencia del Director General de la OMPI tiene todo el sentido.

    Acto seguido, S.E. Francis Gurry mencionó que era un gran privilegio estar en la Ciudad del Saber, la cual le impresionó mucho por sus remarcables logros a través de los años. Luego presentó su conferencia magistral en la que ofreció una introducción a lo que es la OMPI, un organismo del sistema de organizaciones de las Naciones Unidas dedicado al uso de la propiedad intelectual, y destacó el Tratado de Budapest sobre el Reconocimiento Internacional del Depósito de Microorganismos a los fines del Procedimiento en materia de Patentes, al que Panamá se ha unido recientemente.

    Además habló sobre los retos de la OMPI, como la demanda de los derechos sobre el conocimiento y la manera en que lidian con ello, el nuevo Tratado sobre Interpretaciones y Ejecuciones Audiovisuales, y la importancia de lograr un avance en el sistema de propiedad intelectual que logre tener en cuenta los derechos del creador/innovador y la empresa que invierte en dicha creación.

    Su Excelencia Gurry contestó varias preguntas procedentes de un público selecto, conformado por distinguidas autoridades y especialistas en una disciplina de singular importancia para la República de Panamá, como lo es la propiedad intelectual y el desarrollo de las nuevas tecnologías.
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Situation and outlook of Peru´s economy and politics

  1. 1. Situation and outlook ofPeru’s economy and politicsNovember, 2005 Instituto de Libre Empresa (ILE) Barajas 522, San Borja, Lima 41- Perú Tel/Fax (51-1) 475-9752 www.ileperu.org info@ileperu.org
  2. 2. What is happenning? PERU’S MIGRATION 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Entries 639,739 619,395 733,984 709,864 1’109,385 Exits 836,700 740,516 958,689 942,390 1’588,163 Balance 196,961 121,121 224,705 232,526 397,778 Daily exit average 540 332 616 634 1,089 Source: General Directorate of Migrations(www.digemin.gob.pe) Prepared by: ILE2 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  3. 3. Situation of Peruvian economy3 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  4. 4. Situation of Peruvian economy Source: IPE4 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  5. 5. Situation of Peruvian economy5 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  6. 6. Situation of Peruvian economy Source: IPE6 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  7. 7. Outlook of Peruvian economy7 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  8. 8. Situation of Peruvian economy Source: IPE8 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  9. 9. Outlook of Peruvian economy Source: IPE9 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  10. 10. Situation of Peruvian economy10 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  11. 11. Former president Alan García: One of first presidential candidates in surveys But, 1089 peruvians daily emigrate to others countries11 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  12. 12. Size of Informal sector in Latin america12 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  13. 13. Burocratic barriers Facilitators for businesses initiation Indexes Countries Argentina Brazil Chile Peru Venezuela Procedures 15 15 10 10 14 Length (# days) 68 152 28 100 119 Costs (USD) 324 331 493 510 792 Source: Ciudadanos al Día, based on Index of Doing Business from World Bank.13 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  14. 14. How statism works Opposition to privatize. One dead and hunred of injured in Arequipa 200114 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  15. 15. Popularity of Peru’s Privatizations15 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  16. 16. How statism works Social conflict in Ilave, Puno April 2004. The Major was killed by “democratic” assembly16 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  17. 17. The Peruvian “Chavez” is 11% in national polls Nationalism headed by Humala’s brothers. They are followers of Hugo Chavez and Evo Morales.17 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  18. 18. 41% of peruvians are looking an outsider images 28% 17% 17% 11% Humala is raising in national polls since April.18 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  19. 19. 2006 Presidential Elections Candidates images Humala’s nationalism is raising sustanaible.......would be next peruvian president19 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  20. 20. President Toledo is one of status quo Approve 10% Dissapprove 86% images alejandrotoledo1-4 Source: Apoyo, November 2005 Since two-year Toledo is below 20% of popularity20 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  21. 21. President Toledo is one of status quo images alejandrotoledo1-4 Source: IPE21 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  22. 22. Statism hits free market with its coops Police operations at informal small trade center “Fronteras Unidas” “The Other Path” people hate police and politicians22 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  23. 23. Socialists are majority THEOLOGY Gustavo Gutierrez (Príncipe de Asturias Award) POLITICS Victor Raúl Haya de La Torre, Abimael Guzmán, José Carlos Mariategui, JDC, AGP NEWSPAPERS La Tribuna, Ollanta, República, Peru 21, El Comercio, THINK TANKS Universities.: Católica, San Marcos, Cantuta, Villarreal, y estatales. Think tanks: Desco, IEP, IDL, Cedal, Free market: ILE and CITEL (ILD works with foreign governments) POLITICAL Apra, PPC, PP, AP, MNI, Patria Roja, PARTIES Libertarian Party of Peru (incipient) CIVIL SOCIETY CGTP, CTP, CITE, SUTEP, Manuela Ramos, Flora Tristan, CNDH23 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  24. 24. Socialism Logic Ideology Polítics Means Objective Socialism Estatism Law Economy24 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  25. 25. Fact 125 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  26. 26. Fact 2: redistribution of wealth Taxes Rates and others National Government •Contribution to Senati General on Sales •Contribution to public works •          Revenue Tax •Municipal permit •          Extraordinary of solidarity •Construction permit •          Solidarity towards abandoned infancy •Advertising permit •          Unique Simplified regime (RUS) •Street occupation permit •          Tariffs •Rights to certificates •          Selective upon consumption •Rights for weight and measurements control •          Estate Shares Tax •Cleansing tax •          Municipal promotion Tax •Park Tax •          Casinos Tax •Sanitation tax •          Machine games Tax •Sanitary carnet •          Coin machines • Fumigation services •          Driving tax •Regulation contributions Municipal Government •Central Reserve Bank •          Real estate tax •Osinerg •          Vehicles tax •SBS •          Non-sport spectacles tax •Osiptel •          Recreative vessels tax •Indecopi •          Loteries Tax •Conasev Advertisements Tax •Sunass Ositran26 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  27. 27. FACT 3 PERU: PUBLIC BUDGET EXPENDITURES BY FUNCTIONS FUNCTIONS FUNCTIONS Millions US$ Millions % ADMINISTRATION AND PLANNING 2,697 25% ASSISTANCE AND STATE WELFARE 2,339 21% DEFENSE AND NATIONAL SECURITY 1,622 15% EDUCATION AND CULTURE 1,712 16% HEALTH AND CLAENING 886 8% TRANSPORT 573 5% LEYEND AGRICULTURE 422 4% BUSINESS JUSTICE 222 2% REDISTRIBUTION EXTERNAL AFFAIRS 111 1% REGULATION ENERGY AND NATURAL RESOURCES 111 1% ADMINISTRATION LEGISLATIVE 65 1% HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 52 0% INDUSTRY, COMMERCE AND SERVICES 44 0% FISHING 29 0% LABOUR 13 0% COMMUNICATIONS 16 0% TOTAL 10,912 100%27 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  28. 28. Fact 4: BUSINESS POPULATION STRUCTURE BB 10% BB 0.1% MB 25% MB 1.9% SB 65% SB 98% 4 MILLIONS OF UNITS Normal Perú28 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  29. 29. Fact 5: 59% of informal economy in the world Peru29 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  30. 30. THE WAY OUT: To eliminate Bad Laws PROSPERITY Publica Libert. Congress Elimi. Bad Product Opinion Movem. Majority Laws Explot. Cultural change Institute change ILE’s works here30 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  31. 31. ILE’S PROPOSAL 1.- State reform 2.- To reduce drastically taxes and regulations. 3.- To liberalizate and flexibility markets. 4.- To reform Judicial power. 5.- To equip police and army forces 6.- To give shares for privatisation to workers. 7.- To get back education, health services, and pensions to victims of statism.31 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  32. 32. ILE’S PROPOSAL EXPENDITURES IN A LIMITED GOVERNMENT FUNCTIONS FUNCT IONS Millions US$ Milli % ADMINISTRATION & PLANNNIG 2,697 57% ASISTENCIA Y PREVISIÓN SOCIAL 2,339 0%1% NATIONAL DEFENSE & SECURITY 1,622 34% EDUCACIÓN Y CULTURA 1,712 16% SALUD Y SANEAMIENTO 886 8% TRANSPORTE 573 5% LEYEND AGRARIA 422 4% BUSINESS JUSTICE 222 5% EXTERNAL AFFAIRS 111 2% REDISTRIBUTION REGULATION ENERGIA Y RECURSOS MINERALES 111 1% ADMINISTRATION LEGISLATIVE 65 1% VIVIENDA Y DESARROLLO URBANO 52 0% INDUSTRIA, COMERCIO Y SERVICIOS 44 0% PESCA 29 0% TRABAJO 13 0% COMUNICACIONES 16 0% TOTAL 4,717 100%32 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  33. 33. ILE’S PROPOSAL STATIST GOVERNMENT LIMITED GOVERNMENT Expenditures [Millions US$] 10,912 Expenditure [Millions US$] 4,717 Expenditures [% NGP] 21% Expenditure [% NGP] 9% Liberation of resources 6,195 TAXES JUSTICE SECURITY TAXES Business state 5% of NGP ADMINISTRATION Regulator state Estabilizator state 13% of NGP Redistributor state Planner state SOCIAL DONATIONS SOLIDARITY33 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President
  34. 34. Thanks. Instituto de Libre Empresa Calle Barajas 522 Lima 41 Perú TelFax: (51-1) 475-9752 Web: www.ileperu.org E-mail: info@ileperu.org34 José Luis Tapia-Rocha, Executive President

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