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This is a presentation of the advanced preliminary results from a study on genetically modified Bt-RR maize in Honduras. The study was conducted by IFPRI, Zamorano University and University of California -Davis. Our results show that Bt-RR maize has performed as designed. It has reduced damage due to target lepidopteran insects, and has decreased slightly pesticide use by adopters. Net benefits are substantially higher for Bt-RR maize adopters than for the non-adopters in our sample. Yet, Bt-RR maize remains adoption remains at around 8-10% of total area planted to maize in Honduras in 2013. Our qualitative and quantitative analysis seems to indicated that there are other organizational and institutional constraints which are limiting such adoption. The current Bt-RR maize technology as it stands now is not intending for subsistence farmers much less the poorest of the poor producers in Honduras. This opens the question of whether there may be potential interventions to improve these producers' productivity through conditional transfer programs that include cash and/or productive inputs such as seed, fertilizer and in some cases pesticides and herbicides.