Tourism sustainable


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Tourism sustainable

  1. 1. Thinking to Sustainable Golf Tourism The Best WayRamón Davila President of Promotur & RD Golf Counsulting
  2. 2. Sustainable tourism is tourismattempting to make a low impacton the environment and localculture, while helping to generatefuture employment for localpeople. Sustainable golf courses save significant levels of water, energy and chemicals
  3. 3. Sustainable Tourism & Golf Courses Evironmental FriendlyBetween the 1960´s and beginning of These Plans (POTA AND POTS) approvedthis decade, the construction of golf cour- by the Andalusian Government in 2006,ses in Andalusia has been directly linked have brought about a radical change into the promotion of the real estate and regards to the previous situation. Rigo-although until the 1990´s the quality of rous limits have been established andthe golf courses was given more importan- the growth possibilities in urban as wellce than to the real estate development, it as touristic areas of the Municipalities ofis necessary to recognize that in the years Andalusia. In relation to the developmentof the explosion of the very strong real es- of golf courses it has completely separa-tate boom that Spain witnessed until five ted the real estate development from theyears ago, this balanced changed towards construction of golf courses, giving thethe interests of the real estate market, so- quality of golf courses a prevalent impor-metimes of a speculative nature, over the tance in relation to its touristic value overquality of the developments and the golf the real estate themselves. In this way, the Andalusia Government has established the main guidelines in whichTaking into account the risk involved for the Municipalities must act, whom untilthe balanced, sustainable and respon- that moment did not have a reference tosible development in Andalusia, the Go- regulate growth and acted independentlyvernment of this Autonomous Community moved by their own criteria. This crea-established back in 1994 a Territorial De- ted an unbalance and great differencesvelopment law in which Government and amongst different Municipalities of Anda-Parliament where granted the power to lusia.plan the growth and define the basic sche-mes which all administrations should fo- The basic strategic principles which POTAllow in the Territorial development of their was inspired by are the following in regardscities. This TERRITORIAL DEVELOPMENT to the local urban and municipal planning.PLAN OF ANDALUSIA (POTA) and also theURBAN PLANS OF THE SUBREGIONAL In this regard, the diagram of the urbanAREAS are responsible for developing the planning development of Andalusia is theprinciples, strategies, guidelines and re- following:commendations of the regions, to whichthe Municipalities must adhere to. POTA Andalusia Territorial Planning Development Goverment/Parliament POTs Subregional Andalusia Government (Territorial) Zoning Plans with Urbans Development Territorial Impacts Plans Municipalities Andalusia Goverment 3
  4. 4. Territorial Development Plan of Andalusia TerriTorial Plan The principles in which this TERRITORIAL PLAN is based are the following: • Territorial competitiviness and cohesion. • Sustainability and development. • Social cohesion. • Rational use of the natural resources and ecological sustainability. Taking into account • Water and land. • Coastal Regions. • Energy. • Landscape. • Territorial Coherence of the public politics: • Coordination with the international politics (EU and Medite- rranean) • Coordination with the economic regional politics. • Coordination with the environmental politics. Coordination • Coordination with the public service politics (Health, sport, etc). • Coordination with the urban politics. • Coordination with the local politicis. The process in this list followed in Andalusia continues with the approval in 2007 of the Law of Prevention and Environmental Qua- lity Act (following the European guidelines) by which these strict pro- cedures are implemented to guarantee the environmental sustaina- bility as a prevalent principle. The implementation Law at the present time in Andalusia is the Law of Integrated Management of Environmental Quality -GICA Act- The Law of Integrated Management of Environmental Quality - (GICA Act) is responsible for regulating the instruments in charge of the environmental prevention and control of Andalusia allowing prior knowledge of the possible effects on the Environment plans, programs, projects and building and activities.4
  5. 5. Law of Prevention and Environmental Quality -Gica acT- One of the main innovations of this law is that it also affects the plans and programs, in accordance to European guidelines, intro- ducing the concept of analysis of the capacity of load in a specific area together with the processes of monitoring of its environmental values. The Integrated Environmental Authority (AAI) is the solution for the competent Ministry in the field of the Environment by which , for the purpose of Environmental protection and Health, allows to exploit all or part of the activities subject to such integrated environmental authorization in accordance to the Integrated Environmental Autho- rization. (GICA Act). To obtain the Integrated Environmental Authorization (AAI) it is ne- cessary to integrate both the authorizations and declarations out- lined in the Law of Integrated prevention and control of pollution (IPPC Act) as well as the declarations and authorizations that corres- pond to the competent Department in relation to the Environment and which are necessary prior to the introduction and implementa- tion of the activity which is to be developed. The integrated Environment Authorization (AAI) therefore simplifies the sectorial proceedings of the Environment that existed until that moment (production and waste management, authorization of spi- llage, etc) Another feature of this proceeding is that it specifically establishes for each installation a certain limit value on all environmental vec- tors (atmosphere, water, noise, waist, soil…) as well as monitoring plans for the process. Finally and rentering into the specific area of Tourism of Golf Cour- ses, the process ends with the approval of the Sustainable Tourism Plan and the Golf Course Decree 43/2008. Environment The Sustainable Tourism Plan offers the following objectives. 5
  6. 6. The Sustainable Tourism Plan offers the following objectives. TOURISM SUSTAINABILITY OBJECTIVES: • To moderate the growth rate and capacity of reception in the area. • Maintain and reinforce the tourism attraction of the area • Differentiate and reinforce the destinations and tourism products. • Maintain and professionalize employment • Long term sustainability • Economic viability Objectives6
  7. 7. The Sustainable Tourism offersthe following advantages: TOURISM SUSTAINABILITY ADVANTAGES: • Diversification of the local economy Advantages • Adequate planning of the ecosystem’s load capacity • Controls and evaluates impact and develops environmental responsibility. • Stimulates industry profitability • Improves the self-esteem of the local area and adds value to their surroundings. • Establishes integration procedures between planning and management. • Guarantees a sustainable tourism model from a social, envi- ronmental and economic point of view. The conditions of the new Sustainable Tourism are presented in this diagram: Via 7
  8. 8. The Sustainable Tourism SuSTainable viewPoinT From a SUSTAINABLE VIEWPOINT the Tourism objec- tives can be broken down as follows: Economic Environmental Cultural and social Sustainability Sustainability Sustainability Protection of Respect towards Income generation nature traditional values Creation of stable Conservation of Employment natural resources Upkeep of social balance Having seen the previous elements, we can determi- ne which will be the major LEVELS OF SUSTAINABILI- TY IN THE GOLF TOURISM DESTINATIONS. • PLANNING OF SUSTAINABILITY OF THE DESTINATION • SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF THE DESTINATION • SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT AT BUSINESS LEVEL Analysis Analysis of the Area: • Analysis of the load Capacity • Analysis of the Resources of the Destination • Analysis of the Potential of the Destination • Analysis DAFO of the destination • Guidelines of Programmes and Plans (Regional, Sub re- gional and local) • New Techniques in the Planning of Tourism Destinations (SIG) • Coordination between the territorial, urban and tourism planning.8
  9. 9. The Sustainable Tourism ManaGMenT of The SuSTainable deSTinaTion Once the planning has been defined we must then look at the next level which is the MANAGMENT OF THE SUSTAINABLE DESTINATION which is based in the fo- llowing outline: • Implementation and follow up of the sustainability indicator systems • Specific management of the golf destinations • General standards of quality of design, construction and management of golf courses • General Implementation of the certificates of quality and environmental management, ISO 90001 AND 14001 • Application of the regulations of the Decree 43/2008 Decree of Golf Finally we reach in the following analysis the sustai- nability level of the specific golf sector that Andalusia has tried to resolve in harmony with the previous prin- ciples explained above. This is achieved with the 43/2008 Decree, which re- gulates the construction and functioning of the golf courses based in the following principles of regulation: 43/2008 Decree of golf courses 9
  10. 10. Sustainability in Golf Courses The andaluSian Model SuiSTanabiliTy in The Golf courSeS Advantages presented before the territorial planning: • Aiming for qualityGolf Courses Design • Highest technical level • Renewable energies • Integral management of water • Integral management of fertilizers and chemical products • Integral management of residues • Quality and environmental system managements • Compliance with the 43/2008 Decree courSeS of TouriSM inTereST: Establishes Advantages Bioclimatic design Promotion Landscape integration Brand Use of Renewable Energies Qualification Development and Conservation of Quality Nature Plan of Management of Quality and Sustainability Environmental Systems (ISO 9001 y 14001) 7
  11. 11. Innovation and NewSustainability in Golf Courses alternatives on the golf courses Implementation of the environmental management systems • Creation of Diagnosis and Action plans for each course • Promote pilot projects of implementation of EMAS II or others, voluntarily as “committed with the environment” Innovation Management of Hydraulic Systems • Regulation of Administrative situations. • Increase in the use of regenerated water. • Reduction of consumption achieved by the agronomic ma- nagement. Energy Management • Encouragement to save energy and potential use of re- newable energies Residue Management • Appointing clean spots for sorting and storage of residues • Careful management of special and organic residues Ecologic improvement of natural habitats. Alteranative • Naturalization of humid areas and creation of habitats wi- thin the course Landscape integration • Boosting the natural landscape, especially those areas not used for play. Training and Communication • Development of environmental training programs directed to managers, workers and course workers. 7
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