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Med and Black Sea Shellfish Aquaculture
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Med and Black Sea Shellfish Aquaculture

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Mediterranean Aquaculture …

Mediterranean Aquaculture
Shellfish diversification and his potenciality un Black Sea.

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  • 1. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean Comisión General de Pesca para el Mediterráneo CAQ – WGSCAd hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification Trabzon (Turkey) - 18-22 February 2013 José Carlos Macias, FAO Aquaculture Consultant Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 2. CONTENTS Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 3. Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversificationJosé Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 4. Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversificationJosé Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 5. According to FAO350,000.00 Albania300,000.00 Algeria Bulgaria250,000.00 Croatia France200,000.00 Greece Italy150,000.00 Montenegro Morocco100,000.00 Slovenia Spain 50,000.00 Tunisia Turkey 0.00 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 6. According to FAO4,500.00 Albania4,000.00 Algeria3,500.00 Bulgaria3,000.00 Croatia2,500.00 Montenegro2,000.00 Morocco1,500.00 Slovenia1,000.00 Tunisia 500.00 Turkey 0.00 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 7. According to FAO Italy 24.41% Montenegro Greece Morocco 0.03%4.19% 0.05% Slovenia 0.01% Spain 40.52% France Turkey 29.90% Croatia 0.06% 0.38% Bulgaria Albania 0.13% 0.28% Algeria Tunisia 0.00% 0.03% Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 8. According to FAO CRASSOSTREA 17.76% MUSSELS 73.27% OSTREA 0.43% RUDITAPES Others 8.10% 0.45% Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversificationJosé Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 9. List of species. Main Main species Manila clam •  Ruditapes phillipinorum Pacific cupped oyster •  Crassostrea gigas Oyster •  Ostrea edulis Mussels •  Mytilus edulis/galloprovincialis Others species have been studied and tested as Pecten, Octopus, Cockle, others. Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 10. Key factor to development of mollusc aquaculture -  ethod M Influences on the -  ystem S -  ost of production C - Rhythm of growth Influences on the - Maturation - Seeds collection Influences on the - Time to growth - Condition index Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 11. Mussels MGallo Environmental condition for aquaculture http://www.fao.org/fishery/culturedspecies/Mytilus_edulis/en NW-Spain W-France SE-Spain, SW-France NE-Spain http://www.fao.org/fishery/culturedspecies/Mytilus_galloprovincialis/en Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 12. Crassostra Environmental condition for aquaculture http://www.fao.org/fishery/species/3514/en Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 13. Manila clam Environmental condition for aquaculture http://www.fao.org/fishery/culturedspecies/Ruditapes_philippinarum/en Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 14. Oyter OEdulis Environmental condition for aquaculture http://www.fao.org/fishery/culturedspecies/Ostrea_edulis/en Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 15. Methods for shellfishaquaculture at sea. http://www.irish-mussels.com/ Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 16. Methods for shellfishaquaculture on intertidal zone http://www.irish-mussels.com/ Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 17. 17 17 Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 18. 18 18 Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 19. Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversificationJosé Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 20. Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversificationJosé Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 21. Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversificationJosé Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 22. Learned lessons and trends Learned lessons Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 23.  Sanitarian Control and prevention of diseases Environmental monitoring of the natural conditions Local branding and high level of quality New technologies for optimize the cost of production New species and new methods Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 24. Sanitarian control. Biotoxins  Sanitarian Control and prevention of diseases •  It is important to raise the level of awareness regarding biotoxins episodes and the incidence of, to prevent health problems and "economic". •  A good monitoring program and monitoring is necessary, in compliance with European Directive. Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 25. RestockingThere are important examples especially the clam, in the northwest of Spain(Galicia), and Italy (Adriatic Sea), where restocking is done from publichatcheries or moving the populations. Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 26. Diversification-SpeciesDiversification (Species and system or methods) •  Diversification is always desired and interesting, but not cohabitation of species already adapted to culture, with new ones. •  Species such as octopus, razor, anemone, abalone, sea urchin, etc., have potential but need to be tested by specific pilot projects, and increase demand. Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 27. Summary or “core ideas”   Shell%ish( farming( offers( new( and( interesting( possibilities( for( the( development(of(aquaculture(in(the(Mediterranean(and(black(sea.(   Since(it(farming(systems(and(techniques(are(known,(it(is(necessary( to( analyze( the( environmental( conditions( that( make( possible( the( activity.(   There(is(a(diversity(of(species(and(hence(opportunities.(   Molluscs(are(great(commercial(interest(species(in(Europe.(   The(development(of(shell%ish(aquaculture(should(be(supplemented( by(health(control(measures(and(a(correct(marketing.( Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversification José Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013
  • 28. Thanks josecarlosmacias1@gmail.com www.josecarlosmacias.com Ad hoc meeting on Black Sea aquaculture species diversificationJosé Carlos Macias. Aquaculture Consultant. Trabzon. TURKEY. Feb, 2013