Assessment of sustainability of aquaculture in Spain_JCMacias

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Indicators for Aquaculture

Indicators for Aquaculture

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  • 1. General Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean Comisión General de Pesca para el Mediterráneo Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture Spanish Case Study
  • 2. Table of contents FOESA Foundation • Stage 1: Definition of sustainability indicators • Phase 2: Indicators for Mediterranean sea cage aquaculture • Phase 3: Assessment of sustainability of aquaculture in Spain • Phase 4: Sustainability Strategy for Spanish Aquaculture • Phase 5: Strategic Plan Considerations Javier Remiro, Director Cristina Garcia, Technician (2010- 2013) Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant The process: studies and stages
  • 3. Governing Board: Public Foundation Main Goals!   Platform to analyse and monitor the aquaculture development in Spain.!   Reference point to the scientific, technology and industry community. !   Promote Spanish aquaculture internationally.! Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant   Promote aquaculture image and its products through the social community.!
  • 4. According to FOESA definition ….Regarding that a sustainable system or process must take into consideration future generations development…! interactions based on  best practices and the use of responsibly resources, encourages  socio-economic development  where it is being developed, integrates harmoniously  with other  activities  and generates employment, e n s u r i n g  its v i a b i l i t y  and sustainability over time." Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant sustainable aquaculture  considers environmental
  • 5. The process: stages and document Definition of Sustainability Indicators in Mediterranean Aquaculture •  2 Sustainability indicators for floating cages in the Mediterranean Marine Aquaculture • 3 Assessment of Sustainability of aquaculture in Spain • 4 Strategy for Sustainable Development of Aquaculture Spanish (EDSAE) 5 Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant •  1
  • 6. "Defining sustainability indicators in the field of Mediterranean aquaculture.” Sustainable indicators are defined in order to conduct an assessment on the sustainability of Mediterranean aquaculture, but testing firstly in Spain. •  This assessment is based on reduced indicators covering the environmental, economic and social dimensions of aquaculture, all dimensions are under the eye of governance. •  In total 3 indicators per dimension with their reference number have been obtained. •  The group of indicators has been selected based on a set of criteria independent of area, species and time (wide range of application now and in the future). •  The indicators are defined for 3 levels orientated to farmers, (regional) or countries and the Mediterranean region. •  The selection of indicators was agreed by a group of experts on several workshops and meetings. •  Indicators were tested in Spain using surveys straight focused to all policy stakeholders/civil servants and main producers associations. Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant • 
  • 7. 3l x 3d x 3in! Multidisciplinary workshop: economic, environmental & social groups! Once identified indicators criteria and principles were selected (EVAD, InDAM)! *Rey-Valette, H., Clement, O., Aubin, J., Mathé, S., Chia, E., Legendre, M., Caruso, D., Mikolasek, O., Blancheton, J.P., Slembrouck, J., Baruthio, A., Rene, F., Levang, P. & Morissens, P. 2008. Guide to the co-construction of sustainable development indicators in aquaculture. EVAD project, Cirad, Montpellier (France), 144 p. Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant PCI methodology* formula & standard with scores!
  • 8. PRINCIPLE! Strengthen4consumer4responsive4 a n d4 m a r k e t4 o r i e n t e d4 ECONOMIC! aquaculture! CRITERION! Level4of4markeCng4and4 promoConal4acCviCes4! Improve4 risk4 management4 Level4of4product4 capabiliCes! diversificaCon! S t r e n g t h e n4 t h e4 fi n a n c i a l4 L e v e l4 o f4 e c o n o m i c4 management4of4the4company! performance! INDICATOR! 1.  Market4oriented4aquaculture! 2.4DiversificaCon4of4goods4and4 services! 3.4EvoluCon4of4the4exLfarm4price4! 1.  Food4Conversion4RaCo4(FCR)! ENVIRONMENTAL! Maintain4the4goods4and4services4 that4the4ecosystem4provides4to4 aquaculture! Level4of4ecological4 footprint! 2.4ImplementaCon4of4an4 Environmental4Monitoring4 Program4(EMP)! 3.4Fulfilment4of4codes4of4good4 pracCce! 1.  Perdurability4or4employee4 Quality4of4the4employment! turnover4rate4! Transparency4and4 2.4CommunicaCon4effort! communicaCons! Use4of4best4pracCces! Strengthen4corporate4social4 responsibility! SOCIOLTERRITORIAL! Strengthen4the4role4of4producer4 organizaCons4in4improving4the4 image,4social4awareness4and4 responsibiliCes4! Level4of4transparency! 3.4RelaCons4between4employees4 and4management4! Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant DIMENSION!
  • 9. PRINCIPLE! CRITERIA! INDICATOR! 1.  EvoluCon4of4aquaculture4 Promote4a4market4oriented4 aquaculture4industry! Increase4research4and4development4 capabiliCes4and4innovaCon! Level4of4naConal4research4 competence4! 2.4Investment4in4RTD4and4 innovaCon4in4aquaculture! Promote4sustainable4development4in4 the4sector! ECONOMICS4 Market4approach! Level4of4commitment4with4 sustainability! 3.4Security4of4investments4! total4producCon4value!! 1.  Existence4of4well4defined4 Strengthen4insCtuConal4capaciCes4in4 Level4of4naConal4recogniCon4of4 environmental4aquaculture4 policy,4program4and/or4 relaCon4with4sustainable4development! sustainable4development! strategy4! 2.4Existence4of4common4criteria4 for4an4Allocated4Zone4for4 ENVIRONMENTAL4 Maintain4the4goods4and4services4that4 Level4of4aquaculture4 Aquaculture4(AZA)4or4site4 the4ecosystem4provides4to4aquaculture4! interacCons! selecCon4process! Minimize4the4global4impact! Level4of4carbon4footprint!! 3.4Carbon4footprint4index! Contribute4to4naConal4development4! SOCIOL TERRITORIAL4 Employment4and4working4 condiCons4in4the4aquaculture4 sector!! 1.4QuanCty4and4quality4of4 employment! Strengthen4the4organisaCon4and4 idenCty4of4the4sector4! Importance4of4training4in4 aquaculture4! 2.4NaConal4aquaculture4training4! Strengthen4insCtuConal4capaciCes4in4 Level4of4naConal4recogniCon4of4 3.4Existence4of4aquaculture4 relaCon4with4sustainable4development! sustainable4development! naConal4strategy!! Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant DIMENSION!
  • 10. José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture
  • 11. Sustainability indicators for floating cages in the Mediterranean Marine Aquaculture Main goals. 2.  To provide the decision makers and the aquaculture producers with a technical tool and advice on the processes of sustainable aquaculture development adapted to the Mediterranean context. 3.  To increase awareness in the sustainable use and management of the social, economic and environmental resources available in order to obtain a sustainable balance in the management of the activity. Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant identification of 1.  The definition and a farm/ business, indicators, capable of measuring sustainable aquaculture at national and Mediterranean level.
  • 12. Methodology: 3(levels) x 3(ind) x 3(dimen) 3 indicators per dimension and level= 27 indicators Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant For each of these three levels, the pillars or dimensions of sustainability have been considerate: Socio-territorial, economic, environmental aspects.
  • 13. José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture
  • 14. José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant List of indicators used for assessment. Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture
  • 15. DIMENSION! PRINCIPLE! CRITERIA! INDICATOR! 1.  EvoluCon4of4aquaculture4total4 ECONOMICS4 Promote4a4market4oriented4 aquaculture4industry! producCon4value! Market4approach! 2.4EvoluCon4of4the4aquaculture4products4 consumpCon4! 3.4Existence4of4market4tools! Minimize4the4global4impact! Level4of4footprint! 2.4Existence4of4naCve4and4lowLtrophic4 species! 3.4Ecological4and4carbon4footprint4index! Strengthen4the4organisaCon4 Importance4of4 1.  Mediterranean4Governance4and4Social4 and4idenCty4of4the4sector4! iniCaCve4development! Networks! SOCIOL TERRITORIAL4 Develop4informaCon4systems! Access4to4aquaculture4 2.4Existence4of4an4informaCon4system!! informaCon4systems! Contribute4to4Mediterranean4 Social4integraCon! 3.4Aquaculture4employment4diversificaCon! development! Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant Maintain4the4goods4and4 Level4of4aquaculture4 ENVIRONMENTAL4 services4that4the4ecosystem4 interacCons! provides4to4aquaculture! 1.  Existence4of4common4criteria4for4an4 Allocated4Zone4for4Aquaculture4(AZA)4or4 site4selecCon4process!
  • 16. José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture
  • 17. José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant A simple system as a traffic light type¡ Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture
  • 18. Available in Internet
  • 19. Year 2011: "Assessing sustainability of aquaculture in Spain.” José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant An important effort was made contacting every Spanish policy stakeholder and civil servant spread into the 19 Spanish regions making sure they read and answered to the indicators survey at national level. Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture
  • 20. 1)  Environmental: inputs/outputs, energy and fulfillment of environmental standards; 3)  Economic: ex-farm price per kg/total cost per kg produced, selfsufficiency and number of products on sale. The results showed some of the economic indicators were difficult to obtain as farmers are always reluctant to give economic data. Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant 2)  Social: existence of preventive policies, local employment and existence of communication mechanisms;
  • 21. Methodology: for national level indicators used were: 1)  Environmental: regulation of feed supply and the capture of seeds, existence of EIA and fulfillment of environmental standards; 3)  Economic: % of foreign capital in the aquaculture sector, investment in RTD and number of licenses. Spanish aquaculture jurisdictions are given to the regions, therefore legislation differs between them depending on the level of aquaculture development. …indicator scores up to 5 points: -  5 -  4 -  3 -  2 -  1 sustainable, nearly sustainable, approaching sustainability, far from sustainable and unsustainable. Final sustainability assessment can reach a maximum of 45 points being: -  0-45 sustainable, 4 -  0-35 nearly sustainable, 4 -  5-25 approaching sustainability, 3 - 25-20 far from sustainable and -  20 unsustainable. < Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant 2)  Social: quality of employment in aquaculture, degree of associationism and existence of workers unions;
  • 22. José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture
  • 23. Year 2012: Based on the work done before and the results achieved it was developed the "Strategy for Sustainable Development of Aquaculture Spanish" which includes an analysis of the initial situation and industry developments on the horizon, 2030 is undertaken and brand guidelines that will serve the development of the national strategic plan of the Spanish aquaculture. Strategic lines Environmental management Actions Strategic Plan Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant "Strategy for Sustainable Development of Aquaculture Spanish"
  • 24. •  •  •  Promote the sustainable development of aquaculture in Spain. To contribute to the economic and social developmetn on rural and coastal areas in which aquaculture is or could be developed in the future. To promote the protection of natural resources and ecosystem values of those areas MISSION Spanish Aquaculture lead in 2030 aquaculture in the European Union in terms of production and gain more weight in economic terms, reinforcing its dynamic role in rural and coastal areas through job creation and ensuring consumer products the highest quality and sustainable processes Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant Indicators and assessment of sustainability were the base to built the Plan.
  • 25. Strategic4issues/Strategic4DirecCves(EU) 1. Simplification of adminsitrative procedures. 2. Coordinated Teritorial planning Training system SOCIOTERRITORIAL R+D+i Organizational and Legal Framework Sectoral Planning Health and animal welfare ENVIRONMENTAL 3. Strenght of competitivenes. Environmental Management 4. Enancement of balanced competition conditions. Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant Image of the sector
  • 26. José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant Pluriannual Strategic Plan For Spanish Aquaculture www.planacuicultura.es Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture
  • 27. Main considerations on indicators and their utility for assessment sustainability of aquaculture¡¡…   FOESA has developed four projects or stages to arrive to final output that was Strategic Plan: from indicators to Strategic Plan.   Regarding to INDICATORS, one of key topic in simplification in number of them and dimensions considered.   The methodology in data collection should be established in order to get real and objectives results (interviews, questionnaires, on-line methods, etc)   At the end, indicators will be use for agents or stakeholders as an assessment tool ¡¡ Regional workshop on the identification of reference points for economic, environmental, social and governance indicators on aquaculture José Carlos Macias, Aquaculture Consultant   The exercise to assessment the sustainability was a first pilot project to test the indicators at country level, and the result show, among the others things, the path of grow and the path to improve the sustainability of aquaculture in Spain.
  • 28. teşekkürler