Tang kilikan Economics Prof. Jorge V. Sibal <email@example.com >
What is Tang kilikan Economics Tang kilikan means patronag e. As an old definition, Tang kilikan means reciprocating what benefits you hav e receiv ed. Tang kilikan als o means patriotis m or nationalis m. It means lov ing or patronizing firs t and foremos t what is your own and not of others .
Theoretical Foundations of Tang kilikan Tang kilikan economics means patronizing firs t and foremos t what you produce in order to s pur and dev elop your economy. It is rooted in the philos ophy of mercantilis m. Mercantilis m adv ocates “produce more in order to buy les s ”. In doing this , the economy accumulates s urplus es which are needed to finance dev elopment and indus trialization.
Theoretical Foundations of Tang kilikan Tang kilikan economics is therefore the philos ophy behind economic nationalis m. Economic nationalis m, on the other hand, is the ideolog y of national indus trialization and economic dev elopment.
Other Dimensions of Tang kilikan Tang kilikan is not only limited to economics . It has als o dimens ions in culture and politics . Tang kilikan culture means being proud of the pos itive s ide of Philippine culture like lang uag e, his tory, arts , mus ic, cinema, literature, traditions , beliefs , norms , habits , etc.
Other Dimensions of Tang kilikan Tang kilikan politics does not mean patronag e politics where the political lords (dynas tic elites ) take care of their underling s (us ually relativ es , clos e friends and cronies ). The latter reciprocates throug h blind loyalty to their political patron.
Other Dimensions of Tang kilikan Tang kilikan politics means g ood g ov ernment and a civ il s erv ice g ov erned by rules and reg ulations . It als o means a g ov ernment that g iv es priority and protection to its citizens , workers , bus ines s men and profes s ionals ov er non-F ilipinos .
The Modern Tang kilikan Tang kilikan under g lobalization is not limited to patronag e of one’s produce. This type of tang kilikan may lead to monopoly, inefficiency, uncompetitivenes s and patronag e politics . Ins tead of promoting national dev elopment and indus trialization, it may lead to backwardnes s and underdev elopment.
The Modern Tang kilikan Modern Tang kilikan means promotion of locally produced products and services that are of high quality standards through technological adaptation, innovation, and continuous improvement. This is essence of the slogan Tang kilikin at paunlarin and s ariling atin (patronize and continuously improve our own products and services).
Tang kilikan & the Nationalis t Development Plan Tang kilikan in the Nationalis t Dev elopment Plan (NDP) of the F air Trade Alliance (F TA) is bes t expres s ed in the s trateg ies “forward and backward linkag ing ” and “modernization of ag ricultural and indus trial s ectors ”.
Tang kilikan & the Nationalis t Development PlanForward and backward linkaging has at least 3 dimensions:2. A direct link between the Phil. consumers and the Phil. producers. Philippine consumers are the workers (both low unskilled and & highly skilled knowledge workers- managers, entrepreneurs, professionals, OFWs, etc.) and the government.
Tang kilikan & the Nationalis t Development PlanA direct link between the Phil. consumers and the Phil. producers. The Philippine producers are enterprises, groups and individuals operating in the Philippines. They should be encouraged to maximize locally- sourced inputs (labor, technologies, materials, ideas, etc.). Both the Philippine consumers and producers should patronize each other to the fullest.
Tang kilikan & the Nationalis t Development Plan In the USA for example, Verite is a consumer-based NGO advocating consumption of American-made products & services through social standards imposition on imported products. Verite practices Tang kilikan to help preserve American jobs and consumers’ purchasing power.
Tang kilikan & the Nationalis t Development PlanForward and backward linkaging has at least 3 dimensions:2. A direct link between big, medium, small and micro enterprises. At present, big & some medium enterprises are linked with TNCs through outsourcing & international quality standards like ISO, Malcolm Baldridge, social standards, etc.
Tang kilikan & the Nationalis t Development PlanA direct link between big, medium, small and micro enterprises. Big firms with international linkages do not transfer their technologies and capabilities to the micro & small enterprises (MSEs). Hence, MSEs may lose in competition with low end smuggled imported goods or stay in the unregulated informal sector.
Tang kilikan & the Nationalis t Development Plan Under the Nationalist development plan, big and medium enterprises should maximize their outsourcing requirements to the micro and small enterprises (MSEs) under the big brother-small brother partnership relationship.
Tang kilikan & the Nationalis t Development PlanA direct link among industry, agriculture and services. Agriculture should produce raw materials for industry and food for the consumers. This will empower agricultural producers and the consumers. The consumers in return will be able to buy more finished products from the industrial sector.
Tang kilikan & the Nationalis t Development PlanA direct link among industry, agriculture and services. Developing a modern agro-industrial base of the economy is the key strategy of the Nationalist Development Plan.