Some free comments on folklore and etymology: the word nightmare                         June 2012Jordi ArdanuyLibrariansh...
«Nightmare»: An innocent word?           Nowadays    nightmare = bad dream             but…
«Nightmare»: An innocent word?
«The nightmare»by Henry Fuseli (1781)
«The nightmare»  by Henry Fuseli (1781)Horse’s        Incubushead
Incubus (pl. incubi)         «Incubus»: From the Latin         verb, incubo, incubare,         meaning «to lie upon».     ...
Mare«Nightmare»Origin: From night and mare.First use: 14th century«Mare»1.Obsolete term for an evilpreternatural being cau...
Mare «Mara» or «mare»: a kind of female evil being of theNorth European folklore By night, they suffocate sleepers, they...
Mare in some languages► German: «nachtmahr» = nightmare► Norwegian: «mareritt» = nightmare► Danish: «mareridt» = nightmare...
In the Iberian Peninsula In Spanish, there are the word «pesadilla» = the littleheavyweight. Portuguese: «Pesadelo» = ni...
In Catalan There is not any similar word in current Catalan for baddreams (malsons) In Catalan folklore there is the wor...
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About the word "Nigthmare"

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About the word "Nigthmare"

  1. 1. Some free comments on folklore and etymology: the word nightmare June 2012Jordi ArdanuyLibrarianship and Documentation Department
  2. 2. «Nightmare»: An innocent word? Nowadays nightmare = bad dream but…
  3. 3. «Nightmare»: An innocent word?
  4. 4. «The nightmare»by Henry Fuseli (1781)
  5. 5. «The nightmare» by Henry Fuseli (1781)Horse’s Incubushead
  6. 6. Incubus (pl. incubi) «Incubus»: From the Latin verb, incubo, incubare, meaning «to lie upon». In current Italian Incubo means Incubus and bad dream.
  7. 7. Mare«Nightmare»Origin: From night and mare.First use: 14th century«Mare»1.Obsolete term for an evilpreternatural being causing nightmaresOrigin: Old EnglishFirst use: before 12th century2.A mature female horse.Origin: Old English mereFirst use: before 12th century
  8. 8. Mare «Mara» or «mare»: a kind of female evil being of theNorth European folklore By night, they suffocate sleepers, they ride horses untilthey are exhausted and other evil actions. Probably origin Indo-European ​ Many languages share the Word in some way.
  9. 9. Mare in some languages► German: «nachtmahr» = nightmare► Norwegian: «mareritt» = nightmare► Danish: «mareridt» = nightmare► Icelandic: «martröð» = nightmare► Swedish: «mardröm»= nightmare► Swedish: «martallar» = dwarf pines (pines of Mara, by the action of Mares)► Polish: «koshmar» = nightmare► Russian: «kошмар» (мар = mar) = nightmare► French: «cauchemar» = nightmare, from Picard language,«cauquemaire», «cauquer» = to press► Romanian «moroi» = ghost, vampire► Czech: «nocni můra» = nightmare► Etc.
  10. 10. In the Iberian Peninsula In Spanish, there are the word «pesadilla» = the littleheavyweight. Portuguese: «Pesadelo» = nigthmare. Galicia language: «Pesadela». Asturian language (Bable) «Pesadiellu» o «Pisadiellu». In general, they are thought as hairballs, old hags,witches, huge black dogs, etc.
  11. 11. In Catalan There is not any similar word in current Catalan for baddreams (malsons) In Catalan folklore there is the word «pesanta», a hugedog (sometimes a cat) who also attacks people when theysleep and causing the most horrible bad dreams.
  12. 12. Thank you for your attention
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