APUS Unit 1 Review

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APUS Unit 1 Review

It can help you review Unit 1, I don't think this can help you on the test in 2011, but it sure is a great review

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  • APUS Unit 1 Review

    1. 1. Advanced Placement US History Unit 1 Notes Review
    2. 2. Reasons for escape to the New World• Tales of spices and treasures• Protestant Reformers see the new world as a haven to escape European religious upheaval
    3. 3. Story of Arrival• The Aztec, Maya and the Incas are there but have no immunity to “Old World” diseases• Christopher Columbus came to the New World with permission from Isabelle and Ferdinand of Spain• The cultural borrowing from the Old World to the New World is the Columbian Exchange• Following this would be 100 years of time Spanish soldiers and missionaries come to the new world “Conquistadores”
    4. 4. The Beginnings of the New World• Henry VIII made England a protestant country, and his daughter Elizabeth I would make it great• The colony of Roanoke was lost• Jamestown was established in 1607 by James I giving the Virginia Company of London a charter to colonize English colonies in America• People went to Jamestown to find gold and silver, but they found ”green gold” tobacco with John Smith protecting them in the starving time
    5. 5. 1619• AFRICAN SLAVERY WAS ESTABLISHED• THE FIRST MEETING AT THE HOUSE OF BURGESSES
    6. 6. The North• The Slave Codes originated from the West Indies, where they harvested sugar, the slaves outnumbered their masters and these codes spread• Maryland was established as a “haven for Catholics”• Maryland Act of Religious Toleration protected Catholics from prosecution
    7. 7. Chesapeake• Dominated by the “green gold” of tobacco planters• Mostly young unmarried males/indentured servants who came on a temporary basis who worked the colony• They had short life spans and little to no education or training• Mostly Church of England or Anglican followers
    8. 8. New England Colonies• Typical relations with natives• settled by Puritans or separatists• People lived longer here and the farmers didn’t have many indentured servants• Moved here mostly in groups as a family• Congregational Church theocracy• Built self from farming, fishing, timber and shipbuilding
    9. 9. Middle Colonies• Hudson River conquered by English, the Dutch were trading there and New Amsterdam of New York becomes a harbor and mercantile center• Pennsylvania, founded by William Penn was a Quake and had fairly good native relations and religious toleration• Built from wheat/grain, farming, trade and cottage industries
    10. 10. Southern Colonies• Built from plantation economies tobacco, rice, indigo, and a growing slave trade
    11. 11. Troubles in England• Charles I dismisses parliament and pushes Puritans to the New World known as the Great Migration• Governors William Bradford and John Winthrop are key to the survival of Puritans in New England
    12. 12. Colony Summaries• Georgia by James Oglethorpe debtors colony and military buffet zone has slavery, large farms, rum and Catholics were not allowed• The Carolinas prosper on tobacco, farming and slave trade • North: slaveless white looking for land • South: Charleston dominated by planters and slave traders
    13. 13. Rocky Relations• King Phillip’s war is a brutal war which is sparked by the English massacring a Native American tribe• Bacon’s Rebellion began because they didn’t have much protection from the Natives so they burned part of Jamestown to the ground, which put fear into the people and led to slavery• Indentured servants are promised freedom, land and opportunity but found much worse in the New World
    14. 14. English Difficulty• The English cannot regain control of the “New England” colonies after the years of “salutary neglect” because of Puritanical Theocracy lading to the 1st American revolution• “command economy” stops colonial trade with the Dutch and end “salutary neglect”• Mercantilism: A policy that forces trade from New England directly to England
    15. 15. Slavery• African slaves were good for the sugar in the Caribbean and in Georgia and South Carolina for rice• Middle Passage is a horrible experience and rebellions were common• The triangle trade went as follows: captains would voyage to Africa, trade guns/liquor for slaves, voyages to America and trade slaves for sugar/ tobacco/rice and the on the England to trade for more guns/liquor etc.
    16. 16. Education• First mandatory public education was Massachusetts• Very important in the New England colonies but did not spread to the south
    17. 17. Salem Witches• Young girls accuse people of witchcraft and many people are killed• The Salem Witch Trials destroyed the credibility of the Puritanical Theocracy forever
    18. 18. Religious Revivals• Half-Way Covenant is established by the churches in 1662 to make more money in the churches because people are losing “Christianity”• The Great Awakening is a religious revival that makes hypes up the church and make people want to go again (promoted colonial unity)
    19. 19. French-Indian War• Started when Washington found a French fort in American Territory• Ends at Quebec and Montreal when the English dominate the French and forces them to sign the Treaty of Paris where they met at Versailles
    20. 20. Proclamation of 1763• English bans the English from going west of the Appalachian mountains to protect the Indians, important because of Pontiac’s Rebellion (germ warfare), but the colonists ignore it leading to the Revolutionary War

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