Some Pictures from Turkey Esma/Latif ELÇİ 10/27/2010 AMHERST USA
Turkey ( Türkiye ) is known officially as the Republic of Turkey ( Türkiye Cumhuriyeti . Turkey is a Eurasian country that stretches across the Anatolian peninsula in western Asia and Thrace in the Balkan region of southeastern Europe . Turkey is bordered by eight countries: Bulgaria , Greece , Georgia , Armenia , Azerbaijan , Nakhchivan , Iran , Iraq , Syria . The Mediterranean Sea and Turkish Republic of North Cyprus are to the south; the Aegean Sea to the west; and the Black Sea is to the north. The Sea of Marmara , the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles (which together form the Turkish Straits ) demarcate the boundary between Eastern Thrace and Anatolia ; they also separate Europe and Asia . The capital city of Turkey is Ankara . The territory of Turkey is subdivided into 81 provinces for administrative purposes. The provinces are organized into 7 regions .They do not represent an administrative structure. Each province is divided into districts, for a total of 923 districts. The population is almost 81 millions.
TURKİSH FLAG The flag of Turkey is a red falg with a white crescent moon and a star in the center. The flag is called Ay Yıldız (literally, moon star.) or Albayrak (Red flag).
Republic of Turkey (TR) <ul><li>After the Ottoman Empire collapsed following its defeat in World War I , parts of it were occupied by the victorious Allies . A cadre of young military officers, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk , organized a successful resistance to the Allies; in 1923, they would establish the modern Republic of Turkey with Atatürk as its first president. </li></ul><ul><li>The predominant religion(98%) in Turkey is Islam with small minorities of Christianity and Judaism . The country's official language is Turkish . </li></ul><ul><li>Turkey is a democratic , secular , unitary , constitutional republic , with an ancient cultural heritage. Turkey has become increasingly integrated with the West through membership in organizations such as the Council of Europe , NATO , OECD , OSCE and the G-20 major economies . Turkey has also fostered close cultural, political, economic and industrial relations with the Middle East , the Turkic states of Central Asia and the African countries through membership in organizations such as the Organisation of the Islamic Conference and the Economic Cooperation Organization . Given its strategic location, large economy and army, Turkey is classified as a regional power . </li></ul>
Mustafa Kemal Atatürk (1881-1938) The founder of the Turkish Republic and its first President
Anıtkabir in Ankara(capital) (Monumental grave for Atatürk)
‘’ Kocatepe mosque’’ in Ankara was constructed between 1966-1987
Some recreation areas in Ankara Atakule, (Tower) Talent island Dikmen Valley
Some Symbols for Ankara Angora goat The Angora goat ( Turkish : Ankara keçisi ) is a breed of domestic goat that originated in Ankara (formerly known as Angora), Turkey and its surrounding region in central Anatolia . Angora goats produce the lustrous fibre known as Mohair .The first Angora goats were brought to Europe by Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor , about 1554. Angora goats were first introduced in the United States in 1849 by Dr. James P. Davis. Seven adult goats were a gift from Sultan Abdülmecid I (Empire) . Angora(Ankara) goats have a long, white, lustrous hair. Angora is 2-1/2 times as strong as wool. Mohair plush is a fabric with a cut pile of mohair yarns. It is lustrous, smooth, glossy, extremely strong, and will hold a permanent embossing. End uses include sweaters, coats, suits, and scarves. Turkish Angora Cats Turkish Angora Cats have a silky (originally white), medium-long length coat, no undercoat and fine bone structure. Eyes may be blue, green, or amber, or even one blue and one amber or green
Istanbul <ul><li>Istanbul is the largest city in Turkey and 5th largest city proper in the world with a population of over 12.8 million, also making it the second largest metropolitan area in Europe by population, and the largest metropolitan city proper. Istanbul is also a megacity , as well as the cultural, economic, and financial centre of Turkey . </li></ul><ul><li>It is located on the Bosphorus Strait and encompasses the natural harbour known as the Golden Horn , in the northwest of the country. It extends both on the European ( Thrace ) and on the Asian ( Anatolia ) sides of the Bosphorus, and is thereby the only metropolis in the world that is situated on two continents . </li></ul><ul><li>During its long history, the city previously served as the capital city of the classical (330–395), " Byzantine " (395–1204 & 1261–1453), and " Latin " (1204–1261) Roman Empires and the Ottoman Empire (1453–1922), prior to the selection of Ankara as the capital of the new Republic of Turkey during the Turkish War of Independence . </li></ul><ul><li>The city was chosen as joint European Capital of Culture for 2010. Historic areas of Istanbul were added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1985. </li></ul>
TOPKAPI PALACE Home of the Ottoman sultans for nearly 450 years, Topkapı Sarayı (Topkapı Palace) , the heart of the vast Ottoman Empire , ruled by the monarch who lived in Topkapı's hundreds of rooms with hundreds of concubines, children, and white and black servants. Scene in a Harem, Guardi Scene from the Harem by Jean-Baptiste van Mour (1st half of 18th century) Harem ( Turkish , from Arabi c ḥaram 'forbidden place; sacrosanct, sanctum', related to ḥarīm 'a sacred inviolable place; female members of the family' and ḥarām , 'forbidden; sacred') refers to the sphere of women in what is usually a polygynous household and their enclosed quarters which are forbidden to men.
Dolmabahçe sarayı Çırağan Sarayı Beylerbeyi Sarayı Some Residences
Europe and Asia is connected by two bridges on Bosporus strait Galata Bridge at the north side of the Golden Horn
Grand Bazaar (Kapalı Çarşı, 1455, Entrance and inside) Egyptian Bazaar (or Spicy Bazaar , 1660, Entrance and inside) Old Bazaars (Two Samples)
İstinye park Kanyon New Bazaars (Shopping Centers or Malls )
Sunset from the suquare Republic Square-Izmir(Third City of Turkey Night in Izmir (Bay) Izmir Bay and Hilton Hotel
Karşıyaka Bazaar Street ( Çarşı ) Statue in Market Street in Karşıyaka
An example of a Sakız house -type residence in Karşıyaka Levantine-built Loehner Mansion in Karşıyaka Old Home types in Karşıyaka/IZMIR
The House of Virgin Mary The belief that the Virgin Mary had spent her last days in the vicinity of Ephesus and that she had died there, focused attention on a nun named Anna Katherina Emmerich who had livid in the late 18th century (1774-1820). The efforts to find the house were greatly influenced by her detailed description of the Virgin Mary's coming to Ephesus, her life and her last home there and the characteristics of the city although she had never been to Ephesus.
T he Celsus library at Ephesus, in Turkey. Built by the Romans in the 2nd century AD . It was built in honour of Celsus Polemaeanus, the Roman governor of Asia Minor, by his son Julius Aquila in 135 AD. It is estimated that the library at one time contained as many as 12,000 books. Amphitheatre at Ephesus The Roman amphitheatre at Ephesus could originally seat 25,000 people. Building began under the emperor Claudius (AD 41–54) and was completed under Trajan (98–117). The theatre is one of many famous buildings in Ephesus, including the Temple of Artemis. Ephesus close to Izmir
The city that we live is Denizli city Old bazaar in Denizli Cock (symbol of Denizli
Pamukkale (Cotton castle)-Denizli Waters in the terraces are the sediments of the springs with calcium bicarbonate in 33C. Waters, containing mainly calcium salts and carbon-dioxide, run off the plateau's by depositing calcium while carbon-dioxide disappearing. The marvelous landscape of Pamukkale has been created by this gradual formation, leaving a cotton-like image. Pamukkale is one of the most important highlights of Turkey, unique in the world. The site is named in Turkish as "Pamukkale", that means "cotton castle", parallel to the glorious and spectacular view of the site.
Pamukkale University and Denizli city from my home’sbalcony
Fairy Chimney in CAPPADOCIA (Kapadokya)/Turkey
Turkish riviera New year –Uludağ Bursa Truva Horse in Tryoa film Kemer is an important tourism center with green and blue met Antalaya
Sarmas are prepared with olive oil With vine leave With cabagge Karnıyarık is a Turkish dish consisting of an eggplant stuffed with a mix of sautéed chopped onions , garlic , black pepper tomatoes, parsley and ground meat . Lahmacun ready to be served. A display of Turkish delight in Istanbul Baklava is prepared on large trays and cut into a variety of shapes Sütlaç , or rice pudding. Iskender Kebap
Turkish tea A cup of Turkish coffee; kahve . Traditional Hot Drinkings Turkish Alcholic Beverage:Raki Fresh ayran with a head of foam (It is made of yogurt and water)
Çandarlı-İzmir / My grandson and my wife in çandarlı bay beach
Orhan Pamuk Born: 7 June 1952, Istanbul, Turkey Residence at the time of the award: Turkey Prize motivation: "who in the quest for the melancholic soul of his native city has discovered new symbols for the clash and interlacing of cultures" Language: Turkish
Orhan Pamuk's Biography He was born in Istanbul on June 7, 1952. He spent all his life in Istanbul, except three years in New York. After attending the architecture program in Istanbul Technical University for three years, he finished the Institute of Journalism at the Istanbul University. He started writing regularly in 1974. His first novel, Cevdet Bey ve Ogullari , was awarded the first prize in the 1979 Novel Contest of the Milliyet Press. This book, published in 1982, also won the Orhan Kemal Novel Prize in 1983. He received the 1984 Madarali Novel Prize with his second novel Sessiz Ev , published in 1983, and the 1991 Prix de la Découverte Européenne with the French translation of the novel. His historical novel Beyaz Kale , published in 1985, extended his reputation abroad. The New York Times Book Review wrote: "A new star has risen in the east - Orhan Pamuk, a Turkish writer." His 1990 landmark novel Kara Kitap has become one of the most controversial and popular readings in Turkish literature, due to its complexity and richness. In 1992, he wrote the script of the film Gizli Yuz (derived from Kara Kitap ), directed by a prominent Turkish director, Omer Kavur. His last novel, Yeni Hayat , has been a best-seller in Turkey in 1995. His books have been translated to thirteen foreign languages so far.