This really shows the type of research the OECD does and then digs deeper to look at the policies of the country. This is a good place to help people understand the work of the OECD
Might want to talk about how the tests are scored. What the assessment look like, etc. Share the rubric, etc. Smarter than a 15 year old
This slide shows how much information the school get beyond a score of 543. Same score----some levels are very different.
The red dot indicates classroom spending per student, relative to the spending capacity of countries, the higher the dot, the more of its GDP a country invests. High salaries are an obvious cost driver. You see Korea paying their teachers very well, the green bar goes up a lot. Korea also has long school days, another cost driver, marked here by the white bar going up. Last but not least, Korea provides their teachers with lots of time for other things than teaching such as teacher collaboration and professional development, which costs money as well. So how does Korea finances all of this? They do this with large classes, the blue bar pulls costs down. If you go to the next country on the list, Luxembourg, you see that the red dot is about where it is for Korea, so Luxembourg spends roughly the same per student as Korea. But parents and teachers in Luxembourg mainly care about small classes, so policy makers have invested mainly into reducing class size, you see the blue bar as the main cost driver. But even Luxembourg can only spend its money once, and the result is that school days are short, teacher salaries are average at best and teachers have little time for anything else than teaching. Finland and the US are a similar contrast.Countries make quite different spending choices. But when you look at this these data long enough, you see that many of the high performing education systems tend to prioritise the quality of teachers over the size of classes.
OECD Test for SchoolsPilot**Based on the PISAFAIRFAX COUNTY PUBLIC SCHOOLS April 2013
OECD Test for Schools Pilot• 125 Schools in Canada, UK and USincluding 10 schools from FCPS• 48 School Districts• 6 magnets, 6 charters and 1 privateschool included• 7,400 students tested during May andJune 2012• 75 students per school targeted• Reading, Math, and Science areassessed• Students also completed aquestionnaire about classroommanagement and relationshipswith teachers2FairfaxCountyPublicSchools
The ~ Percentage of Persons with HighSchool or Equivalent Qualfications0102030405060708090100UnitedStatesCzechRepublicEstoniaGermanySwitzerlandDenmarkCanadaNorwaySwedenRussianFederation4Austria3SloveniaIsraelSlovakRepublicNewZealandHungaryFinlandUnitedKingdom3NetherlandsLuxembourgEU19averageOECDaverageFranceAustraliaIcelandBelgiumPolandIrelandKoreaChile2GreeceItalySpainTurkeyPortugalMexicoBrazil21990s 1980s 1970s 1960s1. Excluding ISCED 3C short programmes 2. Year of reference 20043. Including some ISCED 3C short programmes 3. Year of reference 2003.1311273FairfaxCountyPublicSchoolsPercent
LangleyHighSchoolThe Socio-Economic Background ofStudents in Participating FCPS SchoolsSocio-economic advantage of studentsLangleyHighSchool4FairfaxCountyPublicSchools
LangleyHighSchoolFCPS Schools Compared withSchools in 2009 PISA5500 is the US Mean566 is the Shanghai MeanSocio-economic advantage of studentsFairfaxCountyPublicSchools
ReadingLevels Examples of 4C’s in each level6• Students can assimilate information from unfamiliar content area presented inatypical formats5• Students can find information in unfamiliar texts and infer which information isrelevant4• Students can locate embedded information and construct meaning fromlinguistic nuances3• Students can integrate several parts of the text to identify a main idea2• Students can compare and contrast between texts and outside knowledge1• Student can locate pieces of information that is explicitly statedStudents Below Level 1 Students Above Level 16
LangleyHighSchool8-100 -80 -60 -40 -20 0 20 40 60 80 100Oakton HSLangley HSLevel1 Below Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5 Level 6What Does the Same MeanActually Mean?Langley High School and Oakton High SchoolBoth Have a Mean Score of 543FairfaxCountyPublicSchools
• Self-efficacy in mathematics:Students’ belief in their ability toovercome difficulties or obstaclesto solving math problems• Confidence that one will be able tosolve a problem is a precursor toinvesting the time and effortneeded to tackle itStudents’ Self-efficacy inMathematics9FairfaxCountyPublicSchools
Other Data Available• International and nationalcomparisons• Learning Environment andTeacher-Student Relationship• Students’ reading habits• Students’ attitudes aboutreading, math and science• Students’ self-belief and interest inreading and science• Public vs. private schools• Boys and girls comparison inreading, math, and science• Extensive policy research12FairfaxCountyPublicSchools
High performing systems often prioritize thequality of teachers over the size of classesContribution of various factors to upper secondary teacher compensation costsper student as a percentage of GDP per capita (2004)-10-5051015PortugalSpainSwitzerlandBelgiumKoreaLuxembourgGermanyGreeceJapanAustraliaUnitedKingdomNewZealandFranceNetherlandsDenmarkItalyAustriaCzechRepublicHungaryNorwayIcelandIrelandMexicoFinlandSwedenUnitedStatesPolandSlovakRepublicSalary as % of GDP/capita Instruction time 1/teaching time 1/class size-10-5051015PortugalSpainSwitzerlandBelgiumKoreaLuxembourgGermanyGreeceJapanAustraliaUnitedKingdomNewZealandFranceNetherlandsDenmarkItalyAustriaCzechRepublicHungaryNorwayIcelandIrelandMexicoFinlandSwedenUnitedStatesPolandSlovakRepublicDifference with OECD averagePercentage pointsFairfaxCountyPublicSchools13
Next Steps for FCPS• Network with other schools in the US thatparticipated in the PISA pilot– America Achieves Event– EdLeader21• Share the results with all FCPS schools– Pyramid Planning– Benchmarking against the best– Leadership Conference- Pasi Sahlberg– Division Strengths/Challenges• Examine FCPS/VA/US policies toensure they are supportive ofthe best conditions for learning14FairfaxCountyPublicSchools