Causes of the Civil War


Published on

Find out what events led to the Civil War in the United States.

Everything from the 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo to 1860 when Lincoln is officially elected as President of the United States.

Published in: Education
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Causes of the Civil War

  1. 1. Causes of the Civil War By: Jon El Kordi-Hubbard
  2. 2. 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo and Wilmot Proviso • Treaty ends the Mexican War and the United States obtains much of the southwestern states from Mexico. • With this new land meant the decision to make the territory pro or against slavery. • David Wilmot a decides to take it upon himself to ban slavery in the new territory. However with slavery being dependent on slavery the bill failed to get two-thirds vote. • This bill further made many angry and showed the strong divisions in the country.
  3. 3. 1849 Compromise of 1850 and Clayton-Bulwer Treaty • Compromise was set to resolve slavery in the new territory. Made Texas the new border, California was admitted into the Union as a free state, Fugitive Slave Act slaves we to be returned to their owners, and the Mexican cessation of territory. • The treaty was between the U.S. and Britain concerning the promise not to occupy land in America. This meant that from here on out Britain would have no influence in America or its land.
  4. 4. 1852 Uncle Tom’s Cabin • Harriet Beecher Stowe wrote this book that humanized slaves and demonized masters. • This was the 1st time that an African American was a hero in literature. • Many that had slaves were not fond of this book, Abe Lincoln stated that she was the lady that started this “little war”.
  5. 5. 1853 Gadsden Purchase • The U.S purchased Arizona and New Mexico for $10M. • With new land meant further dispute of whether the territory should be free or pro slavery.
  6. 6. 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Act • This act defined and created Kansas and Nebraska. • It also allowed white settlers to decide if the territory would admit slavery. • The North v. the South. As many thought this was a good idea it led to one of the most brutal events in our modern era Bleeding Kansas.
  7. 7. 1855 Bleeding Kansas • This was a four year period where anti- slavery North fought with the pro-slavery South. • The south won the dispute in which 56 people died. • This meant a greater dived in the opinions of the N and S and Kansas was admitted as a slave state.
  8. 8. 1857 Dred Scott Case and Panic of 1857 • Dred Scott was a slave in Illinois whose master freed him to work in another state. However he is brought onto trial and the government says that because he is black he has no rights. This nearly pushed the north to its limits and they wanted slavery out more than ever. • The Panic of 1857 was a dramatic downturn in the economy. Over 5,000 businesses failed and left many unemployed with no money. Having the economy if this state left it vulnerable to a war so it would have to rebound quickly.
  9. 9. 1858 Lincoln-Douglas Debates and Freeport Doctrine • These series of seven debates were for an Illinois seat in the Senate. Douglas won but Lincoln refocused him for the defining moment in his life. To be the president of the Unites States. • The Doctrine stated that the government should let the people decide not just the elected officials. This being a bright spot in this time allowed people to have a greater say in the government.
  10. 10. 1859 John Brown’s raid on Harper’s Ferry • John Brown was the first white man to advocate violent aggression to stop slavery. • Brown led a small team of blacks and whites to Harper’s Ferry. A federal army became visible and he decides to raid the armory to get more weapons to attack . • The next day he was captured. Many believe this was an act of desperation but it showed a man who was willing to die for a cause that enlightened many.
  11. 11. 1860-1861 Lincoln elected and Fort Sumter is Attacked • Lincoln becomes President in 1860 but he received no votes from the south. • Says the country cannot survive being half-slave and half free. South Carolina mad at all the surrounding situations secedes. • In 1861 seven states from the south create the Confederate States of America and attack Fort Sumter in South Carolina which begins the Civil War.
  12. 12. Causes of the Civil War