<ul><li>Susan Barrett </li></ul><ul><li>Sheppard Pratt Health System </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Going t...
www.pbis.org
www.scalingup.org
Outcomes <ul><li>Define the features and procedures for moving evidence-based educational practices from demonstrations to...
Problem Statement <ul><li>“ We give schools strategies & systems for developing positive, effective, achieving, & caring s...
Sustainability + Scaling <ul><li>Organizational capacity for & documentation of  accurate  (90%)  & expandable implementat...
Education <ul><li>65 million kids  </li></ul><ul><li>6 million teachers and staff </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 schools </li><...
Start with the end in mind… <ul><li>What will it take to have 100,000 replications that produce increasingly effective out...
Creating Implementation Capacity <ul><li>Start with too many overqualified people </li></ul><ul><li>“ Generation 1” practi...
You have knowledge about the Blueprint <ul><li>State/District will be successful if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They start with...
Implementers Blueprint <ul><li>Self Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>More like guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a common ...
Leadership Team Funding Visibility Political Support Training Coaching Evaluation Local School Teams/Demonstrations SWPBS ...
Leadership Team SWPBS Implementers’ Blueprint <ul><li>Representation from key stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Meet regularl...
<ul><ul><li>Language is important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. OISM, MISI- “Stayin Alive” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>Local Coordinator Identified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation Phase should determine FTE </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Roles and Functions of Coordinator <ul><li>How many hats do you wear? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems Change Agent,  </li></...
Funding Visibility Political Support SWPBS Implementers’ Blueprint <ul><li>Identify recurring </li></ul><ul><li>funding so...
Funding <ul><ul><li>Partnership Agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Folks in charge have to understand 3-5 years, sy...
Where does your funding come from?  examples <ul><li>Loudoun County Public Schools, VA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of...
Local Political Support  <ul><li>Superintendent </li></ul><ul><li>Deputy Superintendent </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant Superi...
Training Coaching Evaluation SWPBS Implementers’ Blueprint <ul><li>BUILD CAPACITY   </li></ul><ul><li>(training expertise)...
Evaluation <ul><li>What are your questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have the tools to answer? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you g...
Data Base pbs eval Local data base <ul><li>Decision Making </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Id gaps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Build   so...
Evaluation Cycle <ul><li>Start with the questions </li></ul><ul><li>Build  “Template”  </li></ul><ul><li>Id Tools  </li></...
Evaluation <ul><li>Identify stakeholders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assistant superintendents  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coord...
Evaluation <ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term goals </li></ul>Outcomes Input
Evaluation <ul><li>Implementation with fidelity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased academic competence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Data Base <ul><li>Can you get access to the data quickly? </li></ul><ul><li>Can others access easily?  Id “others”? </li><...
Marketing and Visibility <ul><ul><li>Who are your stakeholders? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you have a spokesperson? </l...
Multiple levels of Visibility <ul><ul><li>State and Local Level:  Presentations, Trainings, Stakeholder meetings, Interage...
What is Coaching Capacity? <ul><li>Does the district have sufficient capacity for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>District Training...
Charleston PBIS Coach Rubric <ul><li>School Need </li></ul><ul><li>Legend  __  Rating  Points </li></ul><ul><li>=  Intensi...
Assigning Coaches by Need <ul><li>Example of Typical PBIS coaching load: </li></ul><ul><li>1 Red Zone School  3 points </l...
 
Training <ul><li>Regular Training Cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum- Illinois, MO, VA, OR </li></ul><ul><li>Trainers- TOT...
Type of Skill to be Trained <ul><li>Skinner (1974) distinguishes between two types of knowledge.  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Kn...
Returning Team Training <ul><li>Needs Assessment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Principals </li>...
PBS Systems Implementation Logic Leadership Team Management Team Funding Marketing Visibility Political Support Training C...
Phase One   Commitment to School Level Implementation <ul><li>Will this work here? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish  Local ...
Features <ul><li>Define Outcome </li></ul><ul><li>DATA  SYSTEMS  PRACTICES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State Team  with 5 Year I...
Phase Two <ul><li>Commitment to Capacity Building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrated High Fidelity/High Impact </li></ul><...
Features <ul><li>Point of Contact and Coaches become Local Coordinators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer role to local perso...
Phase Three <ul><li>Commitment to Large Scale Implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large number of schools in each distric...
Phase Four <ul><li>Innovation and Integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrated impact throughout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul>...
Expansion Georgia  171 schools Missouri  278 schools Louisiana  285 schools Virginia  210 schools West Virginia  215 schoo...
Maryland
PBIS Maryland - Schools Trained and Implementing
Challenges <ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Mandates </li></ul><ul><li>3 Tiered Logic </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd  Generation ...
Successes/Serendipity <ul><li>State- Non Profit- University Partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protected FTE </li></ul></ul...
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Going To Scale District Level MO SW-PBS SI 2008

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Going To Scale District Level Presented at MO SW-PBS SI 2008 By Susan Barrett

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  • Going To Scale District Level MO SW-PBS SI 2008

    1. 1. <ul><li>Susan Barrett </li></ul><ul><li>Sheppard Pratt Health System </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>Going to Scale: Essential Features of the Blueprint at the District Level
    2. 2. www.pbis.org
    3. 3. www.scalingup.org
    4. 4. Outcomes <ul><li>Define the features and procedures for moving evidence-based educational practices from demonstrations to large-scale adoptions </li></ul><ul><li>Provide State and District Examples </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Lessons Learned </li></ul><ul><li>Provide Next Steps </li></ul><ul><li>Identify Key Resources </li></ul>
    5. 5. Problem Statement <ul><li>“ We give schools strategies & systems for developing positive, effective, achieving, & caring school & classroom environments, but implementation is not accurate, consistent, or durable. Schools need more than training.” </li></ul>
    6. 6. Sustainability + Scaling <ul><li>Organizational capacity for & documentation of accurate (90%) & expandable implementation of evidence-based practice across desired context (e.g., district, classroom, school-wide, nonclassroom) over time w/ local resources & systems for continuous regeneration. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Education <ul><li>65 million kids </li></ul><ul><li>6 million teachers and staff </li></ul><ul><li>100,000 schools </li></ul><ul><li>3,143 counties </li></ul><ul><li>60 states & U.S. jurisdictions </li></ul>
    8. 8. Start with the end in mind… <ul><li>What will it take to have 100,000 replications that produce increasingly effective outcomes for 100 years? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixsen </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Creating Implementation Capacity <ul><li>Start with too many overqualified people </li></ul><ul><li>“ Generation 1” practitioners become: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generation 2 interviewers, trainers, coaches, evaluators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generation 3 administrators, directors, and leaders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Generation 4 state and federal officials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixsen 2008 </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. You have knowledge about the Blueprint <ul><li>State/District will be successful if: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>They start with sufficient resources and commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They focus on the smallest changes that will result in the biggest difference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They have a clear action plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They use on-going self-assessment to determine if they are achieving their plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They have access to an external agent/coach who is supportive, knowledgeable and persistent. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Implementers Blueprint <ul><li>Self Assessment </li></ul><ul><li>More like guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Provides a common language </li></ul>
    12. 12. Leadership Team Funding Visibility Political Support Training Coaching Evaluation Local School Teams/Demonstrations SWPBS Implementers’ Blueprint Elements
    13. 13. Leadership Team SWPBS Implementers’ Blueprint <ul><li>Representation from key stakeholders </li></ul><ul><li>Meet regularly with a regular process </li></ul><ul><li>Complete regular self-assessment and long term action planning </li></ul><ul><li>Led by Coordinator with FTE </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><ul><li>Language is important </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>e.g. OISM, MISI- “Stayin Alive” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integration Teams? Who are the players? </li></ul></ul><ul><li> Do you have folks who can assign dollars to a budget? change policy like job descriptions, code of conduct? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have Community Partners? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Management team- to do the day to day activities, planning, visiting schools, etc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roles and Responsibilities may change over time depending on implementation phase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish a Partnership Agreement </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. <ul><li>Local Coordinator Identified </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Implementation Phase should determine FTE </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to Ongoing Training and Technical Assistance – Support </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Meeting with other coordinators is critical!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Management Team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Creating protocols/standards (State v Local) </li></ul></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Roles and Functions of Coordinator <ul><li>How many hats do you wear? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems Change Agent, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trainer, Facilitator, Accountant, PR, Policy writer, Politician, Researcher, Computer Genius, Website Developer, Presenter…. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role changes over time-PROCESS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Can you build your skill to keep up? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Who will be your system of support? </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Funding Visibility Political Support SWPBS Implementers’ Blueprint <ul><li>Identify recurring </li></ul><ul><li>funding sources </li></ul><ul><li>3 to 5 yrs. of support </li></ul><ul><li>Disseminate results </li></ul><ul><li>to multiple audiences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Websites </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newsletters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conferences </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Media (TV, etc.) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Presentations to: </li></ul><ul><li>school boards, </li></ul><ul><li>state departments </li></ul><ul><li>Write into policy </li></ul><ul><li>Connect with key </li></ul><ul><li>administrators </li></ul>LEADERSHIP ACTIVITIES
    18. 18. Funding <ul><ul><li>Partnership Agreements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Folks in charge have to understand 3-5 years, systems change </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MD Example </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blending Initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social Marketing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic Benefits, Serendipity( TN example) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Grants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be careful what you wish for… </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Where does your funding come from? examples <ul><li>Loudoun County Public Schools, VA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Department of Pupil Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>VDOE Training and Technical Assistance Center </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Charleston County School District, SC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General Operating Funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Title Funds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>IDEA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SS/HS Grant and additional grants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Business Partners </li></ul></ul>
    20. 20. Local Political Support <ul><li>Superintendent </li></ul><ul><li>Deputy Superintendent </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant Superintendent for Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Assistant Superintendent for Pupil Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Student Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Special Education </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Assistant Superintendent for Support Services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transportation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Food Services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance </li></ul></ul>
    21. 21. Training Coaching Evaluation SWPBS Implementers’ Blueprint <ul><li>BUILD CAPACITY </li></ul><ul><li>(training expertise) </li></ul><ul><li>Support coaches </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure coaches </li></ul><ul><li>implement with </li></ul><ul><li>fidelity </li></ul><ul><li>Establish community </li></ul><ul><li>of learning </li></ul><ul><li>BUILD CAPACITY </li></ul><ul><li>(implementation </li></ul><ul><li>expertise) </li></ul><ul><li>Support school </li></ul><ul><li>teams </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure teams </li></ul><ul><li>implement with </li></ul><ul><li>fidelity </li></ul><ul><li>DATA-BASED </li></ul><ul><li>DECISION MAKING </li></ul><ul><li>Create data systems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fidelity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Student outcomes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Design process for </li></ul><ul><li>evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Establish eval cycles </li></ul>COORDINATION ACTIVITIES
    22. 22. Evaluation <ul><li>What are your questions? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you have the tools to answer? </li></ul><ul><li>Can you get the answer quickly? </li></ul><ul><li>Easy, Efficient, Relevant </li></ul><ul><li>Economic Benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Behavior </li></ul><ul><li>Achievement </li></ul><ul><li>Regular Feedback to all Stakeholders- MD example </li></ul>
    23. 23. Data Base pbs eval Local data base <ul><li>Decision Making </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Id gaps </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Build solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Evaluation Questions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Template </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum </li></ul><ul><li>Marketing and Dissemination </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Newsletters </li></ul><ul><li>Progress Reports </li></ul>
    24. 24. Evaluation Cycle <ul><li>Start with the questions </li></ul><ul><li>Build “Template” </li></ul><ul><li>Id Tools </li></ul><ul><li>Organize training materials- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Non negotiable info </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Build from process tools </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Evaluation <ul><li>Identify stakeholders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assistant superintendents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination team </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School principals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create & discuss implementation model </li></ul><ul><li>Predict external factors that may influence expected results </li></ul>Input
    26. 26. Evaluation <ul><li>Activities </li></ul><ul><li>Participation </li></ul><ul><li>Short-term goals </li></ul>Outcomes Input
    27. 27. Evaluation <ul><li>Implementation with fidelity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased academic competence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Positive school climate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase time on task </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease in office referrals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decrease in suspensions </li></ul></ul>Outcomes Input Impact
    28. 28. Data Base <ul><li>Can you get access to the data quickly? </li></ul><ul><li>Can others access easily? Id “others”? </li></ul><ul><li>What reports will get generated? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Who, how often? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>What info will you use for decision making? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“move up triangle”- readiness? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Staff development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Needs assessment- guide professional development </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>What info will you use for dissemination and marketing? </li></ul>
    29. 29. Marketing and Visibility <ul><ul><li>Who are your stakeholders? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do you have a spokesperson? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Using the data to create newsletters, presentations, fact sheets, elevator business cards- important you can get access to what you need to make your case on the fly!! </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Newsletter, Annual Reports, Presentations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.pbismaryland.org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be Careful </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. Multiple levels of Visibility <ul><ul><li>State and Local Level: Presentations, Trainings, Stakeholder meetings, Interagency efforts, (Transformation; Mental Health Integration; Wraparound) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Media: Visual, Face to Face, Written, Website </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple Audiences: School Administrations and Instructional Leaders; University staff; Legislators, Potential alternative funders; State and Local Political appointees; Juvenile Justice; Vendors in the System of Care; Parent and other advocacy organizations; Community Members </li></ul></ul>
    31. 31. What is Coaching Capacity? <ul><li>Does the district have sufficient capacity for: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>District Training/Managing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School Coaching </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do the coaches have capacity/skill to respond to schools as a: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Consultant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coach (facilitator) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intensive Coaching </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. Charleston PBIS Coach Rubric <ul><li>School Need </li></ul><ul><li>Legend __ Rating Points </li></ul><ul><li>= Intensive Support Unsatisfactory 3 </li></ul><ul><li>= Coaching Support Below Avg. – Avg. 2 </li></ul><ul><li>= Maintenance Support Good-Excel 1 </li></ul>
    33. 33. Assigning Coaches by Need <ul><li>Example of Typical PBIS coaching load: </li></ul><ul><li>1 Red Zone School 3 points </li></ul><ul><li>2 Yellow Zone Schools 4 points </li></ul><ul><li>5 Green Zone Schools 5points </li></ul><ul><li>8 Schools 12 Points </li></ul><ul><li>Example of Red Zone School PBIS Specialist coaching load: </li></ul><ul><li>3 Red Zone Schools 9 points </li></ul><ul><li>1 Yellow Zone School 2 points </li></ul><ul><li>1 Green Zone School 1 point </li></ul><ul><li>5 Schools 12 Points </li></ul>
    34. 35. Training <ul><li>Regular Training Cycle </li></ul><ul><li>Curriculum- Illinois, MO, VA, OR </li></ul><ul><li>Trainers- TOT </li></ul><ul><li>Focus on outcomes </li></ul><ul><li>Differentiated Instruction </li></ul><ul><li>Readiness </li></ul><ul><li>Follow Up- Returning Team Training </li></ul>
    35. 36. Type of Skill to be Trained <ul><li>Skinner (1974) distinguishes between two types of knowledge. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowing About : can describe variables that influence a phenomenon. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Describe principles of reinforcement. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Knowing How : can perform effectively </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Shape the behavior of another. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>One form of knowing does not imply the other. </li></ul>
    36. 37. Returning Team Training <ul><li>Needs Assessment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Coaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Principals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>School teams </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Summer Training </li></ul><ul><li>Day 1 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Key note speaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Break-out sessions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Day 2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>School team action planning </li></ul></ul>
    37. 38. PBS Systems Implementation Logic Leadership Team Management Team Funding Marketing Visibility Political Support Training Coaching Evaluation Active Coordination Braiding Initiatives <ul><li>Phase One: Commitment to School Level Implementation </li></ul><ul><li>Phase Two: Commitment to Capacity Building </li></ul><ul><li>Phase Three: Commitment to Large Scale Implementation </li></ul>
    38. 39. Phase One Commitment to School Level Implementation <ul><li>Will this work here? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Establish Local Sites in Multiple Districts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Small and Large </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urban, Suburban and Rural </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ES, MS, HS, Alt, JJ </li></ul></ul>
    39. 40. Features <ul><li>Define Outcome </li></ul><ul><li>DATA SYSTEMS PRACTICES </li></ul><ul><ul><li>State Team with 5 Year Implementation Plan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Site Visits </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Coaching </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Information System </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Awareness Activities (Visibility, Marketing) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coaching, Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Local Point of Contact- pacing will be different </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Funding, </li></ul></ul>
    40. 41. Phase Two <ul><li>Commitment to Capacity Building </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrated High Fidelity/High Impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Demand Increases </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>State Team won’t be able to keep up with demand </li></ul></ul>
    41. 42. Features <ul><li>Point of Contact and Coaches become Local Coordinators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer role to local person </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use phase of implementation to guide decision points </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meet with local team to build action plan- model after state team </li></ul>
    42. 43. Phase Three <ul><li>Commitment to Large Scale Implementation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Large number of schools in each district </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustain and Build Integrated Systems Model- Braiding Initiatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Shelf Life </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased roles and duties within District </li></ul></ul>
    43. 44. Phase Four <ul><li>Innovation and Integration </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Demonstrated impact throughout </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change/Adapt to fit culture every year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Renew Commitment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easier, More Efficient, Cost Reduces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Organizational Framework allows for integration </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Educators as better consumers </li></ul></ul>
    44. 45. Expansion Georgia 171 schools Missouri 278 schools Louisiana 285 schools Virginia 210 schools West Virginia 215 schools New Mexico 130 schools Ohio 221 schools Michigan 181 schools New York 322 schools Florida 250 schools Colorado 405 schools Illinois 611 schools North Carolina 548 schools Maryland 494 schools
    45. 46. Maryland
    46. 47. PBIS Maryland - Schools Trained and Implementing
    47. 48. Challenges <ul><li>Funding </li></ul><ul><li>Mandates </li></ul><ul><li>3 Tiered Logic </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Generation Coordinators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Death, Taxes and Attrition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfer of Skill </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rapid Expansion (25% increase each year) </li></ul>
    48. 49. Successes/Serendipity <ul><li>State- Non Profit- University Partnership </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protected FTE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Student Services and Special Education </li></ul><ul><li>School Psych Conference </li></ul><ul><li>Prior Relationship in each LSS </li></ul><ul><li>Small, functional state team </li></ul><ul><li>Successful Demo Sites </li></ul><ul><li>Willing to talk to anyone who would listen </li></ul>
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