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  • Nexus One: 1 GHz Snapdragon processor from Qualcomm, about 2100 MIPS 3GS is underclocked at 600 MHz, Samsung part can go to 867 MHz
  • slides

    1. 1. The Future of Mobile Eric Brewer BEARS February 11, 2010 UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    2. 2. Most Successful Technology Ever <ul><li>3-4B cellphone users worldwide </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vastly outpaces TV, PCs, </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1.13 billion phones sold in 2009 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>36 per second </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Versus 15 billion shoes per year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Versus 0.3 billion PCs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>174M were smart phones </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15% (up from 12.8% in 2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart phones will pass PCs in the near future </li></ul></ul>UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    3. 3. What’s in an iPhone? UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    4. 4. What’s in an iPhone (3GS) <ul><li>600 MHz ARM processor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>About 1200 MIPS for 300mW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>256MB ram, 16 GB flash </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Roughly a 1999 Pentium III ~ 1350 MIPS for 37W </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PowerVR graphics core </li></ul><ul><ul><li>7M triangles/sec, 250M pixels/sec </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mac OS X </li></ul><ul><ul><li>same as Mac, iPad, iPod Touch </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Sensors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Camera, mic, GPS, compass, proximity, ambient light, ambient noise, 3D accelerometer, touchscreen, temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WiFi, GSM, Bluetooth, USB </li></ul>UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    5. 5. What’s in an iPhone? (3GS) UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    6. 6. Supercomputer <ul><li>“ Access is the Killer App” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Access to the cloud >> any device </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cellphones are pocket supercomputers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Every search </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Image recognition, object recognition: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Red laser </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Google Goggles </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sound recognition: dictation, translation… Shazam </li></ul></ul>UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    7. 7. Replace the PC? <ul><li>Cellphone accessories: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Big screen (~200M sold per year) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>… with wireless access (Wireless USB coming) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keyboard </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Or just use voice + supercomputer? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Extra processing and disk space? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Maybe…. Or just use the cloud </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Likely want local graphics acceleration </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>PC as a cellphone accessory </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>My bet: cellphone wins… maybe it already has </li></ul>UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    8. 8. Developing Regions <ul><li>Cellphones are everywhere </li></ul><ul><li>Many advantages: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Small, portable, with self-contained power </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voice works for all languages (but not text) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy to use, culturally accepted </li></ul></ul><ul><li>+10% mobile penetration => GDP up 0.8% </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Causal, not just correlation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Greatest development project ever? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PCs may not ever get great penetration </li></ul>UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    9. 9. Urban vs. Rural <ul><li>Value of the cellphone limited by coverage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Even more true with the Cloud </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cellular is an urban phenomenon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rural areas generally left out </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… basestation costs limit rural deployment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>This is the real “digital divide” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not between nations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… but between urban and rural (even in the US) </li></ul></ul>UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    10. 10. CellScope: Cellphone Microscope <ul><li>Cellphone camera + big lens = microscope </li></ul><ul><li>Diagnosis: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Image recognition on the phone? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… in the cloud? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>… by a remote expert? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Clinical quality: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Malaria, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TB already verified as detectable </li></ul></ul>UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010 Dan Fletcher UC Berkeley
    11. 11. SmartPhone Diagnostic Device <ul><li>Idea: collection of very simple sensors that connect to the audio jack </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Easy: heart rate, respiratory rate, temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium: blood oxygen, ECG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard: blood pressure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Goal: much cheaper, easy to use diagnostic device </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Phone converts raw data into readings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can also forward raw data over GSM </li></ul></ul>UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    12. 12. Conclusion <ul><li>Smart phones = </li></ul><ul><ul><li>PC + sensors + connectivity + portability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Access is the killer app </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The real win is phone+Cloud </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cellphones are transforming development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Driving increased quality of life for the poor </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The first high-tech solution to cross over </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rural access must be a priority </li></ul>UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    13. 13. Backup UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    14. 14. What’s in an iPhone? <ul><li>Phone </li></ul><ul><li>Address book </li></ul><ul><li>Watch </li></ul><ul><li>Alarm clock </li></ul><ul><li>Calculator </li></ul><ul><li>Pager </li></ul><ul><li>Timer </li></ul><ul><li>Stopwatch </li></ul><ul><li>Flashlight </li></ul><ul><li>MP3 Player </li></ul><ul><li>Camera </li></ul><ul><li>USB drive </li></ul><ul><li>Remote control </li></ul><ul><li>Voice recorder </li></ul><ul><li>Radio </li></ul><ul><li>Video camera </li></ul><ul><li>Video player </li></ul><ul><li>TV </li></ul><ul><li>GPS + Maps </li></ul><ul><li>Compass </li></ul><ul><li>Gameboy or PSP </li></ul>UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010
    15. 15. details <ul><li>1 GHz Snapdragon ARM </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2000 MIPS at 500mW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>22 M triangles/sec for graphics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>iPhone 3GS at 600 MHz = 1200 MIPS </li></ul><ul><li>386DX, 16MHz, 20 MIPS, 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>Intel Pentium III, 1,354 MIPS at 500 MHz , 1999, 37W </li></ul>UC Berkeley, BEARS 2010

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