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  1. 1. Wireless City: Newark, NJ
  2. 2. Bicca 2 By: James Bicca Eng 352 Professor Avery Table of Contents Page Problem for Creative Attack ---------------------------------------------------- 3 Background------------------------------------------------------------------------ 3 Technology in Use Today-------------------------------------------------------- 4 Statistics---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5- 1 2 Analysis---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 3 Newark: A Prime Candidate----------------------------------------------------- 1 4 Implementation-------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 5 Conclusion------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 6 References------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1 7 2
  3. 3. Bicca 3 Problem For Creative Attack________________________ How might Newark Municipalities implement a feasible Wireless Infrastructure to minimize Internet costs and maximize end user productivity throughout the city. Background______________________________________ The internet has become a part of daily lives. We use it to communicate via email and chatting services, pay bills, attend virtual online classes for school, and even shop. This proposal is to implement free city wide Wireless internet to the city of Newark, New Jersey. Currently a relatively small amount of U.S. cities are experimenting with this idea. I predict immediate change and acceptance. Increase in the use of mobile devices has created a demand for WiFi in all locations. Large telecommunication company’s that currently broadband internet access, do so at hefty price. Currently, test cities such as Philadelphia have experimented with such internet ventures and have been looking to implement it 3
  4. 4. Bicca 4 permanently. These cities are awaiting only the governments approval. Although many benefits are gained through offering Wifi, there are several problems that arise. One of those problems is the cost of implementation. Although the cost of hardware for a wireless network is far cheaper than that of a landline network, there’s still some significant funding to be taken into consideration. Another problem that arises is that of the wireless signal not reaching some areas especially residential areas. Technology in Use Today__________________________ So lets take a look at some devices on the market today that allow us to take the internet everywhere. There are several devices that fall into this category, however I’ll focus on what I believe are the three most popular: the cell phone, PDA or Personal Digital Assistant, and the laptop. I’ll start with the cell phone, because of all these devices, I believe it’s the one that’s made the most impact. Cell phones have become a staple of our society, and without them most of us feel naked; it’s sad but true. So it would seem natural to bring the world of information the internet offers into this tiny device that’s become a part of out daily lives. Next we have the PDA, or Personal Digital Assistant. This gadget is very much like the cell phone except with a few trade-offs: no calling capability, but more power, thus allowing for more sophisticated web processing. Next is 4
  5. 5. Bicca 5 the laptop. This portable computer allows for the best web experience, however is the least portable of the three. With the ability to have the internet with us at all times, what uses do we have for it on the go? Well, lets look at survey conducted by the Pew Research team of the most popular wireless internet uses between 2004 and 2006. Statistics________________________________________ Internet Activities According to our December 2006 survey, 70% of American adults use the internet. That currently represents about 141 million people. Percent of Most recent internet users who report this activity survey date Here are some of the things they do online: December 2006 Send or read e-mail 91 December 2006 Use a search engine to find information 91 5
  6. 6. Bicca 6 February 2004 Search for a map or driving directions 84 November 2004 Look for health/medical info¹ 79 February-March 2005 Research a product or service before buying it 78 November 2004 Check the weather 78 November 2004 Look for info on a hobby or interest 77 May-June 2004 Get travel info 73 August 2006 Buy a product 71 Get news 67 December 2006 August 2006 Visit a local, state or federal government website* 66 August 2006 6
  7. 7. Bicca 7 Buy or make a reservation for travel 63 Surf the Web for fun 62 February-April 2006 November 2004 Go to a website that provides info or support for a 58 specific medical condition or personal situation January 2005 Research for school or training 57 November 2004 Watch a video clip or listen to an audio clip 56 February-March 2005 Look for “how-to,” “do-it-yourself” or repair information 55 August 2006 Look online for news or information about politics or 54 the upcoming campaigns* February 2004 Look up phone number or address 54 August 2006 Take a virtual tour of a location online 51 December 2005 Do any type of research for your job 50 7
  8. 8. Bicca 8 August 2006 Look online for info about a job* 46 August 2006 Get sports scores and info online* 45 January 2005 Get info online about a college, university or other 45 school you or a family member might attend December 2005 Do any banking online 43 February-March 2005 Download other files such as games, videos, or 42 pictures August 2006 Get financial info online, such as stock quotes or 41 mortgage interest rates August 2006 Send instant messages 39 August 2006 Look for info about a place to live* 39 January 2006 Read someone else’s online journal, web log or blog² 39 8
  9. 9. Bicca 9 May-June 2005 Download computer programs from the internet 39 January 2005 Pay bills online 38 August 2006 Upload photos to a website so you can share them 37 with others online Play online games* 35 August 2006 September 2005 Send or receive text messages using a cell phone 35 September 2005 Use internet to get photos developed/display photos 34 May-June 2004 Listen to music online at a website 34 August 2006 Use online classified ads or sites like Craig’s list 30 November 2004 Look for religious/spiritual info 30 May-June 2004 Listen to a live or recorded radio broadcast online, 29 9
  10. 10. Bicca 10 such as a newscast, sporting event, or radio show August 2006 Rate a product, service or person using an online 28 rating system September 2005 Search for info about someone you know or might 28 meet August 2006 Participate in an online auction 27 May-June 2005 Share files from own computer w/ others 27 February-April 2006 Download music files to your computer 27 August 2006 Research your family’s history or genealogy online* 25 November 2004 Log on to the internet using a wireless device 25 May-June 2005 Download screensavers from the internet 23 September 2005 Chat in a chat room or in an online discussion 22 10
  11. 11. Bicca 11 May-June 2005 Download computer games from the internet 21 February-April 2006 Download video files to your computer 19 November 2004 Create content for the internet 19 September 2005 Make a donation to a charity online 18 January 2005 Take material you find online—like songs, text or 18 images—and remix it into your own artistic creation August 2006 Pay to access or download digital content online* 17 August 2006 Use an online social networking site like MySpace, 16 Facebook or Friendster* August 2006 Sell something online 15 December 2005 Make a telephone call over the internet* 13 May-June 2005 13 11
  12. 12. Bicca 12 Visit an adult website January 2005 Take a class online just for personal enjoyment or 13 enrichment* November 2004 Buy or sell stocks, bonds, or mutual funds 13 August 2006 Download a podcast so you can listen to it or view it at 12 a later time November 2004 Send or receive an invitation to a meeting or party 12 using an online invitation service December 2005 Take a class online for credit toward a degree of some 12 kind* September-December 2005 Go to a online dating website or other site where you 11 can meet people online* February-April 2006 Create or work on your own online journal or weblog³ 8 May-June 2005 Download or share adult content online 4 12
  13. 13. Bicca 13 Source: Pew Internet & American Life Project Tracking surveys (March 2000 – December 2006). Please note that the wording for some items has been abbreviated. For full question wording, please refer to the questionnaire. ¹ In our November 2004 survey, 79% of internet users said they had looked online for information on at least one of 16 health topics. For a full list of the health topics we inquired about, please see the “Health Information Online” report, available here: ² This question was asked as BLG2 in the January 2006 survey. Previous blog reading data reported here came from a question asked as part of the WEB-A battery and used slightly different wording: “Do you ever use the internet to read someone else’s web log or blog?” ³ This question was asked as part of the K31 battery in the February-April 2006 survey. Previous blog creation data reported here came from a question asked as part of the WEB-A battery and used slightly different wording: “Do you ever use the internet to create a web log or “blog” that others can read on the Web?” *Item wording has changed slightly over time for the items marked with an asterisk. Please see questionnaires for question wording changes. Last updated: January 11, 2007 Analysis________________________________________ From the survey you could see that the top 3 activities on the internet when people are away from home are: 1. Email 2. Search Engine Queries and 3. Directions and mapping. So email comes first on the list. Emailing has become an essential communication tool in our everyday lives. We send business emails, personal emails to family and friends, and school email. Next on the list you’ll see the general searching of information. Most searches performed today 13
  14. 14. Bicca 14 are done via, the term “google it” can even be heard when a question is raised during conversation. Lastly, according to the survey, users are mapping directions online when not at their desktop computers. This can be an extremely useful tool when traveling. More Statistics According to a study done by the Pew Internet & American Life Project, nearly 40% of internet users have a notebook computer, and 80% of the laptop users reported using a wireless network to go online. Twenty-five percent of cell phone users and 13% PDA users report having a device that supports internet. Those numbers are staggering considering the fact that laptop prices are dropping significantly, and in the near future, most if not all internet users will have some sort of mobile device. What else will free public access Wifi internet service provide? Well an extreme ability to multitask for one. You could check your email while at the grocery store shopping. For parents, you could be at your child’s soccer game, and do online grocery shopping or attend an online College course. Sure, these things are all possible now, but for a hefty price. Consider someone who chooses to have all over internet access by subscribing to a large communication company. For the sake of this example lets use Sprint. Sprint offers a close to broadband speed wireless connection for laptop users for the price of 59.99 a month. That doesn’t include regular cell phone use. This price also doesn’t include the hardware(a wireless NIC card that costs 200.00 without activation.). So your total operating cost is an initial one time payment of 200.00 dollars, plus 60.00 dollars a month. That’s almost a thousand dollars for your 14
  15. 15. Bicca 15 first year, and over 700 dollars every year there after. This is a steep price to pay to do some casual everyday web surfing. Now when speaking of wireless interent and internet in general, you almost synonymously hear about bandwidth. For those who aren’t familiar with bandwidth, it’s basically the amount of data that can be sent back and forth through a network(whether wireless or not.) So the more bandwidth you have, the faster you’ll be able to upload and download data, whether it be a web page or photos your uploading and sending by email. Now I mention these things to make it clear to all the communication company’s out who are worried they’re going to be losing out on business if such a wireless scheme were implemented. Cities could regulate the amount of bandwidth transmitted through the free public system, and allow power users to pay for additional bandwidth. Newark: A Prime Candidate_______________________ Newark is home to a major airport: Newark International Airport. Travelers needing to view flight information can do so without the hassle of having to find an internet enabled computer or having to pay for internet service. Newark is also home to several Universities. Students outside of campus can use free internet when outside of their respected campuses to write emails, keep in touch with classmates, attend “virtual classrooms”, or do research to name just a few examples. There are several major hospitals in Newark that patients could use to check prescription information or visitors could use before arriving to the for patient information. Business have the benefit of having clients use websites for information pertaining to the particular business. 15
  16. 16. Bicca 16 Helping Hand Unfortunately, Newark is home to many low income families. Benefits of free internet transcend large businesses and universities. Poor communities can also benefit and utilize one of the greatest resources known to man today, the internet. Although devices used to connect to the internet can be pricey(prices are dropping significantly and will continue to drop as technology improves and hardware becomes more available), organizations such as Microsoft in collaboration with MIT are planning to bring a “cell phone” like device with PC capabilities, and ultimately a wireless adapter capable of receiving internet. Implementation Implementing a wireless system is relatively inexpensive. One central network building is needed to transmit the signal. Repeaters set atop street lamps throughout the city repeat and route signals to maintain the signal strength. This proposal also includes an initial “home page” with Newark’s city attraction and local business advertisements. These ads could be paid for by the local businesses and could cover the cost of implementation. What better way to promote your business than to have every newcomer have a direct link to your business on a free Wifi based homepage. Conclusion 16
  17. 17. Bicca 17 As afore mentioned, several cities have already experimented with providing free city-wide internet via Wifi. Each of these requires some sort of contract with a telecommunications company. This proposal is for something a little different. No contracts. No fees. No questions. Just free internet, plain and simple. References 17
  18. 18. Bicca 18 Markoff, John. “Battle to bring cheap PC’s to the Masses.” January 30, 2006. New York Times Tribune. . Conhaim, Wallys, W. “Wi-Fi Cities: A Plan of Action”. Information Today. Pg 43-44. December 2006. 18