Zork ’77 – 1 st commercially successful text adventure
Space Wars ’78 – 1 st vector arcade
Space Invaders ‘78 – 1 st high score
MUD ’79 – 1 st multi-user adventure
Pac-Man ’80 – most popular arcade
A Brief History of Gaming
CRASH of ’83!
Nintendo ’85 – revived industry
Game Boy ‘89 – 1 st popular handheld
Doom ’93, DKC ’94 – 1 st popular 3D FPS
Playstation, Nintento 64, Sega – battle of format
EverQuest, Lineage – successful MMORPG
PlayStation 2 ‘00– 1 st DVD, dynamic 3D
Nokia N-Gage ‘03 – 1 st multi-function handheld
The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion ‘06 – today’s State of the Art
1889 – Playing cards
1960s – Light gun arcades
1970s – Oddysey distributor
Color TV Game 6
1981 – Donkey Kong arcade
1983 – Famicom (Family Computer)
1985 American release of NES
1991 – SNES
1996 - Nintendo 64 – 1 st 3D
2001 - Nintendo Gamecube
2006 – Nintendo Revolution
Longest running console manufacturer
The NES introduced three very important concepts to the video game system industry:
Using a pad controller instead of a joystick
Creating authentic reproductions of arcade video games for the home system
Using the hardware as a loss leader by aggressively pricing it, then making a profit on the games themselves
Console lockout “Seal of Quality”
Cartridge in N64
1994 Donkey Kong Country - scanned 3D model sprites
1940 – Standard Games formed in Hawaii
1951 – Moves to Tokyo, becomes SErvice Games (SEGA) – coin op games
1965 – Merges with Rosen Enterprises
Rosen leads sale to Gulf & Western
1984 – Sega Enterprises Ltd. formed in Japan.
1990 – Sega Genesis (16bit)
1994 – Sega Channel
1994 – Sega Saturn
1999 – Sega Dreamcast (128bit)
2001 – Multi-platform development
Sonic the Hedgehog (1991)
Virtua Fighter (non-violence policy)
ChuChu Rocket (2000) – 1 st online console
1946 – Tokyo Tsuchin Kogyo formed
Repairing electrical equipment
1954 – licenses transistor, makes radio,
Changes name to Sony (sonus)
1975 – Betamax VCR
1979 – Walkman
1982 – CD player
1988 – 1992 Nintendo CD-ROM drives
1995 – Playstation ($300M investment)
2000 – Playstation 2
2006 – Playstation 3
1975 - Paul Allen and Bill Gates develop a BASIC Interpreter for Altair 8800.
1976 – Microsoft formed
1981 – IBM PC released w/ Microsoft DOS
1985 – Microsoft Windows
1990s- Collaborates w/Sega on Dreamcast WinCE
1990s – Home and Entertainment Group formed
Age of Empires series, Combat Flight Simulator, Crimson Skies, Metal Gear Solid, etc.
1999 – Xbox planned
2001 – Xbox US release
2002 – Xbox Live
$1.2 billion in losses through 2/2005
2005 – Xbox 360
Trivia Part 1
The Sega Dreamcast was the first console to implement online play over a phone line, calling the system Sega Net.
The Microsoft Xbox is the first system to completely support HDTV.
The Magnavox Odyssey (1972) contained 40 transistors and no microprocessor. The Pentium 4 microprocessor contains 42M transistors
The PlayStation 2 is the first system to have graphics capability better than that of the leading-edge PC at the time of its release.
The Nintendo N64 was first time that computer graphics workstation manufacturer Silicon Graphics Inc. (SGI) developed game hardware.
While the original Atari Football game was first created in 1973, it wasn't released until 1978. It was delayed because the game couldn't scroll the screen -- players couldn't move beyond the area shown on the monitor. When the game was finally released, it became the first game to utilize scrolling.
The Atari Pong console was the No. 1 selling item for the 1975 holiday season.
The first console to have games available in the form of add-on cartridges was the Fairchild Channel F console (1976).
Trivia Part 2
The PlayStation 2 is the first video game system to use DVDs.
The Nintendo GameCube's 1.5G disc holds 190X more than N64.
On the market 1991 till 2004, the SNK NeoGeo AES has tied the Atari 2600 (1977-1990) as the longest supported gaming console in history.
The Sega Genesis featured a version of the same Motorola processor that powered the original Apple Macintosh computer.
Mattel's Intellivison system, introduced in 1980, featured an add-on called "PlayCable," which delivered games by cable TV.
Nintendo's Game Boy is the most successful game system ever, with more than 100 million units sold worldwide.
In the 1980s, a service called Gameline allowed users to download games to the Atari 2600 over regular phone lines. It was not a success, but did form part of the foundation for AOL.
The first color portable video game system was the Atari Lynx , introduced in 1989 and priced at $149.
Introduced in 1993, the 3DO was the first video game system to be based entirely on CD technology.
The Sony PlayStation was originally intended as a CD add-on to the Super Nintendo. When licensing problems and other issues arose, Sony decided to develop the PlayStation as a machine of its own.
6 th Generation Consoles
Processor: Modified Intel Pentium III 733 MHz
6.4 GB per second bus
Custom nVidia 3-D graphics
125 million polys per sec
Custom 3-D audio processor
RAM: 64 MB UMA
Proprietary 4.7-GB DVD
10/100-Mbps Ethernet, 56K modem (optional)
Controller: Four game controller ports
8-GB built-in hard drive
5X DVD drive with movie playback
8-MB removable memory card
Processor: "Gekko" IBM Power PC 485 MHz
2.6 GB per second bus
"Flipper" ATI graphics chip
162 MHz, 1 MB embedded texture cache 3 MB SRAM
12 million polys per second
Audio: Special 16-bit digital signal processor, 64 channels
RAM: 40 MB
Proprietary 1.5-GB optical disc
Controller: Four controller ports, Wavebird wireless controller
Handle for carrying
Two slots for 4-MB Digicard Flash memory cards or a 64-MB SD-Digicard adapter