• Like
Linux  Guide to Linux Certification
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Linux Guide to Linux Certification



  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
    Be the first to like this
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. CWNA Guide to Wireless LANs, Second Edition Chapter One It’s a Wireless World
  • 2. Wireless Networks
    • First Meeting Agenda
    • Syllabus and Intro.
    • How to access class resources in your computer
    • Let’s get acquainted (forming groups)
      • Name
      • Industry certification
      • Networking or IT courses
      • Interests
      • Why you are taking the class
      • Expectations of yourself
      • Expectations of the instructor and the class
    • WebCT Login
  • 3. Objectives
    • Describe how wireless technology is used in daily activities
    • Tell how wireless local area networks are used in applications such as education, business, travel, construction, and other areas
    • Explain the advantages and disadvantages of wireless technology
  • 4. Real Life Wireless
    • What did Texas Department of Transportation do?
  • 5. A Day in the Life of a Wireless User: Home
    • Wireless data communication has been the driving force in the 21 st century
    • Hotspots : Locations where wireless data services are available
      • World-Wide growth rate: 350% a year
      • By 2007 revenue from hotspots will exceed $9 billion.
    • Wireless local area network (WLAN): Essentially identical to standard local area network (LAN)
      • Compare Ethernet LAN devices to Wireless LAN devices
      • Except devices not connected by wires
      • Can increase productivity (By how much?)
    • How do you use wireless at home?
  • 6. A Day in the Life of a Wireless User: Car
    • Bluetooth wireless standard: Enables short range wireless communication
      • Used in many small devices
    • How is Bluetooth used in a car ?
    • Bluetooth on the Road.
  • 7. A Day in the Life of a Wireless User: Office
    • Fixed broadband wireless: Wireless transmissions between immobile devices
      • Typically between office buildings
      • Utilizes small, customized antennas
      • Otherwise known as WiMax
    • Free space optics (FSO): Alternative to high-speed fiber optic transmissions
  • 8. A Day in the Life of a Wireless User: Field
    • Handheld devices used to connect to nearest cell tower
      • Cell tower connects to local telephone company
      • Telephone company connects to appropriate resources
        • Such as e-mail servers
  • 9. A Day in the Life of a Wireless User: On Site
    • Radio frequency identification (RFID) tags:
      • “Electronic barcodes”
      • Used to identify items
      • Can be read if anywhere within range of transmitted radio signal
        • Depending on device
  • 10. A Look at Wireless Technologies
    • Wireless technology woven throughout many aspects of life
    • Useful to get overview of some current technologies in today’s wireless world
  • 11. Wireless Local Area Networks (WLANs)
    • Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity): Based on standard that transmits at up to 11 Mbps
    • Computers on WLAN must have wireless network interface cards (wireless NIC or Wireless adapter)
      • Performs same basic functions as standard NIC, plus more
    • Access point (AP): Transfers signals between wireless NICs
    • Patch cable connects AP to wired LAN or Internet
  • 12. Wireless Local Area Networks (continued) Wireless LAN
  • 13. Wireless Local Area Networks (continued) Home wireless LAN
  • 14. Bluetooth
    • Low-power wireless data and voice transmission technology
    • Bluetooth devices communicate via radio modules
      • Link manager: Software that helps identify other Bluetooth devices, creates links between devices, and sends and receives data
    • Transmit data at up to 1 Mbps over 10 meters
    • Bluetooth devices within range of each other automatically connect
      • Master and slave
    • Piconet: Bluetooth network containing a master and at least one slave
  • 15. Telecommunications Links
    • Integrated Services Digital Networks (ISDN): Transmits at 256 Kbps
    • T-1 lines: Transmit at 1.544 Mbps
    • Cable modems: Use television cable connection
    • Digital subscriber lines (DSL): Use telephone lines
    • WiMax: Signal transmitted between antennas
      • Up to 75 Mbps and over up to 35 miles
      • Fixed Broadband
  • 16. Telecommunications Links (continued)
    • FSO: Transmit at speeds up to 1.25 Gbps over up to 4 miles
      • Line-of-site transmission
    Free space optics transceiver
  • 17. Telecommunications Links (continued) Wireless office technologies
  • 18. Cellular Telephony
    • Global Systems for Mobile (GSM) communications technology: Coverage includes most of US and parts of Europe and Japan
      • Transmission speeds up to 9.6 Kbps
      • Information transmitted based on Wireless Application Protocol (WAP)
        • Standard way to transmit, format, and display data for devices like cell phones and handheld devices
  • 19. Cellular Telephony (continued)
    • WAP cell phone runs a microbrowser that uses Wireless Markup Language (WML) instead of HTML
    • WAP gateway or proxy: Translates between WML and HTML
    WAP communications
  • 20. Radio Frequency Identification (RFID)
    • Like an electronic barcode:
      • Can contain larger amounts of updatable information
      • Information transmitted via radio waves
      • Range typically about 1 foot at 5 Mbps
    RFID tag http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/science/nature/4545252.stm
  • 21. Wireless Technology Categories Typical wireless technologies
  • 22. Wireless LAN Applications: Education
    • Educational institutions some of first adopters of WLANs
      • Dramatic advantages in teaching and learning
    • Wireless LAN connections offer students important degree of freedom
    • WLAN technology translates into cost savings for colleges
      • Reduces need for wiring and infrastructure
      • Fewer computer labs necessary
  • 23. Wireless LAN Applications: Education (continued) Campus access point locations
  • 24. Wireless LAN Applications: Business
    • Wireless LAN technologies have significantly changed how business conducted
      • Meetings not confined to conference rooms
      • Easier to connect to network resources and Internet
      • Can create office in space where traditional infrastructure does not exist
  • 25. Wireless LAN Applications: Travel
    • Travel industry perhaps adopted wireless technologies more than any other industry
      • Many airport terminals provide wireless hotspots
      • Several large airlines providing wireless capabilities to passengers during flights
      • Some airlines use WLAN technology to communicate with aircraft on ground
      • Some airlines use WLAN technology to facilitate maintenance tasks
      • Some airlines use new wireless data service to send and receive messages
  • 26. Wireless LAN Applications: Construction
    • Wireless technology has greatly benefited construction industry
      • Better management of resources
      • Better management of paperwork
    • Construction equipment being fitted with wireless terminals
      • “Smart” equipment
      • GPS information can provide location information to within centimeters
  • 27. Wireless LAN Applications: Warehouse Management
    • New products arrive continuously
      • Must be inventoried and stored
    • Products being shipped must first be located then transferred to correct location and truck
      • Mistakes in inventory or inability to locate items can be devastating
      • Mark inventory with RFID tags
    • Warehouse management system (WMS) software: Can manage all activities from receiving through shipping
      • Utilize wireless technology
  • 28. Wireless LAN Applications: Public Safety
    • Public safety departments using WLANs and GSM to communicate information with public safety vehicles
      • City-owned buildings equipped with APs
      • Large volumes of data can be quickly downloaded to vehicles
        • e.g., building floor plans, photographs of criminal suspects, and maps
  • 29. Wireless LAN Applications: Healthcare
    • Wireless LAN point-of-care computer systems allow medical staff to access and update patient records immediately
      • Document patient’s medication administration immediately
      • Extensive use of RFID tags
        • Identify healthcare professionals, patients, medications
      • System verifies that medication being administered to correct patient in correct dosage
        • Eliminates potential errors and documentation inefficiencies
  • 30. Wireless LAN Applications: Healthcare (continued)
    • Documentation process takes place at bedside where care delivered
      • Improves accuracy
    • Hospital personnel have real-time access to latest medication and patient status information
    • Wireless technology also used in other medical areas:
      • e.g., video pills
  • 31. Wireless LAN Applications: Healthcare (continued) Video pill
  • 32. Wireless Advantages and Disadvantages: Advantages
    • Mobility: Primary advantage of wireless technology
      • Enables individuals to use devices no matter where users roam within range of network
      • Increasingly mobile workforce is characteristic of today’s business world
      • WLANs give mobile workers freedom while allowing them to access network resources
      • “Flatter” organizations: WLANs give team-based workers ability to access network resources needed while collaborating in team environment
  • 33. Wireless Advantages and Disadvantages: Advantages (continued)
    • Easier and Less Expensive Installation: Installing network cabling in older buildings difficult and costly
      • Wireless LAN is ideal solution
      • Eliminating need for cabling results in cost savings
        • Significant time savings as well
      • Allows offices to reorganize easily
    • Increased Reliability: Wireless LAN technology eliminates certain types of cable failures and increases overall network reliability
  • 34. Wireless Advantages and Disadvantages: Advantages (continued)
    • Disaster Recovery: Documented disaster recovery plan vital to every business
      • Hot site: Off-site facility that can run business’s operations if primary site is not available
        • Generally maintained by third party
        • Expensive
      • Cold site: Customer provides and installs equipment
        • Many businesses use cold sites and WLANs as major piece of disaster recovery plan
          • No consideration given to network cabling
  • 35. Wireless Advantages and Disadvantages: Disadvantages
    • Security: Wireless signals broadcast in open air
      • Security for wireless LANs is prime concern
        • Unauthorized users might access network
          • War driving
        • Attackers might view transmitted data
        • Employees could install rogue access points
        • Attackers could easily crack existing wireless security
          • Older wireless products have very weak security features
  • 36. Wireless Advantages and Disadvantages: Disadvantages (continued)
    • Radio Signal Interference: Signals from other devices can disrupt wireless transmissions
      • Or wireless device may be source of interference for other devices
      • e.g., Microwave ovens, elevator motors, photocopying machines, theft protection devices, cordless telephones
      • Solution: Locate source of interference and remove
    • Health Risks: Wireless devices emit RF energy
      • Not known if or to what extent low levels of RF might cause adverse health effects
  • 37. Summary
    • Wireless devices and technologies enable users to roam almost anywhere and remain connected to data and voice networks
    • A WLAN, also known as Wi-Fi, functions the same as a standard wired network except devices send radio frequency signals through the air instead of being connected to the network by cabling
    • Bluetooth devices communicate using small radio transceivers called radio modules that are built into microprocessor chips
  • 38. Summary (continued)
    • Two popular technologies are WiMax and free space optics (FSO)
    • Handheld devices can send and receive wireless signals using the Global System for Mobile (GSM) communications technology
    • RFID tags function as electronic barcodes
    • Wireless personal area networks (WPANs) cover technologies where the transmission generally extends only a few meters or feet, whereas wireless local area networks (WLANs) are generally restricted to 112 meters (375 feet)
  • 39. Summary (continued)
    • Wireless LAN applications can be found in industries in which employees need the freedom to conduct business without being confined to a specific location
    • Wireless LANs have significant advantages, including increased mobility, easier and less expensive network installations, increased network reliability, and disaster recovery
    • Some of the disadvantages of wireless LANs include security, radio signal interference, and health concerns