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 WiFi Test Bed Design and Interface Specification


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                                            Table of Contents...
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   4.1Interface Types............................................
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X          59
Y          59
Z          59


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Appendix D    –    Glossary......................................
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1.0    INTRODUCTION

1.1    Purpose
This document provides d...
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1.4    Approach
A platform supporting the IEEE 802.11b (“WiF...
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2.0    TEST BED OVERVIEW
An overview of the test site and te...
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                           1000’
                           ...
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In Figure 2, the grid lines are 1000ft (300m) spacing. FS1 a...
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2.3         Network Overview
An overview of the wireless com...
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3.0     NETWORK DESIGN
The WiFi network design is detailed i...
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network radio equipment used for the ground vehicle nodes, i...
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3.1.4   Aerial Vehicle Node
The aerial vehicle is a UAV, and...
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3.1.5   Fixed Sites
The fixed sites within the test bed will...
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3.1.7      Remote Monitor
Remote monitoring capabilities wil...
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      •   GPS position and time
      •   Number of data pac...
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well as the Data Sheet section – Appendix C of this document...
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4.0    INTERFACE SPECIFICATIONS
The following table provides...
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5.0    EQUIPMENT LIST
The following tables list the operatio...
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6.0    EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS
Equipment descriptions and s...
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            Figure 13: Mesh Network Radio with Connecting Co...
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The highest power is the maximum allowed by the FCC. At this...
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6.3         Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)
The UAV to be util...
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Specification highlights are included below.     See the dat...
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7.0    TEST BED APPROVALS

The Table Mountain National Radio...
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                               APPENDIX A
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                               APPENDIX B
                 T...
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                            APPENDIX C
             EQUIPMEN...
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Fidelity Comtech Mesh Network Radio
Platform Overview:
  •  ...
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                  Sharp Zaurus SL-5600 PDA
The Sharp Zaurus ...
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I/O Port    Serial/USB (via docking station port, IR port)
S...
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Proxim ORiNOCO Gold (848441556) PC Card
           Network A...
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                       Sun E250 Enterprise Server
Processor
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                       SCSI PCI host adapters

             ...
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Operating              5° C to 35° C (41° F to 95° F) 20% to...
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         Dell Inspiron 8600 Notebook Computer
Processors

 I...
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                                                 PC;Norton A...
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                                       Audio
   Integrated s...
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The Panasonic KX-HCM280 Network Camera gives you the ability...
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Image Compression JPEG
Motion Picture Motion JPEG
JPEG Compr...
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                         APPENDIX D

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F
FCC     Federal Communications Commission
FDDI    Fiber Di...
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MAC         Media Access Control
MB or Mb    Megabit
MII    ...
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SSID      Service Set Identifier

T
TCP/IP    Transmission C...
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Design and Intereface Specification

  1. 1. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary WiFi Test Bed Design and Interface Specification Version 1.2 8 March 2004 Prepared under Subcontract SC03-034-191 with L-3 ComCept, Contract Data Requirements List (CDRL) item A002, WiFi Deployment and Checkout Plan Prepared by: Timothy X. Brown, University of Colorado at Boulder 303-492-1630 timxb@colorado.edu Kenneth Davey, L-3 ComCept 972-772-7501 ken.davey@L-3ComCept.com L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  2. 2. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Intentionally Blank L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  3. 3. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Table of Contents WIFI TEST BED DESIGN AND INTERFACE SPECIFICATION.....................................1 TABLE OF CONTENTS........................................................................................................I LIST OF FIGURES..............................................................................................................III LIST OF TABLES...............................................................................................................III 1.0 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................1 1.0 INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................1 1.1Purpose..........................................................................................................................1 1.1Purpose..........................................................................................................................1 1.2Background...................................................................................................................1 1.2Background...................................................................................................................1 1.3 Objective....................................................................................................................1 1.3 Objective....................................................................................................................1 1.4 Approach......................................................................................................................2 1.4 Approach......................................................................................................................2 2.0 TEST BED OVERVIEW.................................................................................................3 2.0 TEST BED OVERVIEW.................................................................................................3 2.1 Test Site .......................................................................................................................3 2.1 Test Site .......................................................................................................................3 2.2 Deployment Scenarios..................................................................................................5 2.2 Deployment Scenarios..................................................................................................5 2.3Network Overview........................................................................................................6 2.3Network Overview........................................................................................................6 3.0 NETWORK DESIGN......................................................................................................7 3.0 NETWORK DESIGN......................................................................................................7 3.1 Network Architecture...................................................................................................7 3.1 Network Architecture...................................................................................................7 3.1.1 Ad Hoc Radio Network.........................................................................................7 3.1.2 Ground Vehicle Node............................................................................................7 3.1.3 Handheld Node......................................................................................................8 3.1.4 Aerial Vehicle Node..............................................................................................9 3.1.5Fixed Sites............................................................................................................10 3.1.6Network Operating Center (NOC).......................................................................10 3.1.7Remote Monitor...................................................................................................11 3.2Ad Hoc Mesh Networking..........................................................................................11 3.2Ad Hoc Mesh Networking..........................................................................................11 3.3Monitoring...................................................................................................................11 3.3Monitoring...................................................................................................................11 3.4 Security.......................................................................................................................12 3.4 Security.......................................................................................................................12 3.5 Multimedia Application Equipment...........................................................................12 3.5 Multimedia Application Equipment...........................................................................12 4.0 INTERFACE SPECIFICATIONS.................................................................................15 4.0 INTERFACE SPECIFICATIONS.................................................................................15 i L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  4. 4. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 4.1Interface Types............................................................................................................15 4.1Interface Types............................................................................................................15 4.2 Internet Protocol Version...........................................................................................15 4.2 Internet Protocol Version...........................................................................................15 5.0EQUIPMENT LIST........................................................................................................17 5.0EQUIPMENT LIST........................................................................................................17 5.1 Test Bed Equipment...................................................................................................17 5.1 Test Bed Equipment...................................................................................................17 5.2 Test & Diagnostic Equipment....................................................................................17 5.2 Test & Diagnostic Equipment....................................................................................17 6.1 Mesh Network Radio.................................................................................................19 6.1 Mesh Network Radio.................................................................................................19 6.2 Handheld Communicator...........................................................................................21 6.2 Handheld Communicator...........................................................................................21 6.3 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)..............................................................................22 6.3 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV)..............................................................................22 6.4 Monitoring Server......................................................................................................22 6.4 Monitoring Server......................................................................................................22 6.5 Remote Monitor.........................................................................................................23 6.5 Remote Monitor.........................................................................................................23 6.6 Ethernet Switch..........................................................................................................23 6.6 Ethernet Switch..........................................................................................................23 A 56 B 56 C 56 D 56 E 56 F 57 G 57 H 57 I 57 J 57 K 57 L 57 M 57 N 58 O 58 P 58 Q 58 R 58 S 58 T 59 U 59 V 59 W 59 ii L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  5. 5. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary X 59 Y 59 Z 59 List of Figures FIGURE 1: VIEWS OF THE TABLE MOUNTAIN NATIONAL RADIO QUIET ZONE. 3 FIGURE 2: MAP OF TABLE MOUNTAIN. ......................................................................4 FIGURE 3: DEPLOYMENT SCENARIOS.........................................................................5 FIGURE 4: NETWORK OVERVIEW.................................................................................6 FIGURE 5: NETWORK ARCHITECTURE........................................................................7 FIGURE 6: GROUND VEHICLE NODE EQUIPMENT....................................................8 FIGURE 7: HANDHELD PERSONAL COMMUNICATOR - SHARP ZAURUS SL-5600..................................................................................................................................8 FIGURE 8: CAD DRAWING OF THE UAV DESIGN......................................................9 FIGURE 9: MESH NETWORK RADIO EQUIPMENT IN UAV - FIDELITY COMTECH FCI-2701............................................................................................................9 FIGURE 10: FIXED SITE 1 ARCHITECTURE................................................................10 FIGURE 11: MONITORING DISPLAY EXAMPLE........................................................12 FIGURE 12: MESH NETWORK RADIO BLOCK DIAGRAM ......................................19 FIGURE 13: MESH NETWORK RADIO WITH CONNECTING COMPONENTS.......20 FIGURE 14: MESH NETWORK RADIO FOR GROUND VEHICLES AND FIXED SITES 20 List of Tables Table 1 – Interface Specifications........................................................................15 Table 2 – Wireless Test Bed Equipment..............................................................17 Table 3 – Test & Diagnostic Equipment..............................................................17 Table 4 – UAV Design Specifications.................................................................22 Appendicies Appendix A – Related Documents..............................................................................27 Appendix B – Test Bed Approval Documents............................................................29 Appendix C – Equipment Data Sheets........................................................................37 iii L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  6. 6. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Appendix D – Glossary................................................................................................55 iv L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  7. 7. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 1.0 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Purpose This document provides design, interface, and equipment detail for a special test bed used to evaluate a WiFi-based (802.11b) Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) made up of terrestrial and airborne nodes, with broadband connectivity back to a Network Operations Center (NOC). In addition, documentation associated with federal, state, and local approvals required to operate the test bed is provided. This WiFi Test Bed Design Specification is the result of “Phase 1” activities associated with design and deployment/test plan creation. It represents the platform for “Phase 2” efforts involving initial WiFi network functionality checkout and rehearsal experimentation. It is anticipated that “Phase 3” of the project will include additional functionality and capability. This document will be updated to reflect changes and additions as they arise. 1.2 Background Communication networks between and through aerial vehicles are a mainstay of current battlefield communications. Present systems use specialized high-cost radios in designated military radio bands. Current aerial vehicles are also high-cost manned or unmanned systems. L-3 ComCept Inc. has contracted with the Air Force Material Command (AFMC), Aeronautical Systems Center (ASC), Special Projects (ASC/RAB) to establish and manage a Wireless Communications Test Bed project for the purpose of assessing a WLAN made up of terrestrial and airborne nodes operating with WiFi-based (802.11b) communications. The University of Colorado has been subcontracted to design, install and operate the test bed made up of Commercial Off-The-Shelf (COTS) equipment, and to integrate and operate Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) which will interact with it. The network shall support rapidly deployed mobile troops that may be isolated from each other, allow for ad hoc connectivity, and require broadband connection to a Network Operations Center. Experiments are to be performed to measure and report on the performance and effectiveness of the test bed communications capabilities. 1.3 Objective The objective of the wireless communications test-bed effort is to deploy and test a COTS- based communications network made up of terrestrial and aerial nodes that employ state- of-the-art mobile wireless and Internet Protocol (IP) technology. The solution shall support rapid deployment of mobile troops that may be isolated from each other, and require broadband connectivity to a Network Operations Center. Experiments are to demonstrate the potential for rapid deployment of an IP-centric, wireless broadband network that will support both airborne and terrestrial military operations anywhere, anytime. 1 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  8. 8. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 1.4 Approach A platform supporting the IEEE 802.11b (“WiFi”) industry standard for Wireless Local Area Networks has been chosen as the basis for the test bed due to its support of broadband mobile wireless communications, dynamic ad hoc mesh network operation, and being commercially available at low cost. A common 802.11 platform will be utilized for all ground-based and UAV-based nodes. Special software (routing protocols) developed by the University of Colorado to efficiently manage ad hoc mobile mesh network functionality will be applied to the ad hoc network nodes. The terrestrial and airborne communication devices will form an IP-centric network on an ad hoc basis. Broadband links will be established to a remote NOC location. Remote monitoring capabilities will allow for remote users to access data obtained, and to monitor the test site and activity on a real time basis. Packet data traffic in low, medium, and high- load regimes will be utilized for measuring performance and service support abilities. Typical multimedia applications (messaging, web page download, video, and VoIP) will be evaluated. A location has been chosen that allows for uninterrupted testing of multiple deployment scenarios. Baseline performance will be established on a ground-to-ground connected configuration. Mobile node impacts will be tested. UAV deployment will allow for its introduction to the theater to be characterized. UAV effectiveness for connecting isolated troops will be evaluated, along with UAV abilities to extend the range of communication. 2 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  9. 9. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 2.0 TEST BED OVERVIEW An overview of the test site and test bed design is provided in the paragraphs below. More detailed test bed design information is included in sections to follow. 2.1 Test Site The Table Mountain National Radio Quiet Zone (NRQZ) is owned by the Department of Commerce and operated by the Institute for Telecommunication Sciences (ITS) approximately 10 miles north of Boulder, Colorado. The site is 2.5 miles by 1.5 miles on a raised mesa with no permanent radio transmitters in the vicinity. An aerial photo of the site is shown in 1a and a view at ground level on the top of the mesa is shown in 1b. A map of the site is shown in Figure 2, with fixed sites, nomadic personnel positions, isolated troop positions, and mobile unit paths identified. Necessary approval documents are included in Appendix B. (a) (b) Figure 1: Views of the Table Mountain National Radio Quiet Zone. Aerial View (a) and Ground Level View (b). 3 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  10. 10. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 1000’ 300m 1000’ 300m FS2 IP2 UAV Landing Strip HP2 Vehicle Paths IP1 HP1 FS1 Backhaul Public Road Circuit at Connection to Mesa Base Internet and NOC Figure 2: Map of Table Mountain. FS - Fixed Site (powered locations) HP - Handheld Position (location of ground-based personnel) IP - Isolated Handheld Position - Public Road - Ground Vehicle Path 4 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  11. 11. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary In Figure 2, the grid lines are 1000ft (300m) spacing. FS1 and FS2 are powered fixed site locations, and are connected via fiber optic cable. Broadband connectivity to the Internet and the NOC is through FS1 and FS2, and over the fiber optic connection. The green, large dashed, line highlights a public road circuit around the base of the mesa. Table Mountain has several facilities that make it ideal for the wireless test bed needs. First it is a large 2.5sq mi zone where radio communications is controlled. The top is flat and unobstructed. The facility itself is a mountain obstacle suitable for obstructing users on opposite flanks of the mountain as in Scenario 1 in Figure 3. It is circled by public roads so that communication to or from the mountain can be easily set up from any direction. The site has buildings that can house equipment and provide AC power. Fiber optic cable runs exist between buildings. Finally, it has several areas suitable for UAV flight operations (one is labeled in Figure 2). 2.2 Deployment Scenarios In order for the wireless network solution to be adequately tested for performance and effectiveness against deployment types, the test bed will be configured in multiple ways. Two broad scenarios, shown in Figure 3, will be used for testing the unique 802.11-based network solution. NOC Scenario 1: Scenario 2: where ad hoc networking with the UAV where ad hoc networking between UAVs increases ground node connectivity increases mission range Figure 3: Deployment Scenarios. Multiple configuration types will be involved with each scenario, and are detailed in a separate document titled Wireless Communications Test Bed – Modes & Configuration Report. That document also covers experimentation techniques for each configuration type as well as characterization approaches for ease of deployment and operation. 5 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  12. 12. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 2.3 Network Overview An overview of the wireless communications network to be established by the test bed is provided in Figure 4. As shown, a WLAN comprised of fixed, mobile ground, handheld, and aerial units is connected to a remote NOC location through a Local Command Center (LCC). Local area connectivity is made available with units supporting 802.11b wireless transmission and mesh network routing. Remote monitoring and display capabilities are possible through an internet connection. It is anticipated that LCC connectivity to the NOC and internet through an Iridium satellite link will be tested in Phase 3 of the program. Iridium Connect C-404 (Phase 3 potential) 16-29GHz PSTN Ka/L-Band UCB UAV Internet 2.4GHz 400-500 ft 802.11b Network Operations Center Alternative (NOC) RF Link --- 10 mile Distance --- Local Command Center (LCC) Ethernet Internet Fiber Optic Connection Internet Table Mountain Test Range • 802.11b 2.4GHz Communications • Broadband Wireless • Ad Hoc IP Mesh Network Remote Monitor • Fixed and Mobile Ground Units • Multiple Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) Figure 4: Network Overview 6 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  13. 13. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 3.0 NETWORK DESIGN The WiFi network design is detailed in the following paragraphs on Network Architecture, Ad Hoc Mesh Networking, Monitoring, Security and Multimedia Application Equipment. 3.1 Network Architecture The network architecture to be used for experimentation and monitoring is shown in Figure 5. Information on each node and the interfaces involved are provided in sections to follow. Table Mountain Ad Hoc Radio Network NOC Univ. of Colorado Ground Vehicle Monitor Nodes Server Fixed Fixed Site Handheld Site 1 Nodes 2 Internet Aerial Vehicle Remote Nodes Monitor Fiber Optic Ring Figure 5: Network Architecture 3.1.1 Ad Hoc Radio Network The ad hoc radio network is made up of ground vehicle units, handheld personnel communicators, fixed site, and unmanned aerial communication points. A common radio and 802.11b WLAN interface platform is used between the ground vehicle, fixed site, and aerial nodes. Additional information on each node is provided in the following paragraphs. 3.1.2 Ground Vehicle Node The ground vehicle node is a mobile vehicle equipped with an 802.11b mesh network radio, a GPS receiver, a power supply, and end-user equipment used for test and application demonstration purposes. Application demonstration equipment to be made available is laptop computers, VoIP phones, and video monitoring equipment. The end- user application equipment is connected to the mesh network radio via an Ethernet switch. Figure 6 depicts the equipment configuration to be within the mobile vehicles. The mesh 7 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  14. 14. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary network radio equipment used for the ground vehicle nodes, including the power supply and GPS receiver, is supplied by Fidelity Comtech, and identified by model number FCI-2601. All equipment is specified in greater detail in paragraphs 5 and 6. 802.11b Mesh Network Video Camera Radio 12VDC User Ethernet Devices Power Ethernet Laptop Computer Switch Supply GPS VoIP Phone Receiver Figure 6: Ground Vehicle Node Equipment 3.1.3 Handheld Node The handheld personnel communicator is a commercial Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) with 802.11b wireless communication abilities, and special software (routing protocols) applied to efficiently manage ad hoc mobile mesh network functionality. Sharp Zaurus SL-5600 Linux PDAs are utilized. Figure 7: Handheld Personal Communicator - Sharp Zaurus SL-5600 8 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  15. 15. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 3.1.4 Aerial Vehicle Node The aerial vehicle is a UAV, and will be a modified version of existing designs developed at the University of Colorado. A CAD drawing for the airframe being developed for this project is shown in Figure 8. The payload bay is the shaded area and the dimensions (19.5x6.5x6.5) are shown in inches. These dimensions are the maximum space and available space is reduced by airframe ribs and tapering towards the tail. The designed performance includes a payload mass of 10lb, flight time of 90min, and cruise speed of 60mph. Control of the UAV for Phase 2 operations is manual via 900MHz remote control. Automatic waypoint control is planned for Phase 3 operations. Emergency recovery is through pre-programmed descent. UAV position and condition data will be supplied to the network along with communications data. The UAV will be equipped with 802.11b mesh network radio equipment that is common to that used in the ground vehicles and fixed sites. Figure 9 depicts the equipment configuration to be within the UAVs. The mesh network radio equipment used for the UAVs, including the power supply and GPS receiver, is supplied by Fidelity Comtech, and identified by model number FCI-2701. Figure 8: CAD drawing of the UAV design Figure 9: Mesh Network Radio Equipment in UAV - Fidelity Comtech FCI-2701 9 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  16. 16. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 3.1.5 Fixed Sites The fixed sites within the test bed will form a part of the active 802.11 communications network, and will be used for backhaul purposes. Backhaul traffic will be carried over the fiber ring located at the Table Mountain test site, and then transported to the monitor server over the internet. The Monitor Server is connected to the internet over a standard Ethernet connection. Much like the ground vehicle node, the fixed site node will be equipped with an 802.11b mesh network radio, a GPS receiver, a power supply, and end-user equipment used for test and application demonstration purposes. Application demonstration equipment to be made available is laptop computers, VoIP phones, and video monitoring equipment. The end-user application equipment is connected to the mesh network radio via an Ethernet switch. Figure 10 depicts the equipment configuration to be within the fixed sites. The mesh network radio equipment used for the fixed sites, including the power supply and GPS receiver, is supplied by Fidelity Comtech, and identified by model number FCI-2601. All equipment is specified in greater detail in paragraphs 5 and 6. Figure 10: Fixed Site 1 Architecture 3.1.6 Network Operating Center (NOC) For the test bed, all that is placed in the NOC location is a Monitor Server. The Monitor Server monitors and collects data from the UAV and ground nodes through Fixed Site 1 and Fixed Site 2. It also provides an interface for remote monitoring, with real-time display and play-back modes. The Remote Monitor connection will be over the internet. Connection to the Table Mountain test site will also be over the internet. 10 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  17. 17. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 3.1.7 Remote Monitor Remote monitoring capabilities will be built into the test bed so that remote observers will be able to monitor test bed performance, display results, and playback test scenarios. The remote monitoring and display capabilities are being designed via a Java interface. The following capabilities are anticipated. See Figure 11 for a monitor display example. • Situation Map • Network Status Messages • Performance Graphs • Drill-Down on Nodes 3.2 Ad Hoc Mesh Networking 802.11b nodes will be connected together using standard IEEE 802.11b WiFi cards. The cards being used are Orinoco Gold cards. The cards can be operated in “infrastructure” mode which allows them to communicate only through 802.11b access points. For the mesh networking that will be part of the test bed operation however, the cards will be operated in “ad hoc” mode, which allows any of the Mesh Network Radios to talk directly with each other. All network elements will communicate using IP version 4 (IPv4). More details of the 802.11 standard can be found at: ANSI/IEEE 802.11 Wireless LAN Medium Access Control (MAC) and Physical Layer (PHY) Specifications 1999 Edition, IEEE, March 18, 1999. The 802.11b standard allows one node to talk to another. Multi-hop routing capability is provided by the Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) protocol (The Dynamic Source Routing Protocol for Mobile Ad Hoc Networks (DSR), David B. Johnson, David A. Maltz, Yih- Chun Hu, INTERNET-DRAFT: draft-ietf-manet-dsr-09.txt, 15 April 2003). DSR defines route discovery, forwarding, and maintenance protocols that enable the mesh network operation. Colorado University personnel have implemented this protocol so that it can be modified for testing, optimization, and monitoring. The DSR protocol is being implemented with the Click Modular Router language (http://www.pdos.lcs.mit.edu/click/), which is very flexible and provides a high degree of control on the network operation. 3.3 Monitoring The test range monitoring will consist of additional software loaded upon each ad hoc node. This will allow for collection of performance statistics with time and location stamps measured from the GPS. This data is periodically sent to the Monitor Server through Fixed Sites 1 and 2. The total experimental data traffic is expected to be small and should not significantly impact the network throughput. Though small, for experimental control, we would like to minimize the monitoring traffic use of the ad hoc network. Each network node collects the following data. The data is then sent periodically to the Monitor Server once every 15 seconds via Fixed Sites 1 and 2. See Figure 11 for a monitor display example. 11 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  18. 18. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary • GPS position and time • Number of data packets sent on each route • Number of data packets received on each route • Number of data packets lost due to congestion on each route Number of control packets received Number of control packets transmitted Figure 11: Monitoring Display Example 3.4 Security For the test bed, both physical and communication security is considered. The Table Mountain facility is a fenced facility that includes storage and work buildings that can be locked. Equipment such as pole mounted antennas and other outdoor equipment can be left set up over several days. Portable radios, laptops, and UAV equipment will be stored in on-site buildings or carried to and from the site. To limit access to the wireless communication network, MAC filtering algorithms will be used. The hardware MAC address of every node on the test bed (approximately 20 in total) will be stored on the network devices and only packets that match one of these addresses will be processed. This will prevent casual users from gaining access to the network. The monitoring server will require a password in order to have access to the remote monitoring facilities. 3.5 Multimedia Application Equipment Multimedia applications include messaging, web page download, video, and VoIP. The applications are supported with the following end-user equipment. See sections 4 and 5, as 12 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  19. 19. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary well as the Data Sheet section – Appendix C of this document for additional details on the equipment. Messaging: Dell Inspiron Portable Computer IBM R40 Thinkpad Sharp SL-5600 PDA Web Page Download: Dell Inspiron Portable Computer IBM R40 Thinkpad Video: Panasonic KX-HCM280 PTZ Network Camera Voice-over-IP: Make of Phone: Pingtel Model: Xpressa 13 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  20. 20. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Intentionally Blank 14 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  21. 21. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 4.0 INTERFACE SPECIFICATIONS The following table provides information on the interfaces between equipment deployed in the test bed. 4.1 Interface Types The following table specifies the interface type between the Wireless Test Bed nodes. From To Interface Ground Node Ground Node IEEE 802.11b Ground Node UAV IEEE 802.11b UAV UAV IEEE 802.11b Fixed Site NOC (Monitor Server) Fiber to Internet 10/100Base-T Ethernet, Monitor Server Internet RJ45 10/100Base-T Ethernet, User Devices Mesh Network Radio RJ45 NOTE: A Ground Node is a fixed site, a ground vehicle, or a handheld device. Table 1: Interface Specifications 4.2 Internet Protocol Version The Internet protocol version used by all elements carrying IP traffic is Internet Protocol Version 4 (IPv4). 15 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
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  23. 23. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 5.0 EQUIPMENT LIST The following tables list the operational equipment that makes up the test bed as well as the test equipment utilized. 5.1 Test Bed Equipment Equipment Supplier Identifier Mesh Network Radio – Ground Fidelity Comtech FCI-2601 Mesh Network Radio - UAV Fidelity Comtech FCI-2701 Handheld Communicator Sharp Zaurus SL-5600 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle University of Colorado Raven AP-1 Monitor Server Sun E250 computer Remote Monitor Dell Inspiron 8600 Ethernet Switch Linksys EZXS55W Thinkpad R40, Portable Computer IBM P/N 2681C8U VoIP Phone Pingtel Xpressa Video Camera Panasonic KX-HCM280 802.11b PC Card Proxim ORiNOCO Gold 848441556 Table 2: Wireless Test Bed Equipment 5.2 Test & Diagnostic Equipment Equipment Supplier Identifier Yellowjacket 802.11 Analyzer Berkeley Varitronics P/N 0072-0-0 Wireless LAN Analyzer Agilent J7332A Spectrum Analyzer, 2.9GHz Hewlett Packard 8594E Table 3: Test & Diagnostic Equipment 17 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  24. 24. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Intentionally Blank 18 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  25. 25. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 6.0 EQUIPMENT SPECIFICATIONS Equipment descriptions and specifications are provided in this section. Additional information may be found within the data sheets included in Appendix C. 6.1 Mesh Network Radio The mesh network radio is comprised of hardware and software components. The hardware consists of a Soekris 4511 single board computer with 32MB of RAM and 256MB of CF storage connected to an 802.11b WLAN interface card, an RF amplifier with power that can be adjusted between 100mW and 1W, a GPS, and an antenna. These are mounted in a protective housing for the ground-based units, but, will be mounted inside the UAV airframe for the aerial units. The key here is that the radio is constructed of COTS components and only a single design is used for the different configurations. The weight without power supply will be approximately 1 kg. A block diagram of the Mesh Network Radio is shown in Figure 12. Pictures of the unit used for ground vehicles and fixed sites are provided in Figures 13 and 14. A picture of the UAV elements is provided in Figure 9. Figure 12: Mesh Network Radio Block Diagram 19 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  26. 26. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Figure 13: Mesh Network Radio with Connecting Components Figure 14: Mesh Network Radio for Ground Vehicles and Fixed Sites The mesh network radios will operate on a single radio channel. Additional channels will be utilized for network monitoring. The adjustable RF amplifier will allow for better control of range and connectivity in the network. For instance, at lower power levels, the range will be less and more relay hops will be required for a source to reach its destination. 20 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  27. 27. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary The highest power is the maximum allowed by the FCC. At this level, the maximum range with 802.11b can be tested. The GPS is installed solely for monitoring purposes. The antenna will be an integral part of the ground vehicle and fixed site unit housing, while on the UAVs will be mounted on the airframe. Power will come from several sources. The ground and aerial vehicles will use vehicle power. The fixed units will use AC line power. Personnel units will have battery power. The fixed site units will be mounted on building roofs or low poles. Vehicle mounted units will be attached to the vehicle roof. The mesh network radios will be controlled by a Linux operating system installed on the single board computer. Standard Linux drivers and interfaces are available for the radio hardware. The ad hoc networking will use a version of the Dynamic Source Routing (DSR) protocols implemented at the University of Colorado. The implementation is very flexible and will be modified for experimentation and monitoring purposes. 6.2 Handheld Communicator The handheld personnel communicator to be used for simulating ground troop communications is a commercial Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) with 802.11b wireless communication abilities. Due to the need for an open operating environment, the Sharp Zaurus SL-5600 Linux PDA was chosen for its Linux® and Java™ based architecture. Special software (routing protocols) developed by the University of Colorado are applied to efficiently manage ad hoc mobile mesh network functionality. A picture of the Sharp Zaurus SL-5600, and the key feature set is provided below. See the data sheet in Appendix C for specifications. Key Features: • Wireless Communications • Integrated Keyboard • 3.5 inch LCD Screen • Stylus and Touch Screen • Rechargeable, Long Life Battery • Linux / Java Based 21 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  28. 28. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 6.3 Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) The UAV to be utilized for experimentation will be a modified version of existing designs developed at the University of Colorado. The features include a payload mass of 10lb, flight time of 90min, and cruise speed of 60mph. Control of the UAV for Phase 2 operations is manual via 900MHz remote control. Automatic waypoint control is planned for Phase 3 operations. Emergency recovery is through pre-programmed descent. UAV position and condition data will be supplied to the network along with communications data. Table 4 provides design specifications for the UAV being utilized. The UAV will be equipped with 802.11b mesh network radio equipment that is common to that used in the ground vehicles and fixed sites. Figure 9 depicts the equipment configuration to be within the UAVs. The mesh network radio equipment used for the UAVs, including the power supply and GPS receiver, is supplied by Fidelity Comtech, and identified by model number FCI-2701. Raven AP-1 Properties Geometric Data Propulsion Wing Horizontal Vertical Propellor APC 20x8 Span (in) 95.0 32.0 10.0 Engine Power 5.0 hp Area (sq in) 1425.0 304.0 75.0 Fuel Volume 1.0 gal Aspect Ratio 6.33 3.37 2.67 Avg. Fuel Consumption 1.5 lb/h Taper Ratio 1.00 1.00 0.50 Max Runtime 231 min MAC (in) 15.00 9.50 7.78 Dihedral (deg) 2.5 0.00 Flight Conditions Sweep (deg) 0.00 0.00 15.38 Wing Loading 42 oz/ft^2 Moment Arm (in) 51.38 52.72 Takeoff Speed 58 ft/s Tail Volume 0.731 0.185 Takeoff Distance 150 ft Fuselage Length (in) 63.00 Cruise Speed 100 ft/s Payload Weights Payload Bay 5x6x10 in^3 Aircraft Empty Weight 16 lb Payload Weight 10 lb Fuel Weight 5.6 lb Payload Weight 10 lb Max Takeoff Weight 32 lb Table 4: UAV Design Specifications 6.4 Monitoring Server The Monitor Server is a Sun E250 computer located at the UCB campus. It provides for high-speed web connections; archives experiment data for cross-experiment comparisons and later analysis; and allows for web access to data (live remote and reply of old data). 22 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  29. 29. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Specification highlights are included below. See the data sheet in Appendix C for additional specifications. Specification Highlights: • Two 400-MHz processors • 16 DIMM slots, four banks of four slots; Accepts 32-, 64-, or 128-MB DIMMs; 128 MB to 2 GB total memory capacity. 256Mb RAM utilized for test bed. • Interfaces: Serial and parallel ports; 10/100 Ethernet (RJ45); Keyboard and mouse; 3 PCI cards; SCSI • Mass Storage: 6 hot-swap disk bays; One 40Mb/sec disk controller; Multiple disk drives; 10X DVD-ROM drive; 1.44Mb 3.5-in. floppy drive; Optional 5.25x1.6 in. fast SCSI tape drive; Additional External Mass Storage. A 45Gb disk is utilized for test bed. • Solaris Operating System • Multiple Networking Options, including TCP/IP 6.5 Remote Monitor Remote monitoring is to be performed on a computer with a large high-resolution display. Dell Inspiron 8600 portable computers have been selected. The monitoring and display capabilities are being designed via a Java interface. Anticipated capabilities include a situation map, network status messages, performance graphs, and drill-down on nodes. See Figure 11 for a monitor display example. Specification highlights are included below. See the data sheet in Appendix C for additional specifications. Specification Highlights: • Intel Pentium M Processor at 1.7GHz • 15.4-in Wide-Aspect WXGA Display • 512 MB DDR SDRAM Memory • Microsoft Windows XP Operating System 6.6 Ethernet Switch An Ethernet Switch is utilized at the fixed sites and on ground vehicle nodes to connect multiple application equipment types into the Mesh Network Radio as shown in figures 6 and 10. A Linksys Etherfast Switch, model EZXS55W, has been chosen. Specification highlights are included below. See Appendix C for additional specifications. Specification Highlights: • 10/100BaseT Ethernet Interface • 5 RJ-45 Ports (autosensing) • 1 Shared RJ-45 Uplink Port • IEEE 802.3, IEEE 802.3u 23 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
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  31. 31. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 7.0 TEST BED APPROVALS The Table Mountain National Radio Quiet Zone (NRQZ) is owned by the Department of Commerce and operated by the Institute for Telecommunication Sciences (ITS). For performing experimentation at the site, a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) has been generated and signed by a representative of ITS. Technical questions can be directed to Wayde Allen of ITS, telephone 303-497-5871. Administrative arrangements should be directed to Carol Van Story, Budget Analyst, telephone 303-497-3267. See Appendix B for a copy of the approval document. Necessary updates of the document for renewal purposes will be issued on an ongoing basis. 25 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
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  33. 33. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary APPENDIX A RELATED DOCUMENTS The documents listed below have been, or will be generated in support of the Wireless Communications Test Bed project. 1. Wireless Communications Test Bed: Design and Deployment/Test Plan, Version 2.2, Dated December 4th, 2003. This document provides a high-level overview of the Test Bed design and deployment/test plan. 2. Wireless Communications Test Bed: Experimentation Plan, Version 1.0, to be released in March, 2004. This document represents a detailed experimentation plan containing test scenarios, configurations, measures of performance and effectiveness, as well as methods and procedures. 27 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
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  35. 35. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary APPENDIX B Test Bed Approval Documents See the following pages for a copy of the necessary agreement to utilize the Table Mountain Radio Quiet Zone facility. Necessary updates of the document for renewal purposes will be issued on an ongoing basis. 29 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  36. 36. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 30 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
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  41. 41. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary APPENDIX C EQUIPMENT DATA SHEETS See the following pages for data sheets on various equipment used in the test bed. 35 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  42. 42. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Fidelity Comtech Mesh Network Radio Platform Overview: • Single Board Computer - 32 MByte RAM - Flash File System on 256 MByte Compact Flash Card - Serial Port (for GPS) - 2 Ethernet Ports - Power over Ethernet for easy cabling - Accepts power between 12V and 20V • Outdoor Enclosure - Weatherproof access cover - Antenna-protecting Radome • Radio Card with Antenna - Agere ‘Hermes” 802.11b baseband - Booster Amplifier - 1 Watt Output Power - Adjustable to 100mW - 11 Mbit/sec maximum data rate - 3dB Omni Antenna • GPS - Garmin OEM GPS-35 - Low Profile - Fully Contained - Serial Port Connection - Unregulated Power 36 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  43. 43. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Sharp Zaurus SL-5600 PDA The Sharp Zaurus SL-5600 combines state-of-the-art Sharp technology and Sharp innovation to deliver a unique and compelling PDA solution. The Sharp Zaurus SL-5600 offers everything from mobile communications to mobile multimedia; keyboard integration and dual expansion delivering one of the most versatile and flexible PDA solutions on the market today. Features Wireless Communications With optional Compact Flash™ modems you can have wireless connectivity anytime, anywhere.+ Integrated Keyboard and Sliding Cover Sharp's clever integrated keyboard design allows easy data input without sacrificing space. Edit text or e-mail effortlessly with a standard QWERTY keyboard. Rechargeable, Replaceable Long Life Battery With its replaceable 1700mAH Li-ION battery, the Zaurus provides extra long battery life. CompactFlash™ and SD/MMC Expansion Slots Sharp combines the best of both worlds by offering two expansion slots. Two slots allow you to add two peripherals simultaneously such as a CompactFlash™ modem card and SD memory card. This seamless design makes upgrading easy and simple Mobile Multimedia Sharp's color LCD technology and high powered processor deliver top quality multimedia for all corporate and personal needs. The SL-5600 has a 3.5" 65,536 Color Reflective TFT Front-Lit Screen with 240 x 320 resolution for outstanding graphics and clarity, indoors or out. Speaker & Microphone with a Stereo Headphone Jack Listen to your favorite music or movie clips anytime, anywhere. Stylus and Touch Screen In addition to the SL-5600 built-in QWERTY keyboard, the stylus and touch screen allow you to navigate through applications with ease. Customizable One-Touch Access Instantly view calendar, address book, menu and e-mail with just one press of a button. Or customize the button settings to suit your personal needs. Linux / Java Based Platform Linux® and Java™ based architecture provides a powerful and open operating environment - allowing many Linux and Java developers to write applications for the SL-5600, and integrate into various enterprise environments. Specifications CPU Intel® 400MHz XScale™ processor1 Platform Linux2 based embedded OS (Embedix3) Qtopia, Personal Java4 Reflective TFT LCD with Front Light (touch sensitive panel supported), 3.5" with 240x320 Display pixel, 65,536 colors. Memory 96MB Total. 32MB SDRAM. 64MB Protected Flash Input Device Touch Panel, QWERTY keyboard with a sliding cover Card Slot 1 compact Flash Card5 slot, 1 SD/MMC card slot (no copyright protection feature) 37 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  44. 44. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary I/O Port Serial/USB (via docking station port, IR port) Sound Stereo headphone jack included, mic and mono speaker included. 38 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
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  47. 47. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Proxim ORiNOCO Gold (848441556) PC Card Network Adapter The same ORiNOCO PC card can be used worldwide for the Enterprise, ISP, Public Access or Home/SOHO markets using any of the ORiNOCO access point infrastructure products. The card provides high-speed wireless networking at 11Mbps and secure Internet access for laptop and desktop computers, as well as a wide range of mobile client computing devices. Orinoco PC Card delivers the same high-performance connectivity as wired systems, with the added freedom to move around your building or campus. The ORiNOCO PC Card is designed with a choice of security levels to protect your data. The Gold version provides enhanced security with a 128-bit key, using RC4 encryption. The ORiNOCO PC Card is interoperable with other manufacturers’ high-speed IEEE 802.11b compliant systems and is fully compliant with the WECA (Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance) Wi-Fi 'wireless fidelity' standard. Key Features: Form Factor Plug-in Module Data Transfer Rate 11Mbps Interface PC Card Connectivity Wireless Platform PC, Mac, Unix Max. Range Outdoors 50m Operating System: Microsoft Windows 95/98, Apple MacOS, Microsoft Windows CE, Microsoft Windows 2000 / NT4.0, Linux, Microsoft Windows Millennium Edition Dimensions: Width 2.13 in. Depth 4.65 in. Height .35 in. Weight .12 lb. Warranty: 3 years Product ID: 20621212 41 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  48. 48. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Sun E250 Enterprise Server Processor Number Up to two processor modules Type 300- or 400-MHz UltraSPARC-II with onboard e-cache Cache memory 2-MB external cache per processor with 300- or 400-MHz CPU Buffered 144-bit UPA bus, 128 bits data, 16 bits ECC Datapath UPA operates at 100-MHz with 300- or 400-MHz CPUs Main Memory 16 DIMM slots, four banks of four slots Capacities Accepts 32-, 64-, or 128-MB DIMMs 128 MB to 2 GB total memory capacity Memory type 200-pin 5V 60-ns memory modules 576 bits wide, 512 bits data, 64 bits ECC Datapath Up to 600 MB/sec throughput Standard Interfaces 2 EIA-232D or EIA-423 serial port, one 50- to 384-Kb/sec synchronous, one 50- to Serial 460.8-Kbaud asynchronous Parallel 2-MB/sec Centronics-compatible bidirectional EPP port, DB25 Ethernet One 10/100-Mb/sec autoselect port, RJ45 or MII Keyboard and mouse One standard keyboard/mouse port; mini din-8 Three slots for 32- or 64-bit, 33-MHz 5V PCI cards One slot for 32- or 64-bit, 33- or 66- PCI MHz 3.3V PCI cards One 40-MB/sec Ultra SCSI-3 bus for internal disk One 40-MB/sec fast/wide SCSI-3 bus SCSI for external disk Internal Mass Storage Disk bays Six hot-swap disk bays Disk controllers One 40-MB/sec Ultra SCSI-3 channel Up to six 18-GB 3.5 x 1.6 in., 36-GB 3.5 x 1.0 in., 10000 rpm, hot-swap Ultra SCSI-3 Disks drives DVD Internal 10X DVD-ROM drive Floppy 1.44-MB 3.5-in. floppy drive Tape Optional 5.25 x 1.6 in. fast SCSI tape drive, 8-mm, 4-mm DDS-3, DDS-2, MLR3, SLR5 External Mass Storage Host adapters Support up to four single- or dual-channel, single-ended or differential, fast/wide or Ultra 42 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  49. 49. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary SCSI PCI host adapters Supports up to nine 109-GB Sun StorEdge MultiPack systems Supports Sun StorEdge Disks A1000, D1000, A3000, A3500, or A5000 disk arrays Supports up to two SCSI tape devices from external onboard SCSI Supports up to 16 Tapes SCSI tape devices, total 8-mm, 4-mm DDS-2, DDS-3, DLT, QIC Console Options Monitor 17-, 20-, or 24-in. color Frame buffer PGX32 PCI graphics card Up to 1600 x 1000 (24-in. monitor) 256 colors Keyboard and mouse Standard Sun keyboard and mouse PCI I/O Options 10/100-Mb/sec Ethernet, FC-AL, Sun Quad FastEthernet, Token Ring, FDDI single attach, FDDI dual attach, ATM-155, ATM-622, high-speed serial, eight-line serial, Ultra SCSI with 10/100 Mb/sec Ethernet, dual-channel single-ended Ultra SCSI, dual-channel differential Ultra SCSI Power Supplies Type One or two N+1 redundant, hot-swap, universal input (1 supply standard) Maximum DC output 360 W Power bus Common, load-sharing Software Solaris 2.5.1, 11/97 release or Solaris 2.6, 5/98 release, Solaris 7, Solaris 8 release, Operating system Solaris 7 Languages C, C++, Cobol, FORTRAN, Java, Pascal ONC+ NFS, TCP/IP, IPX/SPX, SunLink OSI, MHS, OCE, DNI, SNA, x.25, PPP, SunXTL, Networking Frame Relay System monitoring Solstice SyMON Clustering Four-node clusters with SunCluster 2.1 Internet HTTPD, JVM System and Network Management Remote system control, Solstice JumpStart, Solaris Web Start, Solstice AdminSuite, Solstice DiskSuite, Solstice Backup (single server), and other Solstice products. Environment AC power 90-264 Vrms, 47-63Hz AC service 15A at 110V, 7.5A at 240V Max power consumption: 720 watts requirement Heat output 1980 BTU/hr 43 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  50. 50. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Operating 5° C to 35° C (41° F to 95° F) 20% to 80% relative humidity, noncondensing Nonoperating -20° C to 60° C (-4° F to 140° F) 93% relative humidity, noncondensing at 35° C Acoustic noise 5.6 bels Declared noise emissions in accordance with ISO 9296, measured at 23° C Regulations Meets or exceeds the following requirements: Safety EN60950/IEC950 TUV, UL 1950, CB Scheme IEC 950, C22.2 No. 950 from UL RFI/EMI EN55022/CISPR22 Class B, VCCI Class II FCC Part 15 Sub Part B Immunity EN50082/IEC-1000-2/IEC-1000-3, IEC-1000-4, IEC-1000-5 X-ray DHHS 21 Subchapter J, PTB German X-ray Decree Dimensions and Weights Height 51.7 cm (20.3 in.) Width 26.2 cm (10.3 in.) or 35.3 cm (13.9 in.) with caster option Depth 73.2 cm (28.8 in.) including power supply handle Weight 46.72 kg (103 lb.) or 53.52 kg (118 lb.) fully configured Rack Mounting Up to four Sun Enterprise 250 servers may be mounted in a 56-in. expansion cabinet. Up to five Enterprise 250 servers may be mounted in a 72-in. expansion cabinet. Upgrades Sun-to-Sun and competitive trade-ins are available 44 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  51. 51. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Dell Inspiron 8600 Notebook Computer Processors Intel® Pentium® M processor at 1.4, 1.5, 1.6, and 1.7GHz On-die 1024 KB cache (L2); 32 KB internal cache (L1); 400MHz front side BUS Intel® 855PM Chipset Operating Systems Microsoft® Windows® XP Home Edition and Professional Edition Memory 512 MB of 333MHz DDR SDRAM standard, upgradable to 2 GB maximum 2 SoDIMM sockets, both are user-accessible I/O Ports IEEE 1394 integrated port (1394 cable and software sold separately) 2-USB 2.0 (Universal Serial Bus) compliant 4-pin connectors 9-pin serial connector; 25-hole pin parallel connector Serial infrared communications port (lrDA-1.1 compliant) Video: 15-pin monitor connector; S-Video: 7-pin mini-DIN connector Audio jacks: Stereo headphones/speakers miniconnector (same as line-out), microphone miniconnector Chassis 15.4-inch Wide-Aspect WXGA, SXGA+ and UXGA displays: Height: 1.52-inch (38.6 mm) Width: 14.22-inch (361.2 mm) Depth: 10.79-inch (276.1 mm) Weight: starting at 6.9 lbs. (2.96 kg) with travel module, 9-cell battery and hard drive1 Power Battery: 9-cell "Smart" Lithium Ion battery (72Whr); Additional 9-cell second primary battery available Approximate charge time: 1 hr. to reach 80% charge Approximate operating time: up to 4.5 hours (depends on usage) Optional: modular 48WHr second battery for dual battery support AC Adapter: Input voltage: 100 to 240 VAC; Input current (maximum): 1.5A at 90 VAC, full load Output current: 4.62A max. at 4-second pulse, 3.5A continuous; Output power: 65W standard Dimensions (H x W x D): 1.1-inch (28mm) x 2.3-inch (59mm) x 5.25-inch (134mm) Weight (with cables): 0.9 lbs. (0.4 kg) Power Management Suspend-to-RAM mode; Suspend-to-disk mode; Stand-by mode (turns off LED and HDD) Slots Connectors: (1) Type I or Type II card; 3.3 and 5 V cards supported; Warm-swap Capable IBM Thinkpad R40 Software[12] Operating system provided Microsoft Windows XP Professional Communication/networking[9] IBM Update Connector;Adobe Acrobat Reader;IBM Access Connections Device drivers/utilities PC Doctor diagnostics;ThinkPad Configuration Utility;IBM Rapid Restore 45 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  52. 52. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary PC;Norton AntiVirus 2003 OEM Version Productivity applications Access IBM Other applications provided IBM Drive Letter Access Supported operating system Microsoft Windows 98, Microsoft Windows NT 4.0, Microsoft Windows 98 Second Edition, Microsoft Windows 2000, Microsoft Windows XP Professional, Microsoft Windows XP Home Edition Architecture Bus type/architecture PCI Bays Ultrabay Plus Indicator light Yes Form factor Notebook Display/Graphics subsystem External display supported Yes Simultaneous external Yes display Screen type description TFT Viewable image size (diag) 15.0 Screen illumination Backlit Maximum Resolution 1024x768 Graphics Video RAM std. / max. 16MB Graphics chipset ATI Mobility RADEON M6-C16h Graphics type XGA Video RAM type DDR SDRAM Max resolution 2048x1536 65536 colors Graphics bus interface AGP 4X Processor BIOS type Flash ROM Processor (CPU) Intel Mobile Intel Celeron processor Processor speed[1] 2.00 GHz Front side bus (FSB) 400 MHz System memory Memory (RAM) std. / max. [8] 128MB / 1GB RAM slots total 2 SODIMM RAM slots available 1 SODIMM Memory speed 266 MHz RAM type DDR SDRAM Hard drive Hard disk size (GB)[4] 30 GB Interface type ATA-100 (Enhanced IDE) Optical device Optical device CD-ROM Device interface EIDE 46 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  53. 53. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Audio Integrated speakers 2 Speaker power rating 1.0 Watts Volume control buttons Yes Audio chipset SoundMAX Communications Fax/modem 56K V.92 designed modem Fax/modem speed[3] 56Kbps data/14.4Kbps fax Infrared port Yes Infrared port speed 4Mbps Wireless Standard[10] Wi-Fi wireless upgradable Ethernet description 10/100 Ethernet Ethernet interface type Ethernet-Integrated Accessories A/C adapter 72 watt Worldwide A/C compatibility Yes Port replication Optional Standard features Pointing Device Type IBM ThinkPad UltraNav Keyboard light Yes Power management Heat emissions 72 W Sound emissions 40dB Battery life min/max[6] 3.95 Hrs (with 1 battery) Battery type(s) 8 Cell Lithium-Ion Charge time (on/off) 3.0 Hrs/ 3.0 Hrs Weight & dimensions Weight[2] 6.6 lbs Height 1.59 in Depth 10.5 in 47 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  54. 54. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary 48 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
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  57. 57. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary The Panasonic KX-HCM280 Network Camera gives you the ability to view and control pan, tilt and zoom with your web browser. Place Panasonic KX-HCM280 cameras almost anywhere you need to keep an eye on things, with no PC required on location. They are easy to install, easy to operate and require no additional software for your viewing PC. All you need is a Web browser, as all of the other required software, including control software (TCP/UDP) and e-mail software (SMTP) is already inside of each camera. Camera can be used on a tabletop or ceiling mounted (bracket included) CCD Type: Size 1/4 inch Effective Pixels 768x494 (380,000 pixels) Lens Focal Length f=3.8 ~ 79.8mm, F No. F1.6 ~ 3.6 Horizontal angle 2.6 ~ 51.0 degree Zoom range 21 : 1 Min. optical distance 5mm(WIDE)1000mm(TELE) Focus Control Auto/Manual/Hold Brightness Control Auto/Manual Low Light Capability 3 lx White Balance Control Auto / Manual / Hold Pan/Tilt Panning angle -175 to +175 degree Tilting angle +90 to -120 degree Panning Speed 200 degree / s Tilting Speed max 200 degree / s Accuracy 0.47 degree or less Preset position 8 Positions Preset Parameters Pan,Tilt,Zoom,Backlight,Focus,White Balance Interface Network 100 Base-TX/10Base-T Ethernet RJ-45 connector x1 Alarm Input x 1, Output x 1 Video Out 3.5mm mini-DIN Jack Image Transfer/Alarm Notification FTP/SMTP Image Storing Buffer 6.5MB SDRAM (About 560 images in 360x240) Image Storing Trigger Time Date of the Week/Hour/Minute/Second Alarm-event Sensor Input 51 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  58. 58. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Image Compression JPEG Motion Picture Motion JPEG JPEG Compression Level 3 Levels(Favor otion/Standard/Favor Clarity) Image Size 640x480/320x240/160x120 Frame rate Max 15 frames/second (640 x 480) Max 30 frames/second (320 x 240) Max 30 frames/second (160 x 120) Simultaneous Access Up to 30 users Supported Protocols TCP, UDP, IP, HTTP, FTP, SMTP, DHCP, DNS, ARP, ICMP, POP3 before SMTP Viewing Software Standard Web Browser* Operating System Windows 95/98/ME/NT4.0/2000/XP LED Display Power Link and Activity for network port Power Source 12V DC (100~240VAC Power Adaptor Included) Consumption Max 900mA Operating TEMP. 0 ~ 40 C degree Mounting Angle -15~+15 degree horizontal Weight 625g *Internet Explore 5.0 or later/Netscape Navigator 4.7 ** Required yearly charge for DDNS service This is a complete dome package, excluding camera, which allows the outdoor installation of the Panasonic KX-HCM280 pan/tilt/zoom camera. The kit does not require alteration of the camera power supply. Operating temperature -50° to 122°F (-45° to 50°C). Some assembly required. The kit consists of the following: r Outdoor dome housing with heater, blower and wall mount. r 24 VAC 80VA table top power supply. r AC to DC converter (allows the use of one power supply for dome & camera) r Dome modification kit. 52 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  59. 59. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary Intentionally Blank 53 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  60. 60. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary APPENDIX D GLOSSARY A AC Alternating Current AFMC Air Force Material Command ANSI American National Standards Institute AP Access Point ASC Aeronautical Systems Center (Air Force Material Command) B - C CAD Computer Aided Design CDRL Contract Data Requirements List CPU Central Processing Unit COTS Commercial Off-The-Shelf CRADA Cooperative Research and Development Agreement D dB Decibel DC Direct Current DDR Double Data Rate DIMM Dual Inline Memory Module DoD Department of Defense DSR Dynamic Source Routing DSSS Direct Sequence Spread Spectrum DVD Digital Video Disc E ECC Error Correcting/Correction Code EIA Electronic Industries Alliance EPP Enhanced Parallel Port 54 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  61. 61. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary F FCC Federal Communications Commission FDDI Fiber Distributed Data Interface FS Fixed Site G GB Gigabit GHz Gigahertz GPS Global Positioning System H HP Handheld Position I IEEE Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (Inc.) I/O Input/Output IP Internet Protocol IPv4 Internet Protocol version 4 IR Infrared ISM Industrial, Scientific and Medical (radio spectrum) ISP Internet Service Provider ITS Institute for Telecommunication J - K - L LAN Local Area Network LCC Local Command Center LCD Liquid Crystal Display LED Light Emitting Diode LLC Logical Link Control M mA milliamp 55 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  62. 62. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary MAC Media Access Control MB or Mb Megabit MII Media Independent Interface mW milliWatt N NRQZ National Radio Quiet Zone NOC Network Operating Center O OS Operating System P PC Personal Computer PCI Peripheral Component Interconnect PDA Personal Digital Assistant PER Packet Error Rate PHY Physical Layer PSTN Public Switched Telephone Network PTZ Pan, Tilt, Zoom Q QoS Quality of Service QWERTY Standard Typewriter Keyboard, Top Row Left, First 6 Letters R RAM Random Access Memory RC Radio Control RC4 Ron's Code 4 - RSA Variable-Key-Size Encryption Algorithm by Ron Rivest RF Radio Frequency ROM Read-Only Memory RSSI Received Signal Strength Indicator S SCSI Small Computer System Interface SDRAM Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory SIP Session Initiation Protocol SOHO Small Office Home Office 56 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary
  63. 63. L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary SSID Service Set Identifier T TCP/IP Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol TFT Thin Film Transistor (Liquid Crystal Display, LCD technology) U UAV Unmanned Aerial Vehicle UCB University of Colorado at Boulder USB Universal Serial Bus V V Volts VoIP Voice over Internet Protocol W WECA Wireless Ethernet Compatibility Alliance WiFi Wireless Fidelity (also called wireless LAN) WLAN Wireless Local Area Network WXGA Wide Extended Graphics Array (1366 by 768 pixels; 1.78:1 aspect ratio) X - Y - Z - 57 L-3 Communications and University of Colorado Proprietary

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