Complete Networking Tips Word Doc

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  • 1. http://www.tips4pc.com 2009 http://www.tips4pc.com Mitz Pantic Thank you for your purchase of all Networking tips that are available on Tips4pc.com. You are also welcome to request an updated version when updates have been made. Network file setup and settings • Computer Name Where is my computer name? EASY NETWORKING TIPS Copyright@Tips4pc, Mitz Pantic –http://www.tips4pc.com
  • 2. • IP Address How to view your IP Address • Change your IP Address Setting or changing it yourself • Mac Address How do I find my mac address to use for network security • Enable Printer and File sharing How to enable in Windows XP And Vista • Router IP Address How to find your router IP and configure it • Find a computer on your network A quick tip to find another computer on your home network Network Printer • Add Network Printer Applies to Windows Vista • Add Network Printer Applies to Windows XP • Enable Printer and File sharing How to enable in Windows XP And Vista • Path to your network printer How to find the path serverprinter Set Network printer permissions Set who can change printer settings in Windows XP and Vista File Sharing • Sharing Files How to share files with other computers on your Network • File Sharing between Windows XP and Vista See how to set up file sharing between these two operating systems • See what files are being shared What computer is sharing what file on your home network? • Enable Printer and File sharing How to enable in Windows XP And Vista Wireless • Wireless Network Security Ways to prevent loosing your personal information • Wireless Network Interference Getting the most out of your router and Wireless Network • Wireless Networks How do they actually work? • Finding a Wireless Network How to find one to connect to • How to setup a wireless home network What do you need for a wireless home network Remote connection • Remote Assistance Connect to your Friends computer to get help • Remote Desktop How to connect to other computers on your Network • Connect two Computers over the Internet Connect using Outlook Express Network Help • Network Connections icon How to show it in your taskbar • Enable or Disable your internet network connection • Why a home network? What are the benefits of a home network? • Static and Dynamic IP Address What's the difference? • Two computers on one Modem Connect both to the internet • Network Troubleshooting Commands Like PING or Net use • Network Security What are the different types of network security • Internet Connection Troubleshoot Internet Connection Problems HOW TO FIND YOUR COMPUTER NAME AND CHANGE IT
  • 3. There will be times when you need to know your computers name. This is not the same as your user name. You will use your computer name to share files and printers on your home network. First we have to open the System Properties box. Here's how to find it. Here are three easy ways to get to the system properties box: 1. Press the Windows key and the Pause Break button at the same time. How easy is that? Applies to Windows Xp and Vista. 2. Or go to Start menu>control panel>system (For Vista you can get more details by clicking on the items in the left bar menu.) Or go to the Start Menu and right-click on My Computer and select Properties (For Vista its not my Computer but just computer) To get a similar dialog box, as above, to appear in Vista you need to look a bit further. When you are have open system properties as in the steps above, you also need to click on a menu item in the left panel. For example, you can click on Advanced Options. Where is the computer name? 1. Choose computer name from the tab
  • 4. 2. And there it is in small writing...If it is a difficult or overly long name click on change. Change your computer name to something easy. Mine is called 'server' See screenshot below. Notes: • Windows Vista displays the computer name on the first page of the system properties. • When networking or sharing files you can either use your computer IP Address or your computer name. • All computers on the Network should have different names and IP address's to avoid conflicts. HOW TO FIND YOUR COMPUTER IP ADDRESS Every device connected to the public Internet is assigned a unique number known as an Internet Protocol (IP) address. IP addresses consist of four numbers separated by periods (also called a 'dotted-quad') and look something like 127.0.0.1. Go here for your public Internet IP address lookup However sometimes you need to find or change your computers IP address on your home network. Now days computer networking is very common in the average household and not just used in the office or business work environments. In fact many home computer networks have
  • 5. already upgraded to a wireless setup. If you ever need to change your ip address because of a conflict on your network here's how... Here are two ways to find your Ip Address: First Way 1. If you have an Internet connection icon in the bottom right corner of the taskbar, you can double click this to open it. 2. Then choose the support tab at the top. 3. Your IP Address will be there. Second way 1. Go to The Start Menu, then choose to open control panel. 2. Choose Network connections. (Choose Wireless Network for Wireless setups) 3. Right click on your internet connection icon and choose properties. 4. While you are there you should tick the box Show icon in notification area when connected. 5. Then from the list choose Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
  • 6. This is my Internet Protocol Properties box. I have chosen to Set my IP address to 10.0.0.1 and the default gateway is my modem IP address. Notes: • Your Ip address can also have 192.168.0.1. It just depends on how your Home Network is configured. • If You have the button checked that says to obtain an address automatically you can view your ip address by clicking on the internet connection icon in the right corner. Go to the support tab. SETTING OR CHANGING YOUR COMPUTER IP ADDRESS ON YOUR HOME NETWORK By Mitz
  • 7. There are several reasons why you may need to set your own IP Address, rather than have a random or Dynamic one chosen for you. First you will need to be logged into your computer as an Administrator. (the main identity which allows you to change settings.) 1. Go to the Start Menu in the bottom left corner and choose control panel from the menu. 2. Click on the Network Connections icon once to make it blue. Then right click on it and a menu will appear. 3. Choose properties from the menu. The dialog box below will appear. 4. Make Internet Protocol blue and then press the Properties Button. 5. The dialog box below will appear.
  • 8. By default, obtain an IP address automatically will be selected on your computer. To change or set your own Ip address choose the Use the following IP address option. Now the only way I can explain (in simple terms) how to enter all of these numbers is to follow my example. I chose to make my IP Address 10.0.0.1 (You can also use this number as your first computer Ip address and your second would be 10.0.0.2 and the third 10.0.0.3 and so on.) Make your subnet mask the same as mine. This number should be the same on all of your computer on your network. The default gateway is my Modems IP Address. I found the modems Ip Address in the manual it came with. You can also find it by typing the model number and make of your modem into google. For Example type D-Link 540 IP address. This number will be the same for all the computers on your network as they are all connected to the same modem... Browse Tips4pc.com for more articles
  • 9. TO FIND YOUR MAC ADDRESS IN WINDOWS XP Your computers Mac address or physical address can be used as a part of your wireless network security. If you have this security enabled, your router will only let the computers into the network with the corresponding mac address . To find your mac address in Windows XP there are two ways The first way to find your mac address 1. Double click on the internet icon (near the time) in your system tray. 2. Choose the support tab 3. Then choose details. 4. It will be labelled the physical address. 5. It will look like this 00-D8-85-F8-D5-52 with 12 numbers. You can also 1. Open a run command box. Startmenu>run 2. Type in cmd /k ipconfig /all 3. Once again it will be labeled physical address Browse Sitemap for more Free Computer Help
  • 10. HOW TO ENABLE PRINTER AND FILE SHARING ON YOUR HOME NETWORK Before you share a printer or any files on your home network, you must enable or share these items. Here is a detailed, step by step tutorial on how to enable Printer and File sharing. How to enable a Printer to be shared on your home network 1. First we have to get to Printers and Faxes properties. 2. Go to the start menu 3. Choose Printers and Faxes form there. If it is not there, choose control panel 4. Then double click on Printers and faxes 5. Now you will see the printers that are installed on your computer 6. Right click on the printer you want to share 7. From the menu you can choose either properties or sharing... 8. You simply go to the Sharing tab and choose to share the printer. You can also rename your printer here. 9. Go here to install the network printer on the other computers in your network. How to enable File Sharing on your computer on your home network If I wanted to share My Pictures folder with everyone on the network I would do this: 1. Open My Documents Folder (Usually can find in the start menu) 2. Find the My Pictures folder and right click on it. A menu will appear 3. Choose Sharing and security 4. Click on share this folder 5. It will fill in the name for you 6. Then press permissions button 7. Here you can tick which one you want. If you only want people to see but not touch the files choose read only. If you want to all full control tick that. 8. Then click apply and ok 9. Click apply and Ok again
  • 11. If I wanted to share another folder you simply do the steps again. See How to share files and folders now that it is enabled. HOW FIND THE IP ADDRESS OF YOUR ROUTER TO CONFIGURE IT? You will need to access your router to configure its settings when you are setting up a home network. Every different brand of modem has a different Ip Address which can be found usually by searching the internet. For example I have a D-link router so I would type the model in google to find the ip address. I would type DI-524 factory Ip Address to find the answer. Here is a list of some common router brands with their IP Address and password. Router Address Username Password 3Com http://192.168.1.1 admin admin D-Link http://192.168.0.1 admin Linksys http://192.168.1.1 admin admin Microsoft Broadband http://192.168.2.1 admin admin Netgear http://192.168.0.1 admin password To configure your router, when you first set ip up, you need to connect to the modem and a computer in order to access it. If you have anything connected to the modem, un plug it to start from scratch. Just leave the modem connected to the internet. To access your router 1. Connect your wireless router to your modem using an Ethernet cable 2. Plug it into the port labeled Internet, WAN, or WLAN on the back of your router. 3. Using the network cable that came with your wireless router, you should temporarily connect your computer to one of the open network ports on your wireless router (any port that isn't labeled Internet, WAN, or WLAN). 4. Turn Everything on. So the modem is connected to the router, and the computer is connected to it as well. The computer and modem are not connected. 5. Open Internet Explorer and type in the IP address to configure your router. http://192. etc Your router page should come up for you to change settings. With most routers there is an automatic wizard which will setup everything easily for you. After you have completed these steps you can also change other settings like the one to do with your home network security. It is important to have security measures in place especially when using a wireless connection. Once you have finished setting up your router, you need to unplug the computer from the router. Now you are ready to setup your network. Here's how to setup a wireless home network. Notes:
  • 12. • You can also type the Ip Address of your router into the run command window. Start menu>Run • It is probably best not to change your Ip Address of your router, as it is handy to be able to find it when ever you need. If you forget the IP address you will not be able to access it. • A manual usually comes with your router. This will help with the setup. • More details available in this pdf. http://www.west.net.au/support/wireless/guide/wireless_setup_guide.pdf Browse Sitemap for more Free Computer Help EASY WAY TO FIND ANOTHER COMPUTER ON YOUR HOME NETWORK People often neglect the obvious, and this is definitely one of those tips that has been right in front of you the whole entire time. You might not be able to find a computer on your home network and this little trick might just help. To find another computer on your home network you will need: 1. To have a home network setup on your computers 2. To know the computer name of the computer you are searching for. Read how to find your computer name. 3. To know the username and password to access the other computer If there isn't a password you should add one. Here is how to find another computer on your home network. 1. Open My Computer from the Start menu in the bottom left corner 2. Press the search button at the top (with the magnify glass next to it) 3. Then choose what you want to search for.. We want to choose Computers and People 4. See screenshot to the right 5. Under the heading of Which computer are you looking for, type in the computer name you want to find. 6. Then press search and it will find it.
  • 13. Now you can double click the computer and you will be asked for the username and password. Once you have done that you will be able to see what that computer is sharing. Also see how to enable file sharing. Browse Sitemap for more Free Computer Help Notes: • You can also search the other computer for a specific file or folder by pressing Search this computer for files. ADD A NETWORK PRINTER TO WINDOWS VISTA OR WINDOWS XP By Mitz Both Windows Vista Tips and Windows XP Now days the average household has more than one computer and share available resources over a home network. No-ones wants their house cluttered up with unnecessary office equipment, and this is exactly the reason why we need to use a network printer. For example if you have three computers on your home network you would only need one printer for them all. Windows XP and Vista allow you to use computer hardware that is connected to another computer on your Network. Here's how to add a Network Printer.
  • 14. To add a network printer we need: 1. A printer that is already installed on one computer in your home or office network. 2. You need to know the actual computer name that the printer is installed on. How to find the Computer Name? 3. Printer Sharing has to be enabled. (Go to Control Panel>Printers Settings Icon>right click on the printer icon and choose sharing. Also create a simple name for your printer here.) 4. The name of you shared printer. It usually is the brand of the printer which could be cannon bj3000, however I like to rename it just printer. Now to add a network printer: 1. Go to the control panel which can be found by clicking the start button. 2. In the left bar click on switch to classic view. 3. Then click on the Printer and Faxes Icon. 4. Choose to Add Printer in the left sidebar. 5. A dialog box will appear. You can choose to add a network Printer. Then ask the computer to find it. If it does find it your done. 6. When the computer does not find your network printer manually type it in yourself. 7. I have written serverprinter$ then I pressed Next. Server is the name of the computer that has the printer installed on it, and Printer$ is the name I gave my printer when I enabled sharing.
  • 15. 8. Then it will ask me to enter the user name and password for the computer that has the printer I want to access. 9. Windows Vista came up with this warning below and I pressed Install driver. ADD A NETWORK PRINTER TO YOUR WINDOWS XP COMPUTER Adding a network printer to your home network is, now days, an absolute necessity. Most households have a home network and will find a network printer, space saving, and money saving at the same time. You will only need one printer to service all of your computers in your house. It does not matter if your home network is wireless or not, the same installation procedures apply. Go here if you are installing a network printer on Windows Vista.
  • 16. To install a network printer on Windows XP you will need • You must have a printer installed to a computer on your network and printer sharing enabled. • To know the name of the computer that the printer is actually installed on. • To know the share name of the printer. Here's how to add a network printer to your Windows XP computer 1. Go to the control panel which can be found by clicking the start button. 2. In the left bar click on switch to classic view. 3. Then click on the Printer and Faxes Icon. 4. Choose to Add Printer in the left sidebar. 5. A dialog box will appear. You can choose to add a network Printer. Then ask the computer to find it. If it does find it your done. 6. When the computer does not find your network printer manually type it in yourself. In order for the computer to find a network printer, sharing must be enabled. See how to enable printer sharing When this is done you can help the computer find your printer by typing in the path to your network printer yourself. Here's how to find the network printer path See the picture below. The printer I am sharing has a hand underneath it and the network printer that another computer is sharing with me has a bar under it.
  • 17. Now when I print something it will go to the network printer because I have also made it my default printer. (tick next to it) WHAT IS THE CORRECT PATH TO YOUR NETWORK PRINTER IN WINDOWS? If your network printer attached to a computer on your network 1. you need to type 2. then the computer name (the one that has the printer attached) 3. then 4. then type the name of the printer 5. This is what it looks like .. serverhpprinter If the computer name was mitz and the printer was bob I would type mitzbob Notes:
  • 18. • When enabling sharing for your printer, rename it something very easy. • Rename your computer name to something easy also. The default computer name is a mix of your name and numbers, which is very confusing to re-type when trying to network a printer. Browse Sitemap for more Free Computer Help SET NETWORK PRINTER PERMISSIONS IN WINDOWS 1. First we have to get to Printers and Faxes properties. 2. Go to the start menu 3. Choose Printers and Faxes from there. If it is not there, choose control panel 4. Then double click on Printers and faxes 5. Now you will see the printers that are installed on your computer 6. Right click on the printer you want to set permissions for 7. From the menu you can choose properties 8. You simply go to the Security tab. You will see a list of users to set permissions for. 9. If you make Everyone Blue, then below you can tick the boxes to set printer sharing permissions. 10. The average user only needs to be able to print. For an administrator, it is set by default to let them change any settings and basically be in control of the network printer. See the settings below.
  • 19. HOW TO SHARE FILES WITH OTHER COMPUTERS ON YOUR HOME NETWORK Applies to Windows Xp and Windows Vista File sharing used to be something reserved for the professional office network, however now days it is available for the average home network user as this feature is included with Windows Xp Home and Pro. It isn't that hard to setup either. Below is a step by step of the easiest way I know to share files amongst the computers on your home network. First you have to disable simple file sharing 1. Open My Computer 2. Choose tools from the menu at the top 3. Choose folder options from the drop down menu 4. Click on the View Tab, scroll to the bottom.. 5. Untick Use Simple File sharing..Yes we are disabling it !! 6. Press Apply and then OK
  • 20. Now you need to share a particular folder or entire drive If I wanted to share My Pictures folder with everyone on the home network I would do this: 1. Open My Documents Folder (Usually can find in the start menu) 2. Find the My Pictures folder and right click on it. A menu will appear 3. Choose Sharing and security 4. Click on share this folder 5. It will fill in the name for you 6. Then press permissions button 7. Here you can tick which one you want. If you only want people to see but not touch the files choose read only. If you want to all full control tick that. 8. Then click apply and ok 9. Click apply and Ok again
  • 21. Information you need to connect and share files 1. You need the computer name or IP Address of the computer you want to connect to or share from. 2. You also need the user name and password to gain entry. Click on the start menu and the username will be there at the top next to the picture. 1. Go to the Start Menu and choose Run from the menu 2. Type computername in the box and press OK (0r the IP Address) 3. Then you will be asked for user name and password. 4. Enter the information and Anything that is shared on that computer will appear. Windows Vista File sharing To enable sharing on Vista, double click on the network icon in the right bottom corner. Here you can choose to share files. NOTES: • With file sharing you can actually edit, change and save the files that have been shared • If permitted, anyone on the home network can change a shared file or folder. See how to set permissions. • Remote desktop only allows you to take control of an entire computer. ( not share between computers) • Your internet connection must be running on all computers involved for this to work. • You must have your information totally correct to connect. • If you leave your IP Address on automatic, it changes every time you connect to the network. This is not for using remote desktop as you have to find out the IP Address when you want to connect. See how I have my IP Address set up. FILE SHARING BETWEEN WINDOWS XP AND A VISTA COMPUTER By JBagley Seems there are a number of people having problems sharing files between their Windows XP and Windows Vista computers. Me included. So after some research and playing around, I have finally worked out how to share my Vista files so that XP users can access them. First things first With the release of Vista, the default workgroup is MSHOME, not WORKGROUP like it is in XP. So make sure both PC’s are on the same workgroup before attempting to share files between XP and Vista.
  • 22. In XP, go to Control Panel > System. Then on the “Computer Name” tab, click the change button, and edit the workgroup to be the same as Vista (MSHOME). On the Vista machine 1. First go to the Network and Sharing Centre and make sure you have file sharing turned on. Having your network set to Private also helps. 1. Then go to the folder you want to share and Right-click on the file to bring a menu up > Choose Properties > Then Sharing. Click on Advanced Sharing. More details on how to share a file. 2. Click the Share this folder check box, and then click Permissions. 3. The Permission window should open.
  • 23. 4. Click on add to add a user. Then type in guest in the textbox that says Enter the object names to select. 5. Click Check Names which should then find Vista’s guest account and prefix your PC’s name in this format: YourComputerNameguest. 6. Click Ok to go back to the Permissions window. 7. You should now have the Guest account under group or users names. 8. Highlight the guest account and give it the relevant permissions. (Full control, Change or Read) 9. Click Ok and your done! This is how simple file sharing worked between Windows XP computers , and now you can have it enabled for Vista too! For those more experienced users - it’s the guest account that needs to be enabled to allow simple file sharing between XP and Vista. Author This article was provided by JBagley Visit Jason's Website IT Week for more great articles
  • 24. HOW TO SEE WHAT FILES A COMPUTER IS SHARING ON YOUR HOME NETWORK If you have a home network, you can share files between computers on your network. To view the files that a particular computer is sharing follow these instructions below. 1. Go to the start menu 2. Choose My Network places, a dialog box will appear 3. Under the heading of Network Tasks, choose View workgroup computers computers 4. Now you will be able to see the computers on your network. 5. Double click on the one you want to open. I am going to double click on Server. (That is the name of the computer)
  • 25. 6. Now you will see what that actual computer is sharing.
  • 26. Notes: • If you are on Windows Vista your network will be called MSHOME by default. WORKGROUP is for Windows XP. Here's how to share between XP and VISTA. • If there are no files to view then there is nothing shared on that computer. • If access is denied to that computer, file sharing is not enabled on that computer. HOW TO IMPROVE YOUR WIRELESS NETWORK SECURITY Wireless network security is the hot topic on everyone lips at the moment. Not only are the big business and corporations using wireless network setups, but the average home user has it as well. It has become the way that everyone would like to connect to the internet. And why wouldn't you? A wireless network setup eliminates all of those cables and cords running from one computer to the next, and it makes you mobile. As most individuals and business sectors are connected to the Internet using wireless devices, unless you have wireless network security, you simply don’t know when your personal information will be compromised. Therefore having wireless network security procedures in place has become an important aspect of everyone's internet experience. With the increasing number of cases regarding Wireless Network security breaches, there is need for improvement in awareness regarding security measures. Wireless network users simply need to know certain rules in order to control and prevent system penetration and bandwidth theft. Here are a few ideas that can improve your wireless network security. Always change the password of your router as these are come with preset service identifiers. For example a D-link DI-524 router comes with a particular Ip address and a the same password. So if you are one of maybe thousands of people that have purchased this router, you have something in common. You have the same Ip Address and password for your particular router as everyone else does. If someone wanted to hack into your Wireless Network Security, it would be extremely easy. No guessing what the passwords are. Enable encryption. Follow the encryption procedure which is provided by your routing device. Two most preferable encryption measures are WEP and WPA2; out of which the later is used most and most up to date option. The function of such technology is to encrypt traffic and scrambling it so that any unauthorized third party could not use it by throwing a spanner in order to procure sensitive details. A WEP key consists of 26 letters and numbers that help secure your network. Remote access points should be monitored closely. Security protocols must be established in companies which run web interfaces or remote system access points. It would be wise to change their passwords frequently also. These remote access points usually get forgotten in the efforts to improve your wireless network security. Sometimes they are hidden from site. Avoid the use of unsecured wireless hotspots in public locations. In these places traps
  • 27. are set up frequently by malicious third parties. These are designed to easily gain access to your computer in order to secure your sensitive and personal details. It could be something as simple as names, addresses, emails, and phone numbers, but you never know, next it could be your bank details. Don't get me wrong, they are not all bad, however it is a risk you take. Use wireless security software no matter whether you are a corporation or an individual. This software uses automatic security key rotation for every three hours for encryption purposes. It also provides security to the router and also usually includes event logging. It will monitor and scrutinize for terminals that try to gain access through your wireless network security. For institutions and corporations with large wireless networks they should employ the use of advanced software systems such as Wi-Fi manager. You have to take spend time implementing these wireless network security measures to safeguard your valuable information. It is not worth the risk, and why make yourself and your personal data an easy target for hackers. This articles information was gathered with the help of http://www.globalpcconsultants.com. Notes: This table shows some common brands of routers and their factory Ip address and password. Router Address Username Password 3Com http://192.168.1.1 admin admin D-Link http://192.168.0.1 admin Linksys http://192.168.1.1 admin admin Microsoft Broadband http://192.168.2.1 admin admin Netgear http://192.168.0.1 admin password Hiding the wireless SSID A service set identifier (SSID ) is a name given to a wireless local area network. Another simple method of securing your network is to hide the network from unwanted users. This can be done by preventing the modem from transmitting your network name. (SSID). Follow these steps to prevent your modem broadcasting your network name: 1. Ensure your hardware is connected properly. 2. Open a web browser and in the address bar type in The IP of your router and press enter. 3. Enter the password to access the configuration page of your modem. The default password is admin , and press login. 4. Click on Advanced Setup in the top left corner of the web page. For D-link simply press Advanced 5. Click on Wireless in the menu on the left. 6. Click on Channel and SSID 7. Place a tick in the box to Disable ESSID broadcast and then save All routers have slightly different menus, for example For D-link simply press the Advanced tab and you can disable the SSID there.
  • 28. Changing the default administrator password Follow these steps to change the password on your wireless modem router. 1. Ensure your hardware is connected properly. 2. Open a web browser and in the address bar type in http://10.1.1.1 and press enter. 3. Enter the password to access the configuration page of your modem. The default password is admin , and press login. 4. Click on Advanced Setup in the top left corner of the web page. 5. Click on System in the menu on the left. 6. Click on Password Settings and enter the current password 7. Enter a new password and click Save Settings . The password for your wireless router has now been changed. GETTING THE MOST OF BOTH YOUR ROUTER AND WIRELESS NETWORK If you’re downloading a large files and it’s coming to it’s end, you’re receiving a Skype call from a client in London, without warning, your Wi-Fi connection drops, leaving your download and VoIP call in havock. You’ll retry the wireless connection, but your router, though blinking contentedly in your tense, seems to be off. After three hour, for no reason, your Wi-Fi connection miraculously resurfaces. Wireless networking can be a easy and yet gives you a headache, It’sgreat when it works and a mind-numbing frustration when it doesn’t. A common complaint among many who have moved to Wi-Fi is that their wireless connection mysteriously fades in and out the frequency. These steps will help you to create a stable, Always-on the wireless connections. 1. Replace your cordless phone. Cordless phones are among the worst sources of interference for wireless networks. They intend to transmit at a higher power output than Wi-Fi gear, making them louder and therefore harder to talk over, and they tend to transmit frequently, especially when the handset and base station are separated. Some 2.4GHz cordless phones let you select a channel, in which case you can try separating the phone’s frequency from the frequency of your wireless network. For example, set your phone to channel 1 and your wireless router to channel 11. If your phone doesn’t let you select a channel, try putting some distance between your phone and your router. Generally, it’s not a good idea to place a cordless phone next to a Wi-Fi router. If this doesn’t help, consider replacing your 2.4GHz phone with a 5GHz phone. This way, your phone and network won’t be sharing the same airspace and won’t interfere with each other. 2. Expand your wireless network. The farther you are from your wireless router, the greater the potential for interference to block or to slow your connection. For example, you may be able to connect just fine in your house, but on your patio, you may have an intermittent connection that disappears whenever your neighbor is using her cordless phone.
  • 29. The signal on your patio may be too weak to cope with the interference coming from the house next door. You can strengthen the connection with antennas or repeaters or you can use a power-line bridge to import the connection from your router to your patio and feed it into a power-line access point. Instead of the weak signal from your distant router, you now have a strong signal from an access point placed right where you want to buttress your coverage area. 3. Change channels. Interference is a likely cause of intermittent connections, such as the one described above. All 802.11b and 802.11g networks operate at 2.4GHz, in a small swath of spectrum once used primarily by ham-radio hobbyists. Today, these radios, plus other Wi-Fi gear, Bluetooth devices, cordless phones, microwave ovens, baby monitors, and wireless surveillance equipment, all crowd the spectrum. When these devices compete for the same airspace, they interfere with each other, potentially blocking each other’s signals. Luckily, there are ways to sidestep and minimize interference in many situations. In the United States, 802.11b and 802.11g devices can be configured to operate at any one of 11 channels. Unfortunately, these channels overlap with adjacent channels, so you have only 3 nonoverlapping channels at your disposal: channels 1, 6, and 11. If you and your neighbor both have a wireless network, both of which are set to channel 6, you may experience interference. You can remedy the problem by resetting your wireless router to a different, preferably nonoverlapping, channel, in this case, either 1 or 11. Read more @ http://www.gadget-junction.blogspot.com This article is free for republishing Source: http://www.a1articles.com/article_247416_45.html Writes on gadget, reviews and tips. Read on his daily digest at Gadget Junction, Art Gallery and Anime Video http://gadget-junction.blogspot.com WIRELESS NETWORKS: HOW DO THEY WORK? by: Ron King Wireless networks use radio waves instead of wires to transmit data between computers. Here's how: The Binary Code: 1s and 0s It's well known that computers transmit information digitally, using binary code: ones and zeros. This translates well to radio waves, since those 1s and 0s can be represented by different kinds of beeps. These beeps are so fast that they're outside the hearing range of humans. Morse Code: Dots And Dashes It works like Morse code, which is a way to transmit the alphabet over radio waves using dots (short beeps) and dashes (long beeps). Morse code was used manually for years via telegraph to get information from 1 place to another very quickly. More importantly for this example, though, it is a binary system, just as a computer system is. Wireless networking, then, can be thought of as a Morse code for computers. You plug in a
  • 30. combined radio receiver and transmitter, and the computer is able to send out its equivalent of dots and dashes (bits, in computer-speak) to get your data from here to there. Wavelengths And Frequencies You might wonder how the computer can send and receive data at high speed without becoming garbled nonsense. The key to wireless networking is how it gets around this problem. First, wireless transmissions are sent at very high frequencies, which allows more data to be sent per second. Most wireless connections use a frequency of 2.4 gigahertz (2.4 billion cycles per second) -- a frequency similar to mobile phones and microwave ovens. However, this high frequency produces a wavelength that is very short, which is why wireless networking is effective only over short distances. Wireless networks also use a technique called "frequency hopping." They use dozens of frequencies, and constantly switch among them. This makes wireless networks more immune to interference from other radio signals than if they transmitted on a single frequency. Internet Access Points The final step for a wireless network is to provide internet access for every computer on the network. This is done by a special piece of wireless equipment called an access point. An access point is more expensive than a wireless card for 1 computer, because it contains radios capable of communicating with around 100 computers, sharing internet access among them. Dedicated access points are necessary only for larger networks. With only a few computers, it is possible to use 1 of them as the access point, or to use a wireless router. Industry Standards Wireless equipment from different manufacturers can work together to handle these complex communications because there are standards which guide the production of all wireless devices. These standards are technically called the 802.11. Because of industry compliance with these standards, wireless networking is both easy to use and affordable today. Wireless Is Simple To Use If all this talk of frequencies has you worried -- relax. Wireless networking hardware and software handle all of this automatically, without need for user intervention. Wireless networking, for all its complicated ability, is far simpler to use than you might expect. About the author: Ron King is a full-time researcher, writer, and web developer. Visit http://www.havewireless.com for more info. Copyright 2005 Ron King. Circulated by Article Emporium
  • 31. FINDING A WIRELESS NETWORK TO CONNECT TO You could be sitting at a bus stop, at McDonalds family restaurant, or just a friends house visiting, it doesn't matter. As long as there isn't security in place on the wireless network, you can connect. Most DIY home wireless networks are not configured correctly, and therefore can be a accessed. If you are at a friends house you may have to ask for the password or WEP key. To connect to a wireless network you will need one of these 1. A wireless pci card slotted into the side of your laptop installed and working. 2. If you have inbuilt wireless, make sure it is switched on. Usually a switch on the side or front of the laptop. 3. Either a usb wireless adapter or a wireless pci card connected to your desktop computer, installed and working. How to find a wireless network to connect to 1. Open Control Panel, select Network Connections. 2. Right click on Wireless Network Connection, select Properties 3. Click Wireless Networks, make sure there is a tick in ‘Use Windows to configure my wireless network settings’ and click OK. 4. Right click on Wireless Network Connection again and select View Available 5. If there is a wireless network in range it will show up with security details. If it says it is unsecured you can press connect in the bottom right.
  • 32. Notes: • Another way to connect or find wireless networks is to double click on the wireless connection icon in the right hand corner near the time. • If there are more than one wireless network available, they will all show up, and you can choose which one you want to connect to. HOW TO SET UP A WIRELESS HOME NETWORK WITH ALL COMPUTERS SHARING THE SAME INTERNET CONNECTION Why not make the most of your internet connection and setup your own wireless home network. Now days you can buy all of the equipment necessary for a wireless home network from your local computer or electronics shop. What you will need to setup a wireless home network 1. A broadband connection 2. A wireless router preferably the newer type 802.11g 3. A wireless adapter to pick up the signal A broadband connection If you already have a broadband connection you will also have the modem that comes with it. The router will eventually connect to the modem and distribute its internet connection around your house. A wireless Router
  • 33. You will need a wireless router, and not a wireless access point. The router will convert the signals coming across your Internet connection into a wireless broadcast. Its a bit like a cordless phone. Read how a cordless phone can interfere with your signal. A wireless adapter You will need a wireless adapter for every computer or laptop you want to share the internet connection with. A desktop computer can either have a USB wireless adapter plugged into a USB port, or it can have a pci adapter installed inside it. A laptop may have inbuilt WI-FI and may simply need to be switched on. If it doesn't have inbuilt wireless you can use the USB wireless adapter, or a laptop pci adapter card. Connect your Router to configure it. The next step, after you have purchased your devices, is to connect and configure the router. You will need to know the IP address of your router to do this. Please read how to find a router IP address and configure it. After you have gone through the wizard to setup your router, leave the router plugged into your modem. If there are any computers in range with a wireless adapter installed, they will get the signal. Installing a wireless adapter It is really done automatically now days. When you plug anything into your computer a add new hardware wizard will appear. It will ask if you have the install disc that came with your hardware. You should insert it and let it all install. You may need to restart, but when you do, the computer should pick up the wireless internet signal that your router is sending out. Read how to see what wireless networks are available to connect to. Once you are connected you can not only share an internet connection, but can also share files between computers on your home network. Here's how to setup file sharing. Notes: • When you buy your wireless network devices, try and make them the same brand and all compatible. For example you should get a wireless D-Link router and a D-Link wireless adapter. All compatible with 802.11g standard. • If you run into problems, start from scratch instead of trying to find the problem. • Make sure all your settings on your computer on are automatic. HOW TO CONNECT TO ANOTHER COMPUTER USING REMOTE ACCESS SOFTWARE If you have Windows XP it has built in remote access software that helps you connect to a friends computer, by invitation, to help them by taking remote access control of their computer system. This means you could be in the USA and be helping your friend in Australia to
  • 34. find a solution to his or her computer problems. The technology to gain remote access to basically anyone's computer is available on most computer users start menu. I regularly give my friends computer support from the comfort of my own home. What you need to use the Help and Support tool to gain remote access 1. An broadband or cable internet connection. 2. Windows Xp on both computers 3. An email address or be signed into Windows Live messenger. The easiest way to connect It is very easy to connect two computers over the internet. One computer can take control and fix problems on the other computer. Following these steps to use the Help and support software that is built in to Windows. 1. Sign in to Windows Live Messenger and have your friend do the same thing. 2. Go to the start menu and choose Help and Support (shown below) Just the computer user that wants to invite does this. 3. The Help and Support Center will appear. Click on Invite a Friend to connect to your computer with Remote Assistance. Located under the Ask For Assistance menu. 4. Then press Invite someone to help you. The window below will appear. 5. Choose your friends name from the Windows Messenger contact list. 6. Click on Invite this person. 7. This will allow your friend to see your desktop. If they want to control your they must press the Take control button and the other person must agree by pressing ok.. 8. Check out the last Screenshot below...This is what I see when I am in control of my friends computer...I can go on the internet or read their emails etc.. The screenshots on the below are in order. Please click on to enlarge and see the picture. This will help you understand what to press and what comes next. The first screen shot shows where to find help an support in Windows XP. Reasons to use Windows remote help and support • Your problem is so minor, you do not want to bother an IT support person. • You cannot afford an It technician, and your know a computer whiz.. • You have already rang software support or your internet service provider and they could not help • You constantly need desktop computer help and using remote access software is
  • 35. easy!! Notes: • If you close the Remote Assistance Window it will disconnect. And you will have to start your remote access again if you want to connect. • Don't worry if it is a bit slow because that is normal. The speed of your remote access depends on your speed of both internet connections. • You can also connect using an email address. The invitation is sent through email. HOW TO USE REMOTE DESKTOP TO CONNECT TO OTHER COMPUTERS ON YOUR NETWORK By Mitz Your network may consist of simply two computers that run off a router that is connected to the same modem. Or maybe you have a more elaborate network, but either way Remote desktop can be handy sometimes. It enables you to access the others computers on your network by Using the computers information. For example you need the IP address, the user name, and their password. First you have to enable your computer to allow users to connect to it remotely. 1. Go to the System Properties box Here's how 2. Choose the Remote Tab 3. The Check the box that says Allow users to connect remotely to this computer 4. Do this on all of the computers you want to use Remote Desktop with.
  • 36. Now we need to find the information for the computer you want to connect to: 1. Get the Ip Address Here's how 2. Find the user name. Click on the start menu and the username will be there at the top next to the picture. 3. You must know the password for the username account you want to connect to. If there isn't one you should make one. To connect to another computer 1. Go to the start menu in the left corner and choose All Programs 2. Then choose accessories, then Communications, then Remote Desktop Connection
  • 37. 3. A Remote desktop box will appear. Choose options. 4. On the general tab where it says computer, type in the IP Address. Then type in the username of the computer you want to connect to, and then the password. Press connect. Notes: • Your internet connection must be running on all computers involved for this to work. • You must have your information totally correct to connect.
  • 38. • If you leave your IP Address on automatic, it changes every time you connect to the network. This is not for using remote desktop as you have to find out the IP Address when you want to connect. See how I have my IP Address set up. • With file sharing you can actually edit, change and save the files that have been shared • If permitted, anyone on the network can change a shared file or folder. • Remote desktop allows you to take control of an entire computer. ( not share between computers) HOW TO CONNECT TWO COMPUTERS OVER THE INTERNET USING OUTLOOK EXPRESS It is very easy to connect two computers over the internet using Outlook Express. One computer can take control and fix problems on the other computer. This means you could be in the USA and be helping your friend in Australia to find a solution to his or her computer problems. The technology to gain remote access to basically anyone's computer is available on most computer users start menu. I regularly give my friends computer support from the comfort of my own home. What you need to connect two computers over the internet and gain remote access 1. An broadband or cable internet connection. 2. Windows Xp on both computers 3. An email address that receives email in Outlook Express The easiest way to connect two computers It is very easy to connect two computers over the internet. One computer can take control and fix problems on the other computer. Follow these steps to use the Help and support software that is built in to Windows. 1. Go to the start menu and choose Help and Support (shown below) Just the computer user that wants to invite does this. 3. The Help and Support Center will appear. Click on Invite a Friend to connect to your computer with Remote Assistance. Located under the Ask For Assistance menu. 4. Then press Invite someone to help you. The window below will appear. 5. Enter your friends email address into the box. 6. Click on Send an invitation for remote assistance. 7. When your friend receives the email and opens it in outlook express, he can then click on the link to accept the invitation. 8. This will allow your friend to see your desktop. If they want to control your computer they must press the Take control button in the top left corner and the other person must agree by pressing ok.. 9. Check out the last Screenshot below...This is what I see when I am in control of my friends computer...I can go on the internet or read their emails etc.. The screenshots on the below are in order. Please click on to enlarge and see the picture. This will help yo understand what to press and what comes next. The first screen shot shows where to find help an support in Windows XP.
  • 39. Reasons to use Windows remote help and support • Your problem is so minor, you do not want to bother an IT support person. • You cannot afford an It technician, and your know a computer whiz.. • You have already rang software support or your internet service provider and they could not help • You constantly need desktop computer help and using remote access software is easy!! See How to connect two computers over the internet using Windows Messenger. Notes: • If you close the Remote Assistance Window it will disconnect. And you will have to start your remote access again if you want to connect. • Don't worry if it is a bit slow because that is normal. The speed of your remote access depends on your speed of both internet connections. • If you don't know your friends email address you can browse your outlook Express contact list to choose an email address from there. Access Your PC from Anywhere - Free Trial plus 10% Off! HOW TO SHOW YOUR NETWORK CONNECTION ICON IN THE TASKBAR If you want to see the Network connections icon on your windows taskbar, it is very easy to do. It can be quite handy having the Network connections icon there for you to see as it will let you know if there is a problem with your connection. The Network connections icon will let you know if you have low connectivity, an Ip address conflict, or even if you have no internet connection at all. How to show your Network connection icon in the taskbar 1. Go to the start menu and choose control panel. Then double click on the Network Connections icon. 2. Now choose your internet connection adapter. I am using LAN ( Local Area Connection) which is with a Ethernet cable. Yours may be a wireless adapter. Right Click on your connection and choose
  • 40. properties from the menu. 3. On the general tab of the Local Area connection properties there is a box that says Show icon in notification area when connected. Tick this box to show the network connections icon in the taskbar. Notes: • You can also tick the box that says Notify me when this connection has limited or no connectivity. This will let you know when there is a problem with your internet connection. • A yellow triangle appears when there is an Ip Address conflict or a bad internet connection. HOW TO ENABLE OR DISABLE YOUR INTERNET NETWORK CONNECTION Sometimes when you have internet problems you can disable then enable your network connection to try and fix the problem. Disabling your internet network connection is like turning your modem off at the switch. It will disable any internet connection, including wireless. Reasons for Disabling your internet network connection: • When you have an IP address conflict on your network, disabling and enabling your internet connection will renew your automatic IP's and sometimes may fix the problem. • If you have more than one network adapter installed, it is better to disable the ones you are not using as they may interfere with each other. • Disabling individual connections when they are not being used can improve network reliability and security.
  • 41. • This is a good way to stop your computer from communicating with the internet. Sometimes viruses can send information over the internet. It is good to disable your internet when trying to get rid of a particularly bad virus. • How to enable or disable your internet network connection In Windows XP there are two ways to enable or disable your internet network connection. The first way is to simply double click on the network connection icon in the taskbar. On the general tab, click on disable. The second way to enable or disable your internet network connection is to open network connections in the control panel. 1. Go to Start Menu and choose Control Panel 2. Double click on the Network Connections Icon. 3. The Network Connections dialog box will appear. 4. Right click on your network adapter. A menu will appear. Choose Disable.
  • 42. Notes: • If your internet connection is already disabled, you will have the choice to enable it. If it is enabled, you will have the choice to disable. • Windows does not allow Enable or Disable functionality for Dial-up network connections. The closest thing to disabling internet connections is to physically unplug your phone line, reset your modem, or maybe uninstall your modem. • In Windows XP Service Pack 2 you can double click on the network connections icon in your taskbar, choose the support tab, then press repair. Windows will automatically disable and re-enable the connection and try and find the problem for you. WHAT SHOULD YOU HAVE A HOME COMPUTER NETWORK? By Mitz Free computer Education I know we all survived quite nicely in the past, without a home network, and even only one computer per household. However now days, most households have more than one computer and in this case, why not setup a home computer network. Here are some benefits of having a home network Share a printer between your computers on your home network. This means that you only have to have the one printer connected to a main computer. The other computers access the printer through the network. See How to add a network printer. Store files on one computer You can store a copy of all files on one main computer on your home network. This will save precious space on your other computers. You will only have to backup one main computer. Share an internet connection This is by far the best benefit of a home network. All you need is a modem and a router to share the internet connection will any computer in your house. Even better if you have a wireless router, therefore having no cords and cables to deal with. Multi-player games If you haven't tried it, you should. Playing a game against your family or friends on your home network can be a real thrill. There are so many games out there that are LAN compatible, you are sure to find one you like. Just think....You will not have to copy a file onto a disc, floppy, or usb flash drive, to transfer files from one computer to another. About the Author
  • 43. Mitz Pantic wrote this article and others for tips4pc.com Browse for more articles that are written in an easy to understand interface and get FREE computer help. WHAT'S THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN A STATIC AND A DYNAMIC IP ADDRESS? By Mitz On your home network, when you connect to the internet your computer is automatically assigned a unique IP Address. This is called a Dynamic IP Address and is randomly chosen and could possibly be a different number each time you connect. If the first computer has 10.0.0.1 as its IP address and another computer connects to the same network it will become 10.0.0.2. If there are two more computers on the network, which ever connects to the internet first will be 10.0.0.3. If you manually set your computer a permanent IP Address it is called a Static IP address. You must assign each individual computer on your network a unique number to avoid conflicts. Or on the other hand you can set one or two computers a static IP and let the rest get theirs randomly. I set my main computer in my home network a Static IP as I need to know what it is for file sharing and remote desktop. I do not want to have to look up the IP every time I use remote desktop. Notes • If there are two computers on the network with the same computer name, they may be assigned the same IP Address which will cause a conflict. You will have to change one of the computer name's. Then you may also have to renew or repair your connection. HOW TO CONNECT TWO COMPUTERS TO A BROADBAND MODEM If you have a broadband modem or one that is supplied from your internet service provider you can most probably have two computers connected to it without needing a router. If you look at the picture of my modem below, it has a USB (blue) and a ETHERNET (yellow) port. My service provider, Telstra Australia, supplied this modem to me. It came with an installation disc, which you should use to connect to the modem through the USB.
  • 44. Now if you do not have a router, but have a similar modem, you can connect two computers off the one broadband modem and thus both accessing the internet. One can connect through the USB port and the other through the Ethernet. A USB cable and and Ethernet cable come with the modem, however to connect the second computer you may need to buy a longer Ethernet cable. Get a blue cable.. NOT red. To connect a computer to a broadband modem through USB, it is recommended that you use the installation cd. It will ask you to choose how you want to connect and you select USB. Make sure you know your user name and password for your internet service provider. To connect the second computer to the same modem but through the Ethernet, just plug it in...It usually works straight away. If it does not, use the installation cd, but choose to connect with Ethernet. Notes: • If you do not have an installation cd, phone your internet service provider and they will send one to you. • If you run into any problems, phone your internet service provider and they will help. You are allowed to have more than one computer connected to the internet. NETWORK TROUBLESHOOTING COMMANDS Free computer Education Troubleshooting computer network is among the most important job descriptions of the network administrators, system administrators, network technicians and the IT consultants. A computer network can have different kinds of problems such as it can be infected with virus and spyware, attacked by hackers, accessed by unauthorized users and may face connectivity failure issues due to the faulty network devices or configurations. Following is a list of the basic network troubleshooting commands that are built-in the Windows based operating systems and UNIX etc. The right use of these troubleshooting commands can helps a lot in diagnosing and resolving the issues with your computer network. PING Ping is the most important troubleshooting command and it checks the connectivity with the
  • 45. other computers. For example your system’s IP address is 10.10.10.10 and your network servers’ IP address is 10.10.10.1 and you can check the connectivity with the server by using the Ping command in following format. At DOS prompt type Ping 10.10.10.1 and press enter If you get the reply from the server then the connectivity is ok and if you get the error message like this “Request time out” this means the there is some problem in the connectivity with the server. IPCONFIG IPconfig is another important command in Windows. It shows the IP address of the computer and also it shows the DNS, DHCP, Gateway addresses of the network and subnet mask. At DOS prompt type ipconfig and press enter to see the IP address of your computer. At DOS prompt type inconfig/all and press enter to see the detailed information. NSLOOKUP NSLOOKUP is a TCP/IP based command and it checks domain name aliases, DNS records, operating system information by sending query to the Internet Domain Name Servers. You can resolve the errors with the DNS of your network server HOSTNAME Hostname command shows you the computer name. At DOS prompt type Hostname and press enter NETSTAT NETSTAT utility shows the protocols statistics and the current established TCP/IP connections in the computer. NBTSTAT NBTSTAT helps to troubleshoot the NETBIOS name resolutions problems. ARP ARP displays and modifies IP to Physical address translation table that is used by the ARP protocols. FINGER Finger command is used to retrieve the information about a user on a network. TRACERT
  • 46. Tracert command is used to determine the path of the remote system. This tool also provides the number of hops and the IP address of each hop. For example if you want to see that how many hops (routers) are involved to reach www.yahoo.com and what’s the IP address of each hop then use the following command. At command prompt type tracert www.yahoo.com you will see a list of all the hops and their IP addresses. TRACEROUTE Traceroute is a very useful network debugging command and it is used in locating the server that is slowing down the transmission on the internet and it also shows the route between the two systems. ROUTE Route command allows you to make manual entries in the routing table. Hopefully the above mentioned commands will help you to diagnose the troubleshooting your computer networking problems. This article is free for republishing Source: http://www.a1articles.com/article_189109_10.html B. Bashir manages this website http://www.networktutorials.info and regularly writes articles on various topics such as Computer Networking, Network Troubleshooting Tips Wireless Networking, Computer Hardware, Certifications, How Tos, Network Security Guide and computer tips. http://www.networktutorials.info DIFFERENT TYPES OF WIRELESS NETWORK SECURITY Don't think that you are safe from intruders accessing your wireless network just because you are in the safety of your own home. Someone may want to get to your information for some reason, you never know. Do you want your neighbors having access to your internet connection, downloading files, and racking up bills. That's how easy it is if you have no wireless network security. You can implement various types of security with a wireless network through settings on your router. If you have any passwords, be sure to write them all down. Here are some different types of security you can use with a wireless network. WEP (Wireless Encryption Protocol) works by establishing a shared key between the clients (network cards) and the wireless router, then using the key to encrypt and de-encrypt the data passing between them. Most routers offer both 64-bit encryption and 128-bit encryption. It is usually a 10 number key for 64-bit, and a 22 number key for 128-bit. If you do not know this number, you cannot enter the wireless network. WPA - PSK (Wi-Fi Protected Access Pre Shared Key) is a Wi-Fi standard that improves upon the security features of WEP. To use WPA-PSK, a shared key or "passphrase" is set. Using TKIP
  • 47. (Temporal Key Integrity Protocol), WPA-PSK automatically changes the keys at a preset time interval, making it much more difficult for hackers to find and exploit them. MAC address filtering: Each network adapter or card (wired or wireless) has a unique number assigned to it called a MAC address. So if you have a wireless USB adapter plugged into your computer, when connected to the internet, it will show its own mac address. Here's how to find your mac address in Windows XP You can add all the mac addresses of the computers you want to access the network, therefore blocking any others. For instructions on how to setup these different network security types, consult your router manual, or online instructions for your particular brand. PROBLEMS WITH YOUR BROADBAND INTERNET CONNECTION Everyone knows how annoying it is when your internet connection drops out or it just won't work at all. It always happens just when you have to urgently have to send an email or do internet banking. Below I have listed some troubleshooting ideas I have used when my internet connection goes down. Now days the newer computers will tell you exactly what the problem is and will fix it for you if possible. However this does not always work. Troubleshoot your Broadband Internet Connection. Things you can try 1. Check all plugs and cords 2. Turn your modem off 3. Repair the connection 4. Restart Your Computer 5. Re-install your modem 6. Paid the Bill? 7. Network Conflict • Check all plugs and cords. Make sure they are connected properly. Sometimes a clip breaks off the Ethernet cable which enables it to slip out easily. This sounds very simply and obvious and this is why people overlook it. • Turn your modem off. Wait. Then turn it on again. This will reset the modem and start a fresh. • Repair the connection by going to the Start Menu>Control Panel>Network Connections Right click on your internet icon and choose repair from the drop down menu. • Restart Your Computer If you had an internet connection and then it disappears it could sometimes be as simple as restarting your computer. • Re-install your modem. Sometimes after formatting your computer you may need to use your internet service providers install disc to get your settings right. • Paid the Bill? Obviously if you do not pay your bill there will be no internet connection • Network conflict. If you have a few computers on your home network, if one or more have the same name there will be a conflict.
  • 48. Networking articles related to Windows Vista HOW TO ENABLE PRINTER AND FILE SHARING ON YOUR HOME NETWORK If you have a home computer network you can easily share files and share a common printer between them all. However before you share a printer or any files on your home network, you must enable or share these items. Here is a detailed, step by step tutorial on how to enable Printer and File sharing. How to enable a Printer to be shared on your home network in Windows XP 1. First we have to get to Printers and Faxes properties. 2. Go to the start menu 3. Choose Printers and Faxes form there. If it is not there, choose control panel 4. Then double click on Printers and faxes 5. Now you will see the printers that are installed on your computer 6. Right click on the printer you want to share 7. From the menu you can choose either properties or sharing... 8. You simply go to the Sharing tab and choose to share the printer. You can also rename your printer here. 9. Go here to install the network printer on the other computers in your network.
  • 49. How to enable File Sharing on your computer on your home network for Windows XP If I wanted to share My Pictures folder with everyone on the network I would do this:
  • 50. 1. Open My Documents Folder (Usually can find in the start menu) 2. Find the My Pictures folder and right click on it. A menu will appear 3. Choose Sharing and security 4. Click on share this folder 5. It will fill in the name for you 6. Then press permissions button
  • 51. 7. Here you can tick which one you want. If you only want people to see but not touch the files choose read only. If you want to all full control tick that. 8. Then click apply and ok 9. Click apply and Ok again If I wanted to share another folder you simply do the steps again. How to enable printer sharing in Windows Vista? 1. Go to the start menu. Choose Control panel. 2. In the control panel double click on the icon Network and sharing center.
  • 52. 3. Click on the arrow that is to the right of Printer sharing. 4. This section will open. Put a check next to Turn on printer sharing. See screenshot below. 5. Now press apply.
  • 53. How to turn on file sharing in Windows Vista? As you can see in the screenshot above, there is also a section for file sharing. You can press on the drop down arrow and enable file sharing there. See How to share files and folders now that it is enabled.
  • 54. HOW TO CHANGE YOUR COMPUTERS IP ADDRESS IN WINDOWS VISTA If you want to change your computers Ip address on Windows Vista you will need to go to the Network and Sharing center. How to change your IP address in Windows Vista? 1. Click on the network icon in the notification area in your taskbar. 2. This will bring up a small box with a link to the Network and Sharing Center. See the screenshot below. 3. If you do not have this icon in the notification area you can go to the start menu, click on control panel, then double click on the Network and Sharing center icon. 4. When the Network and Sharing Center appears, press on the link View Status, as shown in the screenshot below.
  • 55. 5. Your connection status will appear. Press on the properties button.
  • 56. 6. Now you will see a list that contains your network adapter that you are using to connect to the internet. 7. See below I have selected my network adapter by making it blue. Please see the notes at the end of the article if you do not know which one to choose. 8. When it is selected press on the properties button.
  • 57. 9. Now your connection properties will appear. 10. Press on Use the following IP address and then it will let you put your preferred IP address and other details in. 11. After you have finished entering in your details, press ok.
  • 58. Notes on adding a link in the right click menu: • If you are connected to the internet already and know your IP has already been changed this article might help. How to view your computer IP Address. • If you do not know what network adapter your computer is using you should see this article How to see what Network adapter your computer is using in Windows Vista ADD A NETWORK PRINTER TO WINDOWS VISTA OR WINDOWS XP Now days the average household has more than one computer and share available resources over a home network. No-ones wants their house cluttered up with unnecessary office equipment, and this is exactly the reason why we need to use a network printer. For example if you have three computers on your home network you would only need one printer for them all. Windows XP and
  • 59. Vista allow you to use computer hardware that is connected to another computer on your Network. Here's how to add a Network Printer. What do you need to add a network printer? 1. A network printer can be a printer that is already installed on one computer in your home or office network. It does not have to be anything special. 2. You need to know the actual computer name that the printer is installed on. How to find the Computer Name? 3. Printer Sharing has to be enabled. (Go to Control Panel>Printers Settings Icon>right click on the printer icon and choose sharing. Also create a simple name for your printer here.) 4. The share name of you shared printer. It usually is the brand of the printer which could be cannon bj3000, however I like to rename it just printer. How to add a network printer onto your home network: 1. Go to the control panel which can be found by clicking the start button. 2. In the left bar click on switch to classic view. 3. Then click on the Printer and Faxes Icon. 4. Choose to Add Printer in the left sidebar. 5. A dialog box will appear. You can choose to add a network Printer. Then ask the computer to find it. If it does find it your done. 6. When the computer does not find your network printer manually type it in yourself.
  • 60. 7. 7. I have written serverprinter$ then I pressed Next. Server is the name of the computer that has the printer installed on it, and Printer$ is the name I gave my printer when I enabled sharing. 8. Then it will ask me to enter the user name and password for the computer that has the printer I want to access. 9. Windows Vista came up with this warning below and I pressed Install driver.
  • 61. Advantages and disadvantages to having a network printer? Advantages: • You only need one printer for your entire network. • You save money on office equipment. • You save space. Disadvantages: • If another user is printing hundreds of pages on the network printer you will have to wait for them to finish printing. • The computer the network printer is attached to must be on for the printer to function. Notes on installing network printers: • If you have a wireless network there are wireless network printers available that are stand alone and do no rely on a computer to work. • You can also get a Ethernet network printer that plugs directly into your router to supply printing to your entire network. • Making a normal printer into a network printer is a cheap alternative.
  • 62. HOW TO FIND OUT WHAT FILES AND FOLDERS YOUR COMPUTER IS SHARING IN WINDOWS VISTA? Even though it is your computer and you are the only one using it, sometimes you forget what files and folders you are sharing with other computers on your network. For example you might share an entire drive on the network and just forget you have done this. In the meantime you have been adding files to this that you do not want anyone to see, however because you have shared it previously it can still be accessed by the other computers on your network. You must go back and Un-share files and folders to stop the sharing process. The only other way to stop the sharing process is to break the network. If everything is running smoothly on the network, your files could be shared for as long as the network is alive. How to see what files and folders you are sharing? 1. Click on the network icon in the notification area to get to the Network and sharing center. 2. If you do not have an icon available there you can go to the start menu, control panel, then the Network and Sharing Center. 3. The Network and Sharing Center will open. See the screenshot below. 4. See the arrow at the bottom? If you do not see the links that these arrows are pointing to (or something similar) then you have Windows Vista Basic. 5. If you want to see the files and folders you are sharing press on Show me all the files and folders I am sharing. 6. If you want to see the drives you are sharing press on Show me all the shared network folders on this computer.
  • 63. The screenshot below appeared when I pressed on the Show me all the shared network folders on this computer. As you can see below I am sharing a printer and some main hard drives. When I pressed on show me all the files and folders I am sharing, nothing showed because I am not sharing any individual files and folders.
  • 64. Reason why you need to see what files and folders you are sharing? One of the main reasons for wanting to see what files you are sharing is to remind yourself what you are actually sharing on your network. This is also a great way to see all shared files and folders in one go, without having to search through your computer. Maybe you want to share a file. By following the steps above you can now check to see if you are already sharing this file. Its just a great way to stay in control of your shared files and folders on your network. Notes on seeing what files and folders you are sharing: • If you are sharing no individual files then nothing will show up. • If you are sharing an entire hard drive you will have to click on the drive to see all the files on it that are being shared. • If you want to share a file or folder you need to be on a network, then sharing must be enabled for the item you want to share. • If you are using Windows XP See what files are being shared. This is a different way to see the files being shared on the network.
  • 65. Can’t find what you need in this PDF? Visit http://www.tips4pc.com to see more networking articles. Simple type your search term into the top search bar at the website and results will appear, all related to your keywords.