CMU Wearable Computers and Pervasive Computing

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  • 1. CMU Wearable Computers and Pervasive Computing Asim Smailagic Institute for Complex Engineered Systems Carnegie Mellon June 28, 2001
  • 2. Approach
    • The three labs have collaborated in design and prototyping of more than 20 generations of wearable computers
    • Design and prototyping of complex systems require one interdisciplinary approach and multi-technology capabilities
    • Rapid prototyping, concurrent design methodology has been applied and refined.
  • 3. Complexity
    • The complexity of the prototype architects has increased by over two orders of magnitude, the total design effort has increased less than a factor of two.
    • Over five generations of wearable computers for speech recognition and translation, yielding 4.5 orders of magnitude improvement in performance.
  • 4. 1991 – 2001 Ten Years of Wearable Computing at Carnegie Mellon
  • 5. Wearable and Handheld Computers
  • 6. Production vest will go under “Float Coat”
  • 7. Spot
  • 8.  
  • 9. Electronics Architecture VGA Display Palm/PDA Jog Dial/ Mouse Wheel Microphone Speakers Finger Print Recognition Digital Camera Temperature Sensor CDPD Modem GPS Receiver PDA Cradle BlueTooth, WaveLan Vehicle’s ECU - RPM, MPH, etc USB Controller Firewire Controller Serial Controller Sound Card VGA Controller Touch Screen Wireless Adapter Computer Radio Card
  • 10. Applications A number of previously untried application areas introduced.
    • Maintenance, Inspection
    • -Repair, Troubleshooting
    • Augmented Manufacturing
    • -Plant Operations
    • Real-time Speech Translation
    • Navigation
    • Context-Aware Computing
    • -Collaboration
    • -Ubiquitous Computing
    • -Telematics
  • 11. Context Aware Computing
    • Knowledge of the user’s context
      • Location
      • Orientation
      • Audio samples from the user environment
      • Static data
    • Context sensitive help
      • Proactive smarter assistant offering useful
      • information (whispering in your ear)
    • Multiple sensors can be used to infer user’s intent
      • Wireless Card, Digital Compass, Thermometer, Camera
  • 12. PhD Features and Interaction
    • User’s List:
    • • Items can be added, moved, and removed
    • Only “checked” items appear on the map
    • Description:
    • Information on the currently selected item
    • Dynamic information automatically updated
    • Map:
    • Dynamic information automatically updated
    Map Controls: Zoom & Pan
  • 13. Virtual Whiteboard Supports Design Meetings
    • Menu Commands
      • Session management
      • Geometric tools
      • Expandable plug-ins
  • 14. Virtual Whiteboard Architecture Overview Service broadcasts received coordinates to all clients via CMU’s Wireless Andrew Client sends a user’s drawing to the service as a series of coordinates Clients draw received coordinates on screen; all clients are synchronized
  • 15. Clients The clients have included:
    • NSF, DARPA, ONR
    • -Boeing
    • -Adtranz
    • U.S. Air Force
    • U.S. Marine Corps
    • Lockheed-Martin
    • -IBM
    • -Chevron
    • General Motors
    • -Daimler-Benz
    • -Compaq
    • Shell
    • -AT&T
    • -Intel
    • -General Dynamics Electric Boat
  • 16. Collaborative Help
    • The labs have supported additional activities on campus
    • Electronic design in robotics projects
    • Use of fabrication machines
    • Interaction Design Studio helped other projects
    • Multi-departmental projects
    • Formalize, advertise and open all these capabilities to other projects in ICES and CIT.
  • 17. Awards
    • Three prestigious international design awards have been received:
    • VuMan 3
    • MoCCA
    • Digital Ink
  • 18. Visionary Research Projects
    • Aura: Pervasive Invisible Computing
    • Handy Andy Ubiquitous Computing
    • Context-Aware Computing
    • Augmented Reality
  • 19. Goals
    • Provide expertise in interdisciplinary design, rapid prototyping and user evaluation
    • Promote more interdisciplinary design projects
    • Provide methodology, measurements, and tools to support and teach these methods and to support design meetings
    • Provide a physical space and equipment to support design and fabrication
    • Study interdisciplinary design through practicing it
    • Develop a metric to compare the prototypes and show a performance increase by several orders of magnitude.
    • Educational support
  • 20. Research Directions
    • Pervasive Computing
      • Invisibilty, Minimizing User Distraction
      • User / Virtual Information Space Interaction
      • Enhance Human Capabilities
    • Context Aware Computing
    • Visionary Interaction Design
    • Rapid Prototyping of Artifacts Involving Multidisciplinary, Multi-technology Approach
  • 21. Research Directions
    • Near Zero Energy / Weight / Volume Wearable Computers
    • Quick Evaluation Methodology
    • New Areas and Applications
      • New Technologies
      • New Modalities of Interaction
      • Help for Elderly
      • Medical Applications