European Parliament Presentation (18th October 2012)


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A presentation as part of European Local Democracy Week 2012 in Portsmouth.

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European Parliament Presentation (18th October 2012)

  1. 1. European Parliament Information Office in the UK 32 Smith Square, Westminster, London Tel: 0207 227 4300 Elisabeth Sweeney European Civil Servant elisabeth.sweeney
  2. 2. “Decision Making in the EU - How am I represented ?”
  3. 3. EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS in Strasbourg• Is NOT an EU Institution• 1959 Treaty between 47 countries across Europe – Britain, like many other countries including Russia&Azerbaijan, is a signatory with Treaty obligations to meet.
  4. 4. European UnionEU 27Candidate countries
  5. 5. Budget of the European Union Revenue 2012 GNI resource 74,7% 10,9% 13,2% Other revenue 1,2% VAT resource Sugar levies 0,1% Custom dutiesTotal: EUR 129,1 billion Estimate % of total revenue
  6. 6. Budget of the European Union Expenditure 2012 EU as a global player Agriculture 6,4% 29,9% 35,8% Cohesion Rural 10,9% development, environment & fisheries 10% 5,6% Citizenship, Freedom, 1,4% Security & Justice Administration CompetitivenessTotal: EUR 129,1 billion 1,86 % increase on 2011 0,98 % of EU 27 GNI
  7. 7. Areas of European law• Consumer Protection• Food Labelling• Cheaper airfares –• Compensation for delayed flights –• Mobile phone international rates• Employment Law• Holiday entitlements• Working time• Environmental Law• Recycling targets
  8. 8. Key figures of the European Union Martin Schulz Jose Manuel Barroso President of the President of the European Parliament European Commission Herman Cyprus Van Rompuy Presidency of the Catherine President of the Council of the European Union Ashton European Council High Representative
  9. 9. European Commission 27 commissioners Recommended by National Governments – Right of initiative – Guardian of the Treaties European Parliament Council of MinistersDemocratic Supervision of EU 27 Ministers (eg Agriculture)754 members representing 500 million representing National GovernmentsEU citizens
  11. 11. Role of the European Scrutiny Committee – House of Commons• Monitor business in the Council and the lines taken by UK Ministers• Assess political and/or legal importance of EU documents, and recommend debates• Be a source of analysis and description• Keep EU developments under review• Supervise the scrutiny system
  12. 12. Documents covered at Scrutiny Committees of House of Commons & House of Lords• Draft Regulations, Directives & Council of Ministers’ Decisions• Budgetary documents• Commission Green and White Papers• Commission’s Work Programme etc.• Reports of the Court of Auditors
  13. 13. Types of EU Legislation• EU REGULATIONS (No transposition into national law – directly applicable in all 27 countries)• EU DIRECTIVES (eg UK decides how to implement to achieve overall objective)
  14. 14. % of UK Laws passed in the EU• 6.8% of primary legislation (Statutes)• 14.1% of secondary legislation (Statutory Instruments)Source: House of Commons Library 1997-2009
  15. 15. European Parliament Legislative power Parliamentary control Most EU laws are adopted Parliament supervises other jointly by the European EU institutions and can passParliament and the Council of a vote of no-confidence in the Ministers European Commission Budgetary power EU Enlargement decisions Parliament decides the EU Parliament‘s assent isannual budget together with required for the accession of the Council of Ministers any new Member States
  16. 16. Seat distribution: 754 MEPs 500 million people Member State Seats Member State Seats Germany 99 Austria 19 France 73 Bulgaria 18 United Kingdom 73 Denmark 13 Italy 73 Finland 13 Spain 54 Slovakia 13 Poland 51 Ireland 12754 Romania 33 Lithuania 12 Netherlands 26 Latvia 9 Belgium 22 Slovenia 8 Czech Rep. 22 Estonia 6 Greece 22 Cyprus 6 Hungary 22 Luxembourg 6 Portugal 22 Malta 6 Sweden 20
  17. 17. No Work permit No Visa required• Hundreds of thousands of British expats live and work in Spain, France, Italy & EU• They can vote or stand for election at local elections and European elections• EU citizens residing in the UK can do the same
  18. 18. Standing as a Candidate at European Parliament electionsMinimum 18 years of ageIndividuals or party member undersystem of Proportional Representation (UK= closed list)Citizen of any Member State resident in EUDeposit of £5,000 (2.5% of votes cast or lose it)Term is 5 years – next election 2014Electoral Commission Administers Election Rules
  19. 19. EUROPE IN THE SOUTH EASTHOW DOES THAT WORK THEN? MEPS elected every 5 years by a system of Proportional Representation (closed party list) 73 MEPs represent the UK ( 754 MEPs for 27 Member States – 500 million
  20. 20. Parties in Votes % votes Seats the 2009 election 2009 2009 (10 in total)Conservative Party 812,288 34.79 4United Kingdom Independence Party 440,002 18.84 2Liberal Democrat Party 330,340 14.15 2Green Party 271,506 11.63 1Labour Party 192,592 8.25 1British National Party 101,769 4.36English Democrats Party 52,526 2.25Christian Party “Proclaiming Christ’s Lordship” 35,712 2.25No2EU: Yes to Democracy 21,455 0.92Pro democracy: 16,767 0.72Socialist Labour Party 15,484 0.66United Kingdom First 15,261 0.65Jury Team 14,172 0.61Peace Party- Non violence, Justice, Environment 9,534 0.41Roman Party. Avel 5,450 0.23Total valid votes 2009 2,334,858 -Spoiled / rejected 17,724 -Total of votes 2009 2,352,607 -Electorate 2009 6,231,875 -Regions turnout 2009 37.75% -UK turnout 2009 34.70 % -
  21. 21. South East Region – Results European Election 2009 Name Party Position 1. Daniel HANNAN Conservative 2. Nigel FARAGE UKIP 3. Richard ASHWORTH Conservative 4. Sharon BOWLES Liberal Democrat 5. Keith TAYLOR * Green 6. Nirj DEVA Conservative 7. Marta Andreasen UKIP 8. James ELLES Conservative 9. Peter SKINNER Labour 10. Catherine BEARDER Liberal Democrat* Keith TAYLOR took up the seat from Caroline LUCAS in June 2010
  22. 22. Nigel FARAGE Marta ANDREASEN UK INDEPENDENCE Party MEPs Europe for Freedom and Democracy GroupThe Old Grain Store PO Box 1410Church Lane Woking, SurreyLyminster GU22 2LWNr. Littlehampton Tel: 014 8372 9077West Sussex BN17 7QJ marta.andreasen-Tel: 01903 885573 Committee on Fisheries Committee on Budgets and Budgetary Control
  23. 23. Keith TAYLOR Green Party Constituency Office Office of the Green MEPs CAN Mezzanine 49 - 51 East RoadGroup of the Greens / European London. N1 6AH Free Alliance Tel: 00207 250 8415 Committee on Development Committee on Transport and Tourism on Petitions CommitteeDelegation for relations with Afghanistan
  24. 24. Nirj DEVA James ELLES Conservative MEPs European Conservatives and Reformists Group96 Vine Lane 5 Hazelgrove RoadHillingdon Haywards HeathMiddlesex West Sussex RH16 3PHUB10 OBE Tel:01444 474858Tel: 01895 470 463 www.richardashworth.orgwww.nirjdeva.comCommittee on Development Committee on Budgets and and Human Rights Foreign Affairs
  25. 25. Daniel HANNAN Richard ASHWORTH Conservative MEPs European Conservatives and Reformists GroupThe Coach HouseWorthy Park Disraeli HouseWinchester 12 Aylesbury EndHampshire SO21 1AN Beaconsfield Buckinghamshire HP9 1LWTel: 00 322 284 Tel: 01494 Committee on Committee on Agriculture Constitutional Affairs and Rural Development
  26. 26. Sharon BOWLES Catherine BEARDER Liberal Democrat MEPs Group of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe Felden House Dower Mews 27 Park End Street High Street Oxford OX1 1HU Berkhamsted Hertfordshire HP4 2BL Tel: 01865 249838 Tel: 01442 875962 Substitute on Committee on International Trade Committee on Regional Committee on Economic Development & Monetary Policy Committee on Transport Delegation on ACP
  27. 27. Peter SKINNER Labour Constituency Office Suite 5 Fort Pitt Business Centre New Road, Rochester Kent ME1 1DUGroup of the Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Tel: 01634 840930 Democrats in the European Parliament Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs
  28. 28. SO WHAT DOES AN MEP DO ?Legislative Role:Amends Proposals from the CommissionCompromise among pan-europeanpolitical groups(Coordinator & Rapporteur)Representative Role:Tabling Questions/Writing Letters/SurgeriesVisitors to Brussels/Strasbourg Parliament
  29. 29. Parliamentary committees • Committee on Foreign Affairs • Committee on Development • Committee on International Trade • Committee on Budgets • Committee on Budgetary Control • Committee on Economic and Monetary Affairs • Committee on Employment and Social Affairs • Committee on the Environment, Public Health and Food Safety • Committee on Industry, Research and Energy20 • Committee on the Internal Market and Consumer Protection • Committee on Transport and Tourism • Committee on Regional Development • Committee on Agriculture • Committee on Fisheries • Committee on Culture and Education • Committee on Legal Affairs • Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs • Committee on Constitutional Affairs • Committee on Womens Rights and Gender Equality • Committee on Petitions
  30. 30. European ParliamentChamber in Strasbourg
  31. 31. European Political Groups• EPP: Group of the European Peoples Party (Christian Democrats)• Group of the Progressive Alliance of Socialist and Democrats in the European Parliament• ALDE: Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe• ECR: European Conservatives and Reformists Group• Greens/EFA: The Greens/European Free Alliance• GUE/NGL: Confederal Group of the European United Left/Nordic Green Left• EFD: Group "Europe of Freedom and Democracy“• NA: Group of non-attached Members
  33. 33. Stay in touch!www.europarltv.europa.euYou can follow me onTwitter under @eurocratSocial network sites