GEOLOGY MINIMIZED IN THIS PRESENTATION BUT THE ROLE OF THE U.P. GEOLOGY WAS OF TREMENDOUS IMPORTANCE TO MY TEACHING AT LU. SPRING AND FALL FIELD TRIPS ALLOWEDSTUDENTS TO EXPERIENCE DOING GEOLOGY IN THE FIELD. TURNS OUT THAT THE PLATE TECTONIC REVOLUTION TOOK PLACE DURING MY CAREER AND ALL PHASES OF IT,SUBDUCTION, CONTINENTAL COLLISION, SEA[FLOOR SPREADING AND TRANSFORM FAULTING ALL ARE REPRESENTED. MARQUETTE AREA HAS THE BEST EXAMPLES OF DIVERSE GEOLOGIC FEATURES OF ANYWHERE IN THE WORLD!!
Cornish tin miners in Cornwall, held pasty in hands but only ate the interior….My personal history needed to explain my devotion to the U.P. Born in Omaha, but moved to Marquette after Kindergarten. First Thanksgiving experienced snow heaped over my head on both sides of the sidewalk.Moved to Chicago but after the first summer in Chicago my Father bought two 50 foot lots in 1947…cabins a family affair built by family and friends. I spent at least some part of 73 of my 77 summers there.
ALL THE WATERFRONT … ORE DOCK TO PICNIC ROCKS, WAS ENCHANTING FOR ME TO EXPLORE WITH MY FRIENDS.
Three views of Lighthouse Point-it is US Coast Guard property. During WW2 it was restricted access but my friend, Joey Runquist’s father was the commander, so we had the run of the place. Channel rock….early sex education.
Mother indulged my desire to walk from our Ridge St. home to the breakwater with our dog Peek-a-boo. From our Ohio St . house it was a short hike down a trail to the beach area. After moving to Chicago I had summer jobs, After moving to Lawrence I led countless geology field trips for my students.. My research with students was concentrated there as there is no place in on earth that illustrates such diverse geology in such a small geographic area.Richard Long spent years of retirement here at Middle Island Point and famous architect John Lautner had a place there.
The blue arrows locate sites that will be visited during this talkWaNiPa is the name of the Palmquist compound. The name is fromMy Father’s initials intermixed with my Mother’s maiden name initials.
This view is taken from close to the spot where William Austin Burt, was surveying using his solar compass in Sept. 1844. MY FRIEND OWNS THE AREA AND HOPES TO DEVELOP HOME SITESESPECIALLY HIS OWN DREAM HOME.WHEN I WORKED FOR CLEVELAND CLIFFS IRON CO. MY JOB WAS TO MAP THE GEOLOGY AND SAMPLE IRON FORMATION ALONG LINES WE CUT THROUGH THE WOODS USING THE SOLAR COMPASS.
Beautiful homes are a prime attraction especially along Ridge Street. Some are built with the red sandstone. Those along the south side of Ridge Street have views of Marquette harbor.
My brother Will was a bell hop at the Northern Hotel and once took Henry Ford to his room.MARQUETTE IS MY ‘LAKE WOBEGONE!!
Harlow Block Peter White Library Willard Scott had whitefish dinner here. Lighthouse where I played as a boy and showed students the geology
I’ve played a Nicklaus course in Cabo del Sol but Greywalls is my favorite.
Describe the geology shown on map. Breath of Life cyanobacteria give rise to the ‘oxygenation’ event. Goldilocks time when oxygen content was ‘just right’ for the formation of the iron ores of the world. STROMATOLITESJasper knob.
The iron ranges are areas of high relief owing to the contrast in erosional resistance of the various formations. Ski areas are located there. And the forested ridges are very scenic. the best scenery and geology are found here. East part of the U.P. not shown because there the rocks are Paleozoic sediments like those in NE WI…
This was the first ‘SPIRIT OF PLACE’ event sponsored by the CEDAR TREE INSTITUTE. EVENINGS - Ojibwa creation story, writings of Jesuit missionaries, early geologist and a contemporary novel.
We started each day with Tai Chi.
More on this later.
One of my students did and honors project on Little Presque Isle.
Little Presque Isle…beach of beautiful boulders (my sculpting career began here)… Middle Island Point to the right. Where John Lautner’s cabin Nordgaard is located.
At Augustans College,WE CALLED COACH LEROY BRISSMAN “toilet seat head.” Peridotite makes the bald head ..Jacobsville red sandstone comprises the fringing ‘hair.’
The land around Marquette was known to French missionaries in the early 17th century and trappers in the early 19th century. Peter White was the most prominent man in the town’s early days.New York-born in 1839, by 1852 he was postmaster of Carp River (now Marquette),.. With no money to invest in mining lands, White opened a store for miners and became involved in banking and real estate. By the Civil War, Peter White was the town's leading citizen. In addition to dealing in lands, timber, iron ore, and insurance; he was active in civic and public affairs.At27 years Peter White was possibly the hardest-working man in Marquette. By 1857 he was a store owner, land agent, postmaster, lawyer, county clerk and registrar of deeds, school board treasurer-and a state representative Development of the area did not begin, however, until1844 When William Burt and Jacob Houghton discovered iron deposits near Teal Lake. In 1845 the Jackson Mining Company was formed.
Peter White provided funds for Marquette's public library and hospital and helped establish Presque Isle as a city park.
‘The snowshoe priest’ as the Jesuit missionary was known.. now a candidate for sainthood.
The Longyears were known for their philanthropy and were generous patrons of art, music, and education. They contributed to many institutions organized for benevolent purposes, including the extension of the teaching of the blind by the Braille system and the publication of the Bible in Braille.
The Longyear Mansion, with a distinct history dating back to the 1890s, was originally built in Marquette, Michigan for John and Mary Longyear. used native red and brown stone as the primary material for the exterior of the building. It was built on a hill that overlooked Lake Superior. The house was landscaped by the famous architect Frederick Law Olmsted and was completed in 1892. Around the turn-of-the-century, tragedy struck the Longyears when one of their sons drowned in Lake Superior. Mary Longyear was very fond of the house but couldn't bear to stay in it because every time she looked out the windows she could see Lake Superior where her son had drowned. The Longyears moved to Boston to get away from the tragic memories and to live closer to Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of the First Church of Christ Scientist in Boston, but were so fond of the house, they had it dismantled, numbered each stone and moved the entire house 1,300 miles by train in 172 freight and flat cars to Boston. While re-constructing the house atop Fisher Hill in Brookline, they added another 20 rooms to the original house.In time their home became an educational center for the Church, and upon Mary Longyear's death in 1931, the mansion and grounds became the Longyear Foundation, housing a museum and archive of early Christian Science documents and artifacts. The former Longyear residence and its grounds are now the site of the condominiums known as Longyear at Fisher Hill.
Through its long association with the non-profit Huron Mountain Foundation, the Huron Mountain Club has been the site of a wide range of research in field biology and geology. The research facility at Ives Lake was started in the 1960s, after Ives lake passed from Longyear family hands into Club ownership. I led a faculty field trip to the U.P. and we stayed here for part of the time. I had hoped to leave a legacy of LU students doing research here. George Smith and Bart Destazio on Lakes, Karen Harpp and Marcia on Precambrian geology.
George Shiras III first saw the woods and waters of northern Michigan in the summer of 1870, when he was 11 years old. Nothing in his later experience would ever dim the impression they made on him—not the trappings of wealth and position; not the influence of the finest schools; not the example of his father, a U.S. Supreme Court justice; not a promising legal career of his own. Not even a term spent in the U.S. Congress, where he introduced the legislation that would become the Migratory Bird Law—securing for Shiras an important place in the annals of conservation—could lure him away for long.
On November 13, 1870, Louis Graveraet Kaufman was born in Marquette—one of twelve children. He attended school in Marquette and graduated at seventeen years of age. Kaufman then entered the banking world and became enormously successful. He along with others in helping reorganize General Motors. Kaufman and a small group of investors funded the building of the Empire State Building in New York City. NY MAYOR AL SMITH CAME TO MARQUETTE TO GET THE FINANCING. In 1916 Kaufman reimbursed the Marquette Board of Education $26,000, which the board had paid him for land on which to build a new high school. The board named the future high school "Graveraet" in honor of Kaufman's mother, Juliet Graveraet Kaufman, and the auditorium was named the L.G. Kaufman Auditorium. In 1927 Kaufman established an endowment fund "to bring to the children and people of Marquette some of the finer things in the world of education, travel and art…
In case you wish to purchase.
Mrs. Kaufman went with boatmen to locate boulders in the clear Lake Superior waters for the Granot Loma fireplaces.
One of my students did an Honors project based on a study of the geology along this shore. Geologists are careful to get permission to work on private lands. I have met some interesting people doing that, both here in Michigan and in my beloved Bighorn Mountains of Wyoming.
HENRY FORD, THOMAS EDISON AND HARVEY FIRESTONE WERE ALSO AMONG THE FOUNDERS OF THIS CLUB. I WAS ABLE TO SPEND TIME THERE OWING TO MY GEOLOGY BACKGROUND. FRED RYDHOLM CONNECTED ME…..FLIGHT WITH PILOT WHO OWNED THE FORD CABIN. ALSO WITH ACOUPLE WHO WANTED TO LEARN GEOLOGY.MCCORMICK WILDERNESS…WHITE BEAR LAKE, ETC.
John D. Voelker (1903-1991), better known by his pen name Robert Traver, was an attorney, judge, and writer. He is best known as the author of the novel, Anatomy of a Murder published in 1958. The best-selling novel was turned into an Academy Award nominated film -- directed by Otto Preminger and starring Jimmy Stewart -- that was released July 1, 1959. Duke Ellington wrote the music and performed in the movie. It is critically acclaimed as one of the best trial movies of all time.Anatomy of a Murder is based on a real homicide and subsequent trial that occurred in Big Bay, in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.
Testament of a Fisherman – I FISH BEICAUSE I LOVE TO; BECAUSE I LOVE THE ENVIRONS W HERE TROUT ARE FOUND; BECAUSE TROUT DO NOT LIE OR CHEAT BUT RESPOND TO ENDLESS PATIENCE; BECAUSE THERE ARE NO TELEPHONES ON TROUT WATERS; BECAUSE ONLY IN THE WOODS CAN I FIND SOLITUDE WITHOUT LONELINESS; BECAUSE SOMEDAY I WLL CATCH A MEREMAID.
So the Olympic gold medalist, former (and future) world heavyweight champ, and possibly the best, loudest and funniest boxer of all time (sample: "When you're as great as I am, it's hard to be humble"); this super controversial, one-and-only Muhammad Ali landed in Marquette, Michigan at 4:30 p.m. on Friday, July 8, 1977 in front of hundreds of welcoming spectators. His crowded schedule included lectures, a news conference, appearances downtown and at the Marquette Mall and a boxing exhibition.
The family produce business was established by Aaron in Houghton, Michigan. The Cohodas Brothers Fruit Company was formed when Sam was nineteen and eventually became the third largest produce company in the United States. Mr. Cohodas served as president and vice president of Western Fruit Jobbers in 1933-1934, and as director of the International Apple Association. Cohodas’ second major career in banking began in 1934 when he opened the Miners First National Bank of Ishpeming, Michigan. He eventually acquired the First National Bank of Marquette, as well as banks and branches in several UP locations, which together formed Michigan Financial Corporation (MFC) of which he remained chairman of the board until age 90. Cohodas, was also known for his philanthropic and community activities. Locally, he was involved in such organizations as the Red Cross, Boy Scouts of America, and the United Way. He was instrumental in establishing Francis A. Bell Memorial Hospital in Ishpeming. In recognition of his work, he was named First Citizen of Ishpeming in 1960. Cohodas was supportive of Hebrew University in Jerusalem where he received an honorary doctorate of Agricultural in recognition for his support. The University also named the Sam Cohodas Chair in Agricultural Economics at the Faculty of Agriculture in his honor. Cohodas was involved in many charity activities, including Boys Town in Jerusalem and Bell Memorial Hospital in Ishpeming for which he raised $2 million
For Wright, Lautner supervised Fallingwater in Pennsylvania and the Johnson Wax Building in Wisconsin. He also oversaw a Wright design for his mother-in-law Abby Beecher Roberts, the Deertrack house in Marquette MI. The Lautners moved to California in 1937 for John to oversee the construction of Wright's Sturges and Oboler houses. He had a Hollywood office and designed some of the homes of the 007 villains homes. He did Bob Hopes’ last house.
Kona PointPlans for a house on top of the rock cut (across from the Visitor Center in Harvey), called Kona Point, were discussed with John Lautner and land owner Bill Savola. Bill was interested in architecture and had drawn a design based on Wright’s Fallingwater home design. Bill visited Taliesin West and Spring Green. His father and John’s had both played trumpet in Northern’s band. So he wrote John Lautner in California inviting him to the property when he was in town. John visited the site with Bill and proclaimed the view of Lake Superior “magnificent!” Bill wanted a house without the disruption of mullions (the vertical framing separating the windows). John offered to help and sent drawings of a house he had designed for Peter Boli. He also sent this schematic drawing for Kona Point. Bill notes that it is a completely different design than what he planned. He hasn’t built a house on the point.
The geology across from the Welcome Center is so spectacular that I made this display……. Because Lautner saw my display, he wanted to have a brass plaque to mountOn his Nordgaard cabin to, in legal style language to dissuade his heirs from ever selling the place. Carol and I had lunch at the cabin. He is definitelyOne of the most unforgettable characters I have ever met.
Plans for a house on top of the rock cut (across from the Visitor Center in Harvey), called Kona Point, were discussed with John Lautner and land owner Bill Savola. Bill was interested in architecture and had drawn a design based on Wright’s Fallingwater home design. Bill visited Taliesin West and Spring Green. His father and John’s had both played trumpet in Northern’s band. So he wrote John Lautner in California inviting him to the property when he was in town. John visited the site with Bill and proclaimed the view of Lake Superior “magnificent!” Bill wanted a house without the disruption of mullions (the vertical framing separating the windows). John offered to help and sent drawings of a house he had designed for Peter Boli.
He had many projects along the Pacific coast, from Alaska to Acapulco. He really liked to blend the outside and inside spaces.
Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912 –1999), a Swede from Ishpeming, ”He spent most of his career as an educator and research scientist at the University of California, Berkeley where he became the second Chancellor in its history and served as a University Professor. He advised presidents from Truman to Clinton on nuclear policy and was the chairman of the United States Atomic Energy Commission from 1961 to 1971 where he pushed for commercial nuclear energy and peaceful applications of nuclear science. Throughout his career, Seaborg worked for arms control. He was a key contributor to the report "A Nation at Risk" as a member of President Reagan's National Commission on Excellence in Education and was the principal author of the Seaborg Report on academic science issued in the closing days of the Eisenhower administration. After sharing the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Edwin McMillan, he received approximately 50 honorary doctorates and numerous other awards and honors.
Married for eighteen years to his wife Clare, an artist and seamstress, Chuch chose for his home a simple lifestyle, close to the earth in Michigan's Upper Peninsula. He loved fishing, snowmobiling, four-wheeling, making maple syrup, and spending time in the forest with his dogs. He was an active member of Messiah Lutheran Church, serving in a variety of supportive leadership roles, most often with youth ministry programs. Chuch Magee also served as one of the first volunteers and founders of the Cedar Tree Institute, a nonprofit organization.Mick Jagger and Keith Richards played at his funeral in Messiah Lutheran Church, . Wonder what my Dad would have thought about that.An opportunity to tease my big sister. Keith Richards and Mick Jagger performed at his funeral. My sister attended and ,”thought they were pretty good.”
Partridge Island, where as youngsters, my buddy and I took a small motorboat and camped overnight.
A view from sugar loaf. It was down here, while searching for geology research projects that … I stripped to cool off. Just then a boat full of black robed nuns headed right toward me!
Typical close is a sunset….but this one from our Wanipa beach is sometimes followed by northern lights.
Awesome wonder .. I hope many of you will find an opportunity to visit the U.P. and try a pasty!
The region’s economy is bolstered by mining the abundant iron ores.
The iron ranges provide topographic relief and the best scenery.
A Lake Superior kayak adventure was how Ibegan my retirement - from Big Bay to PresqueIsle.We started by paddling from LakeIndependence to Lake Superior via IronRiver.
Scenes along the way…Arrow shows nonconformity between Archeanbelow and younger Precambrian JacobsvilleSandstone.
Granot Loma is a National Historic Landmark begun by Louis and Marie Kauffman in 1919.
The Little Presque Isle tract is often called the crown jewel ofLake Superior, with its beautiful sand beaches, rugged shoreline cliffs, heavily timbered forests, and unmatched public views.We paddled through the gapbetween the mainland and LittlePresque Isle. It is shallow enoughthat one can wade to the islandfrom the shore.
Mrs. Kaufman and boulders for the fireplaceBlemhuber and Mrs. KaufmanBlemhuber on a group work projectBob Blemhuber and WaNiPa
Louis’ older brother Sam Kaufman built this home near the outlet of Saux Head Lake.
HURON MOUNTAINS -- About 40 miles northwest ofMarquette, down a winding unpopulated road,you’ll find the entrance to the Huron MountainClub, but dont expect to get in.The Huron Mountain Club is virtually unknown tooutsiders and has been that way since it started in1889 as a hunting and fishing club, founded by agroup of rich Marquette-area residents.
The film stars James Stewart, George C. Scott, Lee Remick, Ben Gazzara, Eve Arden,Kathryn Grant. Directed by Otto Preminger.
Muhammad Ali comes to Marquette and NMU in 1977.
Sam Cohodas was born on September 19, 1895 in Kobylnik, Poland. His father Aaronimmigrated to the United Stated and moved to Marinette, Wisconsin. Wife Eva and sixchildren followed in 1903 when Sam was 7 years old. Sam quit school in the sixth grade,and by the age of 13 began peddling fruits and served in World War I.
JOHN EDWARD LAUTNER, JR. FAIA(1911-1994)John Lautner was born in Marquette MI ofacademic parents at a local college now calledNorthern Michigan University. He first attendedthe University of Michigan but left soon afterstarting. In 1933, he graduated from NorthernMichigan University in English and began a six-year job with Frank Lloyd Wright -- in the firstclass of Taliesin Fellows at Spring Green WI. Hisfiancée Mary (MaryBud) Faustina RobertsLautner (1913-1995) was also an early TaliesinFellow. They married in 1934.
American scientist who won the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for"discoveries in the chemistry of the transuranium elements,
Royden W. "Chuch" MageeRoad Tech for The RollingStones and Ron Wood