Michigan’s Upper Peninsula –Superior Scenery and Some Remarkable People Why I say ya to da U.P., eh?
The region’s economy is bolstered by mining the abundant iron ores.
The iron ranges have the most topographic relief and the best scenery.
Huron Mountain Club Saux Head Lake Granot Loma Little Presque Isle Middle Island Presque Isle WaNiPa
A Lake Superior kayak adventure was how Ibegan my retirement - from Big Bay to PresqueIsle.We started by paddling from LakeIndependence to Lake Superior via IronRiver.
Scenes along the way…Arrow shows nonconformity between Archeanbelow and younger Precambrian JacobsvilleSandstone.
Granot Loma is a National Historic Landmark begun by Louis and Marie Kauffman in 1919.
The Little Presque Isle tract is often called the crown jewel of Lake Superior, with its beautiful sand beaches, rugged shoreline cliffs, heavily timbered forests, and unmatched public views.We paddled through the gapbetween the mainland and LittlePresque Isle. It is shallow enoughthat one can wade to the islandfrom the shore.
Finished at Presque Isle Park
The land around Marquet t e was known t o French missionariesof t he early 1 7 t h cent ury and t he t rappers of t he early 1 9 t hcent ury. Development of t he area did not begin, however, unt il1 8 4 4 , when William Burt and Jacob Hought on ( t he brot herof geologist Douglass Hought on) discovered iron deposit s nearTeal Lake west of Marquet t e. In 1 8 4 5 , Jackson MiningCompany, t he f irst organized mining company in t he region,was f ormed.[ 7 ]Front St reet around 1 9 0 9 . The Marquet t e Count y SavingsBank Building clock t ower in t he background st ill st ands t oday.The village of Marquet t e began on Sept ember 1 4 , 1 8 4 9 , wit ht he f ormat ion of a second iron concern, t he Marquet t e IronCompany. Three men part icipat ed in organizing t he f irm: RobertJ. Graveraet , who had prospect ed t he region f or ore; EdwardClark, agent f or Wat erman A. Fisher of Worcest er,Massachuset t s, who f inanced t he company, and Amos RogersHarlow. The village was at f irst called New Worcest er, wit hHarlow as t he f irst post mast er. On August 2 1 , 1 8 5 0 , t he namewas changed t o honor Jacques Marquet t e, t he French Jesuitmissionary who had explored t he region. A second post of f ice,named Carp River, was opened on Oct ober 1 3 , 1 8 5 1 by Pet erWhit e, who had come t here wit h Graveraet at age 1 8 . Harlowclosed his post of f ice in August 1 8 5 2 . The Marquet t e Iron
Company f ailed, while it s successor, t he Cleveland Iron MiningCompany, f lourished and had t he village plat t ed in 1 8 5 4 . Theplat was recorded by Pet er Whit e. Whit e s of f ice was renamedas Marquet t e in April 1 8 5 6 , and t he village was incorporat ed in1 8 5 9 . It was incorporat ed as a cit y in 1 8 7 1 .[ 8 ]The Lake Superior & Ishpeming Railroad Ore dock, in UpperHarbor, is st ill in use.During t he 1 8 5 0 s, Marquet t e was linked by rail t o numerousmines and became t he leading shipping cent er of t he UpperPeninsula. The f irst ore pocket dock, designed by an earlyt own leader, John Burt , was built by t he Cleveland Iron MiningCompany in 1 8 5 9 .[ 9 ] By 1 8 6 2 , t he cit y had a populat ion ofover 1 ,6 0 0 and a soaring economy.[ 7 ]In t he lat e 1 9 t h cent ury, during t he height of iron mining,Marquet t e became nat ionally known as a summer haven.Visit ors brought in by Great Lakes passenger st eamships f illedt he cit y s hot els and resort s.[ 9 ]Sout h of t he cit y, K.I. Sawyer AFB, was an import ant AirForce inst allat ion during t he Cold War, host t o B-5 2 H bombers and KC-1 3 5 t ankers of t he St rat egic AirCommand, as well as a f ight er int ercept or squadron. The baseclosed in Sept ember 1 9 9 5 , and is now t he count y s SawyerInt ernat ional Airport .Marquet t e cont inues t o be a shipping port f or hemat it e oresand, t oday, enriched iron ore pellet s, f rom nearby mines andpellet izing plant s. About 7 .9 million gross t ons of pellet ized
The Roman Catholic Bishop Baraga is buried in St. Peter’s Cathedralwhich is the center for the diocese of Marquette.
Longyear mansion, 1908 Now in Brookline, MA
The Longyear Mansion, with a distinct history dating back to the 1890s, was originally built inMarquette, Michigan for John and Mary Longyear. John Longyear, who made his fortune inmining, logging and heavy industry, used native red and brown stone as the primary materialfor the exterior of the building. It was built on a hill that overlooked Lake Superior. The housewas landscaped by the famous architect Frederick Law Olmsted and was completed in 1892.Around the turn-of-the-century, tragedy struck the Longyears when one of their sons drownedin Lake Superior. Mary Longyear was very fond of the house but couldnt bear to stay in itbecause every time she looked out the windows she could see Lake Superior where her sonhad drowned. The Longyears moved to Boston to get away from the tragic memories and tolive closer to Mary Baker Eddy, the founder of the First Church of Christ Scientist in Boston, butwere so fond of the house, they had it dismantled, numbered each stone and moved the entirehouse 1,300 miles by train in 172 freight and flat cars to Boston. While re-constructing thehouse atop Fisher Hill in Brookline, they added another 20 rooms to the original house.In time their home became an educational center for the Church, and upon Mary Longyearsdeath in 1931, the mansion and grounds became the Longyear Foundation, housing a museumand archive of early Christian Science documents and artifacts.
Howard Longyear’s tragic drowning led to the Stone House at Ives LakeThrough its long association with the non-profit Huron Mountain Foundation, the HuronMountain Club has been the site of a wide range of research in field biology andgeology. The research facility at Ives Lake was started in the 1960s, after Ives lake passedfrom Longyear family hands into Club ownership.
The Longyears were known for their philanthropy and were generous patrons ofart, music, and education. They contributed to many institutions organized for benevolentpurposes, including the extension of the teaching of the blind by the Braille system and thepublication of the Bible in Braille.Mrs. Longyear generously provided funds to purchase a portion of the land adjoining The FirstChurch of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, known as The Mother Church. The land is now part of theChristian Science Church plaza on Huntington Avenue in Boston.At a time when development threatened landmarks in the name of progress, Mrs. Longyearcollected paintings, furniture, documents, photographs, and artifacts on the life and work ofMary Baker Eddy. The former Longyear residence and its grounds are now the site of thecondominiums known as Longyear at Fisher Hill.
Who Peter White was and where he came from:Rome, New York-born in 1839, by 1852 he was postmaster of CarpRiver (now Marquette), a position he held for 12 years. With nomoney to invest in mining lands, White opened a store for minersand became involved in banking and real estate. By the CivilWar, Peter White was the towns leading citizen. In addition todealing in lands, timber, iron ore, and insurance; he was active in civicand public affairs. Peter White provided funds for Marquettes publiclibrary and hospital and helped establish Presque Isle as a city park.During Whites memorial service in 1908, it was said of him, "If youwant to see his monument, look around you."
George Shiras III (or as Shiras signed it, “3d”) first saw the woods and waters ofnorthern Michigan in the summer of 1870, when he was 11 years old. Nothingin his later experience would ever dim the impression they made on him—notthe trappings of wealth and position; not the influence of the finest schools;not the example of his father, a U.S. Supreme Court justice; not a promisinglegal career of his own. Not even a term spent in the U.S. Congress, where heintroduced the legislation that would become the Migratory Bird Law—securing for Shiras an important place in the annals of conservation—couldlure him away for long. – National Geographic Magazine
On November 13, 1870, Louis Graveraet Kaufman was born in Marquette—one oftwelve children. He attended school in Marquette and graduated at seventeen years ofage. Kaufman then entered the banking world and became enormously successful. Hewas considered the father of branch banking and was instrumental along with others inhelping reorganize General Motors. Kaufman and a small group of investors funded thebuilding of the Empire State Building in New York City. In 1916 Kaufman reimbursed the Marquette Board of Education $26,000, which theboard had paid him for land on which to build a new high school. The board named thefuture high school "Graveraet" in honor of Kaufmans mother, Juliet GraveraetKaufman, and the auditorium was named the L.G. Kaufman Auditorium.However, World War I intervened and construction was not begun on the school until1925. The cornerstone was put in place in 1926. It was thought that the class of 1927would be the first graduating class. But the building was not completed until 1928 andthat class was the first graduating class from Graveraet. Kaufman invited the classes of1927, 28 and 29 to a gala graduation party at the Kaufman Granot Loma Lodge nearBirch on the Big Bay Road just north of Marquette. In 1927 Kaufman established an endowment fund "to bring to the children and peopleof Marquette some of the finer things in the world of education, travel and art…"Kaufman was the first person in the United States to endow a high school andGraveraet High School was the first high school in the country to be endowed.
Louis’ older brother Sam Kaufman built this near the outlet of Saux Head Lake.
John D. Voelker (1903-1991), better known by his pen name Robert Traver, was anattorney, judge, and writer. He is best known as the author of the novel, Anatomy of aMurder published in 1958. The best-selling novel was turned into an Academy Awardnominated film -- directed by Otto Preminger and starring Jimmy Stewart -- that wasreleased July 1, 1959. Duke Ellington wrote the music for the movie. It is criticallyacclaimed as one of the best trial movies of all time.Anatomy of a Murder is based on a real homicide and subsequent trial that occurredin Big Bay, in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan in the early morning of July 31, 1952.Coleman A. Peterson, a Lieutenant in the Army, was charged with murdering MauriceChenoweth. The alleged motive was revenge for the rape of Petersons wife byChenoweth. Voelker successfully defended Peterson who was found not guilty byreason of insanity.
Testament of a Fisherman - I fish because I love to; because I love the environswhere trout are found, which are invariably beautiful and I hate the environswhere crowds of people are found, which are invariably ugly; because of all thetelevision commercials, cocktail parties, and assorted social posturing I thusescape; because, in a world where most men seem to spend their lives doingthings they hate, my fishing is at once an endless source of delight and an act ofsmall rebellion; because trout do not lie or cheat and cannot be bought or bribedor impressed by power, but respond only to quietude and humility and endlesspatience; because I suspect that men are going along this way for the lasttime, and I for one dont want to waste the trip; because only in the woods can Ifind solitude without loneliness; because bourbon out of an old tin cup alwaystastes better out there; because maybe one day I will catch a mermaid;and, finally, not because I regard fishing as being so terribly important butbecause I suspect that so many of the other concerns of men are equallyunimportant - and not nearly so much fun.
Sam Cohodas was born on September 19, 1895 in Kobylnik, Poland. His father Aaronimmigrated to the United Stated and moved to Marinette, Wisconsin. Wife Eva and sixchildren followed in 1903 when Sam was 7 years old. Sam quit school in the sixthgrade, and by the age of 13 began peddling fruits and served in World War I. The family produce business was established by Aaron in Houghton, Michigan. TheCohodas Brothers Fruit Company was formed when Sam was nineteen and eventuallybecame the third largest produce company in the United States. Mr. Cohodas served aspresident and vice president of Western Fruit Jobbers in 1933-1934, and as director of theInternational Apple Association. Cohodas’ second major career in banking began in 1934 when he opened the MinersFirst National Bank of Ishpeming, Michigan. He eventually acquired the First National Bankof Marquette, as well as banks and branches in Escanaba, Hermansville, IronMountain, Ironwood, Trenary, and K. I. Sawyer Air Force Base, which together formedMichigan Financial Corporation (MFC) of which he remained chairman of the board untilage 90. Cohodas, was also known for his philanthropic and community activities. Locally, hewas involved in such organizations as the Red Cross, Boy Scouts of America, and theUnited Way. He was instrumental in establishing Francis A. Bell Memorial Hospital inIshpeming. In recognition of his work, he was named First Citizen of Ishpeming in 1960.Cohodas was supportive of Hebrew University in Jerusalem where he received an honorarydoctorate of Agricultural in recognition for his support. The University also named the SamCohodas Chair in Agricultural Economics at the Faculty of Agriculture in his honor. Cohodaswas involved in many charity activities, including Boys Town in Jerusalem and Bell
JOHN EDWARD LAUTNER, JR. FAIA(1911-1994)John Lautner was born in Marquette MI ofacademic parents at a local college now calledNorthern Michigan University. He first attendedthe University of Michigan but left soon afterstarting. In 1933, he graduated from NorthernMichigan University in English and began a six-year job with Frank Lloyd Wright -- in the firstclass of Taliesin Fellows at Spring Green WI. Hisfiancée Mary (MaryBud) Faustina RobertsLautner (1913-1995) was also an early TaliesinFellow. They married in 1934.For Wright, Lautner supervised Fallingwater inPennsylvania and the Johnson Wax Building inWisconsin. He also oversaw a Wright design forhis mother-in-law Abby Beecher Roberts, theDeertrack house in Marquette MI. TheLautners moved to California in 1937 for Johnto oversee the construction of Wrights Sturgesand Oboler houses.
Glenn Theodore Seaborg (1912 –1999), a Swede fromIshpeming, was an American scientist who won the 1951 NobelPrize in Chemistry for "discoveries in the chemistry ofthe transuranium elements," contributed to the discovery andisolation of ten elements, and developed the actinideconcept, which led to the current arrangement ofthe actinoid series in the periodic table of the elements. Hespent most of his career as an educator and research scientistat the University of California, Berkeley where he became thesecond Chancellor in its history and served as a UniversityProfessor.He advised ten presidents from Truman to Clinton on nuclearpolicy and was the chairman of the United States AtomicEnergy Commission from 1961 to 1971 where he pushed forcommercial nuclear energy and peaceful applications of nuclearscience. Throughout his career, Seaborg worked for armscontrol. He was a key contributor to the report "A Nation atRisk" as a member of President Reagans National Commissionon Excellence in Education and was the principal author of theSeaborg Report on academic science issued in the closing daysof the Eisenhower administration.After sharing the 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with EdwinMcMillan, he received approximately 50 honorary doctoratesand numerous other awards and honors.
Royden W. "Chuch" Magee Road Tech for The Rolling Stones and Ron WoodMarried for eighteen years to his wife Clare, an artist and seamstress, Chuchchose for his home a simple lifestyle, close to the earth in Michigans UpperPeninsula. He loved fishing, snowmobiling, four-wheeling, making maplesyrup, and spending time in the forest with his dogs. He was an active memberof Messiah Lutheran Church, serving in a variety of supportive leadershiproles, most often with youth ministry programs. Chuch Magee also served asone of the first volunteers and founders of the Cedar Tree Institute, a nonprofitorganization.