CAM & MEX Geography

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  • 1. Central America And Mexico By: Joe Strycharz and John Panaccio
  • 2. Mexico- Geography
    • Borders- Belize, Guatemala, US ; A little smaller than Texas.
    • Climate- Varies from tropical to desert.
    • Terrain- High mountains, low coastal plains, and deserts
    • Imports- Agriculture machinery, and Industrial machinery.
    • Exports- Silver, cotton, oil, coffee
    • Arable Land -12.66%
  • 3. Mexican Connections to Geography
    • Tourism-
      • 3rd largest factor in the economy
    • Agriculture-
      • 20% of jobs farm related, while only 1/5 of the land is arable
      • Most farmers are subsistence farmers
      • This together with the fact that over half the population in Mexico lives in poverty there have, historically, been many issues regarding food in Mexico
  • 4. Guatemala- Geography
    • Borders - Belize, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico; a little smaller than Tennessee
    • Climate- tropical; hot, humid in lowlands; cooler in highlands
    • Terrain- most of the country mountainous with narrow coastal plains and rolling limestone plateaus
    • Imports- fuels, machinery, construction materials, grain, fertilizers, electricity
    • Exports- coffee, sugar, petroleum, apparel, bananas, fruits and vegetables,
    • Arable Land- 12.54%
  • 5. Panama- Geography
    • Borders- Columbia, Costa Rica; A little smaller than South Carolina
    • Climate- Tropical, hot and humid. Long rainy season, short dry season.
    • Terrain- mountainous, coastal areas, many plains and rolling hills
    • Imports- food, consumer goods, chemicals
    • Exports- bananas, shrimp, sugar, coffee
    • Arable Land -7.26%
  • 6. Panamanian Connections to Geography
    • Isthmus of Panama-
      • Created by tectonic plates
      • Affected the earths geography by changing the oceans flow which also changed the climate
      • The location of the Panama Canal
        • More than 14,000 ships pass through each year, resulting in many people visiting Panama
        • A large factor in the country’s economy
  • 7. El Salvador- Geography
    • Borders- Guatemala, Honduras; a little smaller than Massachusetts
    • Climate- tropical rainy season and tropical on coast; temperate in uplands
    • Terrain- mostly mountains with narrow coastal belt and central plateau
    • Imports- raw materials, consumer goods, capital goods, fuels, petroleum, electricity
    • Exports- coffee, sugar, shrimp, textiles, chemicals, electricity
    • Arable Land - 31.85%
  • 8. Costa Rica- Geography
    • Borders- Nicaragua, Panama; A little smaller than West Virginia
    • Climate- Tropical and subtropical; cooler in highlands
    • Terrain- Coastal plains separated by rugged mountains and many volcanoes
    • Imports- raw materials, consumer goods, petroleum
    • Exports- coffee, bananas, sugar; pineapples; textiles, medical equipment, electronics
    • Arable Land - 4.41%
  • 9. Costa Rican Connections to Geography
    • Due to the fact that the country is located in the Central American isthmus Costa Rica is provided with easy access to markets in North and South America and ocean access to the European and Asian continents.
    • Because of its location on the globe Costa Rica has two distinct seasons each with its own agricultural advantage, as different crops can be grown at different times
    • One-fourth of Costa Rican land has been set aside as national forests, often with adjoining beaches, which has made the country a popular tourist spot for retirees and ecotourists.
  • 10. Honduras- Geography
    • Borders- Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua; a little bit bigger than Tennessee
    • Climate- lowlands subtropical, mountains temperate
    • Terrain- mostly mountains in interior, narrow coastal plains
    • Imports- machinery, industrial raw materials, chemical products, fuels,
    • Exports- coffee, bananas, shrimp, lobster, meat; zinc, lumber
    • Arable Land - 15.15%
  • 11. Belize- Geography
    • Borders- Guatemala, Mexico; a little smaller than Massachusetts
    • Climate- tropical; very hot and humid
    • Terrain- flat, swampy; many coastal plains; low mountains in the south
    • Imports- machinery, manufactured goods; fuels, chemicals, pharmaceuticals; tobacco
    • Exports - sugar, bananas, citrus, clothing, fish products, molasses, wood
    • Arable Land- 2.85%
  • 12. Belizean Connections to Geography
    • Tourism- A combination of natural factors support the extensive tourist industry
      • Warm Climate
      • The Belize Barrier Reef
      • Numerous islands
      • Excellent fishing
      • Jungle wildlife
    • Forestry-
      • Due to Belize's climate and terrain many species of valuable timber were produced in Belize and were the staple of the economy until the mid 1900’s
      • The most important varieties of timber included logwood, and mahogany
  • 13. Nicaragua- Geography
    • Borders- Honduras, Costa Rica; a little smaller than the state of New York
    • Climate- tropical in lowlands, cooler in highlands
    • Terrain- coastal plains rising to mountains; often interrupted by volcanoes
    • Imports- machinery, raw materials, petroleum
    • Exports- beef, coffee, shrimp and lobster, tobacco, sugar, gold, peanuts
    • Arable Land- 14.81%
  • 14. Central America And Mexico By: Joe Strycharz and John Panaccio